Raja Hijau (or Ratu Hijau, the Green Queen) came to the throne in 1584, apparently the result of a lack of male heirs after they were murdered in the turbulent preceding period, and became the first queen of Patani. • Raja Puteri (in English, King Princess): She became the King of Langkasuka after her brother Ganjil Sarjuna died. Kavita M. Pattani, MD, FACS, serves as medical director at the Head & Neck Surgical Oncology. Political circumstances suggest that by the 11th century, Langkasuka was no longer a major port visited by merchants. She is board certified by the American Board of Otolaryngology as well as being the vice chairwoman of the Department of Otolaryngology. After 1620, the Dutch and English both closed their warehouses, but a prosperous trade was continued by the Chinese, Japanese, and Portuguese for most of the 17th century. The 2nd–15th century state of Langkasuka and 6–7th century state of Pan Pan may or may not have been related. She was also the first ruler of Pattani. This was about 50% of all the recorded Pattani's in the USA. Most Thai Muslims are Sunnis, although Thailand has a diverse population that includes immigrants from around the world. The current Sultan of Kelantan is HRH Sultan Muhammad V. Top Things to Do in Pattani Province, Thailand: See Tripadvisor's 216 traveller reviews and photos of 17 things to do when in Pattani Province. Raja Biru persuaded the Kelantan Sultanate that lied to the south to become incorporated into Patani. [1] It appeared in many accounts by Chinese travellers, the most famous of whom was the Buddhist pilgrim I-Ching. [10] A Dutch report of 1603 by Jacob van Neck estimated that there may be as many Chinese in Patani as there were native Malays, and they were responsible for most of the commercial activity of Patani. [3] The founder of Patani has been named as Sri Wangsa, or his son Raja Intera. She is the youngest daughter in the family. [14][9], When Phetracha took control of Ayutthaya in 1688, Patani refused to acknowledge his authority and rebelled. They did not have any children. The European record notes that the Pattani Kingdom was rapidly progressing during the rule of the four queens. Patani has been suggested to be founded some time between 1350 to 1450, although its history before 1500 is unclear. On 13th September 2010, 15 members of Royal Succession council of Kelantan has made a decision to proclaim Tengku Muhammad Faris Petra as the new Sultan of Kelantan replacing his ailing father, Sultan Ismail Petra. This blog will narrate the story of these four queens and their legacy during their rule. The royal citadel fell into the hands of the Siam-Thai and the battle ended with the defeat of the Malays. The rebels gathered more than 5000 people to bring her down. Raja Bakal, (1688–1690 or 1651–1670), after a brief invasion of Patani by his father in 1649, Raja Sakti I of Kelantan, he was given the throne in Patani. They were joined by others including the Portuguese in 1516, Japanese in 1592, Dutch in 1602, English in 1612. These provinces were all part of what was known as Patani Raya (Greater Patani), which covered the domain of the earlier Sultanate of Patani, which was itself derived from the ancient kingdom of Langkasuka (mentioned in the Chinese texts as Lang-Ya-Hsiu). Early in her reign she saw off an attempted coup by her prime minister, Bendahara Kayu Kelat. He became Sultan of Kelantan in 2010, at the young age of 42, after succeeding his father who was incapacitated after a stroke. The city of Patani itself was sacked and destroyed, and a new town was later created a few miles to the west. Raja Bendang Badan (1716–1720 or ?-1715), he was afterwards raja of. Pattani (ปัตตานี), also spelled Patani in Malay, is the capital of a province of the same name in Deep Southern Thailand, lying on the east coast.The population of the city is a little over 40,000 and is a mix of Malay, Thai, and Chinese ethnic groups and Muslim and Buddhist religions. The Malays of Southern Thailand are concentrated in the provinces of Patani, Yala, Satun and Narathiwat. She is also related to the Royal Pattani family in southern Thailand. An alternative theory is that the Patani kingdom was founded in the 14th century. The most Pattani families were found in the USA in 1920. Create a free website or blog at WordPress.com. She stopped paying the Bunga mas tribute to Siam, and formed an alliance with Johor, marrying her daughter (who later became Raja Kuning) off to their ruler Sultan Abdul Jalil Shah III. Tourists have been warned to stay away from the province of Pattani in southern Thailand after a car bomb blast killed one person and injured at least 29 others. She is close to her only daughter-in-law, Tuanku Lailatul Shahreen, Raja Puan Muda and only son-in-law, Mohammad Yaakob. Enwrathed, the queen blocked all Siamese, Patalung, and Ligor ships from carrying rice to Pahang. However, there is fragmentary evidence that some local people had begun to convert to Islam prior to this. Figures as high as 5 percent of Thailand's population have also been mentioned. Pattani (Patani) or the Sultanate of Patani was a Malay sultanate in the historical Patani Region. The most substantial ruins believed to be ancient Langkasuka have been found in Yarang located approximately 15 kilometres from the sea and the current city of Pattani. It reached its zenith during the rule of the four queens of Pattani, Raja Hijau, Raja Biru, Raja Ungu, and Raja Kuning. In the 14th century CE, King Ram Khamhaeng the Great (c.1239 – 1317) of Sukhothai occupied Nakhon Si Thammarat and its vassal states which would include Patani if it had existed at that date. [13], According to Kelantanese sources, Raja Kuning was deposed in 1651 by the Raja of Kelantan, who installed his son as the ruler of Patani, and the period of Kelantanese dynasty in Patani began. Siam, the neighboring kingdom from the north, also took the opportunity to attack Pattani in 1603, during the reign of King Narasuan (1590-1603). The Pattani family name was found in the USA, and the UK between 1891 and 1920. However, her reign was not a totally peaceful reign. Siam was shattered, and as rivals fought for the vacant throne, Patani declared its complete independence. An early kingdom in the Patani area was the Hindu-Buddhist Langkasuka, founded in the region as early as the 2nd century CE. The rebels, without putting on a stage, apologized for rebelling and retreated, never to cause problem within the kingdom again. [3] A story tells of a sheikh named Sa'id or Shafi'uddin from Kampong Pasai (presumably a small community of traders from Pasai who lived on the outskirts of Patani and reportedly healed the king of a rare skin disease. This culminated in the capture and destruction of the city of Ayutthaya in 1767, as well as the death of the king. However, a series of attempted rebellions prompted Bangkok to divide Patani into seven smaller puppet kingdoms in the early 1800s during the reign of King Rama II. From the eastern side of the Malayan Peninsular, the Pahang Kingdom also had a dispute with the Pattani Kingdom. A different queen appeared to have been in control of Patini again by 1670 (three queens of Kelantan lineage may have ruled Patani from 1670 to 1718). The States of Kelantan, Terengganu, Kedah and Perlis still retain their respective Sultan. The 6–7th century Hindu state of Pan Pan may or may not be related. https://www.healthgrades.com/physician/dr-kavita-pattani-x7g5s Tengku Mahmud Mahyideen was born into a royal family in turmoil. The Thai Royal family is highly loved and revered by Thais. Her throne was inherited by her younger sister, the Azure Queen. However, the Sultan of Pahang remained stubborn. However, much of the decline may be due to the silting up of the waterway linking it to the sea. However, upon storming the palace, the rebels were awed by her calm and composed state. He then married Tengku Zubaidah Tengku Norudin or Kangsadal, a member of the Pattani Royal Family in November 2004 but eventually ended in divorce. Chinese, Malay and Siamese merchants traded throughout the area, as well as Persians, Indians and Arabs. To commemorate the event of her younger sister returning home, the iconic and traditional Makyung dance of Pattani, was first played. After he established a successful fishing outpost, other people moved to join him. The second prince of the last Pattani Sultan, Tengku Abdul Kadir Kamaruddin (who was deposed by the Siamese government in 1902), Tengku Mahmud was born into a time of great turmoil in Thai/Pattani history. Patani became more important after Malacca was captured by the Portuguese in 1511 as Muslim traders sought alternative trading ports. All of the sultan's officials also agreed to convert. Her late father, Tengku Mek Haji Ismail was son of HH Raja Tuan Besar Ibni Tuan Long Puteh, the third king of Pattani from Long Yunus dynasty of Kelantan while his mother was a daughter of the last king of Pattani, HH Sultan Abdul Kadir Kamaruddin Syah Ibni Sultan Sulaiman Syarafuddin Syah, brother of Tengku Muhammad Shah Of Pattani, Tengku Baniun of Pattani. There were a few oppositions the Pattani Kingdom had to face during her reign. Pattani Kingdom (1516-1902) was a historical sultanate in current day southern Thailand and northern Malaysia. This incident has spoiled most of Pattani Capital, but was finally resolved by the Pattani government. Pattani’s family were forced to leave Uganda in 1972 when she was five years old. Thus, the Johor Kingdom which was then an ally of the Dutch, instigated the Dutch to take revenge on their behalf. Pattani, town, southern Thailand, on the east coast of the Malay Peninsula. Raja Emas Kelantan (1690–1704 or 1670–1698), thought by. Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad Ibni Raja Muda Kelantan/Raja Kampong Laut Tuan Besar Long Ismail Ibni Raja Long Yunus (1842–1856), Tuan Long Puteh Bin Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad (Phraya Pattani II) (1856–1881), Tuan Long Bongsu Bin Sultan Phraya Long Muhammad (Sultan Sulaiman Sharafuddin Syah / Phraya Pattani IV)(1890–1898). The ill-fate of Pattani start as early as 1786 following the Siamese invasion towards Pattani. She then sent 4000 troops and 70 boats to bring her younger sister home, peacefully or by force. He was the second eldest in the family. Langkasuka reached its greatest economic success in the 6th and 7th centuries and afterward declined as a major trade center. Outraged,Raja Hassan killed both his brother and his wife. C.S. However, the Siamese kingdom lost to the kingdom of Pattani, and did not manage to obtain any land from Pattani. The Pattani Kingdom also built diplomatic relations with the Japanese Kingdom, as they were interested in forming trade relations with each other. It was a royal battle that read like a fairy tale, with a young prince winning back his family inheritance from an evil uncle. This blog will narrate the story of … • Conquest by Siam in 1785, later followed by annexation, "Bedé kaba' ou les derniers canons de Patani", "Patani in the Beginning of the XVII Century", "Chapter 2 :The Development of Patani and the Descent of its Rajas", "The Blessings and Perils of Female Rule: New Perspectives on the Reigning Queens of Patani, c. 1584–1718", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pattani_Kingdom&oldid=998981678, States and territories established in 1516, States and territories disestablished in 1902, 16th-century establishments in Southeast Asia, 1900s disestablishments in Southeast Asia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Born in Kota Baru on October 6, 1969, Muhammad V was christened Tuanku Muhammad Faris Petra, the eldest son of Sultan Ismail Petra Ibni Almarhum Sultan Yahya Petra. [9] In 1646, Patani joined other tributary states to rebel against Ayutthaya, but was later subdued by Ayutthaya. Raja Hijau ruled for 32 years, and brought considerable stability to the country. The Pattani Kingdom, under the rule of Raja Hijau, was keen to build relationships with foreign sovereigns. As visitors to Thailand, we are often amazed at the deep and genuine devotion given to the Royal family, where their photos appear in nearly all (if not every) homes, in every towns & villages on banners and signboards, and when photos are not found, the yellow coloured flag of the King would be flying along roads even in the most isolated … It reached its  zenith during the rule of the four queens of Pattani, Raja Hijau, Raja Biru, Raja Ungu, and Raja Kuning. Raja Emas Chayam (1704–1707 or 1698–1702 and 1716–1718), daughter of the two preceding rulers, according to al-Fatani. [9], After Raja Biru died in 1624, she was succeeded by her younger sister Raja Ungu (the Purple Queen). It is said that the ruler converted to Islam and took the name Sultan Ismail Shah or Mahmud Shah. Sultan Hassan of Pahang,in his insistencem caused Pattani to attack Pahang until Pahang succumbed to the pressure and finally, Raja Ungu was able to return to Pattani. He was proclaimed Ruler in September 2010, succeeding his father, Sultan Ismail Petra, who is considered incapacitated by illness. During her reign, trade with the outside increased, and as a result Pattani prospered. Pattani (Patani) or the Sultanate of Pattani was a Malay sultanate that covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia. He took the title of Phaya Tunakpa when he became the ruler. 5) Documents concerning Pattani and other southern provinces in this period are not available for public access. In 1619, John Jourdain, the East India Company's chief factor at Bantam was killed off the coast of Patani by the Dutch. Many locals might try to physically assault upon hearing something bad about the Thai royal family, and at the very least you can expect getting verbally attacked. But not in the case with Pattani. Sultan Muhammad V married Tengku Zubaidah binti Tengku Norudin bin Tengku Muda (née Kangsadal Pipitpakdee), member of the Pattani royal family on 15 November 2004. Queen Elizabeth II (Photo by Chris Jackson/WPA Pool /Getty Images) Born on April 21, 1926, Elizabeth Alexandra Mary became queen of England on Feb. 6, 1952, upon the death of her father, George VI. [9], Chinese merchants, beginning with Zheng He in the period 1406–1433 CE, played a major role in the rise of Patani as a regional trade center. Towards the end of the 17th century, Patani was described in Chinese sources as sparsely populated and barbaric.[9]. The golden age of Patani started during the reign of the first of its four successive queens, Raja Hijau (The Green Queen), who came to the throne in 1584 and was followed by Raja Biru (The Blue Queen), Raja Ungu (The Purple Queen) and Raja Kuning (The Yellow Queen). A second siege (1563–64) led by King Bayinnaung forced King Maha Chakkraphat to surrender in 1564. However, her daughter was already married to the king of Bordelong (Phatthalung), Okphaya Déca, who prompted the Siamese to attack Patani in 1633–1634. The kingdom drew trade from Chinese, Indian, and local traders as a stopping place for ships bound for, or just arrived from, the Gulf of Thailand. It covered approximately the area of the modern Thai provinces of Pattani, Yala, Narathiwat and much of the northern part of modern Malaysia. In 1920 there was 1 Pattani family living in California. He founded the Gangga Negara kingdom. [11] The Dutch East India Company (VOC) established warehouses in Patani in 1603, followed by the English East India Company in 1612, both carrying out intense trading. As a divorcee, he was the first Yang di-Pertuan Agong in Malaysian history to reign without a Raja Permaisuri Agong consort.. However, some think Patani was the same country known to the Chinese as Pan Pan. Bahrain: The al-Khalifa family, which is Sunni, has ruled over this small and majority-Shiite island nation since 1783. She soon adapted to life in the UK and remembers accompanying her non-English-speaking grandparents to their GP practice, where she was bitten by the medicine bug. Till today, this dance is presented during events and considered the heritage of the Pattani people. California and 1 other state had the highest population of Pattani families in 1920. A Dutch source indicates that most of the traders were Chinese, but 300 Portuguese traders had also settled in Patani by 1540s.[3]. – Nisriwani Yahaya, Syed Zulflida S.M. In late October 2010, he married a Diana Petra. During this period the kingdom's economic and military strength was greatly increased to the point that it was able to fight off four major Siamese invasions. Local stories tell of a fisherman named Pak Tani (Father Tani), who was sent by a king from the interior to survey the coast, to find a place for an appropriate settlement. Due to this crime, Raja Hassan was sentenced to death by the Pattani empire. Patani may have become Islamised some time in the middle of 15th century, one source gives a date of 1470, but earlier dates have been proposed. As if nothing could have hurt this lady king, and that she was in her nature made to be the king. Again, it must be stressed, these queens of Pattani were infact queen regnants, rulers in their own rights and not queen consorts, wive to the ruling kings. It had declined by the late 17th century and it was invaded by Siam in 1785, which eventually absorbed the kingdom. The role of royal elites like Prince Damrong Rachanuphab and Phrya Yommarat in incorporating and modernizing the south is highly recognized by conventional Thai scholars (see Maneeratana 1977). All her people were satisfied during her reign compared to during the reign of her predecessor, as life was more affordable and everyone had their basic needs fulfilled.”. Siam, however, failed to take Patani. The founder is named in some sources as either Sri Wangsa or Phaya Tunakpa, a ruler of Kota Malikha or Kota Mahligai. In 1785, a resurgent Siam sent an army led by Prince Surasi (Viceroy Boworn Maha Surasinghanat), younger brother of King Rama I, to seek the submission of Patani. Britain recognised the Thai ownership of Patani by the Burney Treaty in 1826. Raja Laksamana Dajang (1720–1721; Fatani gives no dates). Pattani (ปัตตานี), also spelled Patani in Malay, is the capital of a province of the same name on the Southern Gulf Coast.The population of the city is a little over 40,000 and is a mix of Malay, Thai and Chinese ethnic groups and Muslim and Buddhist religions. She also ordered that a channel be dug with a river dammed to divert water to ensure the supply of water to Patani. Folklore suggests the name Patani means "this beach" which is "pata ni" in the local Malay language. Pattani Hotel, ranked #1 of 3 hotels in Pattani City and rated 4.5 of 5 at Tripadvisor. Useful Information. Visas - US citizens planning on traveling to Thailand for less than 30 days do not need a visa. They divorced in 2008. He asked his men where the animal had gone, and they replied: "Pata ni lah!" Following the death of Sultan Mansur Syah, Raja Hijau, the Sultan’s eldest daughter inherited the throne of the Sultan, whereby the Sultan had no male heir. Suspected car bombs wound at least 40 people at a department store in the Thai coastal city of Pattani. Ships were also lost, which eventually which led to the withdrawal of the English from Patani.[12][5]. (1969-10-06) 6 October 1969(age 44)Kota Bharu, Kelantan. [7][8] The sultan of Patani Mudhaffar Shah helped the Burmese attack Ayutthaya in 1563, but died suddenly in 1564 on his way back to Patani. Muhammad V(previously known as Tuanku Muhammad Faris Petra; born 6 October 1969), is the Sultanof the Malaysianstate of Kelantan. It also become a centre of culture, producing high quality works of music, dance, drama and handicraft. Islam is a minority faith in Thailand, with statistics suggesting 4.9 percent of the population are Muslim. This was a union of two old Malay royal houses — Kelantan and Pattani. Tuanku Fauziah is the mother of a son, Tuanku Syed Faizuddin Putra Jamalullail, Raja Muda, and Sharifah Fazira, Tengku Puteri Mahkota. [9], Raja Ungu died in 1634, to be succeeded by the last of four successive female rulers of Patani Raja Kuning (or Ratu Kuning, the Yellow Queen). When Raja Hijau asked for the audience of her younger sister, Raja Ungu to return to Pattani, the husband of King Ungu, the Pahang Sultan rejected the request of Raja Hijau. The Thai Ayutthaya kingdom also conquered the isthmus during the 14th century CE, and controlled many smaller vassal states in a self-governing system in which the vassal states and tributary provinces pledged allegiance to the king of Ayutthaya, but otherwise ran their own affairs. Most foreign merchants abandoned trade with Patani. Early as the finest he had seen in the historical Patani Region 1564–1572 ) is! Considered the heritage of the King of Langkasuka after her brother Ganjil died... 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