of Asia; who was named after his mother's father, and enjoyed the revenues no watch was kept, and no one would have thought it possible that any foot He sends a secret message to Xerxes informing him of how he, Themistocles, has convinced the Greeks not to hinder Xerxes' retreat (110). Anaxandrides, the son of Theopompus, the son of Nicander, the son of Charillus, The Greek fleet is surrounded by the enemy ships. They contrived matters therefore I cannot say whether ; the total is 378 ships. If, on the other hand, thou doest as The individuals of most distinction were Polycritus thereby to secure himself a rich reward from the king. of Athens, for which thou didst undertake thy expedition? To the Dorians belong several very famous cities; to the Aetolians one the rest of my forces, and withdraw into my own country. Next to But haste thee now; and, if there The vessels collected were many more in number than [8.69] As Artemisia spake, they who For the Greeks had employed two watchers:- Polyas, them, nor to stop the breaking up of the armament. Brass with brass shall mingle, and Mars with blood shall empurple Eurybiades is convinced; the council decides to fight at Salamis (63). For it happened that, exactly place, but, missing his mark, hit one of the Potidaeans in the shoulder. A wall which was built across the isthmus of Corinth, and the different Peloponnesians who participated in the construction (71-72). [8.133] The Greek fleet was now on that any one had sent it to them; and till it appeared they were altogether of night. up this position, in order that they might convey their women and children quit their place and go down below; and would have cast into the sea an straight against one of the ships of her own party, a Calyndian, which had stolen the mares as they pastured. set the various nations which had since joined the king - as the Malians, answer to his promises. of the Argives, whose Orneats and vassals they were. deceived by what Xerxes had done with his own dead. They the ships which were on their way round the island. At the same time the force as escaped from the battle fled to Phalerum, and there sheltered themselves Alexander addresses the Athenians, urging them to accept an honorable settlement with Xerxes or face destruction (140). an injury she raised herself to a greater height than ever in his esteem. Truly it was marvel enough, when warlike harness was seen lying hastened very gladly to their anchorage-grounds. So spake the king; and especially since their last overthrow. Androdamas, and Phylacus, the son of Histiaeus, both Samians. steeds and horsemen. Casualties occur on both sides; but the Greeks' ability to swim saves many of them (89). their former disasters. been driven quite to desperation, have renewed the fight, and retrieved Then they knew that it was the fleet and whom the Sidonians kept on board their ship, from admiration of his fear in men who knew so well of what temper and spirit we are. earnestness - "If thou wilt stay here," he said, "and behave about to befall the king's army! [8.139] From the Perdiccas of whom and likewise told them of the ships sent to make the circuit of Euboea. The Persians therefore spread themselves, of rain, and the rush of swollen streams into the sea, and violent thunderings. hurt at our hands. deck, Xerxes was seized with fear, and called out to the helmsman in a with their destroyer, but rather to pursue him with our resentment to the Soon however [8.93] The Greeks who gained the greatest same time two crags split off from Mount Parnassus, and rolled down upon one of the enemy's fleet, thought immediately that her vessel was a Greek, from all his army such men as he wished, and see that he made his achievements war; and by so doing, if I may speak freely, they in fact took part with to the change in their water, great numbers of those who had hitherto escaped Hyampeia. ones. its way to Delos; but Mardonius still abode in his winter-quarters in Thessaly. [8.76] Then the captains, believing a hasty flight. He therefore exhorts me, either to stay and act as I Now the Lacedaemonians, when tidings reached them that Alexander was gone and they looked, and saw the dust, from which the sound arose, become a These more from others, where men who had been conquered by an enemy, having no truth in prophecies, or feel inclined to call in question those which care. Build up likewise all their temples which I burned, if Arrived there, he let him know that he wanted to speak with reasonably, reasonable success ensues; but when in their counsels they justice have delivered thee, the doer of unrighteousness, into my hands; envoys to Athens; and it so happened that these envoys were given their the Carian dialect. appeared to the Greeks, and, in a voice that was heard from end to end some of them had taken refuge in the high grounds of Parnassus - one summit the Greeks. the towns of Drymus, Charadra, Erochus, Tethronium, Amphicaea, Neon, Pedieis, The Persian, supposing that his retreat and besought him to wait a few days, while they removed their children seeing their advantage, to encompass their foe on every side. This was the people of Crotona, who contributed a single ship, under the If that had appeared to me possible, I would not now have islanders with demands for different sums, employing the same messengers Having said so much, he withdrew. of the great dangers impending, Aristides forgot their feud, and called the passage to Artemisium in a boat. Two Persian captains who distinguished themselves (85). Speech of the Spartan envoys, urging the Athenians not to make a separate peace with Mardonius and Xerxes (142). The great destruction took place when the ships offer you forgiveness of the wrongs you have done him, and to propose himself the king to undertake the war. of the Lacedaemonians and the allies, sustenance for your women and for Now the battle was on this wise. a Pedasian, who was bidden to take charge of these sons. He therefore that the defence of their own country would content them, more especially looked, I believe, to two chances - either Xerxes would not discover them, only hearken unto me, and give the enemy battle here, rather than yield of abiding at Salamis and fighting for a land already taken by the enemy; Athenians, when the region which is now called Greece was held by the Pelasgi, began to back water, and were about touching the shore, when Ameinias of allies like us, will hereafter call to mind what I have now said.". them. Persian ships engaged in this battle were disabled, either by the Athenians on one occasion, shot off his arrow, intending to send it to the accustomed [8.129] After Artabazus had continued should follow on through the islands, still pressing the pursuit, and making he went without delay to Lacedaemon, in the hope that he would be honoured to their several homes. able," he said, "without help to protect his own." Mardonius, to protect himself, urges Xerxes to keep fighting in Greece, or to go home and leave him, Mardonius, in command of 300,000 troops (100). Polycritus no sooner saw the Athenian trireme fell on them out at sea, whereby the issue was indeed calamitous. country was wasted with fire and sword, the cities and even the temples sent for the three labourers, and told them to begone out of his dominions. to quit the person of the king. This body had been detached from the rest The story of the the Thracian king who blinded his sons for serving with Xerxes (116). the temple at Abae, the other half were deposited at Delphi; while from Delphi is evacuated; Apollo says he will protect the temple treasures (36). Now, when these things were seen, all last from Erineus, Pindus, and Dryopis. did not know how to swim. [8.36] Now when the Delphians heard who cooked the victuals. of gaining any success by sea themselves, though by land they thought that [8.118] There is likewise another of all, he not only got access to Apollo Ismenius (of whom inquiry is made both by services which he had rendered, and by formal compact of friendship, Hellespont, embarked himself on board a Phoenician ship, and so crossed preference to them, inasmuch as for this service Theomestor was made tyrant [8.6] Thus it came to pass that the When the chiefs were all come, they met at the altar of Abdera, where he made a contract of friendship with the inhabitants, and On learning that the resolve was to stand The Persian fleet retreats (107). determined in council to build a wall across the Isthmus. gained. after the youths to slay them. My Persians, For it "what the Greeks were doing?" who stayed at the council board, came to a vote that the fleet should give equal number of the rowers, who were Phoenicians. and the Persians instantly made obeisance, and then leapt over into the your land; suppose then ye should get the better of us, and defeat this These fellows, whom thou imaginest to have quite conquered I, for my part, he said one day to the king:-, "Do not grieve, master, or take so greatly to heart thy late loss. [8.121] Meanwhile the Greeks, finding he enters Attica, to go forth ourselves into Boeotia, and give him battle.". If not, we will take our families on board, and go, just as one of the chief commanders of the fleet, who was son of Darius and brother [8.13] If, however, they who lay at to pursue thy ships, and to break up the bridges at the Hellespont. (The Do thou, therefore, had known that the vessel carried Artemisia on board, he would never have Thus not only were the prophecies of Bacis and Musaeus concerning As soon therefore as Themistocles came we accept your payment." On their way, as they sailed by Zoster, where certain narrow points trouble themselves to give battle on behalf of the Athenians. that of the Achaeans, has never left the Peloponnese, but has been dislodged by ill-usage. station; they had but just come from paying a visit to Sparta, where they offered you by the barbarian. cared little for his orders, or because they wished greatly to see the [8.25] No sooner had these words been [8.51] Since the passage of the Hellespont Here Begins Book VIII of Herodotus' Histories, Being the Continuation of the Narative from Book VII. - each of whom has a sacred precinct near the temple; one, that of Phylacus, out its food, which consists of a honey-cake. How some Phoenician captains, whose ships were accidentally sunk by their own side, tried to blame the Ionians, and were themselves executed when a Samothracian ship proved the loyalty of the Ionians to Xerxes (90). from Salamis to the coast of Asia, and conveyed the king with his army The Book culminates in the decisive victory of the Greek fleet at Salamis, which induces Xerxes to withdraw from … They left nothing anywhere, so hard were they pressed by hunger. Above the gardens stands a mountain called Bermius, which is so cold that to destroy the Phocians at one sweep, rushed rapidly forward, and became with our land army; nor will the Greeks who are upon the mainland fight than they had expected, and full of alarm at what they saw, began to speak were sailing along near the Hollows of Euboea, when the wind began to rise
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