increased risks from ash dieback on their ash trees. Flintshire council publishes advice on Ash Dieback. The woodland SSSIs are only representative of the total amount of ... advice is tailored to the specific conditions on each site, starting with the SSSI features of interest, Undertake a pre-condition assessment, examining the health and structural condition of the tree. In particular, their focus must be on risk and making balanced decisions on what the options for required action are. ash dieback (and by secondary pests or pathogens). need for a wildlife licence – but to do so you may just have to modify or reschedule some This may mean liaising with other used where the following criteria are all fully met: This interpretation identifies the relevant factors to be assessed in considering use of the Forestry Commission guidance on preventing the spread of tree pests and diseases, which can be found online. honey fungus, would also fall within the scope of the 3. Applications and notices seeking consent or advising of intent to prune or fell infected or uninfected ash trees should be judged on their merits, assessing the impact of the proposal on the amenity of the area and whether the proposal is justified. Situations were dynamic loading to an anchor may occur i.e. There is no Liabilities can arise if trees and branches fall. Ongoing monitoring of ash trees should focus on those trees in high or higher risk Where specific sites are protected for e.g. of danger or the prevention or abatement of a nuisance. Uninfected ash trees should not be felled unless there are other overriding management requirements to do so and if all necessary permissions are in place. people and property. planning authority on the proposals and seek agreement on issuing the felling Tree Surgeons and Tree Advisors – Guidance, The Malthouse, Stroud Green, Standish, Stonehouse, Gloucestershire GL10 3DL, Arboricultural Association Ltd. A company registered in England at The Malthouse, Stroud Green, Standish, Stonehouse, Gloucestershire GL10 3DL, UK. Not all ash trees will die as a direct result of ash dieback infection. be able to retain them longer and keep them as important tree features in the landscape. General advice is to restock from a variety of site suitable tree species that Operations note 046a. The movement of ash planting stock is banned under a Plant Health Order. to maintain a service or network e.g. Over a number of years the effect of this may be that the branch structure and potentially the trunk is mechanically weaker with increased risk of uncharacteristic breakages under loading, when felling, or when trees and branches hit the ground. Ash Dieback Guidance (Arboricultural Association) Public guidance from the Tree Council; Managing individual ash affected by dieback. sustainable forest management, climate change, biodiversity and the protection of water and in some instances visible bark lesions in branch or stem tissues which directly on roadsides, in hedgerows, in fields, along public rights of way, and not just those in Copyright © 2019 The Arboricultural Association. or limb removal works to mitigate the concern. risks resulting from changes in ash tree condition. ground in potentially weakened ash trees, tree works could include: Tree pruning or felling works should be undertaken by suitably qualified and experienced ), it is easier to see which ones were just nipped by the frost, and those that are suffering from dieback. may be prepared to accept. Tree health scientists are studying the works that prevent or impede access on common land since 1925 (Law of Property Act exceptions generally apply to particular kinds of work on trees (topping or lopping), the Infection leads to dead branches throughout the crown. signs of structural problems, and to consider issues such as biosecurity. understood. identify what sort of management responses you may need to consider. assess forestry proposals, including tree felling, against the Standard before giving its One of the exceptions within the Forestry Act 1967 considers dangerous trees. on the lead agency websites or in links above) then please direct your enquiries to forestry@cornwall.gov.uk . The potential for a tree to become infected with ash dieback should not be a material consideration when determining applications and notices to prune or fell protected ash trees. genetic factors which enable this so that tolerant ash trees can also be bred for the future. planning authority before making our decision whether to issue a felling licence. ), there are other decay fungi associated with ash that should not be overlooked. That in high risk locations (beside highways, network infrastructure and public Tree owners, Regulations 2017 and the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. It is estimated that 95 percent of the UK ash tree population will be affected by the disease and, despite ongoing scientific research, there is currently no cure or treatment. Images should The species accounts for 12% of broadleaved woodland in Great Britain and is commonly found in parks, gardens and hedgerows. A range of exceptions to the need for a felling licence are described in the Act. are site based designations which in some cases spread to a landscape scale. The Food and Environment Research Agency (Fera) advice 2. Note: The citations for these protection areas were not written with major issues such as Now it is on the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) Red List1. Not all ash trees will die as a direct result of ash dieback infection. If you do not have a felling licence in place, and need one, an Avoid you having to rely on gathering evidence in order to use an exception to fell a permission has been granted or a Notice has been served requiring you to take where you need to focus most attention, potentially at the individual tree level, and to England to help managers comply with these regulations. For example, shaggy bracket (Inonotus hispidus) and giant ash bracket (Perenniporia fraxinea). Coasts, tree felling can have an increased sensitivity in the landscape. appears to more rapidly lose timber strength and integrity and is prone to structural Tree Safety Group – Common Sense Risk Management of Trees, Appendix 1 - Example: A tree inspection been issued or that one of the exceptions applies before any felling is carried out. our landscapes, and so there are some tree health related grant funding initiatives to help European protected species (EPS) listed in the Conservation of Habitats and Species integrity and inherent strength of an ash tree may be severely affected by the disease and Fixed point photography, at both a close-up and a landscape scale. failure of diseased ash trees. If you have ash trees in land under your control, it is your responsibility to act now. To help deliver high risk priorities in ash tree management, ash trees management in registered practitioners and consultants – see section 9 - Sources of further advice. In this instance an application would be referred to the Secretary of Once an application is received, the Forestry Commission will consult with the You can change your cookie settings at any time. Approved tree surgeons can be found on the Arboricultural Association website trees.org.uk and click on ‘Find a Professional’. Where public access to the wider landscape is guaranteed on Open Access land and along We believe that through the assessment and survey process you will be able to identify Managing ash in woodlands in light of ash dieback: operations note 46 - GOV.UK Skip to main content Managing ash in woodlands in light of ash dieback: operations note 46, part of the ash growing seasons. It is important to diversify the species and to think about provenance when selecting trees in order to maximize the landscapes resilience to pests, diseases and climate change. Practical advice for those with a responsibility for management of ash in woodlands. A Europe-wide problem, the fungus attaches itself to the leaves of ash trees and spreads through to the branches, causing the tree to die. managed by excluding the public until safety works are completed. This gives the local authority checklists, Managing ash in woodlands in light of ash dieback: for regulation and monitoring of trees and woodland. To download the Industry Code of Practice ‘Tree Work at Height’ please visit: To download the Safety Guidance for Managers – Felling Dead Ash guidance please visit: A brief guide to tree work terminology and definitions. The disease is particularly destructive of our native, common ash. Where landscapes have been designated as having a special character e.g. of an approved felling licence. example, as resting, breeding or foraging sites for important species, then mitigation it doesn’t necessarily follow that all ash trees growing in these areas will need to be removed or that they will all die. woodland) are growing on your property or on land which you are responsible for. The Devon Ash Dieback Resilience Forum has provided information on trees to replace ash, their advice note can be found here, along with lots of other helpful management advice. Trees are infected in the summer by airborne spores from fruit bodies occurring on the central stalks of fallen leaves – moist conditions favour the production of fruit bodies. slack in a climbers system, working above an anchor, must be avoided, along with horizontal loading of an anchor, to avoid any potential bending moment. It will may need a wildlife licence in certain circumstances. Local fragmentation of tree cover has been found to be an important factor with isolated trees, trees growing in open areas or trees in hedges far less affected than those in a forest environment. ), shaggy bracket (Inonotus hispidus) or giant ash bracket (Perenniporia fraxinea), all of which have potential to impair the structural integrity of ash trees. For applicants, this means having to identify the location of individual and small groups of 4 March 2020 By InYourArea Community. must be maintained as safe for public use. 1967). non-woodland trees on a property, not just those in woodland. constant review; this guidance will change periodically. The Forestry Commission will consult on felling proposals with the relevant authorities. Licences for felling individual trees, groups of trees or wooded areas will usually be tree felling can have an increased sensitivity or disturbance factor. applies to land: Both Acts require that consent is obtained for any restricted works that will prevent or Any for any operators working on or adjacent to that tree. network infrastructure, buildings, or in areas or routes frequently used by the public. operations note 46). you may still have to give notice to the local authority before undertaking the There are no restrictions on the movement of ash timber, branches or leaves, but a plant health order made in 2012 prohibits all imports of ash seeds, plants and trees into GB, and all inland movements within GB of the same material. view is taken as to potential health and safety implications for tree and forestry of images over time to show decline in a trees condition. These lesions, which are not always easy to spot, will often facilitate colonisation of the tree by secondary pathogens such as honey fungus (Armillaria spp. Lower risk trees may also contribute towards longer term habitat Once ash die back has infected an ash tree the tree can be at considerable risk of structural failure. The leaflet provides an introduction to the disease, summarises current advice, and signposts to more detailed guidance produced by Defra, the Forestry Commission and others. Ash dieback is caused by the fungus Hymenoscyphus fraxineus, which originated in Asia. Should you have any concerns over ash dieback on yours or your clients site/s then please contact our consultants, full details of whom can be found at the bottom of this screen. of your management proposals or practices. make your application. bat roost in a tree or a dormouse nest on the woodland floor), Forest Industry Safety Accord – Felling dead ash, National Tree Safety Group – Common sense risk management of trees. locations to ensure that any change in their condition is noted as early as possible. felling would be the normal management activity, it is expected that this will be delivered The common ash (Fraxinus excelsior) is one of our most important and prolific native tree species. 1967, section 8 - Other legislation and tree protection, National Uninfected ash trees should only be pruned or felled to meet other, unrelated management objectives. are appropriate to the sensitivity of the local landscape and which will help replace the It is thought that the same might apply to trees growing in streets and hedgerows. Therefore, management of diseased ash trees should prioritise those trees in the highest This Operations Note is supplementary to and does not replace any existing published ©Forestry Commission. Losing one of our most abundant native tree species will have a massive effect on our landscape, hedges and the wildlife they support. By working together we can manage its impact. alternative location, but to do so the applicant must demonstrate the benefits of an The Forum has collaborated on preparing the following free Advice Notes covering a range of subjects related to Ash Dieback and its management in Devon. those ash trees with high or higher risk factors and will be able to evidence what work is Felling Licences will, in most cases, have conditions applied them to require restocking land subject to rights of common on the first of January 1926, s.38 of the 2006 Act However, the Forestry Commission may investigate incidents of tree felling where a felling However, movement of larger diameter ash logs from infected areas is considered to be much lower risk as long as certain phytosanitary measures are properly implemented. Once you have determined any ‘high risk’ locations, you will start to be able to determine out any tree works on common land. A felling licence application should consider all the trees on your property, including those At an estimated cost of billions, the effects will be staggering. It map. Show the scale or size of the tree is via a felling licence. the UK Forest Industry Safety Accord (UKFISA). Much of this is because of Ash Dieback, which is posing a huge problem right across the UK. If composting ash leaves in an area where ash dieback is known to be present, the Forestry Commission recommends covering them with with a 10cm (4-inch) layer of soil or a 15-30cm (6-12 inches) layer of other plant material, and leaving the heap undisturbed for … The Forestry Commission is responsible for implementing the UKFS in England. To request printed copies, contact tree_health@forestrycommission.gov.uk. It is thought that the genetic and site related tolerance (field tolerance) of some trees might give rise to the continuation of ash in the landscape and that genetic tolerance might be the key factor in the restoration of ash as a forest tree. Tree owners should, however, take a balanced and proportionate approach. will fall across a road, or will fell wish to. A felling licence will normally last for 5 years. reduction or lopping instead of felling, natural regeneration of felled trees and propagation Ash dieback is a devastating tree disease that has the potential to kill up to 95% of ash trees across the UK. Dead trees are prone to collapse or fall and dead branches are prone to break. Therefore, some management, and promotion of natural regeneration, The Arboricultural Association is a registered charity no. Supplementary Notice of Operations with your felling licence application. Thought to have originated in eastern Asia, ash dieback can be found in most parts of the UK. tree surgeons – see section 9 - Sources of further advice. These A felling licence application will therefore need to cover all A felling licence only grants permission for a tree to be felled. In fact, as a with wildlife legislation such as the Wildlife and Countryside Act 1981. railways. undertaking any tree felling. you will instead need permission directly from the local authority to undertake work on a responsible for, you should also make an initial assessment of the tree health condition. Current knowledge does not provide clarity on the impact of ash dieback on the life expectancy of individual ash trees, although up to 5% of ash trees will show genetic tolerance to the disease and many trees growing in open sites may not succumb to the disease and are likely to persist indefinitely.