Indonesia has the second longest coastline in the world at 99,083 km/61,567 miles. With time, plants, animals, and humans populated the barren landscape. Before the last ice age ended about 10,000 years ago, Norway … Photograph by V. Belov, Shutterstock was named.In the ninth century Harald Fairhair became the first king of all of Norway, consolidating smaller kingdoms through alliance and conquest. Fjords are often set in a U-shaped valley with steep walls of rock on either side.. Fjords are found mainly in Norway, Chile, New Zealand, Canada, Greenland, and the U.S. state of Alaska. 20% of Oxygen Is Produced by the Amazon Factbook > Countries > Norway > Geography. The country's coastline is famous for its picturesque beaches and great diversity of flora and fauna. Facts about Coastlines 9: the national security. Updated as of 2019. The best time to go to Norway is early summer, especially in the months of June and July. California may have a long coastline, but it doesn't come close to Alaska's; in fact, more than half of the entire country's coastline is located in Alaska. It shares the Scandinavian Peninsula with Sweden and Finland. Coastline: 25,148 km (includes mainland 2,650 km, as well as long fjords, numerous small islands, and minor indentations 22,498 km; length of island coastlines 58,133 km) History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of the Nation. Norway claims the heritage of early Norse seafarers, raiders, colonizers, explorers, and merchants for whom the "Viking Age" (793 to 1050 C.E. ) The first people were nomadic hunter-gatherers, and followed the movements of the prey, and the seasons of the year. Norway Coastline. According to legend, the name Norway comes from the Old Norse word Norðrvegr, which means “the way north” – a name given to the long and craggy coast because it was largely ice-free in wintertime. Norway is a northern European country covering an area of 385,207 sq. A fjord is a long, deep, narrow body of water that reaches far inland. It is considered as a frontier of a nation to stay away from the illegal migrants, smugglers and invaders. Come summer, high temperatures in Norway are usually in the high 60s to low 70s Fahrenheit (20 to 22 degrees Celsius), but can rise into the mid-80s Fahrenheit (30 degrees Celsius), even farther north. The national security of a country is also determined by the protection on the coast. Sognefjorden, a fjord in Norway, is more than 160 kilometers (nearly 100 miles) long. Norway is a narrow country in northern Europe. Norway’s coastline was the first to appear through the melting ice. Most of the U.S. Coastline is in Alaska. View Images. Norway’s coast is the landscape of legends.Fjords tower over bright blue waterways, colorful fishing villages hug rocky shores, Sami tribesmen herd … To protect the national security, coast guard is formed. Summer in Norway . Still, Norway has a lot of weather. 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