Learn about medicine in the Middle Ages. Click here to see our collection of 500 The Medieval Period, or Middle Ages, lasted from around 476 C.E. An illustrated information sheet about medicine in Europe during the Middle Ages. Their ideas set out a theory of the human body relating to the four elements (earth, air, fire and water) and to four bodily humours (blood, phlegm, yellow bile and black bile). ... or that it was caused by 'foul air'. Medicine in the middle ages was ineffective and barbaric. The University of Salerno was considered as the provenance of medical practitioners in the 9th and 10th century, then the profilation of this subject recognised in the University of Paris (1150), Bologna (1158), Oxford (1167), Montpeler (clarification needed) (1181) and Padua University (1222). Need more history worksheets? The causes of illnesses were not understood during the era. Most medieval ideas about medicine were based on those of the ancient work, namely the work of Greek physicians Galen (129–216 CE) and Hippocrates (460–370 BCE). The history of middle age medicine is both interesting and disturbing. to 1453 C.E, starting around the fall of the Western Roman Empire. History: Medicine: Renaissance Period (1500-1700) 53 Terms rebecca_smith789 Edexcel GCSE History - Medicine in Britain c.1250-Present - Medieval Medicine c.1250-1500 46 Terms Can you imagine being cut so that you bleed to treat a headache? Facts about Medicine in The Middle Ages 10 : Medical Universities in Medieval Europe. This category is the legacy of history’s greatest early physicians, upon which much of modern medicine is built. Dissections of human bodies were carried out in these universities so anyone wanting to study medicine in the Middle Ages was not totally ignorant of facts about the human body. 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