Nayef succeeded Crown Prince Sultan bin Abdulaziz al … [76], "King Fahd" redirects here. On this somewhat formative trip, Fahd served under his brother, King Faisal who was at that time Saudi Arabia’s acting foreign minister. Among his four wives, Sita bint Fahd was the mother of his six daughters and the youngest of his four sons, Prince Faisal. Hussa bint Ahmed Al Sudairi (1900–1969) was one of the many spouses and cousins of King Abdulaziz and the mother of King Fahd and King Salman, monarchs of Saudi Arabia. Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, (Arabic: فهد بن عبد العزيز ال سعود‎‎ Fahd ibn ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Āl Sa‘ūd) (1921 – 1 August 2005) was King of Saudi Arabia from 1982 to 2005. Having somewhat proven himself as an astute political mind Fahd was appointed Education Minister in 1953. Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud was born on 31 December 1931, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and is a politician, but best known for being the King of Saudi Arabia since 2015 being the head of the House of Saud, and he is also the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. And deteriorating health did not keep him from enjoying his vast personal wealth: he had counted among his residences 12 palaces. Whilst reading at the Princes’ School the young Fahd excelled in his studies, under tutors including the renowned Sheikh Abdul-Ghani Khayat. [18] He was not there during the incident, but the explosion injured nearly 40 staff of the ministry. King Fahd is credited for having introduced the Basic Law of Saudi Arabia in 1992. His half-brother Abdullah served as de facto regent of the kingdom and succeeded Fahd as king upon his death in August 2005. Unfortunately in 1995 the aged King suffered a stroke plunging the royal family into a crisis—albeit one that went on behind closed doors. Overweight for many years, the king suffered from diabetes and both back and knee problems. Nathan, and President of Mauritania Maaouya Ould Sid'Ahmed Taya (under deposition). ", "King Fahd; Saudi Arabian ruler's reign was turbulent", Saudi Arabia's King Fahd Dies; Abdullah Named New Leader, "To Saudis, King Fahd falls short of ideal", "Al Anoud bint Abdulaziz; King Fahd's Wife", "Family Tree of Muhammad bin Fahd bin Abdulaziz Al Saud", "Le prince Mishaal fait la joie du Kempinski et des commerces genevois", "Saudi Royal Court announces death of Princess Al Jawhara bint Fahad bin Abdulaziz", "Saudi King Hospitalized; Condition Is Called Serious", "Sultan will have simple burial at Al Oud cemetery", "Global terrorism The Pakistan-Saudi Arabia nexus", "Senarai Penuh Penerima Darjah Kebesaran, Bintang dan Pingat Persekutuan Tahun 1982", "British honours and orders of Chivalry held by overseas heads of state", International editorial reaction to Fahd's death, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fahd_of_Saudi_Arabia&oldid=995591654, Honorary Grand Commanders of the Order of the Defender of the Realm, Articles with dead external links from August 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 17. One of the covert purposes of the council was thought to be to reduce the power of the Ulemas Council had been increasing its power. However, it was Crown Prince Abdullah who took official trips; when King Fahd traveled it was for vacations, and he was sometimes absent from Saudi Arabia for months at a time. [7] He suffered a debilitating stroke on 29 November 1995[17] and became noticeably frail, and decided to delegate the running of the Kingdom to Crown Prince Abdullah on 2 January 1996. [36], He took steps to support the conservative Saudi religious establishment, including spending millions of dollars on religious education,[37] strengthened separation of the sexes and power of the religious police, publicly endorsed Sheikh Abd al-Aziz ibn Baz's warning to young Saudis to avoid the path of evil by not travelling to Europe and the United States. [33], King Fahd developed a peace plan in order to resolve Arab differences particularly between Algeria and Morocco. [2][3][4] He was the eighth son of Ibn Saud. [52], At the same time as King Fahd presided over a more strict Islamic policy at home he was known to enjoy luxurious living abroad, even in ways that would not be allowed in his own kingdom. King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud, Custodian o the Twa Holy Mosques, (1921 – 1 August 2005) wis the Keeng o the Kinrick o Saudi Arabie, Heid o the Hoose o Saud as well as Prime Meenister. Upon graduating from his studies Fahd took an active role in the polictical life of his country, and in 1945 on his a state visit to New York City to attend the opening session of the General Assembly of the United Nations. Decree expanded the criteria for succession, which had been only seniority family! During this era that Khalid suffered from heart trouble and delegated much of his mother 's urging the! Suffered from diabetes and both back and knee problems, 12 only ruling family, were sometimes for. 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