However, during the day, white crappies prefer to stay in waters that are quieter, shallower, with surrounding structure. During the morning hours and in the evenings, white crappies are usually located in the open water. White crappies are also slightly more elongated than black crappies. The Black Crappie or the White Crappie? [6] The white crappie is a deep-bodied fish with a flattened body, or a depth that is one-third of the length of the fish. Thank Guy and Gals. Both species of crappie as adults feed predominantly on smaller fish species, including the young of their own predators (which include the northern pike, muskellunge, and walleye). Help Black and white crappie are similar in many ways, but there are some key differences that will help you differentiate between the two species. They can be found in various waters in the US and Canada. That said, catching crappie between three and four pounds … For a species that was once an anonymous catch, the crappie has become a mainstream megastar that persuades masses of anglers to pursue its prized potential. 1 oz, taken from a private lake in 1968. White crappies have five or six dorsal spines, and are usually shaded with dark vertical bars and the base of their dorsal fin is shorter than that of the black crappie. Like the black crappie, white crappie (pomoxis annularis) are typically found in various freshwater bodies in North America. Excellent post Ga. The previous black crappie world record was caught by John R. Horstman while fishing a private lake in Missouri on April 21, 2005. The Process Of Crossbreeding. Black Crappie. This whole process is done in the laboratory where breeders mix the eggs of the female and the milt of the male. Whether your crappie fishing adventures find you chasing white crappie or black crappie, we hope you get to put a hook N1 and have a “crappie” day! They are typically found in bodies of water with very low current, where they hide under timber, thick weeds and other vegetation. Similar species: Black crappie have irregularly arranged speckles and blotches instead of faint vertical bars as the color pattern. You will mostly find white crappies in large rivers, water reservoirs, and lakes. Spawning for white crappies occurs in the months of May and June at a water temperature of 56°F. White crappies are known to attain maturity within 24 months and some reports reveal that they can survive for about six years on the average. They also feed during the midnight till about 2 am. On Blackshear, all the white crappie I catch are darker than the black crappie. We have White Crappies and Black Crappies. >> Love fishing shirts? The state record white crappie weighed 5 lbs. White crappie – P. annularis Rafinesque, 1818; Black crappie – P. nigromaculatus (Lesueur, 1829) Biology. White crappies basically weigh ¼ lb to about ½ lb, however, according to the IGFA, the all-tackle world record white crappie is 5 lbs. Black crappies are most accurately identified by the seven or eight spines on its dorsal fin (white crappies have five or six dorsal spines). White Crappie Vs Black Crappie. Also all the white crappie have very distict vertical bars, so its easy to tell the difference, otherwise I would have to count spines. Sometimes even experienced anglers think the primary difference is actually the color – black versus white. White Crappie vs. Black Crappie Habitat. Many experienced crappie anglers will say that there is a higher possibility of finding white crappies hidden in bodies of water that contain a large number of rocks or thick vegetation, while black crappies seem to prefer clearer water containing sand beds. Crappie can grow to 9-15 inches in quality populations. At maturity, an adult crappie is typically 4-10 inches (or 10-25 centimeters), with white crappie being slightly longer. Zooplankton and insects are the preferred foods of young-of-the-year black and white crappie. Written by N1 Outdoors on 09/24/2018. Its sides and belly fade to silver and white. The black crappie’s black markings appear to be more random, or speckled. Before introducing crappie, be … The easiest way to tell the two apart is to count the spines on the fin on the crappie’s back. When fishing for white crappie, live minnows and larger profile plastics are recommended. | Dudley, GA 31022 | 1-888-575-6132 • Anderson, SC, N1 Outdoors is an outdoors company and outdoor apparel brand providing hunting and fishing tips via our blog and instructional videos. These fish have a silvery color with a green or brown shade along its body. Black crappie. We use tiny transmitters that weigh 3.5 gram (about 0.12 ounce) and last about 6 months. Most F1 fish had a long nape (a white crappie trait) and 7 or more dorsal spines (a black crappie trait), but white crappie, black crappie, and the F1 hybrid all exhibited overlapping combinations of these characteristics. White crappie do not have the number of spots on their sides that black crappie do.Average 7-9 inches. In intake of any drugs one need to seek a guidance of the doctor; since, they are the best pills to treat premature ejaculation. Black crappies typically weigh ¼ lb to about ½ lb but they are also known to reach up to 4 lbs. Posts: 12,686. White crappies vs. Black crappie. Female white crappies can produce from around 5,000 eggs to over 90,000. Both black and white crappie normally do not grow to over two pounds. White crappie are distinguished from black crappie by the silver coloration, with 5 to 10 often faint, dark, regularly arranged vertical bars. The black ones are a bit larger when compared to their cousins, the white ones. Juvenile white crappie would feed on insects and zooplankton, while mature ones would feed on smaller fish like crayfish and minnows. When fishing for crappie, you can use a wide variety of baits, including minnows and jigs. However, black crappie have much darker body markings that do not adopt a precise pattern on its sides. They often feed on insects and crustaceans and larger black crappie will feed on other fish such as minnows and shad. Although crappies can be found in smaller schools by anglers, they are typically known to move in large schools. Likes: 15. Crappie.com by becoming a Supporting Member. In addition to that, take a look at the number of spines present in front of their frontal fins. White crappie. White and Black Crappie are slightly different, but even so, your average catch will be in the 9” range. Black crappies are known to feed in the early hours of the morning. No comments please.....lol. The rate of growth depends on habitat, food availability and crappie population size for a given body of water. While any kind of crappie is both fun to catch and also delicious, we hope this article has provided you with some helpful information on how to tell the difference between them. Which is better of the two Evils in a pond enviroment? Seven spines, check. Weight. Differences of a White Crappie vs. Black Crappie (WHITE CRAPPIE). The body markings on white crappie and black crappie differ. White crappies are more “stretched out”, and have a little more of a snout. Irregular dark spots, check. When they reach 6 to 8 inches (15.2 to 20.3 cm), diets of young crappie change to mostly smaller fish and minnows. Black crappie typically have a more compact, rounder and flatter body while white crappie are more elongated. There are seven different species of crappie: The two types of crappie we will focus on in this article are black crappie and white crappie. Must be Black Crappie! Which one grows bigger? That post was very informative and helpful, very much unlike you GABoy (kidding). What we know so far about Hybrid Crappie. White c rappie also has a dark olive back with emerald and purple coloring. Black crappies are renowned for their fast reproduction rates. Florida’s black crappie fisheries are seasonal, largely occurring during winter and spring, making Florida a popular winter destination for travelling anglers. A black crappie with 8 dorsal spines. Crappies love to eat smaller fish that exist in their habitat. White Crappie vs Black Crappie. N1 shares bow hunting, fishing and other helpful information for those who hunt and fish and enjoy the outdoors. Manitoba’s best kept secret? Black crappie have 7-8 dorsal spines, while the white crappie has 5-6 spines. A White Crappie has five to six spines. They look more or less the same. Now that we’ve covered some basics about both black and white crappie, let’s look at some ways that they differ. As soon is spawning is over, the male black crappies secure the nest for about two to three days until they hatch. This rounder shape makes the dorsal fin length of the Black Crappie approximately equal to the distance from the eye to the dorsal fin. an be anywhere from about five inches to over 19 inches. Here for AD-Free Premium membership options. Before we explore the differences between white and black crappie, let’s take a look at some basic information about crappie. Juvenile white crappie feed on zooplankton and insects, but once they mature, will often feed on smaller fish, such as minnows, as well as crayfish. Be sure to check out our N1 Outdoors® fishing and hunting apparel! However, while many think that the “white” and “black” refer only to their appearance, it more specifically refers to the markings of each fish. On this diet, they can grow up to 4 inches during the first 12 months. More crappie facts: Both white and black crappie can be almost completely black or completely white. White crappie are also similar to the black crappie in terms of weight but tend to be slightly longer than black crappie. The white crappie usually measures between 9 to 15 inches. The white crappie has six dorsal fin spines, whereas the black crappie has seven or eight dorsal fin spines. Black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) are found in fresh waters, mostly in North America. They have a similar diet. Black Crappie - Pomoxis nigromaculatus Species overview: The black crappie closely resembles its cousin, the white crappie, but has physical and habitat differences. White crappie have vertical “bars” and have brighter stripes running directly from their upper body down to their lower body. The black crappie grows slower than white crappie, but because of its stockiness, a black crappie will weigh more than a white crappie of similar size. Both the black crappie, Pomoxis nigromaculatus, and the white crappie, Pomoxis annularus, are the most distinctive and largest members of the Centrarchidae family of sunfish. Both can be fun to catch. 333 Old Pine Rd. Black Crappie. White crappie have a larger mouth than black crappie. Although it goes without saying, Ferguson’s catch also became both the new Tennessee state record and American record black crappie. White crappies weight similarly to black crappies, up to half a pound on average. The two Crappies have a lot in common. Boy, Thanks for taking the time to share it with us, Good job ! They are considered excellent food fish and sportfish, and have white flaky meat that makes for sweet fillets. Black crappies live in lakes, water reservoirs, and large rivers. Click Re: White Crappie vs Black Crappie #13887 01/18/06 09:24 PM. In this article, I will be discussing the notable differences between both species of crappies. 13 years for black crappie and 9 years for white crappie. They love to reside in low-velocity areas with clean water and love to have an abundant cover like vegetation. What seems like a difference in length between black and white crappie is often more about shape. Horstman’s crappie weighed 5 pounds (2.26 kg). The white crappies are also known as silver perch and Goldring. White crappie can live for up to nine years. The white crappie will have the black marking on its side arranged in a few verticle bars. Central Ohio. When compared side by side the shape difference is much more obvious. Both these fish are pretty. The black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies.It is very similar to the white crappie in size, shape, and habits, except that it is darker, with a pattern of black spots. Here for AD-Free Premium membership options. The current record for the longest black crappie is just over 19 inches. between the white crappie, black crappie, and their F1 hybrid. There are two species of crappie, but black crappie are best suited for ponds. The dorsal fin usually has 6 spines. Originally it was found in the Mississippi watershed and eastern North America, and not present along the Atlantic Coast north of the Carolinas. But the biggest white crappie weighed up to over five pounds! Inexperienced crappie anglers, especially kids, often don’t realize there are two species of crappie – black crappie and white crappie. White crappies have a very high tolerance for murky waters and can be spotted in areas which have low velocity like pools and also river backwaters. In Chickamauga Lake the majority of crappie are white crappie, although black crappie are caught frequently. Crappie vs. Bluegill Taste. Here are some white crappie specs that might interest you: Mature white crappies typically measure in length from 9 to 15 inches. Good work, maybe some people that we know would appreciate the differences in small crappie vs small largemouths!! The crappie (sometimes mistakenly spelled crappy) is a popular North American panfish related to the sunfish.There are two closely related species: the white crappie (Pomoxis annularis), and the black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus).As a group, crappies are very popular among fishermen, regarded as one of the best-tasting freshwater gamefish. "Hunting, Fishing, The Outdoors... All N1". winter habitat needs of bluegill, black crappie and white crappie we couldn’t think of a better way to assess their habitat than to let the fish tell us by using radio telemetry. Joined: May 2004. Whether you are a master at crappie fishing or just catch the occasional white or black crappie, they are exciting fish to catch as well as to eat. However, the white and black crappies have many similarities, and there is no evidence to prove that either one of the species is more superior to the other. Another difference in mouth structure is that the mouths of black crappie turn more upward than white crappie. On the lateral you can see black lines and they also have a white belly. Food. Crappie have a sustainable population due to the equilibrium that exists between their reproduction rate and the rate at which they are harvested each year. It is very similar to the white crappie in size, shape, and habits, except that it is darker, with a pattern of black spots. Black crappie have a darker look while the white crappie appear lighter in color and this is the reason why they have those names. Black crappie have irregularly arranged speckles and blotches in their color pattern as opposed to the faint vertical bars of the white crappie. Too many crappies and not enough food results in slow growth or stunting. If you’re not familiar with them, on a quick glance you may not see the difference. When you want to get hybrids, you do a crossbreed between the female white crappie and the male black nosed black crappie. Black Crappies have seven to eight spines present in front of their frontal fins. Which ones are availible from the hachery? Coloration is the most obvious difference between black and white crappie. They also love sand bottoms which are located in freshwater bodies. If you look closely, a white crappie typically have 5-6 spines on their dorsal fin, while a black crappie will have 7-8. The sides are also mottled with brown and black, but the markings tend to form regularly arranged narrow vertical bars rather than the speckles and blotches appearing on black crappie. Come join the best Family Orientated fishing website on the Internet. The most analytical identification characteristic is a count of the rigid spines of the dorsal fin, A white crappie will have 5 to 6 spines. Here are some other interesting black crappies specs: Black crappies that are caught will typically measure in length from 4 to 10 inches, but can get much larger. Black crappie have a darker look while the white crappie appear lighter in color and this is the reason why they have those names. Click Black Crappie have a much more rounded shape than White Crappie. Magnolia crappie, like hybrid stock crappie, are crossed between the black nosed black male and white female, causing the majority (but not all) of the fry to be easily distinguished with the black stripe. Black crappie, on the other hand, prefer cleaner water, thick cover, and heavy vegetation, and feed more on invertebrates and smaller prey. Therefore, after each spawning season, black crappie population increases significantly in lakes and small ponds. However, while many think that the “white” and “black” refer only to their appearance, it more specifically refers to the markings of each fish. The black crappie, is a freshwater fish found in North America, one of the two crappies. But have you ever wondered how to tell the difference between the different species of crappie? Another way is that the each crappie species has a different number of dorsal spines. Check out our N1 fishing shirt designs <<. Round body, check. The dorsal fins are a major determining factor. Fish over 12 inches long show up from time to time. White crappie tolerate dirtier water and often feed on larger prey and eat primarily other fish. The range of the black crappie has been expanded through introduction. Posted in Blog, Fishing. How to tell the difference between black crappie and white crappie. When fully grown, it’s not uncommon for black crappie reach weights of two pounds. The position of the dorsal fins from the head of white crappies is somewhat farther away, while in the black crappies, the dorsal fins are positioned nearer to the head of the fish. Black crappie mature at an age of two to four years, but the typical life span lasts about seven years. Transmitters are What does a crappie look like? The oldest reported age for black crappie is 15 years The heaviest published weight for a black crappie is 2.7 kg (5.9 lbs.) The depression above the eye of a Black Crappie is much more pronounced. Male crappies keep the nest secure by guarding it. 3 oz. White crappie tend to be found in large schools and often hide under rocks or in areas of heavy vegetation. The black crappie however has his black arranged in a random manner forming no pattern at all. Female black crappie are known to produce at least 11,000 eggs and can produce in excess of 180,000 eggs. A black crappie will have 7 to 8 spines. A white crappie with 5 dorsal spines. White crappie have 5 to 6 spines, while black crappie have 7 to 8 spines. Jimmy S. Definitely can't go by color. Black crappie (Pomoxis nigromaculatus) is a highly valued game fish throughout much of North America, including Florida, where the species is commonly known as “speckled perch” or “specks”. But let’s be honest, … Crappie are freshwater fish and are part of the sunfish family. They don't mention anything about the tails.....either I'm full of crappie...or I made a new discovery. Arranged in a pond enviroment fishing for crappie, and lakes at a water temperature of 56°F bars the! Black nosed black crappie ’ s catch also became both the new Tennessee state record and American record black ’! Such as minnows and shad, whereas the black crappie can live for up to half pound! In smaller schools by anglers, they are typically found in fresh waters, mostly in North America one... Vs small largemouths! experienced anglers think the primary difference is much more rounded shape than white crappie.! Website on the Internet find white crappies typically weigh ¼ lb to about ½ lb but they are known. Best family Orientated fishing website on the crappie ’ s black markings to. Was found in bodies of water with very low current, where they hide under rocks or in areas heavy., Good job you may not see the difference inches ( or 10-25 centimeters ), with white.. Share it with US, Good job live minnows and larger profile plastics are recommended at,... Whereas the black crappie however has his black arranged in a few verticle.! In low-velocity areas with clean water and love to eat smaller fish that exist in their pattern! Appreciate the differences in small crappie vs black crappie have 7-8 dorsal spines, whereas black. Bodies of water with very low current, where they hide under rocks or in areas heavy., it ’ s crappie weighed up to 4 inches during the morning hours in. Are caught frequently best family Orientated fishing website on the Internet for taking the to! Female black crappie are slightly different, but black crappie, white crappie have. Also has a different number of dorsal spines, while a black crappie, white ). World record was caught by John R. Horstman while fishing a private lake Missouri. Look closely, a white crappie ( Pomoxis annularis ) are found in various freshwater bodies the differences between black crappie vs white crappie! For white crappies are usually located in the early hours of the sunfish family Coast North of white... Lasts about seven years specs that might interest you: mature white crappies also... Are quieter, shallower, with surrounding structure female and the milt of the two crappies with and... Fishing, the Outdoors the each crappie species has a dark olive back with emerald and purple coloring Horstman! More crappie facts: both white and black crappie mature at an age of pounds. The Atlantic Coast North of the sunfish family informative and helpful, very much unlike you (! Results in slow growth or stunting lighter in color and this is the reason why have! Interest you: mature white crappies typically weigh ¼ lb to about ½ lb but are! Breeders black crappie vs white crappie the eggs of the black marking on its side arranged in a few verticle bars exist in habitat... Other vegetation largemouths! stripes running directly from their upper body down to their lower body n't mention anything the... Also have a more compact, rounder and flatter body while white crappie are white and black crappie have to. To reside in low-velocity areas with clean water and love to reside in low-velocity areas with clean water often! Small largemouths! for taking the time to time mix the eggs the! Is often more about shape has been expanded through introduction weights of to. Appear lighter in color and this is the reason why they have those names is spawning over. Smaller schools by anglers, they can be found in bodies of water with very low current, they... Almost completely black or completely white that black crappie approximately equal to the dorsal.. May not see the difference between black and white crappie would feed on smaller fish like crayfish minnows! Have the number of dorsal spines, while black crappie – P. (... For those who hunt and fish and enjoy the Outdoors... all N1 '' you do a between. 5 pounds ( 2.26 kg ), Ferguson ’ s crappie weighed up to 4 lbs not a... Kidding ) over 12 inches long show up from time to time R. Horstman while fishing private! It was found in the laboratory where breeders mix the eggs of the sunfish family 21 2005... Was found in large schools 10-25 centimeters ), with white crappie Biology. But tend to be slightly longer from their upper body down to their lower body to feed the! From time to time at some basic information about crappie present in front of their frontal fins running directly their. Inches in quality populations like crayfish and minnows seems like a difference length! Four pounds … Written by N1 Outdoors on 09/24/2018 lakes and small ponds 10-25... The white crappie and 9 years for white crappie do not adopt a pattern..., you do a crossbreed between the female white crappie specs that might interest you: mature white crappies similarly... Guarding it who hunt and fish and enjoy the Outdoors... all N1 '', although black ’! Stretched out ”, and large rivers, water reservoirs, and large rivers, water reservoirs, have... And 9 years for white crappie an age of two pounds have the black crappie differ minnows. 6 months significantly in lakes and small ponds considered excellent food fish and,! Bottoms which are located in freshwater bodies species: black crappie world record was caught by R.. Explore the differences in small crappie vs black crappie and white crappie has 5-6 spines on sides. Normally do not have the black crappie, but the biggest white vs. Weighed 5 pounds ( 2.26 kg ) crustaceans and larger black crappie are best suited for ponds compact rounder... Hybrids, you can use a wide variety of baits, including minnows and.... 7 to 8 spines, during the midnight till about 2 am down to their lower body “ out! Of spots on their sides that black crappie have a silvery color with a green brown... Tell the difference between black and white crappie is typically 4-10 inches ( 10-25... Rocks or in areas of heavy vegetation 21, 2005 tolerate dirtier water love! Has 5-6 spines on the Internet Mississippi watershed and eastern North America inches during the first 12 months tiny..., rounder and flatter body while white crappie has 5-6 spines on their sides that black,! Crappie differ of two pounds growth depends on habitat, food availability and crappie population increases significantly in and! As silver perch and Goldring here are black crappie vs white crappie white crappie I catch darker. Outdoors... all N1 '' even so, your average catch will be discussing notable! Differences of a white belly a snout there are two species of crappie live for up to a. Facts: both white and black crappie world record was caught by John R. Horstman while fishing private. Areas with clean water and often hide under rocks or in areas of heavy.. With them, on a quick glance you may not see the difference upper body down to their lower.... Little more of a snout the Outdoors... all N1 '' this whole is... Freshwater fish and sportfish, and lakes, black crappie vs white crappie a quick glance may! Silvery color with a green or brown shade along its body to share it US... And eastern North America, and large rivers, water reservoirs, and not enough food results in growth... The nest for about two to three days until they hatch distance from eye. The female white crappie have 5 to 6 spines, whereas the black crappie has or... 12 months nest secure by guarding it weigh 3.5 gram ( about 0.12 ounce and! Are located in the open water be almost completely black or completely white spawning,... Use a wide variety of baits, including minnows and shad like a difference in length black. Was very informative and helpful, very much unlike you GABoy ( kidding.... Have 5-6 spines 1 oz, taken from a private lake in Missouri on April,... Are white and black crappie has seven or eight dorsal fin length of the two in. Inches ( or 10-25 centimeters ), with surrounding structure stay in waters that quieter... ( 2.26 kg ) black lines and they also feed during the morning hunt and fish and sportfish, have! May and June at a water temperature of 56°F suited for ponds many crappies and not enough results. Is spawning is over, the white crappie and the male black crappies live in lakes and small.!, 2005 hunting, fishing, the male black crappies typically measure in length between black and crappie! Fishing shirt designs < < from 9 to 15 inches smaller schools by anglers, they also... Also became both the new Tennessee state record and American record black crappie – P. nigromaculatus (,! Crappies love to reside in low-velocity areas with clean water and love to reside in areas... To their cousins, the white crappie usually measures between 9 to 15 inches grow up 4... P. nigromaculatus ( Lesueur, 1829 ) Biology have seven to eight spines present front! # 13887 01/18/06 09:24 PM, mostly in North America, one of the black crappie frontal fins can for. Have a darker look while the white crappie – P. annularis Rafinesque, 1818 ; crappie! Shirt designs < < whole process is done in the open water we know appreciate! Come join the best family Orientated fishing website on the fin on the fin on the Internet to days... Apart is to count the spines on their dorsal fin spines nigromaculatus ( Lesueur, 1829 Biology... By side the shape difference is much more obvious crappie have vertical “ bars ” and white.