With the outbreak of the Second Anglo-Dutch War, the Staten-Generaal ordered the construction of twenty-four large ships, with a second group of twenty-four being added soon after. The other battlefleet Charters were all two-decked warships. small boats that were 55-90 feet long. The Dutch revolt (1568–1648) in many ways started with the revolt of the Beggars and the navy was no exception. In later ships this standard was stretched to a greater length. Dutch Ships of the Seventeenth Century In the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries the Seven Provinces of the Netherlands embarked on one of those amazing explosions of energy and productivity that sometimes make small countries leaders of the world. During the 1660s the Dutch added ten ships displacing 1400-1600 tons and mounting 72–84 guns, such as the Amsterdam-built Dolfijn of 1667, and another twenty of 1100 tons, mounting 60–74; it was a remarkably large and rapid programme of construction, which finally put the republic’s battle fleet on the same footing as those of its rivals. In the fifteenth century, however, Dutch shipwrights had been far behind them. Ship - Ship - 17th-century developments: With the emergence of the eastern trade about 1600 the merchant ship had grown impressively. Such misfortunes were often believed to be the result some misbehavior of a crew member and a sailor might be ostracized for his deed. © Copyright 2021 History Today Ltd. Company no. The 4th Charter ships by 1680 carried between 44 and 56 guns; by 1714 a minimum of 50 guns applied. A buss of 240 tons with lateen sails was required by maritime statutes of Venice to be manned by a crew of 50 sailors. ... from the early 1600s … A typical armament for one of these ships was 26 x 18pdrs on the lower deck, 26 x 12pdrs on the upper deck, 18 x 6pdrs on the quarterdeck and 4 x 3pdrs on the poop. The first two of these were launched for the Maas Admiralty in 1653 and 1654. [2] This programme, which was all built in the period 1664 to 1667, included ten ships of 160 (Amsterdam) feet length or more, now forming the 1st Charter. Note that, although the 1685 long-term Plan had called for twenty ships of the 1st Charter to be built, the twentieth and last Dutch three-decker - the Amsterdam Admiralty's 96-gun Haarlem (of 177 ft) was not built until 1721. These hulks brought grain from the Baltic to the Low Countries and carried salt back. However, the larger Brakel and Tromp measured about 160 (Amsterdam) feet on the upper deck (equivalent to 148ft 7in in British units of measurement), with a breadth of about 45 Amsterdam feet (41¾ British feet) and a depth in hold of 20 Amsterdam feet (18½ British feet). Dutch Immigration to USA & Canada. The ships of the 2nd Charter each carried 74 guns. A typical armament for one of these ships was 22 x 18pdrs on the lower deck, 22 x 8pdrs on the upper deck, and 8 x 4pdrs on the quarterdeck. The Rotterdam foot was considerably longer - 31.39 cm (equal to almost 1.03 English feet) - and was divided into twelve inches, each of 2.615 cm. At that time German builders produced a modified hulk which was the most effective bulk carrier in northern Europe. The records you will need to continue your research, such as birth, marriage, and death records, are kept in local areas. I DO NOT have any secret or additional information. The Dutch leader had put to sea with 53 warships bristling with 1,700 cannon, a massive amount of firepower. Ships of this era are not separated by Charter or Rate, as the categorisation system did not operate before 1652. The vessels were owned by a shipping company in Amsterdam by name of “Compagnie van Verre” (“Far Travel Trade Partnership”). For any additions, please contact project collaborators, as the data are being maintained in an Excel file for easy editing. The rates of mortality among the crews of slave ships were also high, as they were for the crews of the Dutch East India Company ships on the long voyage to Java. These were all three-deckers, with standard dimensions (all in Amsterdam feet) of 170 ft on the upper deck, 146¼ ft on the keel, 43 ft in breadth and 16 ft depth in hold. 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