Stepping lightly “with bravado,” she sprung up the scaffold steps despite her bound hands, and paused only to apologize to her executioner for stepping on his foot.12 So she went willingly, even eagerly, to her death. My passion is reading and gaining new knowledge. I had never known about the captivity of Marie Antoinette, but I had heard of her. Louis XVI’s hands were not tied until he reached the foot of the guillotine, but the deposed Queen will receive far less consideration than her late husband. She really tried, she did more than Louis to work with the moderates. Louis XVI, who belonged to the Royal House of Bourbon, became King of France in 1774 when his grandfather Louis XV died. You may trust that scoundrel to bring up something lewd at every opportunity. In addition, she was accused of scandalous conduct with her son, and that she had instigated most of the crimes that Louis XVI had committed. Sep 11, 2017 - The execution of Marie-Antoinette. Together the couple had 16 children, 10 of whom lived into adulthood. A Student Organization of St. Mary's University of San Antonio Texas. This is the context of her transfer to La Conciergerie: the National Convention hopes to step up the pressure and show Francis II that a trial is a real possibility. In January 1793, King Louis XVI was sentenced to death for conspiring against the state. The bodies were then briefly held at the house in the rue d’Anjou. Marie Antoinette's Execution in 1793 at the Place de la Revolution by Unknown Trial and Execution Over the next few years, the government of France was in turmoil. Haggard and prematurely aged by her tribulations, she met her death bravely as the executioner Charles Henri Sanson publicly […] It impresses me how even up until moments before being executed she still managed to comply and even apologize to one of the executioners for stepping on his foot. For an ordinary prisoner that would mean that trial is imminent. (Photo by: PHAS/Universal Images Group via Getty Images) Fifteen minutes later, the Queen arrived in front of the grim towers of the Conciergerie, where she was registered under the name of “The Widow Capet” and became its 280th prisoner.5 She was led by the jailers to her new quarters. Marie Antoinette by LebrunOn 16th October 1793, Marie Antoinette was found in her cell at the Conciergerie in Paris dressed in her mourning dress, laying down on her bed in floods of tears. She worked in secret with Barnave and two others ( a triumvirate) who were working on the Constitution and then she worked with Louis to help him accept the new Constitution. Marie Antoinette being taken to her Execution, 1794.jpg 1,400 × 1,069; 105 KB Hinrichtung marie antoinette.jpg 1,170 × 823; 1.09 MB Jeton dénonçant la mort de la reine le 16 octobre 1793.jpg 1,200 × 591; 113 KB Her life is best remembered today as related to the French Revolution, which saw the people of France overthrow the absolute monarchy of Louis XVI and reject the traditions of feudalism. However, she went on to spend more than two months living in squalor before her trial and eventual execution for treason on 16 October 1793. He created a garden out of the area and planted two weeping willows as a commemoration. Early on 16 October, Marie Antoinette was declared guilty of the three main charges against her: depletion .At 12.15pm on the afternoon of the 16th October 1793, Marie Antoinette was executed by guillotine in the Place de la Revolution in Paris. Aug 12, 2019 - The execution of Marie-Antoinette. I have him relate the trial (it was eerie to write, because I had always thought of it from Marie-Antoinette’s standpoint.). So dies Marie-Antoinette, two weeks before her 38th birthday. Again she protests. References: [1] The Quarterly Review, 1853, p. 397. No copyright intended please enjoy, subscribe and comment below.From the film La Révolution française (1989) Part 2. However, the gendarme on duty noticed her actions, took the incriminating evidence, and gave it to his immediate superiors. One of her attorneys, Chauveau-Lagarde, notes that “she was like annihilated by surprise.” She silently shakes her head when the presiding judge asks her whether she has anything to add. College of Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, St. Mary's University, Department of History, St. Mary's University, Department of Political Science, St. Mary's University, Center for Catholic Studies, St. Mary's University, The Learning Assistance Center, St. Mary's University, Louis J. Blume Library Services, St. Mary's University, STRIVE Career Center, St. Mary's University, Academic Technology Services, St. Mary's University, The Holy See Takes On The Fight Against Climate Change, US-Colonization and Settlement (1585-1763), US-Revolution and the New Nation (1754-1820s), US-Civil War & Reconstruction (1850-1877), Bullying gone Technological: The Tragic Death of Megan Meier, Breaking Silence or Just Speaking Louder? 4:30 AM: Marie-Antoinette is taken back to her cell, within the Courthouse building. This was a very informative article! Learn how your comment data is processed. In 1765, Louis, dauphin de France (also known as Louis Ferdinand), the son of French monarch Louis XV, died. Today in History: Marie Antoinette beheaded (10/16/1793) Answers.Com ^ Posted on 10/16/2006 11:24:52 AM PDT by yankeedame. Only a screen shielded her from the gaze of her guards and gave her no privacy at all. Marie Antoinette’s husband, King Louis XVI, was executed by guillotine on 21st January 1793 after being charged with undermining the First French Republic. He was allowed to spend a few short hours with his family until his execution before a crowd of 20,000. I will not enter into the details of the trial, which would require its separate – and very long – post. The days of the directoire. This article does a well job at outlining how she managed to keep her dignity and do everything she could to represent the monarchy well. Born: 2 November 1755 Birthplace: Vienna, Austria Died: 16 October 1793 (beheading) Best Known As: Queen of France, 1775-93 Name at birth: Maria Antonia Exécution de Marie Antoinette Madame Élisabeth. On 16th October 1793, Marie Antoinette was found in her cell at the Conciergerie in Paris dressed in her mourning dress, laying down on her bed in floods of tears. Louis XV mistress’s ( Pompadour and Du Barry ) and family spent much more than she did. The day before, she had been brought to trial by the Revolutionaries … After her death on the scaffold, Marie Antoinette entered the world of legend and became a mythical figure.16 Being a scapegoat for the revolution, the Republic’s political decision for her execution united France. To no avail: the Emperor is content to express his indignation. The entire trial started from October 15, 1793 at eight in the morning and ended on October 16 at four-thirty in the morning.8, On October 16, 1793, at four-thirty in the morning, Marie Antoinette was declared guilty of the three main charges of having secret agreements with foreign powers, of shipping money aboard to Austria, and of conspiring with these powers against the security of French. Marie-Antoinette sits very straight in the cart, proud and calm in the face of this display of hate, contempt and anger. Without requiring any help, she climbs the steps to the scaffold. Marie Antoinette being taken to her Execution, 1794.jpg 1,400 × 1,069; 105 KB Hinrichtung marie antoinette.jpg 1,170 × 823; 1.09 MB Jeton dénonçant la mort de la reine le 16 octobre 1793.jpg 1,200 × 591; 113 KB Once in her cell, she is given a candle, ink and paper. Her argument might have succeeded had she been any other woman. Artist: Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) was not simply one of the crowd when he sketched Marie Antoinette on her way to the guillotine on October 16, 1793. As stated by Chauveau-Lagarde, Marie Antoinette showed true courage and was void of any negative emotion.9 Once returned to her cell, the Queen wrote a farewell letter to Madame Elisabeth, her sister-in-law. She seemed compliant but brave after she put her hands together to be bound again. This is a very long by Revolutionary Tribunal standards. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The following December, Louis XVI stands trial before the National Convention, the elected body that now governs France. Marie Antoinette picked up the flower and inside, the petal concealed a tiny note, which the Queen attempted to answer by pricking out a message with a pin. The Revolutionary Tribunal took nine months to put Marie Antoinette on trial on made-up charges after her husband’s execution. I enjoy listening to music and spending time with my friends and family. Marie Antoinette loved to ride horses when she arrived at the Palace of Versailles, but it was deemed too dangerous for the soon to be Queen of France. It’s sad that most people prefer to believe the same narrative over and over. King Louis XVI of France and his wife Queen Marie Antoinette were both beheaded by the guillotine at the Place de la Révolution (now the Place de la Concorde) in Paris, France. He had a breakdown of sorts. First, she was obliged to prepare herself under the gendarmes’ watchful eyes. This article was well written by the author and enjoyed learning from it. Execution of Louis and Marie Antoinette From the autumn of 1791 on, the king tied his hopes of political salvation to the dubious prospects of foreign intervention. From then on, we will simply follow a timeline. Events by cover : Works (7) Titles: Order: Fatal Purity: Robespierre and the French Revolution by Ruth Scurr: The Life and Times of Robespierre by Luigi Mario Pizzinelli: Madame Tussaud by Michelle Moran: The Terror: The Shadow … Marie Antoinette on the way to the guillotine. Two and a half months before her execution, at two in the morning, the Queen along with her daughter and sister-in-law were suddenly awakened and informed that the Queen was to be transported to the prison of Conciergerie. Marie Antoinette (2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last Queen of France, as the wife of King Louis XVI, before the monarchy was abolished in the French Revolution.She was born as Maria Antonia as an Archduchess of Austria.. She married Louis in 1770, when she was 14 years old and four years before he became the king. However, one of the men came around and stared at her. [citation needed] Leboucher. The Conciergerie prison. Marie Antoinette with her two eldest children, Marie-Thérèse Charlotte and the Dauphin Louis Joseph, in the gardens of the by , 1785 On 27 March 1785, Marie Antoinette gave birth to a second son, , who bore the title of. He had formerly been part of the Comte de Provence’s military establishment and was one of the officers who had protected her on June 20, 1792. Maria Antonia’s mother was the powerful Archduchess Maria Theresa of Austria and Queen of Hungary, Croatia, and Bohemia in her own right. It surprised me to read that she remained poise and kept her image through it all. The day before, she had been brought to trial by the Revolutionaries … The execution of Marie Antoinette was a strange case of bad situations snowballing on top of itself. Today in History: Marie Antoinette beheaded (10/16/1793) Answers.Com ^ Posted on 10/16/2006 11:24:52 AM PDT by yankeedame. That day, angry mobs broke into the Tuileries and forced the King to acknowledge the Republic. She was the Queen’s lady in waiting and her husband was General de Jarjayes, a loyal follower of the royal family. She was the last Queen of France before the revolutionaries overthrew the monarchy. The 1938 film Marie Antoinette, starring Norma Shearer and Robert Morley, is considered a classic of historical melodrama. Later that year, the French government announced a time of "Terror", when anyone against the revolution would be executed. The Tribunal remained in session 15 hours on October 14, and almost 24 hours on October 15 and 16. Shortly before her execution, Marie Antoinette begged the warden for a pen and some paper, and she proceeded to write a letter to her sister-in-law Elisabeth known as her “Testament.” She wrote of her love for her friends and family, and asked that her children not seek revenge for her execution. The idea was for Marie Antoinette to escape to the château of Madame de Jarjayes. Dominating the entire scene was a giant statue of Liberty sitting on a pedestal that once held a … On receiving this order Louis requested a three-day stay of execution, to farewell his wife and children and prepare “to appear in the presence of Almighty God”. The case is therefore set for trial before the Revolutionary Tribunal, and a preliminary hearing is held at the beginning of October. Dec 30, 2016 - The execution of Marie-Antoinette. Despite being a sacrifice for the French, she never lost her composure and retained her image as a dignified Queen until the last moment of her life.17, Winner of the Fall 2019 StMU History Media Award for Best Article in the Category. On January 21, 1793, King Louis XVI was executed. Marie Antoinette taken to her execution in 1793 by an unknown artist | Courtesy of Etsy Two and a half months before her execution, at two in the morning, the Queen along with her daughter and sister-in-law were suddenly awakened and informed that … Here, in a private letter, she recalls the trial and execution of Marie-Antoinette: She was the 15th and last child of aristocratic parents who together formed Habsburg-Lorraine dynasty. When the case goes to the jury in the early hours of the 16th, the outrageous incest accusation has been dropped. The rest of us judges also ignored it, but one of the jurors insisted that she respond. Kinderjaren. The trial itself begins on the 14th. Skip to comments. She may have some value as a hostage in war negotiations with the Austrians, and the National Convention sends emissaries to that effect to the enemy. She leaves the courtroom without a word, her head held high. She was young when she made mistakes but if people would do their due diligence they would learn not everything was as it seemed. She claimed she had obeyed her husband’s orders when she prepared the flight to Varennes, or when she sent the French war plans to her brother, the tyrant of Austria. Marie Antoinette was to follow nine months later, by this time suffering from cancer and not in the best of health. I have also read one of the first biographies written dating back to 1896 written by the son ( I believe of the son of someone who knew her) Without protest, Marie Antoinette got dressed and bid farewell to her family members. Again this is a stark contrast with the execution of Louis XVI, who had been granted the assistance of an unsworn priest of his own choosing. In this fashion the executioner does not have to do it himself to facilitate the operation of the guillotine. By the time the cart reached the Place du Carrousel, she was sufficiently in command of herself to step down easily. Marie Antoinette (born Maria Antonia Josepha Joanna von Österreich-Lothringen; November 2, 1755–October 16, 1793) was the queen of France, executed by guillotine during the French Revolution. Marie Antoinette, meanwhile, was still in limbo. Then enters Henri Sanson, the executioner, who ties her hands behind her back. 15 livres, 35 sols for the grave and the gravedigger.” These words described the funeral of the last Queen of France.13 With the restoration of the monarchy, on January 18, 1815, the remains of the royal bodies were exhumed with the help of Pierre Louis Desclozeaux, an old lawyer who lived at 48 rue d’Anjou. Soon arrive the Court clerk and the judges, who read her the sentence, as required by law. 12:00 PM: At last the cart reaches Place de la Révolution, where she can see both her former Palace of Les Tuileries and the guillotine. It is also interesting to see how people back then dealt with political issues and seemed to just blame the person in power and execute them to create a new system of government. But Marie-Antoinette is no ordinary prisoner. Marie Antoinette (b.1755-d.1793) was an Austrian Princess, who, at the age of 15, married Louis XVI of France in order to strengthen the French monarchy's tie to Austria. [2] The Eclectic Magazine of Foreign Literature, Science, and Art, Volume 30, 1853, p. 439. Dominating the entire scene was a giant statue of Liberty sitting on a pedestal that once held a … 30. She was a political moderate, a supporter of the National Assembly and the Girondins, but an opponent of violence and radicalism. Events: Execution of Marie Antoinette. I have heard of the name Marie Antoinette plenty of times, but I never knew about her execution. The execution, like that of her husband, took place at the Place de la Révolution, recently renamed from Place de Louis XV (currently Place de la Concorde). It also had a narrow window at ground level that let in a pale light. Even though she was actually innocent of her crimes. On October 16, 1793, just a few months after her husband suffered the same fate, Marie was publicly executed (beheaded) at the age of 37 years. The Conciergerie prison. This is of course her famous response to the incest accusation: “I appeal to all mothers!” Throughout the trial, Marie-Antoinette, very pale, physically exhausted, but as imposing as ever in her patched-up black dress, defends herself with energy and dignity. On this day in history, 16 October 1793, the thirty-eight year old Marie Antoinette, former Archduchess of Austria and more famously queen of France as consort of Louis XVI, was executed during the bloody and brutal French Revolution then ravaging the country. It was a dungeon of fifteen square meters with walls covered with an old cloth stained by humidity. Marie Antoinette On October 16, 1793, Maria Antoinette, the former Queen of France was finally executed for treason. The Queen, who had been separated from her children, was taken to her execution in an ordinary cart. In addition, Marie Antoinette was insulted and called a traitor of France. My God, have mercy on me! 11:00 AM: She leaves La Conciergerie and reaches the Cour du Mai, in front of the Courthouse. The Tribunal charged her with: orchestrating orgies in Versailles, sending money to Austria, planning the massacre of the gardes françaises (National Guards) in 1792, declaring her son to be the new king of France. I am a International Business Marketing major at St Mary's University in San Antonio. Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images The Conciergerie prison. The Telescope portrait. Marie Antoinette (/ ˌ æ n t w ə ˈ n ɛ t, ˌ ɒ̃ t-/, French: [maʁi ɑ̃twanɛt] (); born Maria Antonia Josepha Johanna; 2 November 1755 – 16 October 1793) was the last queen of France before the French Revolution.She was born an archduchess of Austria and was the penultimate child and youngest daughter of Empress Maria Theresa and Emperor Francis I. The Telescope portrait. Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI. Then, the following August, Marie-Antoinette is transferred, alone, without her children or sister-in-law Madame Elisabeth, to the jail of La Conciergerie. Her marriage to Louis XVI had been strategic (as were most royal weddings during this era). 31. Unlike my enemy commenter lies the Habsburgs did care about Marie Antoinette.. Because of Louis exiled brothers, ( mainly Artois ) the emigres and radicals everything fell apart. She reportedly rode donkeys instead. In early September, he accompanied the royal family’s jail administrator Jean-Baptiste Michonis to the Conciergerie with two carnations pinned to his lapel. Also on the platform is Marie Antoinette’s confessor. She was a noble queen that had to face terrible accusations and in addition humiliation. Skip to comments. At the time she was queen, the French people were becoming increasingly discontent with the bankrupt government. Born: 2 November 1755 Birthplace: Vienna, Austria Died: 16 October 1793 (beheading) Best Known As: Queen of France, 1775-93 Name at birth: Maria Antonia Exécution de Marie Antoinette My eyes have no more tears The execution of Marie Antoinette was closely followed by that of twenty-one patriotic Girondists, who, on their way to the scaffold, and while awaiting their turn, heroically sang the "Marseillaise," to prove their devotion to their native country. She was extremely intelligent and wanted to do everything she could to help the people and bring peace. 12:15 PM: The blade of the guillotine falls. She was involved in terrible accusations and went through humiliation. The Execution of Marie Antoinette, Queen of France Above: Marie Antoinette, 1783. The days of the directoire. Helen Maria Williams was an English writer and poet who lived in France during the revolution. [The presiding judge] Herman, who is no fool, let it pass without questioning Antoinette on it. Marie Antoinette was also told her hands must be bound, even though the late Louis XVI hadn’t had his hands bounded. It is located within the premises of the main Courthouse of Paris, next to the Revolutionary Tribunal. After a life of extreme extravagance at the Palace of Versailles, she was publicly executed by guillotine on the Place de la Concorde in Paris. She was a political moderate, a supporter of the National Assembly and the Girondins, but an opponent of violence and radicalism. During the preparation for her execution, Rosalie witnessed the planned humiliation carried out on Marie Antoinette. Read “ The Making of a French Queen “. There an open cart, drawn by two large white horses, is waiting for her. On the very day of the execution, the Queen’s mutilated body was taken to the small cemetery of the Madeleine, where the King’s body had been left nine months earlier. 7:00 AM: Rosalie Lamorlière, a young servant who has been attending to the former Queen, offers to bring her some food. “All is over for me.” Upon Rosalie’s insistence, Marie-Antoinette accepts a bowl of bouillon, but she can only swallow a few spoonfulls. The jury retires for over one hour. She steps off the cart promptly, lightly. Artist: Jacques-Louis David (1748-1825) was not simply one of the crowd when he sketched Marie Antoinette on her way to the guillotine on October 16, 1793. After the fall of the monarchy on the 10th of August 1792, the dethroned Queen was imprisoned in the Tower of the Temple, along with her husband, Louis XVI, their children and Madame Elisabeth, the King’s younger sister. For the National Convention, there is political advantage in executing a hated public figure, and none in keeping her alive. He remembered the two interments and had subsequently tended the sites. children; farewell, farewell! Still, she was subjected t… Louis is executed on the 21st of January 1793. We All Are. This was a very interesting article about Queen Antoinette and how she was executed by the French people for crimes against the Revolution. Colored. GENTLEMAN'S MAGAZINE, London, November, 1798 Inside has an interesting letter which begins: "I was an eye-witness of the death of Marie Antoinette. Her only furniture consisted of a camp bed, two straw seat chairs, a convenience chair, and a bidet. Marie Antoinette werd op 2 november 1755 geboren in het keizerlijk paleis te Wenen, de Hofburg, als aartshertogin van Oostenrijk.Ze was de jongste dochter en het op een na jongste kind van keizer Frans I Stefan van het Heilige Roomse Rijk en keizerin Maria Theresia van Oostenrijk.Haar overgrootvader aan vaderszijde was hertog Filips I van Orléans. Speaking to Victor Hugo in 1840, a man called Leboucher, who had arrived in Paris from Bourges in December 1792 and was present at the execution of Louis XVI, recalled vividly: Here are some unknown details. And France is at war with Austria… For a full transcript (in French) of the trial, I direct you to the irreplaceable Royet site. Marie Antoinette became the focus for the nation’s hatred, fuelled not least by their vehement dislike of all things Austrian. Madame Élisabeth. I think that events could have ended differently if dealt with in a different way and with a different perspective. 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