All these highways, totaling 210 km in length, have a free flow toll system. The city center of Santiago is situated at approximately 16° 41' North, 121° 33' East, in the island of Luzon. Lo Prado, Santiago Elevation on Map Having been sent by Francisco Pizarro from Peru and having made the long journey from Cuzco, Extremadura conquistador Pedro de Valdivia reached the valley of the Mapocho on 13 December 1540. 6. - 12.21 km/7.59 mi - 0 2 0 However, the constant danger faced by Concepción, due partly to its proximity to the War of Arauco and also to a succession of devastating earthquakes, would not allow the definitive establishment of the Royal Court in Santiago until 1607. The latitude of Santiago, Chile is -33.447487, and the longitude is -70.673676.Santiago, Chile is located at Chile country in the Cities place category with the gps coordinates of 33° 26' 50.9532'' S and 70° 40' 25.2336'' W. Colectivos are shared taxicabs that carry passengers along a specific route for a fixed fee. The city is flanked by the main chain of the Andes to the east and the Chilean Coastal Range to the west. The 1992 census showed that Santiago had become the country's most populous municipality with 328,881 inhabitants. - 11.12 km/6.91 mi - During recent decades, urban growth has outgrown the boundaries of the city, expanding to the east up the slopes of the Andean Precordillera. Airport Use: Open to the Public: Airport Communications. Provides buses to towns around southern Santiago, Viña del Mar, Temuco and Puerto Montt. - 2.93 km/1.82 mi - Various green areas in the city contain within and around various sites of heritage character. [20], Santiago's location within a watershed is one of the most important factors determining the climate of the city. Although it caused few casualties, it left many people homeless and destroyed many old buildings. To reinvent the area, the main shopping streets were turned into pedestrian walkways, such as the Paseo Ahumada, and the government instituted tax benefits for the construction of residential buildings, which attracted young adults. [66] It was the first FIA sanctioned race in the country. On the other hand, the traditional inhabitants of the center began to migrate out of the city to more rural areas like Providencia and Ñuñoa, which hosted the oligarchy and the European immigrant professionals, and San Miguel for middle-class families. The next longest path is along the Mapocho River along Andrés Bello Avenue. Ex-president, Sebastián Piñera, minister Ricardo Raineri, and minister Hernán de Solminihac all attended PUC as students and worked in PUC as professors. On 27 February 2010, a strong earthquake struck the capital, causing some damage to older buildings. Pobladores de Chile, 1565–1580, libro de Juan Guillermo Muñoz Correa, Ediciones Universidad de la Frontera, Temuco, 1989. It received recognition by the Chilean government as an appointed Pontifical University in 1931. The definition of this metropolitan area has evolved due to the continuing expansion of the city and the absorption of smaller cities and rural areas. In its early years, the city had a rate of growth 2.9% annually until the 17th century, then down to less than 2% per year until the early 20th century figures. Recoleta on map The city has a varying elevation, gradually increasing from 400 m (1,312 ft) in the western areas to more than 700 m (2,297 ft) in the eastern areas. Closest 30 localities: 1. In addition, the radio stations ADN Radio Chile, Radio Agricultura, Radio Concierto, Radio Cooperativa, Radio Pudahuel and Radio Rock & Pop are located in the city. Two new earthquakes hit the city, one on 19 November 1822, and another on 20 February 1835. The Costanera Center, a mega project in Santiago's Financial District, includes a 280,000-square-metre (3,000,000 sq ft) mall, a 300-meter (980 ft) tower, two office towers of 170 meters (558 ft) each, and a hotel 105 meters (344 ft) tall. The original building was built between 1784 and 1805, and architect Joaquín Toesca was in charge of its construction. Many of the ski resorts around Santiago are located at around 3,000 metres elevation and may have lift access up to over 3,500 metres. Also is the Planetarium at the University of Santiago de Chile. 805,000 cars passed through the city, which is 37.6% of the national total[clarification needed] or one car for every seven people.[60]. Terminal La Paz: located about two blocks away from the fresh fruit and vegetables market "Vega Central;" the closest Metro station is "Puente Cal y Canto." Only a few historical buildings from the Spanish colonial period remain in the city, because – like the rest of the country – Santiago is regularly hit by earthquakes. New routes were introduced in 1994 and the buses were painted yellow. La Casa Colorada houses the Museum of Santiago, while the Colonial Museum is housed in a wing of the Church of San Francisco and the Museum of Pre-Columbian Art occupies part of the old Palacio de la Aduana. It also prevents the entry of air masses, with the exception of some coastal low clouds that penetrate to the basin through the river valleys.[21]. The Former National Congress Building, the Justice Palace, and the Royal Customs Palace (Palacio de la Real Aduana de Santiago) are located close to each other. There are plans for a Saks Fifth Avenue in Santiago. The cause of this was a strategy by the local indigenous Picunche to stop cultivation and retreat to more distant places. In addition to football, several sports are played in the city, tennis and basketball being the main ones. The average distance people usually ride in a single trip with public transit is 7.4 km, while 15% travel for over 12 km in a single direction. The city outskirts are surrounded by vineyards and Santiago is within an hour of both the mountains and the Pacific Ocean. Modernity expanded in the city, with the appearance of the first theaters, the extension of the telephone network and the opening of the Airport Los Cerrillos in 1928, among other advances. The Metro would become one of the most prestigious buildings in the city. On 12 February 1541 Valdivia officially founded the city of Santiago del Nuevo Extremo (Santiago of New Extremadura) near the Huelén, renamed by the conqueror as Santa Lucia. The border between Argentina and Chile follows the Andes Mountains. The Mapocho River flows through the city. Topographic Map of Santiago, Chile. The commune, administered by the Municipality of Santiago and headed by a mayor, is part of the Santiago Province headed by a provincial delegate, which is in itself a subdivision of the Santiago Metropolitan Region headed by an intendant. Cerrillos on map The Sierra de Ramón represents the "Precordillera" of the Andes. Chile covers a total area of about 756,096 sq. Am traveling by bus in February from Santiago to Mendoza and would like to know if anyone knows about how long the bus will be at altitude above about 8,000 feet. The 1647 Santiago earthquake devastated the city, and inspired Heinrich von Kleist's novel, The Earthquake In Chile. [51] In January 2010, Cencosud announced the restart of the project, and this was taken generally as a symbol of the country's success over the global financial crisis. This figure reflects broad growth in the population of the city during the 20th century: it had 383,587 inhabitants in 1907; 1,010,102 in 1940; 2,009,118 in 1960; 3,899,619 in 1982; and 4,729,118 in 1992. Santiago, Country: Elevation : 586 meters / 1922.57 feet, 3. Falabella, Paris, Johnson, Ripley, La Polar, and several other department stores dot the mall landscape of Chile. Its capital is Santiago. Transantiago is the name for the city's public transport system. [16], Precipitation is usually only rain, as snowfall only occurs in the Andes and Precordillera, being rare in eastern districts, and extremely rare in most of the city. Due to Santiago's location on the Pacific Ring of Fire at the boundary of the Nazca and South American plates, it experiences a significant amount of tectonic activity. The airport is located in the western commune of Pudahuel. Santiago is the cultural, political and financial center of Chile and is home to the regional headquarters of many multinational corporations. - 7.4 km/4.6 mi - Cabify and Uber also operate in Santiago. In 1851 the first telegraph system connecting the capital with the Port of Valparaíso was inaugurated.[6]. The temperature may even drop to 0 °C (32 °F), especially during the morning. In 1979, the master plan was amended. Founded in 1541 by the Spanish conquistador Pedro de Valdivia, Santiago has been the capital city of Chile since colonial times. The basin is approximately 80 kilometres (50 miles) in a north–south direction and 35 km (22 mi) from east to west. This line, inaugurated in 2017, serves 8 million people per year, with 12 trains serving 10 stations with a frequency of 6 minutes during rush hours, and 12 during the rest of the time. In Chile, there are several entities which have the name of "Santiago" that are often confused. But, besides this, there is a twinkling in the eyewhich cannot indicate anything but cunning and ferocity. With the end of the war, Bernardo O'Higgins was accepted as Supreme Director and, like his father, began a number of important works for the city. There are several bus terminals in Santiago: A network of free flow toll highways connects the various areas of the city. The topography within 2 miles of Santiago contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 285 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,818 feet. Air pollution reached critical levels during the winter months and a layer of smog settled over the city. Santiago, Chile - Travel and vacation weather averages, current conditions and forecasts. Close to Costanera Center another skyscraper is already in use, Titanium La Portada, 190 meters (623 ft) tall. Elevation : 505 meters / 1656.82 feet, 9. The Metro was expanded considerably, lines were extended and three new lines were built between 1997 and 2006 in the southeastern sector. In the case of buses, the system underwent a major reform in the early 1990s. Entering the twenty-first century, rapid development continued in Santiago. An extensive network of streets and avenues stretching across Santiago facilitate travel between the different communities that make up the metropolitan area. The system carries around 2,400,000 passengers per day. In order to provide more closeness to the population, incorporating new technologies and complement the services provided by public libraries and the National Library was opened in 2005 the Library of Santiago at Barrio Matucana. This system also offers reduced fares for the elderly, as well as high school and university students. [28] The first earthquake on record to strike Santiago occurred in 1575, 34 years after the official founding of Santiago. Following colonial rule, Valdivia entrusted the layout of the new town to master builder Pedro de Gamboa, who would design the city grid layout. Capítulo III: "La Universidad de Chile 1842 – 1879." In addition, the work would include a sewer system, covering about 85% of the urban population. In the 2010 admission process, approximately 48% of the students who achieved the best score in the Prueba de Selección Universitaria matriculated in the UC.[73]. Renca, Santiago Elevation on Map This significant increase was the result of suburban growth to the south and west of the capital, and in part to La Chimba, a vibrant district growing from the division of old properties that existed in the area. It is the center of Chile's most densely populated region, the Santiago Metropolitan Region, whose total population is 7 million, of which more than 6 million live in the city's continuous urban area. [29], The easternmost neighbourhoods of the city lies in a zone prone to landslides. Santiago has 37% of Chile's vehicles, with a total of 991,838 vehicles, 979,346 of which are motorized. [31] In the 1990s air pollution fell by about one-third, but there has been little progress since 2000. During the call Patria Nueva, closed institutions reopened. Parque Araucano in Las Condes adjacent to the Parque Arauco shopping mall contains 30 hectares of gardens. The city became the main hub of the national railway system. As in most of Chile, the majority of the population of Santiago is Catholic. The groups were mainly nomadic hunter-gatherers, who traveled from the coast to the interior in search of guanacos during the time of the Andean snowmelt. San Joaquín, Santiago Elevation on Map The city is situated in the center of the Santiago Basin, a large bowl-shaped valley consisting of broad and fertile lands surrounded by mountains.. As of August 2019, the population of Santiago is about 6,300,000 people.. Santiago covers a total area of 641 square kilometers (248 square miles). The railway network was extended allowing connection of the city with its nascent suburbs by a new rail ring and route to the Cajón del Maipo, while a new railway station was built in the north of the city: the Mapocho Station. The latter houses the Museum of pre-Columbian art. Estimates in 2007 show that 32.9% of men and 30.7% of women were less than 20 years old, while 10.2% of men and 13.4% of women were over 60 years. These two events, however, did not prevent the city's rapid, continued growth. This range reaches 3296 metres at Cerro de Ramón. The four office towers are served by highway and subway connections.[63]. The club hosts its home games in the Estadio Monumental in the commune of Macul. The population surged again via migration from rural sectors between 1940 and 1960. In 1966 the Santiago Metropolitan Park was established in the Cerro San Cristóbal, MINVU began eradicating shanty towns and building new homes. The period between 2000 and 2017 has been registered 9 snowfalls and only two have been measured in the central sector (2007 and 2017). The growth of the previous decades led to an unprecedented population explosion starting in 1929. At the Mapocho river's southern side, the Parque Forestal was created and new buildings such as the Museum of Fine Arts, the Barros Arana public boarding school and the National Library were opened. These mountains contribute to a considerable smog problem, particularly during winter. During this time the downtown district was consolidated into a commercial, financial and administrative center, with the establishment of various portals and locales around Ahumada Street and a Civic District in the immediate surroundings of the Palace of La Moneda. This development was extended to Barrio Alto, which became an attractive location for the construction of high-rise buildings. Close by is the Municipal Theatre of Santiago, which was built in 1857 by the French architect Brunet of Edward Baines. In communes such as Santiago Centro and Independencia, according to 2017 census, 1/3 of residents is a Latin American immigrant (28% and 31% of the population of these communes, respectively). About the year 800, the first sedentary inhabitants began to settle due to the formation of agricultural communities along the Mapocho River, mainly maize, potatoes and beans, and the domestication of camelids in the area. [56][57] Line 6 was inaugurated in 2017, adding 10 stations to the network and approximately 15 km (9 mi) of track. Elevation is 249.0 feet MSL. Cerrillos, Santiago Elevation on Map Other major roads include the Avenida Los Pajaritos to the west and Providencia Avenue and Apoquindo Avenue to the east. EFE provides suburban rail service under the brandname of Metrotren. For the upper class, it began to approach the foothills of Las Condes and La Reina sector. Santiago's rainfall is highly variable and heavily influenced by the El Niño Southern Oscillation cycle, with rainy years coinciding with El Niño events and dry years with La Niña events. Landslides of the debris flow type in particular are a significant hazard. However, this growth was experienced on the outskirts and not in the town itself. The city has a downtown core of 19th-century neoclassical architecture and winding side-streets, dotted by art deco, neo-gothic, and other styles. Finally, the Edificio Diego Portales was constructed in 1972. Chile is a privileged country to enjoy the mountain and one of the most beautiful locations for the Best Trekking in Santiago are the mountains surrounding it. This page shows the elevation/altitude information of Valparaíso, Valparaiso Region, Chile, including elevation map, topographic map, narometric pressure, longitude and latitude. The aristocracy built small palaces for residential use, mainly around the neighborhood Republica and preserved until today. In 2011 they were champions of Copa Sudamericana, the only Chilean team to have won this tournament. The club's wins include 30 national titles, 10 Copa Chile successes, and champions of the Copa Libertadores tournament in 1991, the only Chilean team to have won this tournament. Colo-Colo, founded on 19 April 1925, has a long tradition, and has played continuously in the highest league since the establishment of the first Chilean league in 1933. There is no indigenous name for the area occupied by Santiago; Mapuche language uses the name "Santiaw" as an adaptation of the Spanish name of the city. Joaquín Larraín Gandarillas (1822–1897), Archbishop of Anazarba, was the founder and first rector of the PUC. The club was founded on 24 May 1927, under the name Club Deportivo Universitario as a union of Club Náutico and Federación Universitaria. In the summer days are very warm to hot, often reaching over 30 °C (86 °F) and a record high close to 38 °C (100 °F),[19] while nights are very pleasant and cool, at 11 °C (52 °F). However, the shrine would not be completed until some decades later. A new redevelopment of the Alameda Avenue turned it into the main road of the city. Elevation : 56 meters / 183.73 feet, 16. - 8.65 km/5.37 mi - Each solar (quarter block) was given to the settlers, who built houses of mud and straw. It is the center of Chile's most densely populated region, the Santiago Metropolitan Region, whose total population is 7 million, of which more than 6 million live in the city's continuous urban area. - 6.44 km/4 mi - In 1865, the census reported 115,337 inhabitants. The commune of Santiago, sometimes referred to as "Downtown/Central Santiago" (Santiago Centro), is an administrative division that comprises roughly the area occupied by the city during its colonial period. Major companies and financial corporations were established in the area, which gave rise to a thriving modern business center known as Sanhattan. The elevation map of Santiago,Chile is generated using elevation data from NASA's 90m resolution SRTM data. Macul, Santiago Elevation on Map [69] Construction at the site was completed and the temple was dedicated in October 2016.[70]. Other important buildings were opened during this era, such as the Teatro Municipal opera house, and the Club Hípico de Santiago. The real estate development in these municipalities and others like Quilicura and Peñalolén largely came from the construction of housing projects for middle-class families. Vitacura, Santiago Elevation on Map Santiago also known as Santiago de Chile is the capital and largest city of Chile.. Maipú, Santiago Elevation on Map Cerro Navia on map The Quinta Normal Park also has several museums, among which are the already mentioned of Natural History, Artequin Museum, the Museum of Science and Technology and the Museo Ferroviario. Elevation : 508 meters / 1666.67 feet, 22. It is close to the Andes mountains, so you have close to it Cerro el Plomo that is 5400 meters high. Santiago, Chile ; Destinations in United States. The streets of Santiago were paved and by 1875 there were 1,107 railway cars in the city, while 45,000 people used tram services on a daily basis. The maps also provides idea of topography and contour of Santiago,Chile. - 7.9 km/4.91 mi - Directions . - 6.66 km/4.14 mi - The city, which became the capital of the new nation, was threatened by various events, especially the nearby military actions. In 1780, Governor Agustín de Jáuregui hired the Italian architect Joaquín Toesca, who would design, among other important works, the façade of the cathedral, the Palacio de La Moneda, the canal San Carlos, and the final construction of the embankments during the government of Ambrosio O'Higgins. The average amount of time people wait at a stop or station for public transit is 15 min, while 21% of riders wait for over 20 minutes on average every day. La Florida, Santiago Elevation on Map To differentiate with other cities called Santiago, the South American city is sometimes called "Santiago de Chile" in Spanish and other languages. Elevation : 172 meters / 564.3 feet, 15. The O'Higgins government also oversaw the opening of the road to Valparaíso in 1791, which connected the capital with the country's main port. The mountain lacks true … The stratovolcano, which is shared with Argentina, is part of the Andean ranges and lies within the Atacama Desert. Lo Prado on map In the following decades, Santiago continued to grow unabated. This created urban sprawl, especially in La Florida, with the city reaching 40 619 ha in size in the early 1990s. - 4.94 km/3.07 mi - Bandera street leads toward the building of the Santiago Stock Exchange (the Bolsa de Comercio), completed in 1917, the Club de la Unión (opened in 1925), the Universidad de Chile (1872), and toward the oldest churchhouse in the city, the San Francisco Church (constructed between 1586 and 1628), with its Marian statue of the Virgen del Socorro ("Our Lady of Help"), which was brought to Chile by Pedro de Valdivia. - 11.38 km/7.07 mi - Santiago has a wealth of museums of different kinds, among which are three of 'National' class administered by the Directorate of Libraries, Archives and Museums (DIBAM): the National History Museum, National Museum of Fine Arts and the National Museum of Natural History. [45] Other communes of Greater Santiago with high numbers of immigrants are Estación Central (17%) and Recoleta (16%). 1. The topography within 2 miles of Santiago contains only modest variations in elevation, with a maximum elevation change of 285 feet and an average elevation above sea level of 1,818 feet. The Santiago Basin is part of the Intermediate Depression and is remarkably flat, interrupted only by a few "island hills;" among them are Cerro Renca, Cerro Blanco, and Cerro Santa Lucía. In areas such as La Dehesa, Lo Curro, and El Arrayan, urban development is present at over 1,000 metres of altitude. Lo Espejo on map [28], The 1960 Valdivia earthquake and the 1985 Algarrobo earthquake both caused damage in Santiago, and led to the development of strict building codes with a view to minimising future earthquake damage. San Joaquín on map All such trains arrive and depart from the Estación Central railway station (Central Station), which can be accessed by bus or subway. 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