Blue crabs are also a popular type of crab to serve as a soft-shelled crab. Other names include Queen crabs and tanner crabs. There are around 1,300 species of freshwater crabs, distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics, divided among eight families. Hermit crabs make up a group of crabs in the Paguroidea superfamily and can include marine crabs and land hermit crabs. Most Dungeness crabs live approximately ten years, and because of their taste, there is an extremely popular type of crab to eat. The Peekytoe crab (Atlantic rock crab) is a type of cold ocean crab. A sweet, easy staple at all-you-can-eat seafood buffets. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-inverted-img'); More than 1,300 described species of freshwater crabs are known, out of a total of 6,700 species of crabs across all environments. It has smaller chelae than other popular crabs, such as the Florida Stone crab. Fiddler crabs are easily recognizable by their claws clearly asymmetrical King crabs are one of the most common and best types of edible crabs due to their large size and delicate taste. If you happen to eat a coconut crab while visiting a Pacific Island, you may also find that they have a slight taste of coconut. Introduction . The most prolific species on the east coast of the U.S., they range in size from 3 1/2 inches up to 5 1/2 inches or more on the market. Peekytoe crabs have white meat with little specks of pink and a very sweet flavor that is enjoyed by all types of chefs. When cooked, its claws are a light pink to red color with black tips. The Japanese Spider is a type of large crab with long legs. King crabs (Paralithodes camtschaticus) are counted as one of the best and most common types of edible crabs because of their large size and delightful taste. Blue Crab . Found quite frequently on the Eastern coast of the United States, blue crabs can be from 3.5 to 5.5 inches in sizes, sometimes larger. The Horsehair crab is a type of small to medium-sized edible crab. The Dungeness crab is a relatively large type of ocean crab. The jeweled anemone crab has a symbiotic relationship with two types of anemone. The crab varieties come by these names due to the color of their shells. In order to be harvested, they are required by law to be a minimum of 6.25 inches in length, and only the males are allowed to be harvested. This is a type of green crab that is generally found in rivers and streams in Italy, Greece and the Balkans. Bairdi crabs are a member of the snow crab species and one of the few types of edible crabs. Search for a species: Advanced search. Bairdi crabs are also called “true” crabs, and their pincer claws are in the front of their legs. The brown shell turns a lighter shade of brown when cooked. Their size could reach up to 10 inches. With Hermit crabs, lifespans and sizes vary greatly and in fact, they can live anywhere from a few months all the way up to thirty years. They vary in size from the Pea Crab which is 0.27 to 0.47 inches in length to the Japanese Spider Crab that spans 12 feet from claw to claw. 1,594. The reason they are called. An adult brown crab can weigh up to 6.6 lbs (3 kg) with about one-third of its weight being meat. Moreover, each long leg of the Coconut crab can be as wide as three feet in span, although their maximum size isn’t reached until they are roughly forty to sixty years old. Crabs are a type of crustacean that belong to the order Brachyura. To narrow down the options, let’s look at some of the most popular types of pet crabs. For simply steamed legs, try this King Crab Leg recipe. The Horsehair crab (Erimacrus isenbeckii) is a popular crab variety in Japanese cuisine. They are captured mostly through hooks and lines, baited pots, nets, and even by hand. As hermit crabs grow, they have to discard their shells and look for larger ones. There is usually plenty of meat in the body as well as the legs and claws. The crabs with less meat will float to the top of the tank, and they then sell those crabs as “lights.”. The Florida Stone crab (Menippe mercenaria) is another popular type of marine crab that is prized for its delicious delicately-flavored meat. They have … Different types of crabs inhabit cold saltwater regions, warm sea areas, bodies of fresh water, and they also live on the land. Many people say that coconut crabs taste like a cross between a crab and a lobster. These ‘crabs’ are more closely related to squat lobsters. 5. 15 Different Types of Ivy (Plus Essential Facts), 4 Types of Fossil Fuels (Plus Interesting Facts), Three Types of Mammals (Plus Examples for Each). Another species of hermit crabs, the Coenobita rugosus, looks very similar to the Ecuadorian crabs except for a few key differences. When caught in the wild, Red King crabs have light brown jaggy body. The shallows at Three Tree Point are a good place to encounter this species. This is where geothermic energy is released into sea water due to holes in the earth's crust. Systematics. There are also Dungeness crabs and blue crabs where most of the succulent snow-white meat is in the body. Coconut crabs are that they love coconuts and will even climb trees to get at them. It has a large body which can measure up to 16” (40 cm) in width. Northern Kelp Crab Pugettia producta Typical size: 1-3” across carapace ID: Smooth carapace top. This crab can be found in the ocean along the Pacific Coast. if ( localStorage.getItem(skinItemId ) ) { One of the reasons Dungeness crabs are so popular is due to their sweet-tasting meat. Source = Shopify . There are many types of crab; each crab has its own characteristics and is used for cooking or for different purposes. Soft-shell crabs are blue crabs that have molted. In fact, its scientific name literally means ‘beautiful savory swimmer.’ These swimming crabs can grow to about 9” (23 cm) in width (excluding the length of the legs). Different crab species require different marine environments for survival. Photo: basykes / flickr / CC-BY 2.0. The rugosus, or ruggie, comes in a variety of colors: black, blue, tan, gray, peach, and even white. The total number of species of freshwater crabs, including undescribed species, is thought to be up to 65% higher, potentially up to 2,155 species, although most of the additional species are currently unknown to science. The meat can be eaten plain, stuffed into spring rolls, scattered on salads, or used in other creative ways. Snow crabs found in the Bering Sea can be found approximately 650 feet below the surface, in sandy or muddy environments. These invertebrates are omnivores and consume algae, fungi, bacteria, other crustaceans, mollusks, and worms. There are over 6,000 types of crab and crab subspecies. When it comes to large crabs, the Red King crab is certainly one of the biggest crabs in the world. Brown, brown-yellow, or dark red carapace. Blue crabs are a type of swimming crab that have 2 paddle-like feet to help it swim. These animals usually live in intertidal zones, such as the shores of beaches, estuaries and mangroves. Another type of huge Alaskan king crab is the Blue King Crab (Paralithodes platypus). The King Crab. In the first list we have atlantic rock crab or also known as Cancer irroratus for its scientific name.This species of crab can’t be underestimated because of its small size which is only about 13 mm. Although their shell-to-meat ratio is relatively small, they are still edible and very tasty. Its Latin name, Calinectes sapidus, means "beautiful swimmer," and it is indeed a beautiful blue-green color. In recent years, Bairdi crabs have suffered due to overfishing, which has resulted in strict controls being placed over fisheries that specialize in this type of crab. Here, learn all about the general identifying information for the most well-known edible types of crab. You can eat hermit crabs; however, they are generally quite small and not worth the bother. This is not a problem for them, because they can grow another leg from the scar where the last one was found. Crabs are very old creatures, dating back to the Jurassic Period which was 200 million years ago. The meat of the female crabs is a brown type of crab meat that has a rich flavor. Their behavior has also earned them various names. Most varieties of crab have hard outer shell (called an exoskeleton), 3 walking legs on either side of their body, and 2 pinching claws. 1. 5 Orangutan Crab Achaeus Japonicus. Hermit crab is a type of small crab that doesn’t develop its own hard shell. One of the unique features of this crab-like species is that they don’t develop their own hard exoskeleton. This is a small to medium-sized crab. The meat from male brown crabs is whiter and has a sweeter flavor. } catch(e) {}, Nayturr The enormous cold-water crab can weigh up to 42 lbs (19 kg)! One type of edible freshwater crab is the Southern European crab (Potamon fluviatile). The Peekytoe crab (Cancer irroratus) is a brown rock crab species that thrives in cold waters in the Atlantic Ocean. It can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. Due to the hardness of the claws, you need a mallet or crab crackers to get to the meat. The Brown crab is one of the most popular varieties of edible sea crab in the UK. These large-sized crabs are found in the waters around the East Coast of the US, the Gulf of Mexico, Japan, and Europe. They’re sold live, cooked whole, frozen, and as picked meat. Although rarely on the menu, Coconut crabs (Birgus latro) are an edible type of land-dwelling crab. The snow crabs or Chionoecetes opilio in scientific terms, are a type of crab very popular in Alaska. Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. Coconut crabs inhabit islands in the Indian and Pacific oceans. Compared to the size of other popular types of edible crabs, the Peekytoe crab is a medium-sized crab. They are also called Tanner crabs and are a variety of the Snow crab. _g1.setAttribute('srcset', _g1.getAttribute('data-srcset')); Similar to the Florida Stone crab, the claws of this seawater crab have black tips. If you don’t know the major differences about the crabs, below is the list of types of crabs to make you aware more about these giant species. These crabs are found in the warm waters in Central America and the East Coast of the US. Snow crabs (Chionoecetes opilio) are also called rock crabs and are a type of Alaskan crab with long legs. They have a sweet, succulent flesh that is pink in color, and their prime season is Winter time. For example, the name ‘coconut crab’ is because of their ability to climb up palms, pick coconuts, and then open them on the ground. Certain crabs can also make a very tasty meal! 13+ Different Types of Crabs. You can boil them in a similar way to Blue crab and they have a rich sweet taste. Blue crab claws are also available. This is when a crab has just shed its outer shell (exoskeleton) and the new one hasn’t hardened yet. Stone crabs have large claws that are very hard and have a lot of meat on the inside. You can click in to each one to find more information about each type, view pictures and find where their respective habitat's are and crab season's. It is also a variety of the Hermit crab, although it doesn’t have a shell when it is fully grown as those crabs do. } catch(e) {}. This becomes a deep red color when cooked. Types Of Crabs - There are about 850 types of crabs that are found throughout tropical and semi-tropical regions. Among the three types the Alaskan king crab is known to be the popular crab with relatively high prices. Blue Crab A native of the western edge of the Atlantic Ocean, the blue crab ranges from Nova Scotia to Argentina. These different types of crab can be cooked in numerous ways, although most people prefer to boil or steam their crab. In fact, this type of crab is very popular among chefs nowadays, because that’s how good the meat is, in part because you can use this crab in everything from salads to crab rolls and much more. They are bottom-dwelling omnivores whose males can reach up to nine inches in the width of their shell. Stone crabs are caught from October through March. The Horseshoe crab is rarely eaten due to its low meat content. Soft-shell crabs. However, Ecuadorian crabs have more variation of color, such as darker-colored feet, whereas the body of a ruggie is the same, uniform color. In order to grow larger, crabs have to shed their old shell and form a new one. Actually, the coconut crab is a type of hermit crab. Even though they are a beautiful blue color, they do change to a reddish color as other crabs when they are cooked. Until around 1997, these crabs were a throwaway product and were considered of little use by most lobster fishermen. The main types of Alaskan Crab are the following: Alaskan King crab, Red King crab, Blue King crab, Golden King Crab, Russian King crab, Jonah crab, Dungeness crab, Snow crab, Tanner crab, Opilio, and Biardi. Different species of crab really vary in size and in their behaviour. Some of them make great pets, whereas others aren’t as suitable. With stone crabs, only the claws themselves are eaten, and since crabs can regenerate their claws every eighteen months, fishermen often twist off a claw and toss the crabs back into the water, leaving them with one claw to defend themselves. Their popular name is a misnomer, as they are not true crabs, nor even crustaceans, as crabs are, but a different order of arthropod.. It also has various color such as orange, red, and purple. Horseshoe crabs have ten eyes and in fact, are not really crabs at all, being more closely related to animals such as scorpions, ticks, and even spiders. The meat from cooked Blue crabs is described as salty-sweet. Horseshoe crabs live primarily in and around shallow coastal waters on soft sandy or muddy bottoms. In the waters of U.S. Pacific Ocean we can find three major types of crabs which are the Alaskan king crab, the Dungeness crab and the Snow crab. However, it is most commonly found in the area stretching from Texas to Massachusetts. Why is Volcanic Soil (Andisol) Very Fertile. _g1.setAttribute('src', _g1.getAttribute('data-src') ); Horseshoe crabs are from the Limulidae family and live in shallow coastal waters of the Atlantic and Eastern Pacific Oceans. The taste of this variety of crab is described as moist and tender with salty hints of the ocean. It is not so much an exploration of the different families of crabs as an examination of what kinds of places crabs live with examples of individual species. 3. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-source'); There are giant snow crabs or king crabs with their long spiky legs and claws that contain most of the crab’s meat. When it comes to taste, the spider crab has a sweeter taste than brown varieties of crab. Hermit crabs are not a true species of crab as they don’t belong to the Brachyura infraorder. Its carapace can grow up to 5.25” (13 cm) in diameter. Not only do the shells protect the abdomen, but the crabs can also hide within them whenever necessary. There are roughly 1,100 species of Hermit crabs, divided into seven different families. try { They are characterized by the brown tones of the upper part of their shells, which become lighter in the lower one. Dungeness crab is one of the best crabs to eat. Often called the Alaskan King crab, the Russian crab, or the Japanese crab, these crabs can get up to 25 pounds in weight and up to ten feet in size. Of course, this is not to say you should pick up a horseshoe crab by the tail, because that action can harm the animal. This species of crab is also found in the cold seas around Alaska and in the North Atlantic Ocean. They are small crabs of no more than 5 cm across which are distributed along West Africa, the Western Atlantic, the Eastern Pacific and the Indo-Pacific. These crabs are also known as calling crabs, and belong to the family Ocypodidae. There are thousands of different types of crabs that are divided into over 850 species. For protection from predators, hermit crabs need to find empty shells that they will ‘live’ in. Of all of the Snow crab varieties, this type of crab is by far the largest, and it can be steamed, boiled, grilled, sautéed, or even roasted. The graceful crab is very similar in appearance to the Dungeness crab, however it is much smaller and lacks the “teeth” along the edge of the pinchers. The bodies of these super-sized crustaceans can measure up to 11” (28 cm) across and weigh up to 28 lbs (nearly 13 kg). So, just how big is the Japanese spider crab? } Photo credit: Steve Childs. They also have a unique form of protecting themselves, as they usually use one of their legs – which contains a small circular groove at the base – to snap off a leg should it be held by a predator or get entangled to the point where it cannot escape any other way. An adult green crab may only average about 2” (5 cm) and they have been a popular food source for hundreds of years. _g1 = document.getElementById('g1-logo-mobile-inverted-img'); Some species are now endangered because of habitat loss as well as intensive hunt which leads to 1½ million tons of crabs cooked alive every year. The taste of Horsehair crab meat is described as sweet and delicate and is considered as one of the best tasting crab. The Japanese Spider crab (Macrocheira kaempferi) is a scary-looking type of crab that tops the list of crabs with long legs. Visit the Atlas Pages for the Crabs of BC . Other commercially important taxa include Portunus pelagicus, several species in the genus Chionoecetes, the blue crab (Callinectes sapidus), Charybdis spp., Cancer pagurus, the Dungeness crab (Metacarcinus magister), and Scylla serrata, each of which yields more than 20,000 tonnes annually. Because this crab looks like a horseshoe, this is how the item gets its name. 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