In the case of vegetables grown for their leaves, like spinach, lettuce, chard and beet greens, leafminers can mean the total loss of a crop. Plant with: Arugula; Miners Lettuce; Corn Salad; Common Problems and Solutions for Growing Erba Stella. – miner's lettuce Subordinate Taxa. It is vital that you can identify the wild edible plants that you intend to utilize. Gardener Marie Ianotti says that “You can always use the old trick of planting fast sprouting radishes in the same row as your beets. Miner's Lettuce. Much of companion planting is common sense: Lettuce, radishes, and other quick-growing plants sown between hills of melons or winter squash will mature and be harvested long before these vines need more leg room. There are, of course, some vegetables that may not be good lettuce plant companions. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Tomatoes 2. It thrives on moist soils, but can even find purchase in dry sandy areas. Claytonia perforiata Known also as Winter Purslane due to the succulence of its leaves and stems, this native California weed is actually sweet tasting, not tart like true purslane. Companion Planting for Erba Stella. If you are searching for a ground cover to incorporate in the landscape, look no farther than Claytonia miners lettuce. Sign up for our newsletter. Companion Planting Guide Beneficial companions and inhibitor plants.---© 2011–2018 Restoration Seeds, LLC. Here are the four best ways I have found (so far) for growing lettuce to use for companion planting… 1. Chickweed, another powerfully lymph system purifier, often grows right next to "winter purslane" or miner's lettuce, so keep an eye out for that one too. Good field guides are invaluable. This sought after wild green is a plant … Everything old is new again, and edible landscaping is an example of this adage. $12.99. A fleshy succulent green that was eaten by miners in California to stave off scurvy. Common shade companions are: 1. If you live out west, you can forage miner’s lettuce in the winter rainy season. When wildcrafting wild plants it is always good to make sure you are at least a 1/2 mile from any major road to prevent contamination from exhaust fumes. Claytonia Spring Beauty Info - A Guide For Growing Claytonia Tubers. Companions. This aggressive self-seeding plant can overwinter in USDA zone 6 and warmer and is an excellent edible ground cover. These are basically everything in the cabbage family, such as: Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. Upright onions and carrots do a poor job of competing with weeds, and their roots reach downward with limited spread into adjoining soil. Although the leaves are sometimes cultivated or collected for salad greens, occasionally it accumulates soluble oxalates, which can be toxic when ingested.. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips! Diseases: Big Vein, Damping-Off, Downy Mildew, Mosaic Virus, Nematodes, Sclerotinia Drop, Soft Rot, Tip Burn But if you live in the area where it’s native, this is a fantastic native wild vegetable that you can easily grow on your wild homestead.. Claytonia (miners lettuce) may need a little more protection than some of the other cold-hardy plants. Miner’s lettuce also known as winter purslane, is an interrelated and interbreeding plants with pair of single leaves which are opposite each other and is separated by a flowering branch. Not required. Lettuce, like a lot of plants, has some plants that it likes having as neighbors, and some that it doesn’t. Montia perfoliata) is an annual herb in the Montiaceae (Montia) family. Although only an annual[208], it usually self-sows when well sited. Montia perfoliata syn. The seeds can be collected by hand as they mature and self drop from the plant when ready. Leafy greens like spinach and Swiss chard grow in the shadow of corn. Leaves are completely fused into perfoliate disc which is also known as cauline leaf below the flower stalk. There is no need to isolate them, as they are self pollinating. Bitter Tasting Lettuce - Why Is My Lettuce Bitter? It’s easy to grow, it’s tasty, and it’s one of the first things to come up in the spring. The miner’s lettuce plants grow well and can be found in soil conditions from loam, sand, gravel road tar, river silt and rock crevices. One of the best-known companion plants that will benefit any vegetable garden is the fragrant marigold, which chases off many pests that would otherwise destroy lettuce and other plants. The first true leaves form a rosette at the base of the plant, and are 0.5 to 4 centimetres (0.20 to 1.57 in) long, with a typically long petiole (exceptionally up to 20 centimetres (7.9 in) long). Claytonia miner’s lettuce is also known as Claspleaf miner’s lettuce, Indian lettuce and by its botanical name of Claytonia perfoliata. There are plenty of other plants that, while they don’t actively repel lettuce eating bugs, are very happy growing next to it. Growing lettuce and radishes as companion plants keeps the radishes more tender. Lettuce with Onions or Carrots. This is my absolute favorite wild green. Lettuce benefits from having most vegetables near it. Honestly, I wouldn’t exactly class it with survival food or campfire beans. The best leaves grow under trees. Miner’s lettuce growing conditions in the wild tend towards shaded sites such as under tree canopies, oak savannas or western white pine groves and at low to medium elevations. Miner’s lettuce is perfectly fine when in flower — unlike most spring greens — but pick before the flower stalk gets too long. The plant is propagated via seed and germination occurs rapidly, only 7-10 days until emergence. It has become naturalized in Europe because of its use as a vegetable. William D. Adams Fresh greens of all kinds are a year-round staple in my family’s kitchen. Organic Lettuce Seeds for Planting - 8 Leafy Greens Heirloom Non GMO Home Garden Vegetable Varieties 4.4 out of 5 stars 87. Keep reading to learn more about growing lettuce companion plants. 100% Savable Seeds; Germinating Perennial Seeds; Making Your Own Potting Soils; Tilling, Organic Weed Control [video] Zone Tillage for Vegetable Farmers [video] Paper Pot Transplanting System [Video] Home Germination Testing Claytonia perfoliata. A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to at least -15°c. Erba stella is a hardy survivor and often gets through a season with no problems at all. To support our efforts please browse our store (books with medicinal info, etc.). Miner's lettuce is occasionally cultivated as a salad plant[1, 46]. Broccoli 3. Miner’s lettuce is a perennial vegetable native to much of the western United States and Canada. All parts of this plant are edible and it grows well in the colder months providing a refreshing salad alternative in … Garlic and chives have been known to act as nature’s bug repellant. They can grow in average soil. Because lettuce is sensitive to too much sun and heat, giving it a bit of shade is beneficial. The generic name of Claytonia is in reference to a botanist of the 1600’s by the name of John Clayton, while its specific name, perfoliata is due to the perfoliate leaves which completely encircle the stem and are attached at the base of the plant. Light, sandy soil best but will grow in most locations. Yes, miner’s lettuce is edible, hence the name. It dries up with the onset of hot spring weather. For home garden cultivation, seed may be dispersed or plants set in virtually any soil type, although Claytonia thrives in moist, peaty soil. Sun or partial shade preferred. Everyone knows about dandelions and nettle, but North America native Miner’s Lettuce, Claytonia perfoliata, is also an excellent wild food in temperate climates. Unlike many greens, Claytonia retains its flavor even when the plant is in bloom, however, it will become bitter when the weather becomes hot. Everything old is new again, and edible landscaping is an example of this adage. Some companion plants for lettuce have their texture improved by its being nearby. Claytonia miner’s lettuce can be found in soil conditions from sand, gravel road tar, loam, rock crevices, scree and river silt. Miner's lettuce is a cool season plant, hardy to 20 degrees Fahrenheit. 144 Note that many familiar foods contain oxalates, including rhubarb, spinach, nuts and chocolate. Miner’s Lettuce is native to Western North America, finding a wild home in forest understories, thickets, and meadow edges. Plant Claytonia 4-6 weeks before the last frost when soil temperatures are between 50-55 degrees F. (10-12 C.) in a shaded to partially shaded location, in rows that are 8-12 inches apart, ¼ inch deep and space the rows ½ inch away from each other. Single Plants… Claytonia perfoliata ssp. Sign up for our newsletter. Radishes are another useful companion plant for beets. Miscellaneous Soil. Some companion plants for lettuce have their texture improved by its being nearby. Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex Willd. Spacing. The cotyledons are usually bright green (rarely purplish- or brownish-green), succulent, long and narrow. Miner’s lettuce is high in vitamin C, and there is a long history of culinary use, 146 although a few sources warn that plants may accumulate oxalates, which are toxic when eaten in high amounts or by sensitive individuals. You may plant lettuce during the cool days of spring, but before long the summer heat creeps in sending your lettuce crop to bolt. Yes, tolerates mild frosts. Bibb Lettuce Butterhead Lettuce (Boston) Iceberg Lettuce Lettuce Mixes Lollo Lettuce Oakleaf Lettuce One-Cut Lettuce Romaine Lettuce (Cos) Salanova® Lettuce Summer Crisp Lettuce (Batavia) Kohlr… These companion plants for lettuce include: Beets; Carrots; Parsnips; Strawberries; Radishes; Onions; Asparagus; Corn; Cucumbers; Eggplant; Peas; Spinach; Tomatoes; Sunflowers; Coriander; This isn’t an exhaustive list of lettuce plant companions, but it is a lot of vegetables to get you started. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Leaves grow individually on long stems, but should be cut to no more than 5cm (2") in length. It is native to a large portion of western North America, including almost every county in California. Miners used to eat the plant as salad greens, as well as the edible blossoms and stems of the plant. A miner’s lettuce plant viewed from above. This is especially true for the bugs that prey on… Related Post: Miners Lettuce. Growing Guides. By the same token, it is a good neighbor itself to some plants more than others. Cranberry and Blueberry. The plant got its name because the Gold Rush miners ate it to prevent scurvy, which is caused by a Vitamin C deficiency.