Statistics vary, but thousands of kamikaze sorties were launched in the final months of the war, and more than 3,000 Japanese pilots were killed. Roughly 47 ships were sank, and around 300 damaged. In total, kamikaze pilots were only able to sink 51 ships and just one of those was an aircraft carrier, which was the first major battleship to be sunk by a kamikaze attack, the USS St. 67% Upvoted. Numbers quoted vary, but at least 47 Allied vessels, from PT boats to escort carriers, were sunk by kamikaze attacks, and about 300 damaged. Kamikaze attacks were being planned at far-flung Japanese bases. About 5000 American and Allied sailors were killed in the attacks, According to History.com: “All told, more than 1,321 Japanese aircraft crash-dived their planes into Allied warships during the war….While approximately 3,000 Americans and Brits died…”, According to u-s-history.com: “From October 25, 1944, to January 25, 1945, Kamikazes managed to sink two escort carriers and three destroyers. New comments cannot be posted and votes cannot be cast. What did the Japanese airmen think of them ? They claim to have sunk 81 ships and damaged 195. The destroyers suffered as they were used for picket and radar duties so they were on the perimeter of the fleet and took a battering. When Curtis LeMay took over the XX1st Bomber Command he ordered the B-29s to go in at lower altitudes at night, and not in formation. The Japanese claim that 3912 Kamikaze pilots died in Kamikaze attacks. First conducted with bomb-armed Zero fighters, they later expanded to encompass bombers and… Was it really that effective to take out ships ? This thread is archived. 40% of the Americans killed were the result of kamikaze attacks. Were they more damaging for the most part? A Japanese plane plunging downwards during a Kamikaze attack . The Kamikaze attacks were successful at first. Kamikaze attacks were more accurate than conventional attacks… According to the U.S. Air Force, nearly three thousand kamikaze attacks took place, managing to damage 368 ships, sinking 34 of them, while killing 4,900 navy soldiers and wounding another 4,800, but with only about 14% of attacking kamikaze … You are correct Syscom3. by Warfare History Network. They were effective, but they could have been much more effective if they had been put into action about 1 year earlier. The tactics of the Kamikaze, a ritual act of self-sacrifice by state military forces, occurred during combat in a large scale at the end of World War II. But that will not happen. Seafires were heavily involved in countering the kamikaze attacks during the Iwo Jima landings and beyond. save hide report. They also damaged 23 carriers, five battleships, nine cruisers, 23 destroyers and 27 other ships. According to Wimott, Cross and Messenger in World War II, 70 ships were hit. LeMay also started using incendiaries and systematically started … I wanted to write an article summarizing the damage wrought upon the Allied fleet by Kamikaze during World War II. By the time he was attacked, the Japanese had been using kamikaze strategies for a little more than a month.. Horrifying Commentary on What Has Happened to America, Advice To Japanese Kamikaze Pilots During The Second World War. Bill Gordon, an American expert in kamikaze attack, “47 ships known to have been sunk by kamikaze aircraft.” According to aircgroup4.com: “7,465 Kamikazes flew to their deaths, 120 US ships were sunk, with many more damaged, 3,048 allied sailors were killed and anther 6,025 wounded.” The Kamikaze attacks by the Japanese increased and were quite effective. Kamikaze Facts - 15: The Banzai Charge, and the later Kamikaze attacks, were founded on the principles of honor and loyalty based on dying honorably rather than surrendering. These suicide attacks, carried out by Japanese kamikaze bombers, were used as a military tactic aimed at causing material damage in the war. Why Imperial Japan's Kamikaze Attacks Were Deadlier Than Any Missile . The most effective use of kamikazes was in the battle for Okinawa. There was an estimated 3000-5000 kamikaze attacks during the battle of Okinawa alone, and 36 ships were sunk with 368 damaged by this tactic. But up to and including Okinawa, the main objective was knocking out airpower, and thus carriers were a prime target. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. What were kamikazes and how effective were they? Kamikaze attack on the US battleship Missouri ‘. If the Americans valued lives over victory, and the Japanese were ready to die for their Emperor, then one radically new and astonishingly effective doctrine suddenly became available to Japan, the Kamikaze attack. The Seafires' best day was 15 August 1945, shooting down eight attacking aircraft for a single loss. Up to 300 aircraft at a time dove at the Allied fleet. About 19% of kamikaze attacks were successful. On April 6, 1944, U.S. marines faced a battle unlike any they had faced before: the Japanese intentionally crashed over 1,900 planes in suicide kamikaze … Up to 300 aircraft at a time dove at the Allied fleet. “War must be, while we defend our lives against a destroyer who would devour all; but I do not love the bright sword for its sharpness, nor the arrow for its swiftness, nor the warrior for his glory. Kamikaze (神風, [kamiꜜkaze]; “divine wind” or “spirit wind”), officially Kamikaze/Shinpū Tokubetsu Kōgekitai (神風特別攻撃隊, “Divine Wind Special Attack Unit”), were a part of the Japanese Special Attack Units of military aviators who flew suicide attacks for the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing … One of the Japanese's tactics later in the war was to create kamikaze pilots to attack warships. For … How Affective Were Japanese Kamikaze Pilots? Using less gas, they could carry a larger bomb load. This all might leave you wondering how effective the kamikaze program was for the Japanese. Pilots did not have to be highly trained to undertake suicide missions. How Successful Were the Kamikaze? About 4000 Kamikaze planes managed in WW2 to sink or damage over 300 allied ships and kill or injure about 15000 sailors. Axell and Kase see these suicides as "individual, impromptu decisions by me… The Yokosuka MXY-7 Ohka (櫻花, Ōka, "cherry blossom"; 桜花 in modern orthography) was a purpose-built, rocket-powered human-guided kamikaze attack aircraft employed by Japan against Allied ships towards the end of the Pacific War during World War II.Although extremely fast, the very short range of the Ohka … The disastrous results of the Japanese suicide pilots’ attack were mostly kept from the American public during the war. Kamikazes were Japanese lead suicide missions that were " suicide attacks by military aviators from the Empire of Japan against Allied naval vessels in the closing stages of the Pacific campaign of World War II, designed to destroy warships more effectively than was possible with conventional attacks" (Website one About "47 Allied Vessels" were sunk because of the kamikaze attacks… Kamikaze (Divine Wnd) attacks were launched against allied ships off the shores of Japan and Japanese held territories during WW2. According to the U.S. Air Force, nearly three thousand kamikaze attacks took place, managing to damage 368 ships, sinking 34 of them, while killing 4,900 navy soldiers and wounding another 4,800, but with only about 14% of attacking kamikaze pilots managing to hit a ship. During World War II, nearly 4,000 kamikaze pilots were sacrificed. Were there any actions taken against the Nazis? Kamikaze attacks, a Japanese suicide tactic first used in the Battle of Leyte Gulf on Oct. 25, 1944, were very destructive as long as the supply of skilled volunteer pilots held out. Your email address will not be published. America casualties amounted to 738 killed and another 1,300 wounded as the result of those attacks.”, Bill Gordon, an American expert in kamikaze attack, “47 ships known to have been sunk by kamikaze aircraft.”, According to aircgroup4.com: “7,465 Kamikazes flew to their deaths, 120 US ships were sunk, with many more damaged, 3,048 allied sailors were killed and anther 6,025 wounded.”, And according to academic.mu.com: “Though they sunk 40 U.S. ships in the Pacific and another 16 in the Philippines.”, Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *. Masafumi Arima Invented The Kamikaze Strategy. At the Pearl Harbor Attack and other locations, the Japanese would often employ kesshi, or … Kamikaze pilots were also responsible for the deaths of 3,000 American and British men. Tokyo realized that the old orthodoxy of mass air attack that worked so well at Pearl Harbor now was totally ineffective against superior equipment and tactics; it was therefore necessary to tr… The most effective kamikaze attack would have to be the battle of Okinawa. Throughout the conflict, at least 47 Allied ships were sunk by Kamikaze fighters, while a further 300 were seriously damaged. Fahey thought he was the first person to see a kamikaze attack in action — but he wasn't. The kamikaze pilots tended to attack the first thing they saw and under the enormous weight of allied anti-air fire and allied fighter attacks, is understandable. According to the US Air Force, “Approximately 2,800 Kamikaze attackers sunk 34 Navy ships, damaged 368 others, killed 4,900 sailors, and wounded over 4,800”, According to PBS: “By war’s end, kamikazes had sunk or damaged more than 300 U.S. ships, with 15,000 casualties.”, According to English-online.com: By the end of the war over 2500 Japanese pilots had sacrificed their lives. Military leaders and politicians didn’t want the public and the enemy to know how effective the kamikaze pilots were. Those attacks resulted in the sinking of some 47 ships, killing more than 7,000 U.S., Australian and British soldiers.. That sounds deadly effective. Just the anticipation of kamikaze attacks drove some American sailors insane. What role did American women take in WW2? Entering a smoke stack was also said to be "effective". One man, in particular, is credited with inventing the tactic of Kamikaze attacks. What was the response of the Allies towards the persecutions? The most destructive carrier strike by a Kamikaze was the hit on U.S.S. During World War 2, how affective were the kamikazes as opposed to normal bombs? Why did the Americans decide to drop atomic bombs on Japan? One of the Japanese's tactics later in the war was to create kamikaze pilots to attack warships.This photo shows a battle ship that is being attacked by a kamikaze. Losses caused by kamikaze attacks did not significantly weaken Allied forces. Bunker Hill (CV-17) on 11 May 45. Allied pilots were experienced and better-trained, and flew superior aircraft, making the poorly trained kamikaze … The first official kamikaze plane had hit its target on Oct. 25, 1944, in the Battle of Leyte Gulf, but the idea had … Before the formation of kamikaze units, pilots had made deliberate crashes as a last resort when their planes had suffered severe damage and they did not want to risk being captured, or wanted to do as much damage to the enemy as possible, since they were crashing anyway. Were all Germans in agreement of the persecution of Jews? Kamikaze attacks were actually not very effective and their effectiveness waned as the war waged on. About 14% of kamikaze attacks managed to hit a ship. 20%- 5,000- of all US Navy casualties endured in the war were … Pilots were told not to aim at a ship's bridge tower or gun turret but instead to look for elevators or the flight deck to crash into. Such situations occurred in both the Axis and Allied air forces. The Allies were hard put to find an adequate response to this threat, and press reports on the kamikazes were censored until 12 April 1945 to prevent the Japanese from knowing how effective the attacks were. That’s because pretty much every single academic or wartime source has a different figure and the figures are all over the place. The destroyer Laffey was attacked by 20 planes at once. Kamikaze aircraft were essentially pilot-guided explosive missiles, purpose-built or converted from conventional aircraft.Pilots would attempt to crash their aircraft into enemy ships in what was called a "body attack" ( tai-atari) in planes loaded with bombs, or other explosives. Albert Trombi of Englewood, Fla. and Dr. Douglas Murphy of Venice, Fla. were … Lo. For the light and fast machines, such as the Mitsubishi A6M5 Reisen and the dive bomber Suisei, which was actually intended for use by the no longer existing aircraft carriers, there were two tactics for the Kamikaze attack, which had proven to be particularly effective. Yes, inspired by Thess' thread :laugh: I'm guessing that the Japanese were very desperate to use the kamikaze (suicide bombing, in a way) tactic against the Allies in the Pacific theatre. The strong Japanese tradition of death instead of defeat, and its perceived shame, was deeply entrenched in Japanese culture. 4 comments. share. By the time Kamikaze attacks were implimented, the quality of US … I love only that which they defend.”. Create your own unique website with customizable templates. Were the Jewish aware of the Nazi's actions? Just the anticipation of kamikaze attacks drove some American sailors insane. Heavy blast and fire damage, 344 KIA, and the ship wasn't fully repaired before the end of the … Why Japan's Kamikazes Were the Ultimate Weapon.