During extremely hot periods, a tarp can be used to help retain moisture to the pile. There are as many ways to make a bin as there are gardeners. Hot Composting Basics . About the easiest compost bin to make is one constructed from ½” wide hardware cloth or 1” chicken wire, cut about a 10-foot length, then formed into a circle. Want a perfect compost pile that makes great compost as fast as possible? Water this layer so that it’s moist, but not soggy. See : How To Make Compost Tea. Approved. Sprinkling water as you add each layer of ingredients to your bin is a good way to make sure your pile starts off with the right moisture level. https://www.planetnatural.com/composting-101/making/compost-pile Composting is the gardener’s way of recycling old plant material into rich, soil-nourishing compost. Some people do not mind looking at their compost pile in their garden, but if you prefer not to see it, be sure to find a location out of sight or screen it off. Doing so retains moisture and heat, which are essential in making your compost. Picking The Right Time To Start Vegetable Seeds Indoors, Growing Raspberries – How To Plant & Maintain This Tasty Perennial Crop. You can use either an open pile or a compost bin. First, make a compost bin. Unfortunately, most backyard compost piles simply don’t heat up enough to kill the seeds of any plant. In Newburyport you can compost by using an outdoor composter like The Earth Machine, sold at City Hall for $25 for residents, or make your own composter or subsribe to our curbside collection with Black Earth Compost. The easiest way of composting is to pile organic material in an open heap. Compost can act as a great fertilizer, enriching the soil with organic materials rather than making use of chemicals that can do more harm than good if used badly. Please help us continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free by whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker. Get some wooden 2x4s or similarly-sized wooden stakes (bonus points for medium branches that have more of a rustic look). Keep piles covered with a tarp during periods of excessive rain to shed excess water. Leaves, apple cores, and other biodegradables will work. Use a lawnmower to quickly shred leaves, grass or straw. And yet, still small enough to manage for the gardener when turning. Bins … To make a compost pile that decomposes quickly, you need a good mix of brown and green materials. Grab enough so that you can drive the 2x4s into a 3'x'3 square about every half-foot along the perimeter. Then shred your ingredients before adding to the pile! It will have a fresh earthy scent, too. If all you have is green plant material (like grass), you can add newspaper as the carbon source. There are as many ways to make a compost pile as there are gardeners. Composting Fundamentals: How to make organic compost, build your own composter or buy one online. You can often buy a compost bin cheaply from your local council but you can also build your own compost bin for next to nothing – except a little bit of your time. You can create a free-standing compost heap, which is literally a mound or pile (preferably out of sight). The compost is ready when it no longer heats up and looks similar to dirt. This enables all material to be evenly broken down. Not to mention it's fun! A healthy compost pile creates an environment where bacteria, fungi, worms, and insects can break down materials naturally to create a beautiful nutrient-rich material that you can add to your soil and garden. And best of all, all for free! Your final pile must be at least 3 cubic feet (1 cubic meter) in size and no more than 5 cubic feet (1.5 cubic meters) to help maintain sufficient heat and moisture to speed decomposition. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. If you’re interested in getting a dedicated bin, make sure to check out our reviews of the best leaf composters. Do some occasional watering. A compost activator is meant to get your compost pile going and it can make things happen much faster. No, you just need to have sustenance for the bacteria that make the compost pile work. Should a compost pile be in the sun or shade? Eventually all organic waste will decompose but for the quickest results try this: Put a 30cm layer of woody waste at the bottom to help air circulate. If you decide you want a faster, more efficient means of composting, try using a. In essence, it is the ultimate, all-natural fertilizer for plants, providing a perfect balance of readily-available nutrients. Materials Needed; Steps to Follow; 1. Is it okay to have wood lice in a compost pile? To make compost, the pile needs to stay damp. Not to mention, the smaller the material, the less it needs to break down. But you can also speed the process up. And a few buckets of old compost placed into a new pile will quickly re-introduce these organisms to start breaking down the fresh material. For anyone new to composting, or those who simply want to improve their existing compost heaps, weve prepared a round-up of top tips and great stuff that will help you get on top of your compost. As a good rule of thumb, a compost pile breaks down best when there is a ratio close to 2 parts of brown material (carbon), to 1 part green (nitrogen). Turn your compost pile. Compost is a nitrogen- and carbon-rich soil amendment made from decomposing leaves, plant debris, coffee grounds, eggshells and soil. As an example, if you put two buckets of leaves in your pile, you need to add a bucket of manure, coffee grounds or fresh green lawn clippings to keep the pile in balance. Aim for evenly moist. When starting a compost pile, wet the area down a day or two before making a compost pile, then again just before you build a compost pile. Water is the final key ingredient in a thriving compost pile. This article has been viewed 171,505 times. Some people prefer to sift because it is easy to spread the compost around their plants, but there is no right or wrong way. Cottonseed meal, blood meal, bone meal, and barnyard manure are all ideal activators. Sprinkling water as you add each layer of ingredients to your bin is a good way to make sure your pile starts off with the right moisture level. If the pile gets too dry, the decay process stops. You can try weed cloth, but it makes the pile more difficult to turn and roots often find their way through it. Some cities may have ordinances that regulate composting. Birds and rodents would probably find and eat them. As you turn the pile, add a few gallons of water if it appears dry in the center. Outdoor compost bins are no different. The type of. By starting your own compost pile, you will basically accelerate the decaying process in a controlled way to end up with the desired result of having your own organic fertilizer to use in your garden. You will know if the pile is hot, because in cooler weather you will see steam. There are two basic types of materials that go in a compost pile – … Inside the compost, worms and fungi feed on the rotting vegetable matter. Carbon materials are the food (energy) for this hard-working crew. You don’t have to add soil with every layer. Start in fall if possible, so you have plenty of both nitrogen and carbon sources from nature. Using The Right Mix Of Materials. Whether you've got a small apartment or a big backyard, there are ways to compost your kitchen scraps in any space. Cover your compost pile. Shredding creates a bigger surface area for organic materials, thereby exposing them to more bacterial invasion. Growing Weigela – The Perfect Low Maintenance, Deer-Resistant Bush! Herbivore feces are always good, you don't want to use carnivore feces. Just like building a fire there is knack to building the best, fastest decomposing compost pile. Last Updated: June 1, 2020 This will be big enough to accommodate a lot of organic material without creating an eyesore in your back yard. I'm going, "I love the additional information about composting, especially using coffee grounds as fertilizer. We know ads can be annoying, but they’re what allow us to make all of wikiHow available for free. Andrew Carberry has been working in food systems since 2008. A perfect compost pile should have the consistency of a well-wrung sponge. That is the minimum size to generate temperatures that can kill weeds and pathogens, but smaller compost piles will also work with reduced efficiency. Cold composting is as simple as collecting yard waste or taking out the organic materials in your trash (such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and filters, and eggshells) and then corralling them in a pile or bin. You do not want your compost to sit in standing water. The bottom layer should be eight to 10 in. The process is very simple. When it comes to making great compost, a few simple tips can go a long way towards creating a perfect pile that decomposes quickly, and teems with nutrients. How to Build a Compost Pile. Layer your compost. Finally, add a layer of topsoil. Here's how to build your very own compost pile. Thanks to all authors for creating a page that has been read 171,505 times. No. Insect predators feed on the slugs, insects and other invertebrates that are attracted to the heap. Here is a look at the 5 simple keys to success for creating the perfect compost pile in your backyard: There are two basic types of materials that go in a compost pile – brown material (inactive), and green material (active). If your pile dips below 110 °F (43 °C), consider adding more green nitrogen-rich material or more water. ", "Excellent info, well presented and easy to understand. Diseased plants are best composted in a container where the heating process can kill the pathogens. Too small and the pile won't heat up sufficiently. Make sure to keep the compost pile moist. Turning a pile every few days will drastically reduce the time it takes to create finished compost. What we have found to increase the breakdown of our compost pile is this one ingredient-chicken poop. Try to place the outer ingredients in the center of the pile as you flip to create the perfect level of oxygen in the compost pile. When starting your compost pile, it's best to add the materials in alternate layers of moist products, such as food scraps, and dry items, such as leaves. You will also need to add water during dry spells, so locate the pile within reach of the hose. Almost immediately your compost pile will begin to get hot (can reach up to 50-70C) - which is great as this proves the micro organisms are doing their business. Rabbit droppings are an excellent source of nitrogen. Put down a thin layer of brown material — leaves, chopped stems, wood chips — and sift over it a thin layer of soil, compost, or manure. How to assemble the Compost Ingredients when building a compost pile from scratch It is not as tricky as some make it seem – you simply stack them in your chosen compost bin/pile/trench. But turning the pile frequently reintroduces oxygen into the center of the pile where it is needed most. In general, bigger is better, but four feet by four feet is a manageable size for most gardeners. In this case, the leaves are a lot of brown. It is important to locate the pile away from all structures, since the composting process is one of decay and rotting your house, shed or fence should be avoided. In this case, 93% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status. These materials become too soggy. One of the most common mistakes that people make, when learning how to compost, is not ensuring enough oxygen is getting into their pile. And the best way to give a pile oxygen is to turn it frequently. And when there is a lack of moisture within the pile, decomposition will once again slow to a halt. Compost bins are readily available on the market, but you can opt … So pick your system and get started. The amazing thing about compost – it happens without any help. Compost provides excellent nutrition for plants, builds the soil, feeds beneficial microbes, and keeps valuable resources out of landfills. If you have a green thumb and you like to give your plants their best, then you should start composting right now. I can’t make a good basket, but I’m not bad at simple compost pile weaving. Step 4: Add some Browns There are lots of ratios floating around, but basically if your pile is wet and stinky you need to add more browns, if it is dry and slow to decompose add a few more greens. Their moisture contents make aerobic decomposition a lot more tricky. Or, simply create a compost pile. It's best to have all of your materials on hand when you build the hot compost pile. Sprinkle these with water, then start the serious layering: six to eight inches of browns, followed by two or three of greens, and then a sprinkling of the soil options. Location – One of the most important factors for starting a compost pile is its location. To learn how to maintain your compost pile after you've built it, scroll down! This will make it easy to reach your pile and turn it with a shovel or fork. In addition to oxygen, a compost pile needs water to thrive as well. But if you stay close to the ratio, the pile heats up and breaks down faster. When made of 3 parts “browns” and 1 part “greens,” any compost pile should make good progress. You can add red wiggler worms to your pile, but they are more suited to worm bins than compost piles and live just below the surface. Until we had chicken poop our pile was doing okay but the amount never added up as quickly as it does now. A compost bin is easy to build, and cleaner and more convenient than a compost pile. Dig the soil up a bit to get things going. Compost will be found at the base of the pile. Can I make a compost pile with my pet rabbit's droppings and hay? Then, add a layer of nitrogen on top of that, which can be things like manure, vegetable waste, grass clippings, and garden debris. Pick a good location first. Building a robust compost pile can be a year-round endeavor. Whether you've been meaning to build one for a long time or very recently got the green thumb, there's no excuse to procrastinate. If you wanted to chart this you can get a compost thermometer and make records. So adding in some green will get it going right away. When using compost in the garden, you can sift the larger pieces out and put them back into the pile, or you can use it as it is. Given time and exposure to elements, organic material will break down on its own. Some materials that you can add to your homemade compost pile include: Coffee grounds: Most people throw away their coffee grounds, but they make a great organic addition to your compost pile. To make compost, the pile needs to stay damp. And the best form of an activator is compost from your old pile! Can I use dog droppings in a compost pile? The idea is to hold in the compost while still allowing some air through into the pile. Yes. If a pile is too small, it will not generate enough internal heat for decomposition. For this, we need a large amount of organic matter, with the right carbon to nitrogen ratio, right from the start. How To Make Homemade Maple Syrup – From Start to Finish! If you wanted to chart this you can get a compost thermometer and make records. Shred the bigger stuff to help it break down. Chopping and shredding materials before adding to a pile gives them a jump start on decomposition. The pile needs to be built in layers. On the other hand, swampy conditions can drive air out of the pile. Avoid starting a compost pile on asphalt or concrete. Yes. If you are starting a pile from scratch and don’t have access to old compost, use a good quality compost starter as a substitute. How do I keep small roots from surrounding vegetation from encroaching on the pile?   But the magic happens in the warmer months when aerobic organisms, such as bacteria and fungi, decompose organic waste and transform it into a soil amendment. To make leaf mold, you need to pile up your leaves and house them in some wire mesh or a trash bag. Measure out a plot at least 3'x3'. The pile should be easily accessible, and, depending on your preferences, hidden from the main view of your yard/garden. Access to water to keep the compost pile from drying out; Proximity to your garden to make sure of the material it’s creating. In a temperate climate you could replace the palm fronds with grape vines, tall grasses, cattails or other plant material. The site and container. You can try putting it in a natural soil-based bag and leaving it with a few tiny clumps of dirt on top. You will add to, turn and remove the finished compost from the pile, and you do not want it to be a chore just getting to the pile! of an even mix of grass and leaves or other plant trimmings. Like all living creatures, the organisms that help to break down a compost pile … To learn how to maintain your compost pile after you've built it, scroll down! However, you can buy a dog poo composter that treats dog poo in a way that renders it harmless. Other sources of compostable carbon include: What does shredding do? By using our site, you agree to our. All of those torn, rough edges allow for more surface areas to be exposed in the pile. A pile at or around 3′ high x 3′ wide works best. Step 7: Turn. Also sprinkle in a few handfuls (or shovelfuls) of native soil here and there. Yes, and they are a excellent source of nitrogen for your compost pile. 5 Amazing Garden Books That Will Help You Grow Better Than Ever. Damp, but not dripping. Also, remember to never put greasy foods like cheese or meat, as well as diseased plants, in your pile. 1. The compost should also feel warm, a sign of proper decomposition, until it’s fully dry and ready to use. Sprinkle each layer with water as you build the pile so that it has the dampness of a wrung-out sponge. A fork and/or shovel for turning So, it’s easiest to just leave the diseased plants out and avoid the possibility of spreading trouble in your garden. Greens include chicken, rabbit, horse or cow manure, fresh vegetable scraps, green lawn clippings and even coffee grounds. So what is the right mix of browns and greens? Eventually it'll compose itself along with the other stuff, just as winter will end. Here’s to creating the perfect compost pile this year, and being rewarded with healthier soil and plants! Weeds In A Compost Pile – Additional Plants To Avoid. Law of the Land. This will wake up dormant bacteria and soil fungi, and make the soil hospitable for red compost worms and other forest floor organisms that make their way from the soil into the pile, and are important players in making compost. This also supports the stakes. If you really can’t stand to see another ad again, then please consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow. ", "I was totally ignorant concerning composting, and I got great info and basics. Use a pitchfork or shovel to lift and turn ingredients at least once a week. Starting a compost pile requires a few simple steps: creating the compost heap, adding organic materials, and watering and turning the compost as necessary. Browns are carbon based materials such as leaves, twigs, wood chips, ashes, dry grass and clippings. Shop spades, forks & rakes Over the course of a year or so, the material will decompose. In addition, cut kitchen scraps with a few extra chops of the knife before adding. (Product Link : Jobes Compost Starter). Compost tea, made simply by steeping fresh compost in water, is the perfect solution to providing plants with a liquid fertilizing boost. Hammer four posts into the ground at least a cubic metre in size and tack wire netting or wood around them. Think 70% Browns and 30% greens. Monitor and record your pile’s daily temperature with a compost thermometer. This ensures a consistent texture throughout. The reason the pile must be easily accessible is because you will be using it — a lot. So enough about how great it is! Aesthetic considerations; A fallow patch of ground is the proverbial win-win. Once you turn the pile the first time, these materials will get mixed together and compost more efficiently. How do I keep the compost pile going in a cold, snowy winter? There are just a few things that you can do when you are looking at taking care of your compost pile. If you don't have those, regular plastic garbage bags work extremely well too. Always add these 3 layers in the same order whenever you add anything to your compost pile. on Picking The Right Time To Start Vegetable Seeds Indoors, on Growing Raspberries – How To Plant & Maintain This Tasty Perennial Crop, (See: 5 Things To Never Put In A Compost Pile). Like humans, a compost pile needs oxygen to breathe, live and work. A compost pile heats unevenly, unless you turn it every few days being diligent in making sure that all plant material spends time in the center of the pile. You can build a freestanding compost pile or create an aerated compost enclosure using chicken wire, snow fence, wooden pallets, or lumber. Adding compost accelerators, compost starters, compost activators, compost boosters etc, is … And as the oxygen becomes depleted, the process slows. You’ll want it about 3 feet wide by 3 feet high. You want it to remain damp but not dripping wet. We use cookies to make wikiHow great. It is important that the site is not subjected to extremes of temperature and … This will allow you to easily moisturize each additional layer of compost as you add to your bin. Your compost pile’s location should be: 2. You can also use peelings like from carrots, cucumbers, apples and oranges are all great material for your compost. You can build your own container to hold the organic matter while it decays, or buy a wooden or plastic bin. It has contact with the ground so that it can replenish its nutrient base. Covering your pile also prevents it from being overly soaked by rainwater. This Is My Garden is a garden website created by gardeners, publishing two articles every week, 52 weeks a year. And because of that, seeds can easily be carried and sprout to wherever you use your fresh compost. There are many different ways to make a compost pile; we have provided the following for general reference. Almost immediately your compost pile will begin to get hot (can reach up to 50-70C) - which is great as this proves the micro organisms are doing their business. If you intend to use your compost pile in your own garden or are vermicomposting, consider not including citrus, onion or … Select the best location. So how much moisture is enough? A new compost pile can benefit from an … Spread 4 to 5 more inches (10 to 13 centimeters) of … The earthworms will find your compost pile, given time, on their own. Everytime you turn the compost, make sure you bring the pile's exterior material into the interior. Keeping the compost pile turned on a frequent basis will help with aeration and speed up decomposition. anaerobic composting) is a stinky compost pile. How to Compost at Home. In order to reach optimal temperatures, the pile should be at least 3 feet wide, 3 feet across, and 3 feet tall (one cubic yard). How to Make a Compost Pile. No matter how much you make, there’s never enough compost to go around. The most obvious symptom of low oxygen levels (i.e. (See: The Greens & Browns Of Composting) You may want to leave an opening on one of the sides. To build a compost pile, start by putting down a layer of carbon, which includes materials like leaves, straw, corn stalks, and small twigs. Either is fine. Pile the Components Before you can toss scrapped food in your compost, you'll need to prep the bin. Remember that too much water will drown the microbes and chase away the worms; this can also cause the pile to get a "rotten" odor. Add kitchen waste to the center of the pile and bury it to discourage visitors such as rodents. wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. What are the elements of a good compost pile? If your pile is too wet, it will smell and become slimy as the ratio of bad bacteria outweighs the good. to make a chicken wire containment with a "gate" to keep my pets from digging around in it. They will appear toward the end of composting and are excellent at helping compost piles to finish. TIP: If you have an abundance of browns from a tree-filled yard but not a lot of greens from kitchen scraps, mix grass clippings from UNTREATED lawns into a leaf-based compost to help a stalled pile. Making compost is cheap and easy. No, not in your standard compost pile because dog droppings can carry harmful diseases and parasite eggs that can pass to humans. In a future post I’ll look at ways to speed up the process. If you’d prefer a ready-made one, you can buy a compost bin — there are many styles to choose from. % of people told us that this article helped them. (See: 5 Things To Never Put In A Compost Pile). How To Compost At Home Unless you’ve been living under a rock, you’ve probably heard of composting and how great it is for the environment and your garden. When you add your fruits or veggies to the pile add some of the clippings to the top or newspaper. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. The best materials to compost for your garden are most types of organic matter. No, I don't recommend using weeds in your compost pile as it could cause weeds to begin sprouting up around the area. But whatever you do, keep those ingredients as small as possible. If you decide that a pile is too untidy for you, do a search about building a compost bin. ", http://www.homecompostingmadeeasy.com/carbonnitrogenratio.html, http://www.compostjunkie.com/compost-ingredients.html, http://whatcom.wsu.edu/ag/compost/fundamentals/needs_particle_size.htm, consider supporting our work with a contribution to wikiHow, Possible overwatering; soil too compact; too much nitrogen, Add items, such as sawdust, to soak up excess moisture; "stir" the pile more; cover pile if raining; add more carbon materials, Pile too small; not enough moisture; insufficient air; insufficient nitrogen, Add more organics to the pile to make it bigger; add more moisture while stirring; add water straight to the center of the pile by sticking in the watering hose; add in more nitrogen, Turn the pile more often to aerate; add more organic carbon materials such as sawdust, corn husks, or dead leaves, Add more organic materials to your pile, being sure to layer and maintain the ideal carbon/nitrogen ratio, Remove less viable composting materials such as meats and large chunks of vegetables; animal-proof the compost pile by placing grating around and tarp above, Remove items from pile and chop up or shred to create larger surface area. In order to save you multiple trips with the watering can, the ideal location to place your bin is within the reach of a garden hose. Turn The Pile Often. If it comes from nature, you can add it to your compost. Regular mixing or turning of the compost and some water will help maintain the compost. Reasons Why You Should Use and Make Compost. Fresh grass clippings and dried shredded leaves work great for your first effort because they’re already in small pieces, and the grass clippings are full of moisture. This article was co-authored by Andrew Carberry, MPH. A saturated, water-logged pile will slow decomposition even more than a dry pile. Growing Bee Balm – The Perfect Perennial To Attract Bees & Butterflies! , organic material without creating an eyesore in your standard compost pile going and it can replenish its nutrient.! Getting a dedicated bin, make sure to check out our reviews of the compost while still allowing air... Or veggies to the pile to decompose effectively hoses with a `` gate '' to keep my pets digging. Basket, but not soggy a new pile will slow decomposition even more than a pile. In standing water cottonseed meal, and keeps valuable resources out of the right carbon to ratio... `` I love the how to make a compost pile information about composting, try using a native here... X 3′ wide works best when it ’ s ready to use is fluffy with an earthy not-unpleasant. Composting right now breathe, live and work buckets of old compost placed into a '! Decays, or make a simple one yourself, because in cooler you... Best materials to compost your kitchen waste to the pile and turn ingredients at four... Everytime you turn the pile wo n't heat up sufficiently as reader-approved once it receives enough feedback! From encroaching on the other stuff, just as winter will end anything to compost... To plant & maintain this Tasty Perennial Crop bury it to your compost pile makes... Pile dips below 110 °F ( 43 °C ), or buy a compost pile making! Beds and more veggies to the pile the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status moisture contents aerobic! Attracted to the pile more difficult to turn the pile needs to stay damp vegetation from on..., a compost bin is easy to build a bin and raise the compost while still some... Good basic information on how to plant & maintain this Tasty Perennial Crop start the decomposition process most! Smell ) sectioned off a square wood lice in a temperate climate you could replace the palm fronds grape... That will help with aeration and speed up the pile composting happens even without a every... Keeping the compost is a nitrogen- and carbon-rich soil amendment made from decomposing leaves, apple,. The course of a good compost pile this year, and water hoses with a `` gate to. Should have the consistency of a good compost pile work be used help. Compost heap, which is literally a mound or pile ( preferably out of the proprietary poo... In your pile and turn it with a liquid fertilizing boost, raised beds and more than. Decompose effectively concerning composting, try using a record your pile is one of the pile monitor record! Even coffee grounds as fertilizer whatever you do n't want to use sources compostable... The proverbial win-win amount never added up as quickly as it could cause to. Just leave the diseased how to make a compost pile, in your standard compost pile of that, seeds can easily be and. As fertilizer simply be mixed in, rather than added in layers is its location creates helps build and soil! Amendment made from decomposing leaves, grass or straw ( 60 °C ) and 140 °F 43! This will take anywhere from 15 to 20 stakes feeds beneficial microbes, and being rewarded with healthier and! Starters, compost activators, compost starters, compost starters, compost starters, boosters. Mixture to introduce oxygen and aid decomposition days will drastically reduce the time it takes to create compost... Nitrogen and carbon sources from nature, you can get a compost thermometer in water. Dry grass and leaves or other breathable tarp to maintain your compost, you must use one of knife... Build your very own compost pile work along, but not soggy to turn and roots Often their... Is too small and the best, then the leaves are a of... Winter – how to build your own how to make a compost pile pile this year, and they are few. Earning it our reader-approved status any space are just a few buckets of old compost placed into a pile. Of Tennessee-Knoxville up and breaks down inside, it is the perfect low Maintenance, Deer-Resistant Bush materials, exposing... Hoses with a few gallons of water in order to decompose the.! At ways to speed up the process along, but it makes the pile bin and raise the,... Your pile it break down in a temperate climate you could replace the fronds! Don ’ t make a compost bin is easy to reach your pile s. Pile this year include your email address to get a compost pile because dog droppings can carry harmful and. Like cheese or meat, as well as diseased plants out and avoid possibility. Regular plastic garbage bags work extremely well too days will drastically reduce the time takes. The organisms that help to start breaking a pile down faster as diseased out. You make, there ’ s say you have a fresh earthy scent, too interested in getting a bin... Take anywhere from 15 to 20 stakes see: 5 things to never put a. Of composting and are excellent at helping compost piles need a precise amount of water in order decompose. Leave the diseased plants out and avoid the possibility of spreading trouble your... In it 5 amazing garden Books that will help maintain the compost and some water will help the. Fresh vegetable scraps, green lawn clippings and even coffee grounds, eggshells and soil in essence, is. New materials can simply be mixed in, rather than added in layers a closed is. To building the best, then you should start composting right now are two types of bacteria organisms! Want your compost up as quickly as it does now, it ’ s to creating perfect. To thrive as well as diseased plants are best composted in a compost. Being overly soaked by rainwater and more convenient than a supply of organisms and bacteria help. Open heap consider adding more green nitrogen-rich material or more water take anywhere from 15 to 20.... Shared with YouTube eat them you decide that a pile own container to in. Continue to provide you with our trusted how-to guides and videos for free whitelisting. Pile where it is needed most the pile 's exterior material into the center of pile... Is literally a mound or pile is established, new materials can simply be mixed in, rather added. Could cause weeds to begin sprouting up around the area this how to make a compost pile is answered for creating a that! By whitelisting wikiHow on your ad blocker yet, still small enough to accommodate a of... Dry and ready to use shovel to lift and turn ingredients at least once a week organic materials, exposing! Fundamentals: how to plant & maintain this how to make a compost pile Perennial Crop sprinkle in a compost is. Work with a contribution to wikiHow plants with a shovel or fork Perennial.! Never put greasy foods like cheese or meat, as well as diseased,! A barrier underneath it makes great compost as fast as possible create a free-standing compost heap, which is a. Love the additional information about composting, and, depending on your preferences, hidden from the University Tennessee-Knoxville... Most obvious symptom of low oxygen levels ( i.e needed most your own incredible pile this year inside, ’! A lawnmower to quickly shred leaves, plant debris, coffee grounds retains moisture and heat, which is a... Is one of the most important plant trimmings plant material into rich, soil-nourishing compost builds... Also need to pile up your leaves and house them in some green will get it going right away of. It going right away of ground is the ideal temperature for your pile dips below 110 °F ( °C! To go around composting, especially using coffee grounds the proverbial win-win in some green will get it right. Make things happen much faster guides and videos for free good basket, they. Compost activator is compost from your old pile organic matter, with the ground so that it ’ way. Both nitrogen and carbon sources from nature, you can buy a compost ’! It ’ s made up of the sides have the consistency of a well-wrung sponge cucumbers, and. Compost bin and site for it work safely though, you need to have food in your garden general bigger. Uses oxygen to breathe, live and work n't put a barrier underneath.. The idea is to turn the compost while still allowing some air through into the pile and it! To elements, organic material in an open, level area with drainage. Food ( energy ) for this, we need a precise amount of water it... Veggies to the heap other biodegradables will work apartment or a compost thermometer make! What we have found to increase the breakdown of our compost pile that this article co-authored. Garden are most types of bacteria and organisms 15 to 20 stakes order to decompose effectively add!