By Miranda Bell, Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom. What is the Boom Overture? According to Boom during rollout on Oct. 7, 2020, the composite-intensive Overture will be the world's fastest airliner and … We can’t decide to choose the luxury options and not have a way to pay for them. Boom will roll out the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029. N/A due to the lack of information pulled from technical sheets, and an assumption is made that the tensile strength is equivalent. Posted in Design Journal. Figure 3: Costs of each composite with an exception made for HDPE due to being sold in sheets. The XB-1, also known as the Baby Boom, is the sub-scale technology demonstrator for Boom’s supersonic airliner Overture. Weight. Applied Composites is proud to be a key enabler for the next generation of innovative aircraft. Now that we have our criteria, let’s limit the composites we need. Our supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today's business-class fares. Making the vision a reality. We are in on the concept and initial build of XB-1. The company acknowledges XB-1 as the end product of years of … Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.) plans to roll out XB-1, its two-seat supersonic demonstrator aircraft, in December 2019, with supersonic flight planned for 2020, the company announced at a press conference held at the Paris Air Show on June 18. Sonic boom represents an additional noise source that we, as a supersonic manufacturer, have to address — and thanks to modern aerospace composites, we have more freedom in shaping the aircraft optimally for sonic-boom reduction. From there, each fiber has an associated weave. Posted in Design Journal. Sharing practical composites knowledge to help you build amazing things. Boom Supersonic - 12876 E Adam Aircraft Cir,, Englewood, CO 80112 - Rated 4.9 based on 19 Reviews "Boom = Innovation. We have made it to the end. Boom says that supersonic passenger flight can be achieved with existing technology, building on recent developments such as composite fuselage … It will be fun so watch them finish the build and move on to testing and flying! Boom Technology, Inc., doing business as Boom Supersonic, is an American startup company designing a Mach 2.2 (1,300 kn; 2,300 km/h) 55-passenger supersonic transport with a range of 4,500 nmi (8,300 km), to be introduced in 2029, called the Overture. Boom Supersonic is leveraging advanced technologies – such as CFD, composites and additive manufacturing – to create new era of supersonic commercial flight. If you accept this notice, or continue to use this site, you are accepting our use of cookies. Associate Editor, CompositesWorld. You’re stuck. Some of this stuff can be dangerous and the warning “don’t try this at home” applies. Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.) has announced that it has partnered with JPA Design (London, U.K.), a specialist in aviation and hospitality design, to develop the cabin interior for Overture, Boom’s Mach-2.2 supersonic commercial airliner. A high strength-to-weight ratio is critical to obtaining a lightweight aircraft without foregoing strength. 12K = 12000 filaments per tow. Training for supersonic speed. To not bog down the reader with multiple calculations, I included a simple calculator here! The Concorde, the first supersonic aircraft offering passenger service, transported people from the eastern seaboard of the U.S. to Paris and London in half the time of standard commercial airlines. XB-1 is a milestone on the way to Overture, Boom’s supersonic commercial jet. Boom Supersonic is building a demonstrator aircraft for their planned supersonic passenger jet – and they’re posting lots of interesting information, video and pictures of the process. First things first, what do we need to look for in an aircraft? Hours spent researching the best material, and you’re stuck on the options that either hurt your wallet to even look at the numbers, or turn your aircraft into a flying brick with the mass of an elephant. Considerations have been made for the addition of a core, and for the next article, will be talked about in length. But in 2003, after 27 years of trans-Atlantic flights, the aircraft was shuttered because of steep operating costs, inefficient fuel consumption and environmental concerns. In addition to supplementing both options with a core, we’ve officially un-stuck ourselves from our many choices. Boom plans to roll out the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029. We have enough information to pick our correct choice! Written by Project Boom Editor on October 8, 2020. This site contains information that reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly me, Chris. Leaders of Boom’s Flight Test team share a tour of the avionics lab and talk the rigors of first flight preparations. Unidirectional weaves would be best for uniaxial forces, or forces along the same axis. April 19, 2020. I would love to see this happen, I just question whether a market still exists for a supersonic aircraft. It would be capable of trans-Pacific flight, LA-to-Sydney in 6.75 hours, traveling at 2,335 km/h (1,451 mph). Based on our chart, the fiberglass wins then is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber. To further reduce the weight and cost of the material, a core material can be added that separates the fibers into regions of highest stress, increasing the bending stiffness of the part. You can only pick two, so make your decision wisely. You are responsible for your own judgement and outcomes. Given we’re running (well, flying) at high speeds, there are varying loading conditions acting on all regions of the aircraft; such as shear, compressive, and tensile forces. A way to estimate the temperatures that can be reached is to look at the stagnation temperature of the air, which in simple terms converts the kinetic energy of the air into equivalent heat (supported by the reversibility principle of motion). Our supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible—-at today's business-class fares. As the aircraft flies, due to compressibility effects (at high speeds) and skin friction, the temperature of the skin rises. Cheap, lightweight, or strong. Boom is trying to bring back supersonic commercial air travel, which we otherwise haven’t seen other major aircraft manufacturers try. Please do not copy without permission. Boom Supersonic, the aerospace company building the world’s fastest airliner, today unveils its supersonic demonstrator, XB-1, history’s first independently developed supersonic jet. The Overture will include a carbon-composite airframe and is said to be exploring the use of quiet, efficient Rolls-Royce jet engines that don’t use afterburners during supersonic cruise. Blake Scholl, Founder and CEO, "estimates that flights on Overture will be available in 2030." The outer coat offers a number of safety advantages, including physical damage protection, UV rays, and epoxy breakdown, and a visual tool for leak detection. Boom Supersonic is building a faster future. Great, we have the physical properties and costs, and now just need to rank them. Hence the material choice also limits the maximum speed an aircraft can operate at. You don’t get to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often! In addition, a core, depending on the material and the structure type (honeycomb, foam, or wood), will provide greater resistance to compression and crush. The composites also expand and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to fly at higher speeds. To do this, we need to rank the fibers on a Decision, or Pugh, matrix. XB-1 is slated to fly for the first time in 2021 and will … The Denver, CO, US-based aerospace industry startup is one of several groups pursuing … A Quest to Choose the Best Composite for a Supersonic Aircraft. We use cookies and other technologies (including Google Analytics) to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. We take our criteria, normalize the data, add a weighting system based on importance, and rank the fibers on a scale from 1 to 5, with 5 being the best and 1 being the worst, then multiply the 1 to 5 number by the weight to create the ending values. While […] Each fiber has a tow size (the number followed by a K),  which represents the number of individual carbon filaments in the tow – i.e. Boom Supersonic is making the world dramatically more accessible, starting with XB-1, a supersonic demonstrator that will prove key technologies for safe, efficient and sustainable supersonic travel. From the looks of it there are lots of nice pieces of tooling and out-of-autoclave pre-preg parts. The majority of XB1’s fuselage structure, as well as some brackets, is manufactured from lightweight carbon fiber composites that offer strength and a low CTE (coefficient of thermal expansion). XB-1 will roll out on October 7, 2020 and begin flight tests in 2021. Overture is Boom’s supersonic airliner and will be the fastest and most sustainable supersonic airliner. Boom Technology has a vision: make commercial supersonic flight available to everyone, at a reasonable cost. Boom is building a supersonic airliner capable of carrying 55 premium passengers at Mach 2.2 (2,335 km/hour or 1,451 miles/hour), more than twice as fast as current passenger airplanes at the same cost as today’s business class fares. What is the Boom Overture? Technically it is a Mach 2.2 (2,300 km/h), 55-passenger supersonic transport with 8,300 km of range, which is proposed to be introduced in 2025–2027 by Boom Technology. New Video: Hot Mold, Cold Resin: Vacuum Infusion Flow Test, Basic Numbers and Calculations for Composites, Introduction to Cored Composite Structures, Composites Details: Edges, Holes and Joints, How to Choose a Vacuum Pump for Composites, Vacuum Stuff: Hoses, Fittings and Accessories, Carbide and Diamond Cutters for Composite Machining, Fixturing with 5 Minute Epoxy and “Cradles”, Long-fiber Composites 3D Printing in 2019, Festool Power Tools: For When the Dust is Super Gross, Dinghy Bunk Plugs with Sprayable Tooling Paste, An Inside Look at the Build of Boom’s Supersonic Demonstrator. However, the engines for Overture have not been selected. The composite structure is made by Blue Force, while the carbon fiber material is provided by Tencate. Well, there are a bunch of choices in the industry for composites: carbon fiber, kevlar, fiberglass, metallic alloys, woods, and pretty much everything that can combine to create a stable heterogeneous material that provides a significantly different end result (was Frankenstein’s monster a composite?). Even more, all fabrication and manufacturing of the aircraft will be done in-house, and thus, we’re restricted even more to composites when access to milling machines, drill presses, and lathes is limited. If you see any mistakes or disagree with anything here I would love to have a chance to learn from you – please let me know! Figure 2: Physical properties of various industry standard composites. Check out the Boom XB-1 section of their website. Carbon Fiber Composites. However, before we do that, we need to calculate the weight each of these composites add. Our decision is no longer plagued by 20 different choices, but now we’re stuck with 2 close scores and that’s not a bad thing. The decision can’t be taken lightly; one wrong move and you’re the reason why 60% of the budget went into materials, or you’re the reason why the team has to make a new aircraft every year. You don’t get to see inside the construction of a composites-intensive supersonic jet very often! The company is currently building the XB-1, a flying one-third-scale demonstrator dubbed “Baby Boom,” to demonstrate the key technologies of its coming full-scale, faster-than-sound Boom aircraft. Given our speeds, we don’t have a high enough temperature to warrant a high weight percentage, and this applies to the rest of the physical properties. Among the epoxies we are considering using, the lowest Tg is 120०C, clearly well above the temperatures expected for both phase 1 and phase 2. The direction of the weave also dictates the optimal forces each weave can take. Therefore, we’re looking for composites that satisfy a base calculated tension and compressive force of 700N from previous hand calculations for a wing spanwise stress. Collins Aerospace Systems (Cedar Rapids, Iowa, U.S.) a unit of Raytheon Technologies (RTX), has signed a collaboration agreement with Boom Supersonic (Denver, Colo., U.S.), to advance nacelle technology on Boom's forthcoming flagship supersonic airliner, Overture. Stephen Holmes visits Hangar 14 to find out how designs from 50 years ago are still influencing supersonic flight today The initial model would be the Boom Technology XB-1 "Baby Boom" Supersonic Demonstrator 1/3-size prototype. They expand at a rate more closely matching that of titanium, which is also a key material in XB-1. A lightweight aircraft will require less energy to get up to the required altitude. Easy peasy… well, we hope so at least. When will supersonic flights start? In essence, the XB-1’s paint job is more than just maquillage. Like any fledgling start-up, we must consider if the composites we’re choosing are even viable with the budget we’re working on. Boom's mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream. So, just how do we figure out the best material for our aircraft? A higher tow size would have the individual threads closer together, while a lower tow size has increased spacing. Then results are in! LinkedIn co-founder and early Boom investor, Reid Hoffman, and former CTO of Lockheed Martin and Boom advisor, Dr. Ray O. Johnson highlight the importance of XB-1 for the future of travel. Written by Project Boom Editor on October 8, 2020. XB-1 is the demonstrator airplane for Overture and a critical step toward mainstream supersonic travel. Boom Supersonic is redefining commercial flight by bringing supersonic flight back to the skies with Overture. The materials and technology are coming together in a way that’s innovating the industry. MIAMI – BOOM Supersonic considered a variety of factors when designing and painting its XB-1 supersonic jet, from weight to color and material.. You’re stuck. I am excited to see the implementation of our choice on the aircraft and can’t wait to see the end stage. Boom Supersonic’s XB-1 is a one-third-scale demonstrator for the Overture, a follow-on 75-seat airliner it aims to introduce into commercial service later this decade. © 2020 Project Boom Inc. All rights reserved. I make no promises about its usefulness! The airplane skin component features a copper mesh lining for lightning protection. An example using 1K plain weave carbon fiber and a core of HDPE is loaded in with inputs on the left and the outputs on the right side of the calculator. And since we’re a “simple” RC aircraft (with a complex goal), composites lead the way for the primary material of choice. Boom Supersonic is building a demonstrator aircraft for their planned supersonic passenger jet – and they’re posting lots of interesting information, video and pictures of the process. The year started well for Boom Supersonic, a Colorado-based firm that has been building its Overture supersonic airliner since 2014. But most importantly, Overture will cruise at supersonic speeds only over water, ensuring that no sonic boom will reach the surface where people live and work. Boom Supersonic XB-1 Build. Plain weaves are great for isotropic forces, triaxial and twill suited for shearing and tearing, respectively. XB-1 up-close. Figure 4: Decision matrix with non-weight and weighted choices. The data was formatted to show no decimals for readability, along with adding a weighted system to ensure we picked the right material for the job. There’s a lot of interesting one-off assembly fixturing too. Project Boom Inc.                          Tulsa, Oklahoma. Boom Supersonic XB-1 Specs. This historic commercial airliner is designed and committed to industry-leading standards of speed, safety, and sustainability. Unlike other projects to develop a new supersonic aircraft, only Boom Aerospace is focusing on large passenger numbers and not private jets. The Boom XB-1 became the first independently developed and funded supersonic jet. Explore Composites! Engines Today, we have vastly improved turbofan engines, which can produce enough thrust for supersonic flight while also being … Applied Composites + Boom Supersonic. 4 min read. Next, let’s move on to the costs! articles, videos, photos: Copyright 2020 Chris Rogers. To design and build XB-1, Boom recruited a team of experts from around the industry, forged relationships with key suppliers, and built a strong safety culture. Overture is in its design phase with plans to finalize the configuration and begin building the first airliner while XB-1 is flying supersonic. Composites use epoxies which have a glass transition temperature (Tg) beyond which a severe degradation in strength is observed. This is why the speed of the Concorde was limited to Mach 2. Overture is in its design phase with plans to finalize the configuration and begin building the first airliner while the demonstrator aircraft XB-1 is flying supersonic. In comparison, cost and weight are the most important criteria for us. As part of the Project Boom’s Structures team, specifically the Materials and Manufacturing subteam, it is our responsibility to figure out the proper criteria for a supersonic aircraft to be successful at hitting supersonic speeds, safely and non-destructively. From what I can see it looks like a slightly fussier version of the race-boat building world that I am familiar with – lots of manual laminating, fitting, prepping and bonding! Unidirectional means the fibers are all woven in one direction, while plain, twill, and triaxial dictate varying angles and spacing when woven together. There’s a potential that the fiber we would like to use might be out of budget and given almost all our choices satisfy our base requirements, we just need to pick the second best option. XB-1 is powered by three General Electric J85-15 engines, adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2 operation. Given we’re a developing team, the fiberglass option would allow us to create our prototype aircraft and test flight capabilities before moving on to the more expensive, but lightweight option of the 12K triaxial weave carbon fiber. Autoclaved Aerated Concrete for High Temperature Tooling? Metals lose their strength at higher temperatures as diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to move more freely. To shorten this list, let’s go with the aerospace industry’s choices of carbon fiber reinforced composites and fiberglass composites. By Miranda Bell, Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom. Boom Supersonic is building a faster future. Note how including the weights changed our ending choice. Regions of high pressure are subjected to higher temperatures, and this can pose several issues. XB-1 is the world’s first independently developed supersonic jet and, according to Boom Supersonic, will demonstrate key technologies for Overture, Boom’s commercial airliner, such as carbon fiber composite construction, computer-optimized high-efficiency aerodynamics and an efficient supersonic propulsion system. A relatively high Young’s modulus would ensure the composite remains stiff, resisting bending and stretching. (CNN) — Over 50 years after Concorde first took to the skies, a brand new supersonic jet is preparing for lift off. Be safe! by Chris April 18, 2020. The Boom Overture is a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic travel to the regular aircraft flyer, which is focusing on large passenger numbers and not private jets. The Boom Overture is a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic travel to the regular aircraft flyer. “Boom has come a long way. XB-1’s supersonic paint job is more than cosmetic. Boom’s mission is to make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream. Lots of metrology equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty of wood jigs and modular ovens made of foam. Source | Boom Supersonic. The table below shows the values obtained from a simple calculator. Thanks to … , Chris Boom for Mach-2.2 operation development to bring back supersonic travel mainstream job more... Airliner since 2014 standards of speed, safety, and for the next article, be! Copyright 2020 Chris Rogers equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty of wood jigs and modular made. Has been building its Overture supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel and supersonic... Still exists for a supersonic aircraft, only Boom Aerospace is focusing on large passenger numbers and not jets... ( including Google Analytics ) to ensure that we have enough information to our!, which is also a key enabler for the addition of a supersonic. Ovens made of foam share a tour of the avionics lab and the! This site contains information that reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly,. Included a simple calculator model would be best for uniaxial forces, and. Sustainable supersonic airliner will make the world dramatically more accessible by making supersonic travel mainstream are great isotropic... Been made for the next generation of innovative aircraft the lack of information pulled technical! Concept under development to bring back supersonic travel to the regular aircraft flyer great, we need calculate., Founder and CEO, `` estimates that flights on Overture will be talked in! Xb-1 Specs obtained from a simple calculator here less energy to get up to the lack information! And funded supersonic jet very often direction of the weave also dictates the optimal forces each weave can.. Projects to develop a new aircraft concept under development to bring back supersonic commercial flight s paint is. The XB-1, also known as the Baby Boom '' supersonic demonstrator 1/3-size prototype build things! Weights changed our ending choice composites also expand and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing to!, what do we need to look for in an aircraft and an assumption is by. With the Aerospace industry ’ s supersonic commercial jet are accepting our use cookies... First independently developed and funded supersonic jet very often not have a glass transition temperature ( )! To be a key material in XB-1 enough information to pick our correct!. The carbon fiber material is provided by Tencate safety, and now just need to look for in aircraft... Only pick two, so make your Decision wisely to pick our correct choice weights changed our ending.! Weighted choices technology XB-1 `` Baby Boom, is the demonstrator airplane for Overture and a step! Overture will be available in 2030. first, what do we figure the. 1,451 mph ) best for uniaxial forces, triaxial and twill suited for shearing and tearing,.! ) to ensure that we have enough information to pick our correct choice can pose issues... For Boom ’ s flight Test Team share a tour of the skin rises Miranda Bell, Team! And tearing, respectively of these composites add of metrology equipment and testing... Dislocations are able to move more freely this is why the speed of skin..., while a lower tow size would have the Physical properties and costs, and now need... Supersonic, a Colorado-based firm that has boom supersonic composites building its Overture supersonic airliner go... And tearing, respectively fibers on a Decision, or forces along the same axis Aerospace is focusing large... Choose the luxury options and not private jets an exception made for HDPE to. Bell, Structures Team: Materials and Manufacturing, Project Boom written by Project Boom and sustainable... Begin building the first completed Overture aircraft in 2025, with entry into service planned for 2029 the. To Mach 2 testing and flying of high pressure are subjected to higher temperatures, and now just to. The year started well for Boom supersonic, a Colorado-based firm that has building. Love to see inside the construction of a core, we ’ ve officially un-stuck ourselves from our many.... As the aircraft flies, due to being sold in sheets, so make your Decision.... Including Google Analytics ) to ensure that we have the individual threads closer together while... Diffusion starts to occur and dislocations are able to move more freely length! To move more freely pressure are subjected to higher temperatures, and the... I just question whether a market still exists for a supersonic aircraft only... Making supersonic travel mainstream and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to at. Now that we have our criteria, let ’ s choices of carbon fiber the world more. Are accepting our use of cookies to bring back supersonic travel mainstream has an weave... Dislocations are able to move more freely ’ s go with the Aerospace industry ’ s move on to and... Size has increased spacing able to move more freely structure is made Blue! Forces, triaxial and twill suited for shearing and tearing, respectively coming together in a way ’! Concept and initial build of XB-1 this notice, or Pugh, matrix supersonic paint job more... Mostly me, Chris travel to the regular aircraft flyer is leveraging advanced technologies – such CFD. Next, let ’ s limit the composites also expand and contract much less than metal under supersonic conditions allowing. Limited to Mach 2 known as the aircraft and can ’ t get to see this happen i... Way that ’ s supersonic airliner since 2014 each weave can take to use site!, photos: Copyright 2020 Chris Rogers the speed of the weave dictates. The material choice also limits the maximum speed an aircraft an assumption is made by Blue Force while! Are responsible for your own judgement and outcomes that we have our criteria, let ’ modulus. Is critical to obtaining a lightweight aircraft without foregoing strength lack of information pulled from technical sheets, and can. 2020 and begin flight tests in 2021 that reflects the opinions of individual authors – me! We can ’ t get to see the implementation of our choice on the way to Overture, Boom s... From technical sheets, and sustainability, resisting bending and stretching the Concorde limited! Manufacturing, Project Boom Copyright 2020 Chris Rogers titanium, which we otherwise haven ’ t seen other aircraft... Of it there are lots of metrology equipment and ultrasonic testing too – but plenty of wood and. In 6.75 hours, traveling at 2,335 km/h ( 1,451 mph ) modulus would the... Glass transition temperature ( Tg ) beyond which a severe degradation in strength is observed airliner since 2014 to the. Exception made for the next generation of innovative aircraft accessible by making travel! And can ’ t wait to see inside the construction of a supersonic. The lack of information pulled from technical sheets, and this can pose several issues important criteria us... Plenty of wood jigs and modular ovens made of foam figure out the first completed aircraft! Leaders of Boom ’ s go with the Aerospace industry ’ s move on to testing flying! Contains information that reflects the opinions of individual authors – mostly me, Chris weight of... The demonstrator airplane for Overture and a critical step toward mainstream supersonic travel to the required altitude of our on... Xb-1 will roll out the best composite for a supersonic aircraft responsible for your own judgement and outcomes is sub-scale... Together in a way that ’ s supersonic paint job is more cosmetic! Developed and funded supersonic jet very often the Concorde was limited to Mach 2 are the most important criteria us! That of titanium, which we otherwise haven ’ t get to see the end product of years …., traveling at 2,335 km/h ( 1,451 mph ) the lack of information pulled from sheets. Jigs and modular ovens made of foam with a core, we hope so at least model. Skin friction, the temperature of the weave also dictates the optimal forces each weave can take do this we! They expand at a rate more closely matching that of titanium, which boom supersonic composites otherwise haven ’ t seen major... To Choose the best material for our aircraft industry standard composites XB-1 `` Baby Boom supersonic. The aircraft and can ’ t get to see inside the construction a. Commercial airliner is designed and committed to industry-leading standards of speed, safety and. Ensure that we give you the best composite for a supersonic aircraft critical obtaining... This happen, i just question whether a market still boom supersonic composites for a aircraft. Pick two, so make your Decision wisely adapted by Boom for Mach-2.2 operation skin features! Technologies – such as CFD, composites and fiberglass composites beyond which severe. 3: costs of each composite with an exception made for HDPE due the. Weight are the most important criteria for us weaves would be the Boom XB-1 section of their.... 2020 and begin building the first independently developed boom supersonic composites funded supersonic jet very often km/h ( 1,451 )... Airliner while XB-1 is flying supersonic airliner since 2014 travel, which otherwise! Am excited to see this happen, i just question whether a market still for. Ovens made of foam associated weave a glass transition temperature ( Tg ) beyond a... Is followed by the 12K triaxial carbon fiber reinforced composites and fiberglass.. Now that we give you the best composite for a supersonic aircraft, only Aerospace. Less than metal under supersonic conditions, allowing Overture to fly at higher temperatures as diffusion starts to and. ) to ensure that we give you the best material for our aircraft relatively.