For more information, visit www.eddmaps.org pp. Durst PB, 1988. Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. ; 23 pp. AVH is a collaborative project of the state, Commonwealth and territory herbaria, developed under the auspices of the Council of Heads of Australasian Herbaria (CHAH), representing the major Australian collections. ( Myrtaceae ). bivalva Eucalyptus robusta Smith, var. 101. The capsules are subglobular to more or less hemispherical, 5-21 mm long x 6-25 mm wide, glaucous or not, weakly 4 … Holliday I, Watton G, 1989. 3rd ed. ; 36 pl. vešlusis eukaliptas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Mirtinių šeimos medieninis augalas (Eucalyptus robusta), paplitęs Australijoje. 1990. Wellington, New Zealand: External Aid Division, Ministry of Foreign Affairs. + 3 maps. and Breyer-Brandwijk, M.G. f. – Risdon peppermint gum P: Species Eucalyptus robertsonii Blakely – narrow-leaf peppermint gum P: Species Eucalyptus robusta Sm. Skolmen RG, 1971. Geary TF, Meskimen GF, Franklin EC, 1983. EDDMapS Distribution: This map is incomplete and is based only on current site and county level reports made by experts and records obtained from USDA Plants Database. + 36 pl. lanaiense, Lanai sandalwood ('iliahi). Nelson RE, Wong WHC, Jr, Wick HL, 1968. National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC. with more than 85,000 entries. Sydney, Australia: McGraw-Hill Book Company, viii + 443pp. 262. For. However, the tree does not prefer these conditions and, if artificially situated on better soils on slopes outside the swamps, it grows much faster. Scientific Name: Eucalyptus robusta. Flora of China Editorial Committee (2014), US Fish and Wildlife Service, Biology of eucalypts. (1797) 283. In: Flora of Australia. Germination of Australian native plant seed. This can be avoided if the timber is air-dried to less than 30% moisture content before kiln-seasoning (Keating and Bolza, 1982). Coleoptera borers (Brazil) and cockchafers (Vietnam) are also reported pests of E. robusta (see review in Fenton et al, 1977). Bot. 1982. Strategies for the genetic improvement of yield in Eucalyptus. Eucalyptus robusta / Wikipedia (2) Eucalyptus robusta / AgroForestryTree Database (3) Studies on the chemical constituents of Eucalyptus robusta Sm. US Fish and Wildlife Service, 19 pp. This species is accepted, and its native range is SE. 1980a. Griffin AR, Burgess IP, Wolf L, 1988. Distribution Maps Species Information Tools & Training My EDDMapS About swampmahogany Eucalyptus robusta Sm. MacMillan, H.F. 1925. Native distribution: east New South Wales and southeast Queensland, Australia. Marked by deeply furrowed dark gray-brown bark, eucalyptus robusta grows well in Halawa. 8 refs. U.S. For. In Australia, it is used in general construction and for underground pilings, utility poles and fence posts. value 700 mm). Griffin AR, 1989. Julissa Rojas-Sandoval, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA, Pedro Acevedo-Rodríguez, Department of Botany-Smithsonian NMNH, Washington DC, USA. Distribution Map: Based on vouchered plant specimens from wild populations. (syn. Institute of Biology's Studies in Biology 61. In: World Agroforestry Centre, http://www.worldagroforestry.org/af/treedb/, PIER, 2014. Carlowitz PG von, 1986. Pulping properties of the wood are given by Fenton et al. double recessive, or other unwanted phenotypes) occurs rapidly in generations after the F1 stage (Geary et al., 1983).Reproductive Biology. Langkamp PJ, 1987. Common fuelwood crops. Plantation sylviculture. Report to the Southern African Regional Commission for the Conservation and Utilization of the Soil (SARCCUS) on tree planting in southern Africa. Medicinal plants of the world. Global Biodiversity Information Facility. Distribution and habitat. Processing Hawaii-grown Robusta Eucalyptus from logs into furniture. However, the impacts on soil quality of different restoration types rarely have been compared systematically. This species occurs in swamps and alongside estuaries in a narrow coastal strip, usually within a few kilometres of the ocean, from Rockhampton, Queensland south to Jervis Bay, New South Wales. An assessment of land biomass and energy Biomass production by fast-growing trees. Robusta eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta), which is also known as swamp mahogany and grows in USDA zones 10 and 11, was introduced to Hawaii from its native Australia in the 1880s. Corymbia gummifera), E. intermedia (syn. Source: James A. Duke. ... though several other species within the Eucalyptus genus have been reported to cause various allergic reactions. Changes in quality indicators of hillside soils reforested with pines (Pinus caribaea) and eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta). obusta eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta Sm. 15. Sta, No. Perry, L.M. Medicinal plants of east and southeast Asia. Eucalyptus robusta swampmahogany This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. Eucalyptus marginata was first formally described in 1802 by James Edward Smith, whose description was published in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.Smith noted that his specimens had grown from seeds brought from Port Jackson and noted a resemblance to both Eucalyptus robusta and E. pilularis. Oct 24, 2017 - Explore Stone Koo's board "Eucalyptus robusta" on Pinterest. Australia: Hamlyn. Eucalyptus seeana Maiden APNI* . ; [ACIAR Monograph No. Eucalyptus genetic improvement in Madagascar. Misc. A palavra Eucalipto (do grego, eu + καλύπτω ) significa “ verdadeira cobertura”, e é isso que as florestas de eucalipto significam para as paisagens Australianas. Sclerophyllous forests Pryor LD, 1976. Pers. Shrub and tree species for energy production. 1971. pp. The logs are prone to sap-stain and pinhole borer attack, yet are moderately resistant to termite attack (Keating and Bolza, 1982; Webb et al., 1984). Ruskin FR, 1983. New Forests, 6:49-66. ; 212 ref. It … 3 vols. It is often used as a timber tree, shade tree, ornamental tree, in shelter belts as a windbreak tree and in water catchment rehabilitation. MIT Press, Wagner WI, Herbst DR, Sohmer SH, 1999. These monospecific plantations have resulted in the conversion of open ecosystems into forest ecosystems and in the loss of native biodiversity by shading, soil exposure and erosion, allelopathic activity and important modifications in water infiltration and nutrient regimes (Sax, 2002; Orwa et al., 2009; I3N-Brazil, 2014). Soc. Univ. The species is widely adaptable and has been introduced into many tropical, subtropical, and warm-temperate climates including Puerto Rico, southern Florida, coastal California, and Hawaii. Sydney, Australia: Inkata Press. Queensland to E. New South Wales. Jacobs MR, 1955. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. [7 refs.]. Pulpwood is the major use of E. robusta in Florida (Durst, 1988). Field Guide to Eucalypts. States Counties Points List Species Info. In 1995 it was estimated that Eucalyptus plantations amounted about 14.6 million ha worldwide (PROTA, 2014). Wood in Australia: types, properties and uses. Nairobi, Kenya: International Council for Research in Agroforestry. Working with mycorrhizas in forestry and agriculture. However, hybrid breakdown (e.g. Nanocellulose from eucalyptus (Eucalyptus robusta Smith) pulp was extracted by simply disrupting the hydrogen bond network of celluloses with high pressure homogenization (HPH).It was found that nanocellulose was 20–100 nm in diameter, and presented a narrower molecular weight distribution, lower thermal stability and crystallinity index. Agricultural Handbook, No. In Australia on several Eucalyptus spp. No. Other trees found growing with E. robusta include various species of Melaleuca and Casuarina glauca. Durst (1988) gives the lower limit of tolerance as -11°C. Also published by PROSEA Foundation, Bogor, Indonesia. It can maintain itself in valley bottoms and swamps. Dunn GM, Taylor DW, Nester MR, Beetson TB, 1994. of southern and eastern Africa. U.S. For. Online Database. Joseph Henry Maiden (1859 - 1925) Painter & forger convicted in 1811 & transported to Botany Bay. Uses Pulpwood Complete list of references for Duke, Handbook of Energy Crops. tropical and sub-tropical plantations. Cultivated occurrences are not mapped. Myrtaceae -- Myrtle family. In: Santalum freycinetianum var. They concluded that the high levels of polymorphism and heterozygosity observed were an indication that the local land race represents a suitable base for further genetic improvement of the species. It is not favoured for general building purposes because of degradation during drying (Bootle, 1983), or for steam-bending (Keating and Bolza, 1982). Photo of large trees from Kalopa, Hawaii. Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. iii. When several references are cited, they may give conflicting information on the status. Berkeley, CA: US. http://botany.si.edu/Antilles/WestIndies/catalog.htm, CABI, Undated. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Little, E.L. Jr. 1983. Eucalyptus (Myrtaceae). Highly adaptable to different environments, Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Benefits from human association (i.e. The common name of swamp mahogany comes from its preferred habitat of swamps, and its timber's likeness to that of West Indies mahogany (Swietenia mahagoni). N.A.S. Therefore, the probability of this species colonizing new habitats or being intentionally introduced into new habitats remains high. Aradhya KM, Phillips VD, 1993. Agricultural Handbook No. - a review. USDA Forest Service Research Paper, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, No. Research Paper, Pacific Southwest Forest and Range Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. A gardener's guide to eucalypts. potential for the Republic of Panama. It is widely planted as a timber tree, and is considered to be invasive in Hawaiʻi and Réunion, and has become naturalised in Florida. Longwood FR, 1961. Timber trees: major commercial timbers. Equal diversity in disparate species assemblages: a comparison of native and exotic woodlands in California. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, 98:1192 pp. PROTA4U web database. Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Sydney, Australia: CSIRO, Australia and Academic Press, 6-65. http://www.hear.org/pier/index.html, PROTA, 2014. More general accounts including illustrations are provided by Boland et al. ... Eucalyptus robusta var. Eucalyptus seed. Tree Size: 65-100 ft (20-30 m) tall, 2-3 ft (.6-1.0 m) trunk diameter. Eucalyptus trials in the Northern Territory coastal region. In Hawaii, the wood has been used mainly for pallets and furniture. Eucalyptus robusta is a tree normally attaining heights of 25-30 m and diameters of 1-1.2 m (giant specimens as tall as 55 m and with a trunk of 25 m are found in Hawaii); ... DOCUMENTED SPECIES DISTRIBUTION The map above shows countries where the species has been planted. However, seedlings are unable to tolerate frost, and hard frosts are harmful to young saplings less than 2 m tall. Incidence of mycorrhiza in nursery and Eucalyptus spp. Young trees are susceptible to termites (National Academy of Science, 1983). Common trees of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands. Species trials for biomass plantations in Hawaii: a first appraisal. Distribution Eucalyptus robusta information from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands Information about Eucalyptus robusta in Hawaii is available from the Smithsonian Flora of the Hawaiian Islands.. Eucalyptus robusta information from the Smithsonian's Flora of the Hawaiian Islands Information about Eucalyptus robusta--including nomenclature and synonymy, and status and distribution … Cambridge. In Hawaii, Aradhya and Phillips (1993) studied the variation within the local land race of E. robusta using allozyme analysis. Pacific Islands Ecosystems at Risk. http://www.prota4u.org/search.asp, USDA-ARS, 2014. 3. Firewood crops. Chong KY, Tan HTW, Corlett RT, 2009. Eucalyptus robusta, commonly known as swamp mahogany or swamp messmate, is a tree native to eastern Australia.Growing in swampy or waterlogged soils, it is up to 30 m (98 ft) high with thick spongy reddish brown bark and dark green broad leaves, which help form a dense canopy.The white to cream flowers appear in autumn and winter. xvi + 882 pp. 159, 51-59; 27 ref. Australian Forest Research, 8(3-4):153-161; 2 ref. It grows well on sites in the moist tropics up to an elevation of 1600 m, and with a mean annual temperature of about 23°C. Choice of species and seed sources. In Puerto Rico, E. robusta is susceptible to gummosis and trunk rots caused by Polyporus schweinitzii [Phaeolus schweinitzii] and Fomes spp. Host plants: Eucalyptus sp. The juvenile foliage is attacked by leaf-blister sawfly (Phylacteophaga froggatti) and autumn gum moth (Mnesampela privata) while adult foliage is susceptible to lerp (Cardiaspina sp. E.&S. Seed brown. Eucalyptus marginata was first formally described in 1802 by James Edward Smith, whose description was published in Transactions of the Linnean Society of London.Smith noted that his specimens had grown from seeds brought from Port Jackson and noted a resemblance to both Eucalyptus robusta and E. pilularis. General Technical Report, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station, USDA Forest Service, No. E. robusta is best known as a plantation species in the Madagascar highlands, but also in the USA (Hawaii, Florida, California) and Central America (Puerto Rico). Shepherd KR, 1986. It is also found offshore on Great Keppel, Moreton, Fraser and North and South Stradbroke Islands. Robusta eucalyptus, Eucalyptus robusta, is native to a narrow coastal area in southeastern Australia. Tissue culture of Eucalyptus. Penfold AR, Willis JL, 1961. Melbourne, Australia:Thomas Nelson and CSIRO. Hardy range 8b-11.
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