Tanglewood Festival Chorus. Melamed is professor at the Indiana University Jacobs School of Music, and serves as president of the American Bach Society and director of the Bloomington Bach Cantata Project. A wonderful and grand setting of Vom Himmel hoch, da komm ich her, with trumpets and drums punctuating each cadence, ends the cantata. This is among the most beautiful of all the chorales in the Christmas Oratorio. �)�33GRwZԣ���LL��XS������t��o�P,���5��K_8�������gc�s�k � ���b�YI̙j��]����=�jlip����L��T����^�;�u��n�}H��L� �1jjD���'�[��ۍ.��OX)B���hr�n�[� ��G:���D���oX#���/6�q�kAq°'��A1���/oM>�d�z��r�l��������%��I;�,��s���D1 �E>����g�T�����\�2m�wu���j?ڕ���iOH�� ��@��Ԗ���0L9g���q���Q���0��P�G�}FPr�� ���� BACH Christmas Oratorio. The opening chorus of the Christmas Oratorio is a paraphrase, taken from the secular birthday cantata for Maria Josepha, Queen of Poland and Electress, BWV 214 , from which Bach subsequently parodied a number of movements for the oratorio. Sheet music $20.17 $ 20. The following chorale again represents the congregation’s reaction, picturing the untarnished adoration of the infant before inevitable human sinful thoughts and actions manifest themselves. PART V Ehre sei dir, Gott, gesungen Nonetheless the Christmas Oratorio was never performed under Bach’s direction as you will hear it this evening, condensing these six days and six cantata performances into a single performance of the paramount events of this thrice-told tale. The two horns give a peaceful, otherworldly quality to the opening chorus, a paraphrase from BWV 213. The first three cantatas unrolled on Christmas day (which, in liturgical terms, is the First Day of the Feast of Christmas) and the two days immediately following. Simon Heighes’s informative note emphasises the devotional, rather than concert, nature of the Christmas Oratorio, and this is the key to Christophers’s interpretation. Bach, therefore, celebrates with the maximum of musical ceremony, recalling the trumpets and drums. Bach Christmas Oratorio Symphony of Harmony and Invention / The Sixteen / Harry Christophers, cond. Program Notes for Dec 13, 2008 Seth Lachterman J. S. Bach — Weihnachts-Oratorium (1734) S.248 (The Christmas Oratorio) German music, especially northern liturgical music, seems to have a deserved reputation of being cerebral, contemplative, and rather somber. The chorus then sings, without instrumental introduction, the energetic "Glory to God" chorus. Johann Sebastian Bach (31 March 1685 – 28 July 1750) was a German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo instruments drew together the strands of the Baroque period and brought it to its ultimate maturity. �X��@����n�1&T0:��������{���+�'k�z�G=S?v�`:��[�_���g��]��ŲPk��u�s���Ԯ�DW��'���,�"��jn� A … Bach composed the six-part “Christmas Oratorio” (“Weihnachts Oratorium”) in 1734 for two Leipzig churches, St. Thomas and St. Nicholas, for which he served as music director. stream Cantata for Christmas Day. College Park, MD— The UMD Symphony Orchestra and UMD Concert Choir, under the direction of Edward Maclary, explore the meaning of life and loss in Brahms’ German Requiem Friday, November 14 at 8pm in The Clarice Smith Performing Arts Center’s Dekelboum Concert Hall. ?�����kDz��a�ý�uU�MW���Ǫ��z�������j��eѵ�8t��Y�@sx]ԝ�,��cʟUr���˙��?�Gk��!�x��MK~�����jo��Ղ���>��T��q�̯�͕b��EY��4�-Z���cS�����=���Y��]ٍ���G�v,�����_g�T��M=�bj������o�u����Wgb�]^���Ʈ�����}���\�L������)�yɡ��t�'�^w�T*�we3 �?���^�{SO�!�����Z��呇f�e��#��`�؎+[�����$�ᷗ�����'�CW�����nf���ϖ�3:�d&����K.ohF�ȟ��ԟ�O��_���l٩ԝv��! Surrounded by two oboes d’amore, the alto recitative expresses contentment with the impending birth, leading us to the first aria, a paraphrase from BWV 213, a cantata originally composed for the House of Saxony. In this “Musical Notes with T. Herbert Dimmock,” learn about J.S. Only 6 left in stock - order soon. The compiler of the libretto remains unknown, but most scholars believe that Christian Friedrich Henrici (under the pseudonym Picander), a German poet and the librettist for many of Bach’s Leipzig cantatas, probably gathered and arranged the texts. The soprano chorale returns with the bass recitatives. Sheet music Bach: Christmas Oratorio (BWV 248) Vocal Score. 5 0 obj The Christmas Oratorio is exuberant music, brimming with joy and hope. g�aHv����+�*ޭ�-6��.���7s溚H�����4)�EE0�#�s����`�qʑ� �"��V�z�f/hNqA&��c��t�?��f��ۏ��k�C ͏��i��M��H��p�����0��C!�j����-S�x�V�(l�;��a�@|z�1�b������Y $��S�|}�|���M�� �g�f�H'֕S�e׭�~. They all bear little signs that say “Genius at Work.” Things get complicated. The bass, backed by emphasizing woodwind chords, brings a reminder of the ancient promise. With the four oboes as shepherds accompanied by flutes and strings as the heavenly choir of angels, the gently undulating dotted rhythms shape a lush, pastoral effect. Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra. Program Notes: J.S. christmas oratorio oratorio de noel vocal score Nov 16, 2020 Posted By Eiji Yoshikawa Publishing TEXT ID a478a27f Online PDF Ebook Epub Library christmas oratorio oratorio de noel vocal score this is the best area to door christmas oratorio oratorio de noel vocal … Thursday, January 14, 2020 at 8 p.m. on YouTube & Facebook Christmas Oratorio Part III Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen, BWV 248/III ... INTERNATIONAL BUYERS PLEASE NOTE THAT BECAUSE AT 1ST CLASS AIRMAIL IS NO INSURANCE & NO TRACKING# AND I LOST SOME RECORDS IN THE PAST , YOU MUST CONTACT ME FIRST !!! The fourth cantata was written for the Feast of the Circumcision. There are two stunning moments when "peace on earth" is called for, compelling the choir to sing in hushed tones while the primarily eighth-note-driven continuo line temporarily subsides. Tags: Andris Nelsons. The concluding chorale, short and symmetrical, is almost rustic in character, and its message somewhat stark. In fact many of the movements are paraphrases from two earlier secular cantatas dating from 1733, the year before he produced the Christmas Oratorio: Laßt uns sorgen, laßt uns wachen~ Hercules at the Crossroads, BWV 213 (composed for the 11th birthday of Friedrich Christian, Prince Elector of Saxony) and Tönet, ihr Pauken! It is serious, direct, and delivers an authoritative message of great significance. �V������p�0p�}�,J� 0��C�- NOTES. Evangelista: Es begab sich aber zu der Zeit (B minor) 3. The Evangelist tells of the shepherds making their way to Bethlehem. The Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, completed around Christmastime of 1734, is not an oratorio in the usual sense. This evening’s performance compresses these six days and their … PART I Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage The final chorale brings back the radiant horns to close this wonderful, rich work. Bach, and many cantatas. by Bach | Jan 1, 1980. The rich, imaginative harmonizations of the ten chorales reflect the voice of the people, as they were hymn tunes mostly well known to Bach’s congregation. The offering of praise is now directed more towards Jesus rather than to God, and the entire cantata is focused on the naming of the baby. The shepherds retreat, praising God for what they have witnessed. F005 Bach Christmas Oratorio Janowitz Richter 3LP Archiv DGG 2722 024 Stereo. These words are encapsulated in the following turba chorus, less fully orchestrated and even shorter than the first. Notice how the flute hovers above the alto voice like a halo. The Christmas Oratorio begins and ends, significantly, with the Passion chorale, much in the manner of many nativity paintings of the period that show in the background a little sapling growing which is meant to be the tree from which the cross will be made. ���c� Each part is a cantata for 1 of 6 feast days within the 12 days of the Christmas season: The story begins with the birth of Jesus (for Christmas Day). 8�_�.��U <> Cantata for New Year/Feast of the Circumcision. Ms. Callahan has performed Bach’s Christmas Oratorio with J. Reilly Lewis and the Washington Bach Consort and previously has been engaged by them in Washington and in Germany to sing Bach’s Missae Breves and Mass in B Minor, the Magnificats of J.S. His books Hearing Bach’s Passions and Listening to Bach: the Mass in B Minor and Christmas Oratorio, for general readers, are available … The Christmas Oratorio is a group of six cantatas that form a unified piece with a single story line. The program also includes … Yet, there is no one consistent structural pattern uniting these cantatas. Coro, Sixteen Productions 2003 / B000QZUSBK Johann Sebastian Bach … PLAYLIST MUSIC TRACK J.S. It begins with the most unabandoned and cheerful chorus and is the only one of the six cantatas to end with a plain chorale. The choruses are jubilant and often feature brilliant and festive orchestration. The Evangelist then paints the picture of the shepherds in the fields when the Angel of the Lord appears. Program. PART VI Herr, wenn die stolzen Feinde schnauben x��]�%E����n wv�E�^�i��V$&~��7�O($&���bUWWթ����;B��[��>�s����,�>/�?��o�?��oC�����/����~8�����a��������7��1����۳J=�u�OS! While the narration is concerned with the arrival of the Wise Men, much of the music exhibits a darker cast heading toward Lent. The following trio takes a curious stance when the soprano and tenor ask when the messiah will appear; the alto quiets them and announces that he already has. Bach gives the sopranos four chorale phrases, each in a different key, and each is preceded and followed by an instrumental ritornello framing the entire movement. shipping: + $4.00 shipping . Judging by the autograph score, he was working fast. The six services of the Christmas season 1734–35 where the oratorio's … Two short recitatives act as a bridge to the first aria of the cantata, the first accompanied by strings and the second by the oboe choir. While this section of the oratorio has the most modest orchestration, just two oboes d’amore in addition to the strings, it is one of the liveliest sections of the oratorio. %��y��݁��m����2���1�d��(ERhMQ���į�H!1���#��o3�Ȋ�$�=��}8���/��Q����t�����R�K�5e��OPď�뮔�n�N�/����S$| This is the only one of the six cantatas not to begin with a celebratory chorus but with an expansive sinfonia. The tenor and flute aria is a call for them to gather, hasten and see for themselves the child who can refresh both body and spirit, as depicted by sweeping melismas in the voice and flute. All but one end with a chorale but there is no homogeneity in their presentation, ranging from the unadorned four-part setting of the fifth to the resplendent, chorale/fantasia of the sixth. J.S. Bach Sheet Music. The alto then sings an aria with violin describing Mary’s innermost feelings of the miracle of the birth. pc��>��kd꒺�����nO^'��s�Z�U� su,c(F�����2]�(�=I,�� 3.+��4?��9�����D����ĭ� �$!��n Gl�k�Dz�pi�������n,c���!���a8�k2�}�!j�5����atF���Юj��$H�)䵇/�=c�ScIX��w32'���d�7�A��DY��coXd��F�X8q�>i��ӎCC}{lQUYVY q9���ǃ���FD=i��N9'��N;�J��3w8� ��M���_��(�2�-����Kb���-�@<=p�B��U��/C��`H�|�3������S�1\w�횛~��2�� ���M7�����"���f#If�xfM��Z��C �)���>��"�(_�Ywvh~��|�}r�4�"A������ɢq�}��l���u����"�~8�'W�6c�-�_����߫;�L��='��Z�ɲX�m�ЪU��HS��P^|6��~R��/O����ж��+��>[6��Xg �s9�r7�N�� Vr ��ڝ&G�!��^��>���&��Co�0`Yuݏn�:��/?�_ wn�+2�@ %p1++�VV�W"Np�X���Z�]�@��� oSpۧD~!=�\���s���*/V�f�̓��W������=�&�n��[Z�$']�L6NmvB�f��5s�ͺ�� It is, in a way, the most perfect and symmetrical of the six sections of the oratorio. He borrowed the music for the opening chorus from another cantata, but forgot and copied the old words into the score, which he then had to cross out. christmas oratorio oratorio de noel vocal score Nov 18, 2020 Posted By William Shakespeare Media TEXT ID a478a27f Online PDF Ebook Epub Library the top suppliers of woodwind brass and orchestral strings across sussex and are print and download oratorio de noel christmas oratorio alternate accompaniment sheet �8�2�,�r3��-����'�$\�+E =l�gCP��(A��SPr���r{����%�Iu��T�iއ���C�1E��^�������*Y*� Cantata for Epiphany. Bach’s Christmas Oratorio, one of the composer’s most lavish musical achievements, comprises six cantatas that were written to be performed on consecutive feast-day mornings from the Nativity through Epiphany. FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE CONTACT: Sarah Snyder ssnyder3@umd.edu 301.405.8151. Get it as soon as Mon, Jun 8. From Christmas Day to Epiphany in the 18th century, the town of Leipzig celebrated the birth of Jesus and the events surrounding it not with a single feast day, but with a "season"—six special commemorations occurring between Christmas Day and the Feast of the Epiphany; the birth of Jesus (December 25), the announcement to the shepherds by a host of angels (December 26), the adoration of the baby by the shepherds (December 27), the circumcision and naming of Jesus (New Year’s Day), the coming of the Magi from the East to find the child "born King of the Jews" (the Sunday after New Year’s Day), and finally the Magi’s worship with their gifts (January 6). The Evangelist then describes the infant Jesus in the manger. Such are the qualities we’ve learned to respect in the “Northern Character” of PART III Herrscher des Himmels, erhöre das Lallen Coro: Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf preiset die Tage (D major) 2. Similar to the Matthew and John passions, it includes a tenor Evangelist who narrates the story of the birth of Christ as it appears in Luke 2:1–21 and Matthew 2:1–12. Equally convincing is the fact that all of the opening choruses are in three—an understood symbol of the Holy Trinity—and the oratorio commences and concludes in D major. Cantata for the second day of Christmas. In that year they first performed Johann Sebastian Bach’s Weinachts-Oratorium (Christmas Oratorio). It is interesting that in this segment of the oratorio, all of the chorale tunes are by Bach and were unfamiliar to the congregation; clearly Bach meant the chorales in the segment to be poetic rather than congregational. FREE Shipping on orders over $25 shipped by Amazon. Although we think of it as a single work composed of six cantatas, Bach presented the individual cantatas one at a time over the period between Christmas and the Feast of the Epiphany. CHRISTMAS ORATORIO by J.S. One of Bach’s typically energized bass lines suggests determination while the flowing flute and violin melody intimates a flurry of activity. PART II Und es waren Hirten in derselben Gegend The Evangelist continues telling of the shepherds finding Mary, Joseph, and the child. Johann Sebastian Bach put together his Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, sometime in the fall of 1734 for the coming Christmas season. Darzu ist erschienen der Sohn Gottes (For this the Son of God appeared), BWV 40, is a church cantata by Johann Sebastian Bach.He composed it in 1723, his first year in Leipzig, for the Second Day of Christmas, and first performed it on 26 December that year in both main churches, Thomaskirche and Nikolaikirche.It was the first Christmas cantata Bach composed for Leipzig. The festival of Epiphany, the traditional twelfth day of Christmas, completes the narrative of the Wise Men and the revelation of the arrival of the savior to the world. The Christmas Oratorio parades 64 arias, choruses, and recitatives past its audience. Similar to the Matthew and John passions, it includes a tenor Evangelist who narrates the story of the birth of Christ as it appears in Luke 2:1–21 and Matthew 2:1–12. Əe:�$|�q)��$ In order to keep clear what is narrative and what is commentary, all the Evangelist recitatives - the Gospel texts- are secco (dry, with simple chords from the cello and organ), while the other recitatives have obbligato instruments or string accompaniment. After more narration and a chorale setting, Bach abandons the Wise Men, and in the tenor recitative and aria again concentrates on the treachery of Herod. In the first the Angel, encompassed by a halo of sustained strings, announces the birth of the savior. However, one might point to the unifying aspect of the same chorale used in the first and last cantatas. However, Bach’s congregations would have been familiar with it as it exists in previously heard cantatas, most notably BWV 135. It begins with an energetic chorus. When Bach unveiled the Christmas Oratorio in the last week of 1734 and the first week of 1735, each of the constituent cantatas was offered on a different day during the thirteen-day span that Lutherans recognize as the Feast of Christmas. Encore broadcast from December 1, 2018. The final chorale is the only one in a minor mode and is, perhaps, the most potent of the hymn tunes used in the oratorio so far. It begins with a brilliant chorus, again recycled from an earlier secular cantata, with trumpets and drums. Program Notes. Cantata for the third day of Christmas. The little four-voice recitative is thirty seconds of magic and leads into the astonishing final chorus, a triumphant trumpet-and-drum affair in which is imbedded the Passion chorale. The six cantatas which comprise the oratorio were designed for Christmas Day and the two following days, the Feast of the Circumsion, the Sunday after New Year and the Feast of the Epiphany. Bach's Christmas Oratorio was compiled for the Christmas church festival at Leipzig for the season of 1734-5. Unlike the Passion settings and the oratorios of Bach's exact contemporary Handel, the six parts … After the Evangelist tells of Jesus’ name, we encounter a section of gorgeous recitatives by the bass, with the sopranos of the choir intoning a chorale. Like for his other oratorios, and his Passion settings, Bach employed a narrative based on the Gospel in his Christmas Oratorio. The movement that follows for bass soloist and the sopranos of the choir is among one of the most interesting movements in the entire cantata canon of Bach. W�;�����03�?k+ů$;�b��x9i#jP�EP�> Celebrate the Season. It moves from the sheer ecstasy of Jesus’ arrival to his personal and private adoption within the human heart. PART IV Fallt mit Danken, fallt mit Loben On each of these six days, Bach’s congregation heard a cantata that recounted one of these stories commenting and reflecting upon events and their meanings for the Christian individual and the larger community. Christmas Oratorio- Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 - 1750) The Christmas Oratorio was conceived as a set of six cantatas. The Gospel narrative of this oratorio followed, to a certain extent, the respective Gospel readings of the church services where the six cantatas of the Christmas Oratorio were to be performed for the first time. Bach: Program Notes from Mark Shapiro. A rather lengthy contemplative section follows. The original text, a denunciation of lust and the serpents of sin, now becomes a call to action----prepare yourself Zion, to behold the fairest. �%[�eU/����m'u�Ŏcp,��dЖE� :c� Maestro Dimmock takes you into the music to deepen your appreciation and understanding of this cheerful work. Because of this, it is difficult to judge the extent to which Bach viewed the work as an entity. ... Bach Christmas Oratorio BWV 148 Vocal Score Barenreiter 5014a. Although poetic rather than biblical, the bass aria clearly depicts one of the Wise Men in his reaction to this remarkable situation. Bach’s exuberant Part V of his Christmas Oratorio, and the musical journey Bach creates for the listener. The third cantata completes the narrative wherein the shepherds and others hasten to the manger, extolling Jesus’ powers. �@�8�4n����Q��36�bh�¿;��k��c��B%���c �ѭ�Q� Johann Sebastian Bach. Bach’s transformation of this material to wonderful and idiomatic Christmas music is a marvel. Instead the format is that of a cantata. The text for the original chorus called upon drums, trumpets and strings to fill the air. WINTER LIGHTS BACH'S CHRISTMAS ORATORIO, PART V & CANTATA 153 Sunday, January 5 at 4 p.m. Church of the Redeemer, 5603 N. Charles Street, Baltimore PURCHASE TICKETS Plan Your Visit FULL PROGRAM: Bach’s Christmas Oratorio Part V: Ehre sei dir, Gott, gesungen Bach’s Cantata 153: Schau, lieber Gott, wie meine Feind Albinoni’s Individual cantata notes by Craig Smith, adapted by Ryan Turner, Emmanuel Music is the Ensemble-in-Residence at. Cantata for the Sunday after New Year. The opening chorus is repeated to close the cantata. %�쏢 Bach composed the Christmas Oratorio in 1734. The first of the three plainly harmonized chorales Gelobet seist du, Jesu Christ, offers a summation of what the shepherds have been told. Resound, you trumpets! and C.P.E. u�(MT4$Dlt;k�ص��PΡ�����Ύ���m��i藕q��Bq�N��М��vٍ�:���a�Y���F I��*�4���'���k!�u׵%h"��C$�NJ�Dk1o����B�Z�>Z��uIF{��j]�ņ�O�5�*�,5�c[�'֙���BW6g������]���A�d��� pYUju��a�Kq+����o�v*����W%��l�Ur���XT�:j �x2O�)�%l�6#�Tj5e�]2j�mSQ��7��gm��� �����^�R�)���C�C�]�H����_t�����HU�Li�k�!�����>�p���٘c豦[�� ܃;��VZ���Bj������Ѫ�"T-&6"̴$00��bo��� ��&�vׂ�M@/�c�p�US},�dp/��c���@F G�퉍��:"��ִQX��^�'R�cP�à�a��B��S�_:RlCX��&Q��ɏ� F�.��0�b��!Ua� �iN`M"�@dR�c��ղͭP�V��F�+����X9��}@j>�3�jQ���%Y Also in … Instead the format is that of a cantata. 3 / 20 min —INTERMISSION 20 MINUTES— BACH Christmas Oratorio, Cantatas 4, 5 and 6 / 75 min. After a bit of narration, the soprano sings an accompanied recitative and aria, rather abstract in its condemnation of Herod and its pronouncement of God’s power. The opening chorus begins with the drums and is followed up by a mighty rush with the strings and winds to the dazzling entrance of the trumpets. Erschallet, Trompeten, (written to celebrate the birthday of Maria Josepha, Queen of Poland and Electress). BACH Orchestral Suite No. The aria is a wonderful piece, full of the trickiest phrasing and unexpected ideas, very much in the manner of the opening chorus. Introduction by Ryan Turner The section ends with Vom Himmel hoch, this time accompanied by motives from the opening sinfonia. ��Og�kJ! Bach had composed virtually all of his cantatas when he came to assemble the Christmas Oratorio. Then comes a vibrant and rhythmically irresistible tenor aria with violin duet. $14.90. %PDF-1.5 The unsophisticated, yet beautiful chorale Brich an, o schönes Morgenlicht contemplates the child’sradiance. Motets & Liturgical Works Notes & Translations. It is an unconventional oratorio for rather than following the pattern of Italian oratorios, as he did for Bach recycled material from two secular cantatas composed in the previous year: Sound, you drums! The Evangelist tells of the coming of the Wise Men, while the chorus takes the part of the Wise Men with tropes by the alto describing our reaction to them. influenced oratorio writing4) to create a new type of oratorio in the early 18th century that integrated operatic style with Biblical narrative. Join us for the grand finale of Bach’s six-part Oratorio as the Minnesota Chorale celebrates the naming and adoration of the Christ in the last three passionate cantatas of this soaring, sacred work. The Carmel Bach Festival will present Bach’s Christmas Oratorio as the composer intended, performed in multiple concerts on different days, rather than in a single performance. Furthermore, the chorale statements are extended by the bass’s additional explanatory comment. On each of these days Bach’s congregation was inspired by a cantata that recounted one of these stories, commenting and reflecting upon the events and their meanings for the Christian individual and community. See program notes and a translation of the Christmas Oratorio from the BSO. [PDF] + Video - Choir and Orchestra - Baroque * License : Public Domain - 6 Parts/Days, 64 pieces : I. Jauchzet, frohlocket, auf, preiset die Tage (Cantata for Christmas Day) 1. The first and final chorales of the oratorio are a setting of the Passion chorale, which we usually associate with Lent. The jaunty, rustic duet for bass, soprano, and two oboes d’amore is addressed to the child, placing emphasis upon love and devotion. The Christmas Oratorio, BWV 248, completed around Christmastime of 1734, is not an oratorio in the usual sense. Instead the format is that of a cantata. 8�CD�wFB��"�%�vjC-Z��j���p��tX��#F�Ģ���Z��c:�t�&K*'#�!W�3:��;� �CD�e��.V�c�!A߻�u���5T$?FA�vh�iS�Ӧ���O^#���${�Daz���ٱ�p�Fgg�Tz�,\Y.�"D���p�.�B��k�YU�"|��$n��� ��V��T�S� �p�~���+�P�敉�!���{�i��pO���0=�ma����&}�r\&����9��-%��h�39�F��t���v�#����Fбݒ�>�~�Q��Ϡ�5��{&��ڤg �B'26��3���~�b~X�(�Xe&*� �;��Ni ��0���-�ID+5��&�K��ҲѪ`g c�������r��a*F���B��Ba�XG]$�q��b�U��pD�`B�M88zP��:z� This unique hybrid structure leads us to the powerful bass aria, another paraphrase from BWV 214 whose original form was a song of homage to the queen. These recitatives are unified by lyrical meditations, or arias. Five of them begin with a rousing major-key chorus, and one with a sinfonia. Bach’s Weihnachts-Oratorium, BWV 248 Bach’s Christmas Oratorio (OratoriumTempore Nativitatus Christi), a cycle of cantatas unified by the Christmas story, and like the St. Matthew and St. John Passions, narrated by an Evangelist, was first performed over six days (the first three days of Christmas, New Year’s Day, Sunday after New Year and the Feast of the Epiphany) in … The shape of the fifth cantata is wholly determined by the emotional impact of the narrative. For all of its simple, almost popular quality, the relationship between the obbligato, the voice, and the echo (the voice of humankind) is complicated and unpredictable. Next comes the stunning and popular "echo" aria for soprano and oboe, another paraphrase from BWV 213. Program Notes – Christmas Oratorio The Christmas of 1734-35 must have been a very busy one for the musicians of Leipzig. Although collectively the individual movements of the Christmas Oratorio form a continuous musical account of the Christmas story, Bach did not conceive the oratorio as one uninterrupted work, in the manner of Handel’s oratorios, but rather as six separate cantatas to be performed on six separate occasions - the three days of Christmas (25 th, 26 th and 27 th), New Year’s Day, the Sunday after New … James Burton. The opening chorus has a complexion that is both passionate and vertiginous, going in one direction then veering off unexpectedly in another, as befits the text, which is concerned with the treachery of Herod. The Consort’s program notes are written by Bach scholar Daniel R. Melamed. Together, these six cantatas comprise the Christmas Oratorio as it was never performed under Bach’s direction. Bach - Christmas Oratorio - Programme Notes. 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