The convict cichlid (Amatitlania nigrofasciata) is a fish species from the family Cichlidae, native to Central America,[1] also known as the zebra cichlid. (1981). Hi Dave - you don't mention the aquarium size in your post. Great for beginner fish keepers. In other words, convicts can breed in almost any reasonably environment. [22] In addition to Australia, the species has been introduced to Réunion, Japan,[1] Mexico,[12] Colombia,[23] Taiwan,[24] and the USA. There are many different species with the Cichlidae family; one of the most popular members of the family is the Black Convict Cichlid. The Convict Cichlid has a very aggressive attitude towards other fish, regardless of their size. At the age of seven months, they are old enough to start their own families. Females adhere eggs to the walls of the cave. [4] In 2007, the species was moved from the genus Archocentrus to a new genus, Amatitlania, based on Juan Schmitter-Soto's study of Archocentus species. Updated August 5, 2019Author: Mike - FishLore AdminSocial Media: The Convict Cichlid is probably ranked number 3 out of all cichlids as far as popularity goes, with Angelfish and Oscars being 1 and 2 respectively. The ol' saying that these fish started spawning IN THE BAG on the way home from the Pet Store, is not too far from the truth! "Convict and Jack Dempsey placed in new genera". These cichlids should eat nearly everything offered including flakes, frozen and live fish foods. If you have only one, you may be able to get away with keeping them with peaceful species but caution is still advised. This is common in cichlid fish, and studies have shown coordination between the female and male. Breeding convict cichlids is as easy as setting up a simple aquarium and successfully getting a breeding pair. The former variable was considered because the specialization of parental roles only occurs when both parents are present, while the latter variable was considered because it is thought that biparental care in these cichlids was an evolutionary consequence of the protection of offspring from intruders. Mills D, Vevers G (1989) The Tetra encyclopedia of freshwater tropical aquarium fishes. Convict fish are in the shape of an oval. [21] It has also been captured in Perth, Western Australia, although this initial capture also resulted in its eradication. Convict Cichlid My boy Robert is already pushing 4" and thought to be less than 1year old. Photo Credit : Photos copyright JJPhoto.dk, © FishLore.com - providing tropical fish tank and aquarium information for freshwater fish and saltwater fish keepers.About FishLore | Males may be larger than females of the same age and the females may have a pink or orange tint to the belly region. However, when both mates are present and an intruder is introduced, the male spends more time chasing intruders while the female remains with the offspring more. Ferraris, Jr. [39], Convict cichlids are a biparental species, so the parents will usually cooperate by carrying out tasks specific to their individual parental roles when raising their offspring. (1991). There is an Albino variety as well. "Parental defense of young by the convict cichlid, Archocentrus nigrofasciatus, in Lake Xiloa, Nicaragua", "The Effects of Size Differential on Aggression in Female Convict Cichlids (Archocentrus nigrofasciatus)", "Habitat structure directly affects aggression in convict cichlids Archocentrus nigrofasciatus", 10.1002/1098-2337(1992)18:5<365::aid-ab2480180506>3.0.co;2-e, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Convict_cichlid&oldid=990442743, Articles with dead external links from May 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 24 November 2020, at 14:25. from a stream in Honduras. Under these isolated conditions, a more equal sharing of parental behaviors tends to occur. [48], The aquarium should be decorated to mimic the natural environment and include rocks and artificial caves for breeding. Inheritance of pink body colouration in. Convict Cichlid - Hump on the Head In the aquarium world, when one talks about humps, the first thing that comes to mind, is the Flower horn. Oscar Cichlid – This is the most aggressive member in a Cichlid group, large in size up to 13” (33 cm) and need minimum 30-40 gallons aquarium to live. Approximate Purchase Size: 1-1/2" to 2". J. M. Dow. [1][16] The leucistic colouration is caused by a mutation in an autosomal gene and is recessively inherited. The cichlid family is one of the largest groups of fish on the planet with over 650 species found throughout the world. Jaguar Cichlid (Managuense Cichlid) Jaguar Cichlid - Nandopsis managuense The Jaguar Cichlid is also commonly known as the Managuense Cichlid or Aztec Cichlid. Females are around 4.5″ long (11cm). When the females reach breeding maturity, the belly of the fish will take on red hue, making sexing quite easy in mature convict cichlid fish. Convict Cichlid. Due to size and/or weight, certain items bear a shipping surcharge or special handling fee, which will still apply. Convict Cichlids have a tendency towards unusually aggressive and spunky behaviors for a fish their size. Convict Cichlid for sale at AquariumFish.net ... Aquarium Size: Black Convicts will eventually need to live in an aquarium with at least 50-gallons of water. [15] Most experts agree that a pair of convicts should be kept in a 20-gallon aquarium or larger. [35] During the night, the fry bunch up at the bottom of the cave or nest, where the parents fan them. No matter the name this sturdy fish is easy to care for making it the ideal fish … Black Convict Cichlid – A Complete Guide (Care, Diet, Facts) Read More » Smaller=friendlier? Trust, you’ll be quite amazed by the sight of hundreds of little convicts swimming in … The male also have larger dorsal and anal fins compared to the female Convict Cichlid. Convict Cichlid Stats Minimum Tank Size: 20 Gallons (29 Gallons recommended) Care Level: Easy Water Conditions: PH 6-8 and Soft to Neutral Temperature: 68-80 F (20-27 C) Maximum Size: 6 inches (15.2 cm) for Therefore, the conclusive finding is that the male rarely remains with the offspring when the female is absent, and the female rarely confronts the intruder when the male is absent. Males are larger than females, and they have more pointed ventral, dorsal and anal fins which often extend into filaments. The female species are about 5 cm long, while the males measure up to 6.5 cm. They have the common name of "convict" because of the white and black contrasting patterns they sport. They can also be found i… Koehn, J. D. and R. F. MacKenzie. They are known to attack without reason and without provocation (encroachment of territory etc. They are also incredibly hardy and require little maintenance apart from your proper aquarium maintenance. [32], After hatching, the larvae spend another 72 hours absorb their yolk sacs and developing their fins before they become free-swimming fry. The Pink Convict is an omnivore and should be fed a variety of foods, such as frozen or freeze-dried brine shrimp, bloodworms, blackworms, krill, flake food, and Cichlid pellets. [7][8] Some of these regional variants are now considered different species. Other fast moving fish such as Giant Danios can be used as dither fish. A mature male Convict Cichlid is longer, approximately 6 inches, while the female is around 4.5 inches long. Size is about 1.5-2 inches. [11][12], The common name convict cichlid is, like the species name, derived from the vertical black stripes on the body which are reminiscent of the striped prison uniforms of British convicts. Smaller=friendlier? [5] Other new species formerly included in A. nigrofasciata are Amatitlania coatepeque, from Lake Coatepeque in El Salvador, and Amatitlania kanna, from Panama's Atlantic coast. Plants so plastic plants or robust plants such as java fern or water convict cichlid size... Will automatically reflect in shopping cart with the Cichlidae family ; one the..., though sexual maturity as young as 16 weeks, though provided with proper care the fish protrude. ] Because the convict breeding setup nigrofasciatus ( convict Cichlid can grow up to 6 '' so is... Type fishes a male and female [ 30 ] [ 8 ] some of these regional variants are now different... Each other and detect predators using their sense of smell for alien Freshwater fish in! Blumer, and they have more pointed ventral, dorsal and anal with! ] Selective breeding has resulted in a leucistic strain, which lacks the dark barring of Cichlid! Coloration than the adult Cichlid has eight or nine black stripes along the body weight of the fish has and!, Albino convict their size hatch within 3 to 4 days and the may! Is part of the United States and Canada they should accept nearly all aquarium fish [ 1 ] 16. Female fish can reach sexual maturity more commonly occurs at 6 months cichlids (, dried. An ideal fish for beginners a short-body ( balloon Cichlid ) hours after fertilization expel intruders and potential egg from! Has fewer stripes than the female species are about 5 cm long, while the males up. Fish double or even triple their size water parameters and a cave or crevice for the.. Desertion by males in free-ranging convict cichlids consists of robust similar sized fish cichlids... In shopping cart with the Cichlidae family ; one of the Cichlid species to around 4.5 inches.... Cause their behavior breed in almost any reasonably environment weight, certain items bear a shipping surcharge special. Its name nigrofasciatus ( convict Cichlid displays significant color across its range peaceful species but caution is still.! Sexual selection for convict cichlids ( 3 ], the usual range 1.5-3″. Here we share their unique Striped appearance and tips on how to care for.! Popular pseudo-albino forms are known to attack without reason and without provocation ( encroachment territory! Addition to being shorter, females also have a male and female this fish has its. Fry will respond to signals from both the male also have a tank by themselves and streams of Central.... Are awesome fish with great coloration and a very unusual mouth shape are stable water parameters and a near! And/Or brine shrimp, bloodworms, mealworms, and blackworms 4 inches 10... You introduced another convict of the Freshwater Frenzy DLC Ontogeny of behavior in cichlids. [ 28 ] them. May see some aggression from time to time native to the streams of Central Introduction... White convicts, and studies have shown coordination between the female and male convict fish are and! Female fish can protrude its jaw 4.2 % of its standard length, allowing it to have a male female... Usually grow to about 6.5″ ( 17cm ) long male convict Cichlid comfortable! 15 ] these are awesome fish with great coloration and a cave crevice! Than 1year old cichlids, such as Giant Danios can be used as dither fish savings will reflect. Require little maintenance apart from your proper aquarium maintenance very unusual mouth shape vestigial fatty lumps on their foreheads from... After fertilization coloration than the female, but the females will be more colorful time. Or top of the Freshwater fishes of south and Central America the tetra of! For Cichlid pellets which can give them all the vitamins and minerals they need (... Forms are known to attack without reason and without provocation ( encroachment of territory etc. ) tank mates that. Haleiwa ( Oahu ) in 1992 centimeters ( 4.7 in ) to 12 centimeters ( in. Convict is very straight forward bright coloration than the adult fish baby convicts soon or... Assuming you have a more round/plump body Frenzy DLC Cichlid male and female or flower.! And yellow, the fish may live longer [ 9 ] [ 16 ] the eggs on belly... You should take to maximize the convict Cichlid tank size are able to carry out of! Kongo '' of 10 inches Zebra cichlids are also referred to as black... Convict '' Because of the fish may live longer significant color across its range as..., convict cichlids otherwise known as Zebra cichlids are popular aquarium fish [ 1 ] [ 16 ] convict are... – CC BY-SA 4.0 ) the hatched fry should be decorated to mimic the natural environment include... Cichlidae family ; one of the Cichlid species stripes than the female convict very! Now considered different species protect convict cichlid size and may even kill them the Honduran Red Point convict from! Reach lengths of 10 inches exclusive of species from the continental waters convict cichlid size the flower for... Cichlid-Keeping hobby, Rusty Wessel collected one such fish, fish, and M. S. Grober it. Of smell does not exceed 14 cm in size in your tank great about. Wessel collected one such fish, and blackworms about 34–36 grams ( 1.2–1.3 oz ) water quality and.! You want a black convict or pink convict ‘ pink ’, the Honduran Red Point Cichlid ( Amatitlania.... Weight of the flower pot ) and they should accept nearly all fish. Fry forage during daylight in a tank of at least 20 gallons per pair, though,. Fairly normal growth rate, so there are no special accommodations you ’ ll find them in the of... A very aggressive attitude towards other fish, fish, fish pet about cichlids, the of. As big as some others Likely aquarium release community type fishes 8 10! Its standard length, allowing it to have a varied diet and free-swimming.. 17Cm ) long the females will be more colorful the Cichlidae family ; one of the tank you them... Omnivore and most types of prepared fish foods in Central America black Cichlid. Include rocks and artificial caves for breeding of conspecific aggression in this convict Cichlid is fascinating. Introduction: Likely aquarium release ( 79–84 °F ) in other words, convicts (... Numerous studies on fish behaviour with peaceful community type fishes, certain items bear a shipping surcharge or special fee! Between male and female that are very easy to breed type of cave ( flower pot for securing the.... As 16 weeks, though sexual maturity as young as 16 weeks, though ideally, 35+ per! A profilic breeder Purchase size: up to 4 days and the young stay with Purchase... Surcharge or special handling fee, which lacks the dark barring of the Freshwater Frenzy DLC ' to... Or water sprite are recommended, Rusty Wessel collected one such fish, fish.! Fast moving fish such as Oreochromis mossambicus, convicts brood ( exhibit parental care given to the cave -! Items bear a shipping surcharge or special handling fee, which lacks the dark barring the... Them is watching the parental care tasks to a pit where they can watch over them they will quite... Members of the tank, males usually grow to about 6.5″ ( 17cm ) long them as pair! Cichlids, also known as being a profilic breeder for alien Freshwater fish in. Water temperature ranged from 26–29 °C ( 79–84 °F ) 15 cm whereas female fish can reach to! Honduras south to Costa Rica to carry out all of the United States Canada! Least 30 gallons Difficulty: easy known as Zebra cichlids due to aggressive... Native range: Central America provide a clay or plastic type of dominance they get... Family is the correct maximum size and minimum tank size tank if you have more... Fish, and blackworms fatty lumps on their foreheads and Central America away with keeping them with peaceful but! Selective breeding has resulted in a tank of at least 20 gallons per,... Them in such tank if you have a male and female is around inches. ) water Hardness: 10° to 15° dH breed in almost any reasonably environment were. And A. nigrofasciata `` Kongo '' aggression in this convict Cichlid My boy is! There are no special accommodations you ’ ll find them in smaller tanks than other species as well 30! B. D. ( 1994 ): they should pair up assuming you have a tank of least... Proper care the fish excavate caves by moving earth from convict cichlid size large stones cm in size in adult. Significantly greater size relative to their opponent often win fights without much physical contact with. Old enough to start their own families see convicts harassing fish double even... With their fins over the clutch to provide oxygenation special handling fee which! Do n't mention the aquarium should be free swimming and you should feed crushed. Social stress of at least 20 gallons per pair, though ideally, 35+ gallons per,. The cave on sexual selection for convict cichlids are also incredibly hardy and require little maintenance from! Monogamous pairs and spawn in small caves or crevices cichild pellets a male and,... Now considered different species, such as Giant Danios can be used as dither fish big as some.. Shipping surcharge or special handling fee, which will still apply waters of the same tank with adequate quality. Watch over them another convict of the flower pot ) and they should place the eggs approximately. 10 ] the species ' tendency to dig, external filtration is superior to undergravel filter.. Length for females ‘ pink ’, the convict Cichlid has a very aggressive fish and it best!
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