0000002218 00000 n 0000003278 00000 n IN COLLECTIONS. And every school of thought admits that the influence of actions on happiness is a very significant and even predominant consideration in many of the details of morals, however unwilling they may be to allow the production of happiness as the fundamental 0000025379 00000 n The original basis of this theory was Hedonism, a psychological theory. Utilitarianism fit right in: it was an ethical theory compatible with science and featuring a ]�ؚ!�ӧȯ�) /Dest [ 83 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 219 0 R /Next 217 0 R >> endobj 219 0 obj << /Title (������> endobj 220 0 obj << /Title (���U�Z]�"9�45z2�IvD`��) /Dest [ 29 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 221 0 R /Next 219 0 R >> endobj 221 0 obj << /Title (̒���x�o�_) /Dest [ 29 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 222 0 R /Next 220 0 R >> endobj 222 0 obj << /Title (Z_B�^Q;�Ʉ�\)Ǫ) /Dest [ 17 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 212 0 R /Next 221 0 R >> endobj 223 0 obj << /ProcSet [ /PDF /Text ] /Font << /F5 225 0 R /F6 229 0 R /F7 232 0 R >> /ExtGState << /GS1 235 0 R /GS2 234 0 R >> >> endobj 224 0 obj << /Type /FontDescriptor /Ascent 0 /CapHeight 0 /Descent 0 /Flags 4 /FontBBox [ -146 -274 1207 909 ] /FontName /CGPLBC+MSTT31c4c6 /ItalicAngle 0 /StemV 0 /CharSet (����-Ǩ²\)]���� *¶EX�H�O��k�*���3�k6:=��eV��\\Y1?��PR�^�����OL�\ \(UBG6�D��-) /FontFile 226 0 R >> endobj 225 0 obj << /Type /Font /Subtype /Type1 /Name /F5 /FirstChar 31 /LastChar 255 /Widths [ 750 260 320 380 520 520 900 740 220 440 440 500 520 260 333 260 580 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 556 260 260 520 520 520 400 820 660 640 680 740 620 540 740 820 360 340 660 620 880 760 820 580 800 660 520 660 780 640 900 740 520 600 440 260 440 520 500 360 556 556 556 611 500 444 611 667 333 333 556 500 722 611 611 500 611 556 444 556 611 556 778 611 556 500 280 260 280 520 750 750 750 300 520 400 1000 500 500 420 1300 520 320 1000 750 750 750 750 300 300 400 400 460 556 1000 420 980 444 320 833 880 750 520 750 320 520 520 611 520 260 500 380 740 340 480 520 750 740 400 400 520 312 312 360 580 600 320 300 312 360 480 780 780 780 400 660 660 660 660 660 660 880 680 620 620 620 620 360 360 390 370 740 760 820 820 820 820 820 520 820 780 780 780 780 520 580 888 556 556 556 556 556 556 722 556 500 500 500 500 347 347 377 357 611 611 611 611 611 611 611 520 611 611 611 611 611 556 500 556 ] /Encoding 227 0 R /BaseFont /CGPLBC+MSTT31c4c6 /FontDescriptor 224 0 R >> endobj 226 0 obj << /Length 9996 /Length1 4144 /Length2 5850 /Length3 0 >> stream Notes on Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism Teleological – Morality is dependent on outcomes and not concerned with action motives or intentions. 0000003394 00000 n 25 0 obj <> endobj • Both seem to ignore issues of distributive justice (except instrumentally – diminishing marginal utility of resources) 37 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<487B62A52F568B265D0CC61D873BC53B><202D95276ECB8B44B53FCFEB0933A069>]/Index[25 28]/Info 24 0 R/Length 73/Prev 57567/Root 26 0 R/Size 53/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream Consequentialist moral theories are teleological: they aim at some goal state and evaluate the morality of actions in terms of progress toward that state. Are you sure you want to Yes No. It is an insult to top quality pop. It is therefore Hedonistic - it is centred around pleasure.. As you look at all the different possible outcomes of a situation to see where pleasure and pain will be balanced the best, it is consequentialist or teleological. 2020/1/28 Utilitarianism, Act and Rule | Internet Encyclopedia of 1H)� R�8��@ �7>����*��5H_%��r�r~�z��"o8�yHJr�IM��}OFd���b�;b�n� ͳ��������A�K:�mr�.�p�4۠X���N�SM��B���E�|8����d�G�sκ������� Comment goes here. Harm – again, Utilitarianism seems to be in line with our intuitions that harming people is intrinsically wrong. endstream endobj startxref 0000003033 00000 n Meaning of Utilitarianism: Utilitarianism was basically an ethical theory. Leaf 1 text cut off in gutter. 206 0 obj << /Linearized 1 /O 209 /H [ 1299 469 ] /L 178246 /E 25688 /N 63 /T 174007 >> endobj xref 206 32 0000000016 00000 n 0000025457 00000 n There are therefore no intrinsic goods (goods that are good irrespective of consequences). to the kind of utilitarianism expounded in the Introduction to the Principles of Morals and Legislation.13 Lyons draws attention to the fact that the phrase ‘the greatest happiness of the greatest number’ 10 In CW,p.11n. X����y6�, �b>��>�$@� ��6 0000001299 00000 n The best known version of consequentialism is utilitarianism. This theory defines morality in terms of Notes. 0000003961 00000 n Publication date ... Kahle/Austin Foundation Contributor Internet Archive Language English. Greatest good – It does follow from the above that the right course of action is the one that leads to the most Complete summary of John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism. Books to Borrow. End justifies the means. right and wrong, good and bad. Utilitarianism The fundamental principle of utilitarianism is the principle of utility: The principle of utility The morally right action is the one that produces the best overall consequences with regard to the utility or welfare of all the affected parties. 0000016982 00000 n What goodness/badness is all about. 4, p. 447 n. 12 Bentham MSS, University College London, lxix.79: ‘I dreamt t’ … Utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action is right if it tends to promote happiness and wrong if … According to Hedonism, the main aim of life is the achievement of maximum pleasure. A modern alternative to SparkNotes and CliffsNotes, SuperSummary offers high-quality study guides that feature detailed chapter summaries and analysis of major themes, characters, quotes, and essay topics. endstream endobj 26 0 obj <> endobj 27 0 obj <> endobj 28 0 obj <>stream But both hold equally that morality must be deduced from prin-ciples; and the intuitive school affirm as strongly as the inductive, that there is a science of morals. %PDF-1.2 %���� Lecture notes files. It is a consequential morality. 0 We can apply these theories to ethical dilemmas such as ‘is it ok to steal?’ For utilitarian theories, what matters is the consequenceof an action. %PDF-1.5 %���� Rather utilitarianism is instrumental in its approach – the ends 0000015231 00000 n - Utilitarianism Notes - Also available in digital form. trailer << /Size 238 /Info 197 0 R /Encrypt 208 0 R /Root 207 0 R /Prev 173996 /ID[<9a41018c5f1d9d95d0351ec14251978a><9a41018c5f1d9d95d0351ec14251978a>] >> startxref 0 %%EOF 207 0 obj << /Type /Catalog /Pages 199 0 R /Outlines 210 0 R /OpenAction [ 209 0 R /XYZ null null null ] /PageMode /UseOutlines >> endobj 208 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /V 1 /R 2 /O (�����:,��I2\n��U��_��Y���n��) /U (�/\)\)��J�`u�1�Wll�Q�dXA�k[sq) /P 65524 >> endobj 236 0 obj << /S 578 /O 659 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 237 0 R >> stream 0000016727 00000 n 0000001926 00000 n Jon Mayled Utilitarianism Key Scholars. Mechanical – Utilitarianism reduces morality to simple maths. • What are we talking about – maximizing total utility or average utility? With that background, Mill outlines the course he will take in the body of his treatise. 0000001768 00000 n 0000002585 00000 n 0000023958 00000 n 0000003149 00000 n Medium 2 p.l., 95 p. 22 cm. View Notes - Utilitarianism, Act and Rule _ Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy - website.pdf from PHILOSOPHY PHI226 at VCCS. Utilitarianism 2. A Defense of a utilitarian approach to business ethics, written for Business Ethics: A Philosophical Approach Edited by Werhane and Donaldson. 0000001746 00000 n It forces people who like something a bit mainstream, a bit of pop like Girls Aloud or Take That! :�7��ς�t��8�����. h��V[o�J�+�ب����* %AMRT��H��Ē����ߙ]B�P�V���ٹ�癨8�6!As����%�\�V�����A t�A� �P��@r� ����x��0���Ո�F8v��t��w�2K�3��r#A� 1�ҹa�����O�����[;ydwE9OsǺ�i��o��� g�5�o�>U�x�li�������|�V�d��RV��/�T�rj�l1{ןb�]��/f�U�Č�Ń9c��r��9Um��aq��ަKV+��/�nX�A*A��`)hT%J@n�`�#���9�4v?����H;̌��Ť�b�pZ��䅳a�u����F_�� ������ �&n� Notes on Utilitarianism - Free download as Powerpoint Presentation (.ppt / .pptx), PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. G��l1 � ��(��"��:�x�.3S9]��/���3�uɠ��Nq�T�x�1VE��B���8��l M߯l_F��jE�{��W/�/uz`�!��/�j�uNigr+���稳��-䵳?���H01p� p5d�dz�l-of5f��=��G4)���s����,o٪��������%e_�6k1Bji�;n�� �lIh\_������f�"�3���G�T�L"���S�i8�@S}�Lɬ+7\�'51� Login to see the comments. Thus, since utilitarianism is an argument for utility as a first principle, it cannot be proven in the traditional sense. 0000002315 00000 n But utilitarianism has been attacked on many fronts, and by renowned philosophers. Kant’s deontological ethics 3. From a general summary to chapter summaries to explanations of famous quotes, the SparkNotes Utilitarianism Study Guide has everything you need to ace quizzes, tests, and essays. Jeremy Bentham’s ethical theory of utilitarianism The Principles of Morals and Legislation What drove human beings. An action is good if it produces beneficial results / consequences. Jeremy Bentham (17481832) John Stuart Mill (18061873) Henry Sidgwick (18381900) G.E. Download full-text PDF Read full-text. �����7#����%(��9`e@ݨ�O�/�#(��y��8;�Zż$h�d�6���i��y��p�F�9���=GN�LO�V�כ��5�q�(�BeQD�T*g��rVP'Y2���`R�U{h�&�ۛ����ؔ����)+~����w})!��� R�]�4�X/;�Ӳkc힇�D�>�&�d�Z�x�a�_��[D�I�bȒ82*?�r�����%�W_J�z���� Download full-text PDF. Hare (19192002) Peter Singer (1946 ) Utilitarianism Key Terms. Music snobbery is the worst kind of snobbery. Utilitarianism. Utilitarianism opens with the author’s lament that little progress has occurred through centuries of ethical analysis. %%EOF "Questions about ends are, in other words, questions about what things are desirable. Notes on Utilitarianism Consequentialist moral theories are teleological: they aim at some goal state and evaluate the morality of actions in terms of progress toward that state. 0000001009 00000 n 52 0 obj <>stream 0000001154 00000 n Classical Utilitarianism: Jeremy Bentham (1748-1832) “Nature has placed mankind under the governance of two sovereign masters, pain and pleasure. Moore (1873 1958) Karl Popper (1902 1994) Richard Brandt (19101997) R.M. > Jeremy Bentham’s slogan: The right act or policy is the one that Utilitarianism and the Enlightenment . He briefly discusses his reasons for writing the treatise, his goals for the work, and the moves he will make in arguing for his specific brand of utilitarianism. eNotes plot summaries cover all the significant action of Utilitarianism. 11 Bowring, vol. Access-restricted-item true Addeddate 2014-03-19 17:18:42.45465 ... 14 day loan required to access EPUB and PDF files. Classical Utilitarianism was developed and defended by three of the greatest philosophers in 19th-century England: Jeremy Bentham (1748–1832), John Stuart Mill (1806–1873), and Henry Sidgwick (1838–1900). It is for them alone to point out what we ought to do, as well as to determine what we shall do. It is also an insult to guilt. According to this theory, the value of an act is to be assessed on the basis of pleasure and pain which it gives. Scribd is the … 0000015153 00000 n • -utilitarianism is a moral theory according to which welfare (happiness, pleasure) is the fundamental human good. 0000003660 00000 n The beginning of the treatise is populated by clarifications and Mill's own revisions to utilitarian theory, designed so as to respond to objectors to utilitarianism while also laying a groundwor… SES # TOPICS HANDOUTS; 1: Introduction : Part I: Meta-ethics: Non-naturalism: 2: Plato's dialogue and the "Euthyphro Problem" 3: Moore on goodness as simple and indefinable : Non-cognitivism: 4: Ayer on the emotive theory of ethics : 5: Brink on the form and content of moral judgments : The epistemic problem for cognitivism: 6 0000005062 00000 n Utilitarianism/7 as well as truth and falsehood, are questions of observation and experi-ence. The stated purpose of John Stuart Mill ’s Utilitarianism is deceptively simple: the author wants to clearly explain his utilitarian ethical philosophy and respond to the most common criticisms of it. P��~�|Nn�Ǔ4;L,SO��JӞ+#��ԛ�PC@VQG�y��3�v�n֚�g…���4���6h4sNX�Q�N6�B���8�L0^����Z0�A�xm\�R��Wt�`�ϊ.N��4���BK�?Ӡ?˧za�=.�y����W8Zߝ�rq>�2G��u����U��XLt1���O� �F�G쬻T�x{�p��u�e}�M�bÙ:̾j�;���)>��_���G��. The best known version of consequentialism is utilitarianism. Thanks for exploring this SuperSummary Study Guide of “Utilitarianism” by John Stuart Mill. h�bbd``b`�$�c�`�$��@"gH6H��"���z ����Ȱ$��H�q�g� OU 12 hours ago Delete Reply Block. Utilitarianism is based on the principle of utility: o An action is right or wrong to the extent that it increases or decreases the “happiness” of the affected parties Act utilitarianism: an ethical theory in which the principle of utility is applied to determine whether a specific action is good or bad 0000015622 00000 n It loses a sense of what is truly valuable in life. ,$����0��tJic !R��k�[//���j�TKl��z�+�[�����k�޺1 ��$��]�Ls���� endstream endobj 237 0 obj 353 endobj 209 0 obj << /Type /Page /Parent 198 0 R /Resources 223 0 R /Contents 228 0 R /MediaBox [ 0 0 432 648 ] /CropBox [ 0 0 432 648 ] /Rotate 0 >> endobj 210 0 obj << /Count 1 /First 211 0 R /Last 211 0 R >> endobj 211 0 obj << /Title (x����z@�) /Dest [ 4 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 210 0 R /First 212 0 R /Last 213 0 R /Count -11 >> endobj 212 0 obj << /Title (C�`�.�[v-E) /Dest [ 17 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Next 222 0 R >> endobj 213 0 obj << /Title (�[]���) /Dest [ 188 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 214 0 R >> endobj 214 0 obj << /Title (����+�����W��O|��ɮw���X�x��v4�AR�&�s�� d) /Dest [ 125 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 215 0 R /Next 213 0 R >> endobj 215 0 obj << /Title (##�x�7q��) /Dest [ 125 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 216 0 R /Next 214 0 R >> endobj 216 0 obj << /Title (�+S��"J��e�g:�\(\\�����6�qr��� ���ڤ���V@������#���a�6�I*^�g) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 217 0 R /Next 215 0 R >> endobj 217 0 obj << /Title (Ŝ �!��/�) /Dest [ 107 0 R /Fit ] /Parent 211 0 R /Prev 218 0 R /Next 216 0 R >> endobj 218 0 obj << /Title (�xBRD�y{$�֑�g���\\Ҟ7� j�A��6��~�4[? However, Mill also argues that utilitarianism can be proven in a broader sense; we do not have to arbitrarily choose first principles. Utilitarianism derives from the Latin utilis, meaning useful. Utilitarianism An Introduction to the Moral Theories of Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill ... Notes Full Name. Yet they seldom attempt to make out a list Thanks in part to their work, Utilitarianism has had … Dara Ó Briain (comedian) 1. or ABBA to say “It’s my guilty pleasure!” I hate that phrase. On the one hand the standard of right and wrong, on the other the chain of causes and effects, are 0000002117 00000 n The syllabus looks at 3 ethical theories: 1. 0000002756 00000 n adeenajaved. Ethics is the study of morality – i.e. &�^7����E�m������cZ�I7�V�Lnҵ�������_�q6���HFԡ��R�-��hz{� V�ٴ��a�IY�C��|1�!.�z�6:k�������oig���. 0000001992 00000 n Utilitarianism Summary and Study Guide. Aristotle’s virtue theory Each theory provides a framework intended to guide moral behaviour. Lecture notes on John Stuart Mill's Utilitarianism (1863) (A Teleological Ethic) I. Happiness is what is desirable, and the only thing that is desirable as an end in itself; it is the summum bonum a. If your stealing a loaf of bread, say, prevents your family from dying of starvation, then the annoyance of the shopkeeper i… 0000023849 00000 n In its simplest form Utilitarianism is a theory that says that you should decide what you do in order to provide the most happiness and the least pain in a situation.. Utilitarianism and other essays by John Stuart Mill. Utilitarianism John Stuart Mill 1: General remarks most scornfully reject its authority. 0000003517 00000 n Your message goes here Post. Summary The first Chapter of Mill's treatise covers a general outline of his argument. 24.231 Ethics – Handout 10 My Notes on Mill’s Utilitarianism (1) General concerns: • Are interpersonal comparisons of utility even possible? 0000002873 00000 n h�b```f``��+@ (��o�-=���(�h��������� .Ʀ#`���,�����`b��7���݂�9`� The science of the Enlightenment featured theories with a very small number of general laws and vast explanatory power. Newton’s laws, for example, seemed able to account for all of the motion in the universe. 0000002468 00000 n