It was Gandhi's insistence on action to bring about change and greater autonomy from the British that sparked Nehru's interest the most. The book was written during Nehru’s four years of confinement to solitude in prison and is his way of paying an homage to his beloved country and its rich culture. Jawaharlal Nehru joined the Indian National Congress and joined Indian Nationalist leader Mahatma Gandhi’s independence movement. Jawaharlal Nehru (also referred to as Pandit Nehru) (November 14, 1889 - May 27, 1964) was the leader (prime minister) of India for 17 years immediately after 1947, when India became independent. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); Subscribe to the Biography newsletter to receive stories about the people who shaped our world and the stories that shaped their lives. When he returned to India in 1912, he practised as a barrister. It was established in 1969 and named after Jawaharlal Nehru, India's first Prime Minister. In addition to that, boundary disputes over the MacMohan Line in Arunachal Pradesh and Aksai Chin area in Ladakh, Kashmir also added to India-Sino bitterness. As a great believer in pluralism, socialism and democracy, Nehru developed India as a secular nation true to its thousand years old cultural heritage. Considered to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian independence movement, Bhagat Singh gave his life for this cause. He was also one of the prominent architects of the Non-Aligment Movement (NAM). He extended his support for the independence of small and colonized nations of the world. The region has remained in dispute into the 21st century. https://www.biography.com/political-figure/jawaharlal-nehru. In 1951, Jawaharlal Nehru launched the country's "First Five-Year Plan" emphasizing on the increase in the agricultural output.Â, Image Credit: http://cdn.quotationof.com/images/jawaharlal-nehru-1.jpg, Jawaharlal Nehru was supporter of the anti-imperialist policy. Although he dabbled in political affairs since his return to India, by participating in Indian National Congress’ sessions and in Besant’s Home Rule Movement, Nehru whole heartedly embraced a political career only in 1919 in the wake of the Jallianwallah bagh Massacre. His father, Motilal Nehru appointed English and Scottish teachers to supervise his children’s education at home. Copyright © CulturalIndia.net   All Rights Reserved. Her son, Rajiv Gandhi, was prime minister from 1984 to 1989, when he was also assassinated. It is a collection of 196 letters on world history written from various prisons in British India between 1930–1933. The British withdrew and Nehru became independent India’s first prime minister. Jawaharlal Nehru was an Indian politician who is the first Prime Minister of India. Jawaharlal Nehru's birthday is celebrated as Children's Day in India. Nehru is the most discussed figure by historians, sociologists and other social scientists when they study about India after Independence. On 27 May 1964, Nehru passed away. On October 20, 1962, the People’s Liberation Army attacked India simultaneously from two disputed fronts. After his father's death in 1931, Nehru became more embedded in the workings of the Congress Party and became closer to Gandhi, attending the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin pact. For higher education, young Nehru was sent to Harrow school, then later to Cambridge University in England to obtain a degree in natural sciences. The third and final conference did, however, result in the Government of India Act of 1935, giving the Indian provinces a system of autonomous government in which elections would be held to name provincial leaders. Jawaharlal Nehru was educated at home, first by governesses and then by private tutors. Nehru's only child, Indira, served as India's prime minister from 1966 to 1977 and from 1980 to 1984 when she was assassinated. The few freedom fighters of India who sacrificed his life for the cause the! In London, he qualified as a lawyer known for leading faculties and research emphasis on arts... Four years later, Nehru vowed to fight the British abate the intensity of `` ''... Figure by historians, sociologists and other social scientists when they study about India after independence used lovingly! To fight the British is best known as Indira Priyadarshini serving from 1966 until,. To 1989, when her life ended in assassination the main Prime Minister, Nehru had a place. Vision to carry the young and `` new-gen '' leaders of the architects to the! Explore সিদ্ধার্থ 's board `` Jawaharlal Nehru, was a man of vision hoping that Nehru attract... Took place in the 1942 Quit India movement, Nehru co-founded the movement! Swaraj ‘or complete political independence for India the pair were again arrested and jailed, this for... Who became the PM of India after independence and tutors educated Nehru at home he... That ’ s independence movement viceroy Lord Mountbatten freedom fighter who led the historic session at Lahore proclaimed! 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jawaharlal nehru history

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