• **Every cat is tabby. Mackerel Tabby and Classic Tabby are caused by the same gene (Ta), with Mackerel being dominant over Classic Tabby.  In Classic (or Blotched) Tabby, swirls and blotches of black and yellow pigment occur.  Mackerel Tabby gives the familiar alternating stripes of black and yellow pigment seen in cats.  Think little tigers. Feline Coat Color Introduction The modern-day domestic cat displays a wide variety of coat colors and patterns. Eye colours Brown, amber and blue. Generally speaking, a cat with one copy of the white spotting gene will be anywhere from 0% to 50% white while a cat with two copies of the gene will be anywhere from 50% to 100% white as shown on the chart. Cat Genetics‎ > ‎ C. Dilute Colors (Gray, Lilac, Fawn ... D-(dense) dm-(NO dilute modifier) Dm-(dilute modifier, only affects a cat's coat IF the cat is homozygous recessive for dilute.) If you're new to the cat genetics world, here's a guide to colors and patterns with plenty of pictures! These are the genes that modify the colours … cat coat calculator . Kittens are born blind.  Quite frankly the Agouti gene is more interesting in dogs as it gives dominant yellow as well as black and tan colorations not seen in cats (see Dog Genetics 2.0: Colours).  Although we have the Agouti gene within our genome, it is not involved in the colour traits of hair in people.  Pity.  The good news is that the basics of colour genetics in the cat are relatively simple.  The not so good news is that simplicity plus simplicity plus simplicity….will pretty quickly give us complexity. Cat Coat Pattern Genetics Agouti Gene. Nose colours From black to pink and everything inbetween. Nose colours From black to pink and everything inbetween. Both of the cats above have the same major allele – O – which is responsible for their red coats. Some genes have more than one mutation, such as those genes involved in Agouti and determining a brown coat color. Harlequin  The genetics of cat coloration is a good practical example of basic genetics and of heredity.  We will see the function of single genes, the passage of genes to the next generation, and importantly, the interaction of genes with each other to give the combinations of colour traits seen between and within the cat breeds. Coat Colours. Some genes are simplified and it does not give percentage changes, but it should be easy to use even if you know very little about genetics. Bicolor (Black and White Bicolor) ~1/2 white, color on head and torso. COLOUR AND PATTERN CHARTS - downloadable charts for breeders, tutorials etc CONFORMATION CHARTS - downloadable charts for breeders, tutorials etc Plain English Guide to Colours and Patterns Plain English Guide to Conformation. © 2020 Labgenvet / Tous droits réservés / All Rights Reserved, Dog Genetics 3.0: Simple Genetic Diseases, Dog Genetics 4.0: Evolution, Breeds, Breeding strategies and Inbreeding, Dog Genetics 4.1: Inbreeding Calculator, Detailed Instructions and Interpretation, Veterinary Continuing Education – Dog Genetics Demystified, Cat Genetics 4.0: Evolution, Breeds, Breeding Strategies and Inbreeding, Cat Genetics 4.1: Inbreeding Calculator, Detailed Instructions and Interpretation, Horse Genetics 4.0: Evolution, Breeds, Breeding Strategies and Inbreeding, Horse Genetics 4.1: Inbreeding Calculator, Detailed Instructions and Interpretation, Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics "For the genetic improvement of our domestic animals", Cat Genetic Profile – Feline Blood Groups, Canine Disease Profile – PRA-Type-1 Papillons, Canine Disease Profile – Degenerative Myelopathy (DM), Canine Disease Profile – Multi-Drug Resistance (MDR1).  Brown is a recessive trait that will modify the normal black pigment (B) to a brown colour (b/b) or to a cinnamon colour (b’/b’).  Normal coloration is dominant over brown, which in turn is dominant over cinnamon. Dominant White, from Locus W, can give an all-white cat. There are a number of genes that contribute to the colour and the pattern of colour seen in the cat; these genes can be grouped into four levels of function: 1. The agouti gene is what determines whether each hair will be a solid color, or will be a gradient from one color to another. Maybe think of them as primary colors in the color wheel. Colour is produced by special chemicals called pigment.  Pigment is produced in special cells called melanocytes, which are found within the hair, in the skin and in the eyes.  For the cat, the colour and pattern of the pigment within the hair is the most important. Required fields are marked * Comment. Coat and Color Descriptions. Cat Color Genetics White. Dilution (blue and isabella) The D series. This is the most common coat pattern in the wild and it has four varieties: Striped (Mackerel), blotched (marbled), spotted, and ticked (agouti). Colorpoint refers to the fact that ears, paws and tails of the cat are more darkly pigmented compared to the body.  This is the key component of coloration in several breeds including Siamese and Burmese, and can give colorpoint variations such as Tonkinese.  There is an order of dominance of these variations (mutations) as follows: Other animals such as rabbits also have colorpoint mutations in their Locus C genes.  Dogs do not. Coat and Color Descriptions.  Dominant White as it’s name indicates is dominant in that only one copy of the mutated gene (W) is needed to give the trait. The genetics of short hair and long hair is relatively straight forward.  Short hair is the dominant copy (L) while long hair is the recessive copy (l/l) of the responsible gene. washing it out.  Modifying genes include Brown (Locus B), Dilution (Locus D), and also Dilute-Modifier and Silver. Summary of series List of alleles for reference. Paw Print Genetics offers testing for common coat colors and traits. Therefore, a cat that appears to be white will breed the same as any of the other colors shown above, depending upon which color it “masks”. true color of the cat. Such a coat looks like a solid color until you blow on it or the cat's … A. Solid Color Breeding Chart. Cat eye color is due to the presence of melanin, which itself is the result of genetics. Pointed Color Breeding Chart. Cat coat length is controlled by the gene named the fibroblast growth factor 5 (FGF5). To determine what color your Persian kitten will be, use the Color Calculator by choosing the color of the Father mated to the color of the Mother in the Index below (shown in alphabetical order). Leave a Reply Cancel reply. Cat coat genetics: Lenght and texture. The wild-type dominant A gene will result in individual cat hairs having bands of color. To learn more, just click any of the coat color or trait names below. The eye is blueish as it first starts to develop, gradually becoming the final adult color at three months. Persian Cat Color Calculator Index. Understanding the Basic Genetics of Cat Colors Asking me to identify your cat's colour is a waste of my time and I won't respond. There are a number of genes that contribute to the colour and the pattern of colour seen in the cat; these genes can be grouped into four levels of function: Keep in mind that genes come in two copies, i.e. Locket (Blue Locket) White spot on chest. Pointed Color Chart. These “ticked” hairs are typically alternated with a solid color, resulting in tabby stripes. The Spot Tabby locus is responsible for spots of black pigment on a yellow pigment background.  Think of little leopards.  Spots are seen in traditional cat breeds such as the Ocicat and in hybrid breeds such as the Bengal.  The genetics of Spot are not well understood. Basic genetics terms Genes, locii etc. These cats are at a higher risk from congenital deafness and skin cancer.  Having said this, Locus E is not very important for most cat breeds although it is responsible for the Amber colour (e/e) that can be seen in the Norwegian Forest Cat breed.  Locus E is much more important in the dog and the horse where (e/e) is responsible for the beautiful golden coloration of the Golden Retriever dog and the rich red coloration of the Irish Setter dog and the Chestnut coloured horse (see Dog Genetics 2.0: Colours; Horse Genetics 2.0: Colours). For a visual representation of colour genetics covered in this article, see the colour chart Cat Genetics 2.1: Colours Chart. The color of a bicolor is determined by the non-white color of the cat… Bicolor (Black and White Bicolor) ~1/2 white, color on head and torso. ... Sex-Linked Red Color Combinations Chart Colorpoint Shorthair & Persian-Himalayan. Colour and pattern charts color genetics american exotic cats cat color genetics metafilter genetics cat coat color and pattern warriors amino. Resources: This review of the genetics of cat colours is not meant to be exhaustive.  It is the beginning of the story rather than the end of one.  Further information and details can be found on these websites: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cat_coat_genetics, http://homepage.usask.ca/~schmutz/catcolors.html, © 2020 Labgenvet / Tous droits réservés / All Rights Reserved, Dog Genetics 3.0: Simple Genetic Diseases, Dog Genetics 4.0: Evolution, Breeds, Breeding strategies and Inbreeding, Dog Genetics 4.1: Inbreeding Calculator, Detailed Instructions and Interpretation, Veterinary Continuing Education – Dog Genetics Demystified, Cat Genetics 4.0: Evolution, Breeds, Breeding Strategies and Inbreeding, Cat Genetics 4.1: Inbreeding Calculator, Detailed Instructions and Interpretation, Horse Genetics 4.0: Evolution, Breeds, Breeding Strategies and Inbreeding, Horse Genetics 4.1: Inbreeding Calculator, Detailed Instructions and Interpretation, Laboratory of Veterinary Genetics "For the genetic improvement of our domestic animals", Cat Genetic Profile – Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HMC), Cat Genetic Profile – Feline Blood Groups, Canine Disease Profile – Degenerative Myelopathy (DM). But yet another gene is responsible for coding in color to dilute cats. Therefore, a cat that appears to be white will breed the same as any of the other colors shown above, depending upon which color it “masks”. If you do not know what recessive colors your cat is carrying, then you may find out by sending a DNA sample to Veterinary Genetics Laboratory of UC Davis (USA). cat coat calculator (original ver.) The C Locus involves a master gene for pigment formation.  When the gene is active, both black and yellow pigments can be formed.  When the gene is mutated and not active, no pigment is formed.  A recessive mutation at the C Locus will give a white (albino) cat, but this is not something that is desirable for cat breeders.  However, cats have a very interesting series of additional mutations at the C Locus that give the Colorpoint traits. Cat Coat Color and Hair Traits; Cat Genetics 1.0: The Basics; Cat Genetics 2.0: Colors; Cat Genetics 2.1: Colours Chart; Cat Genetics 4.0: Evolution, Breeds, Breeding Strategies and Inbreeding; Cat Genetics 4.1: Inbreeding Calculator, Detailed Instructions and Interpretation; Cow. Liver The B series. Breeding Punnet squares and a big Labrador case study. Fever coat is an effect known in domestic cats, where a pregnant female cat has a fever or is stressed, causing her unborn kittens' fur to develop a silver-type color (silver-grey, cream, or reddish) rather than what the kitten's genetics would normally cause. Bi-Color to Bi-Color Color Calculator; Bi-Color to Bi-Color Van Color Calculator Cat Colors FAQ: Cat Color Genetics. Basic genetics terms Genes, locii etc. We will primarily talk about 11 genes. Smoke cats. After birth, over some weeks the silver fur is replaced naturally by fur colored according to the kitten's genetics. Eye colours Brown, amber and blue. For example, in the small Neotropical jaguarundi ( Herpailurus yaguarondi ), coloration varies from dark brown/gray (the most common form, widely regarded as the wild-type) to light reddish 1 , 2 . Many white cats are born with a spot of color on their heads, and that color will indicate the true color of the cat. In the Ticked Tabby pattern, an alternation of yellow and black pigment occurs within the hair shaft itself giving the cat a stylish ‘salt and pepper’ sheen to its coat as seen in Abyssinian cats.  Ticked is dominant over non ticked. This is the most common coat pattern in the wild and it has four varieties: Striped (Mackerel), blotched (marbled), spotted, and ticked (agouti). 5. • We simply make changes to the genotype to make a cat look non-black and non-tabby. Tabby coat pattern in cats. Photography by Casey Elise Photography. Name * Some info about the genetics behind it too! Read more about cat color and genetics on Paws and Effect >> When it comes to coat patterns, here’s a mind-blowing fact: All cats start as tabbies.  While a comprehensive understanding of the genetics of white spots in cats remains for the future, some breed specific advances have been made. Amber Norwegian Forest Cats and Russet Burmese - Late Colour Change Genes (Extension Gene) The Dilution gene can also influence Orange pigmentation (Locus O), which it washes out to give a Cream coloration. Understanding the Basic Genetics of Cat Colors Random-bred cats have the widest range of eye colours while the eye colours in pedigree breeds have been restricted by selective breeding. • **Every cat is black. Hints for Determining Color. Photography by Casey Elise Photography. The influence of polygenes is what is responsible for the variation in the color of the red coat. The agouti gene is what determines whether each hair will be a solid color, or will be a gradient from one color to another. **Mink isn't a single color allele (which is why it isn't a choice above). Generate kittens using actual genetics! An example of polygenes influencing a major gene is the color of a red cat. Mink is created when a cat has ONE copy of Burmese and ONE copy of Siamese , as it is an intermediate color that is the co-dominace of the two together (cb/cs). This information is not meant to be a complete manual on cat genetics. true color of the cat. Van (Red Mackeral Tabby Van) Mostly white, color mainly on head and tail. Liver The B series. color and pattern glossary . Other Coat Patterns Tuxedo Cats Coloration with white paws, chest, and belly, with optional white on face. Similar color charts have appeared in Wright & Walters (The Book of the Cat, 1980) and in Robinson's Genetics (1977 onwards) and all of this information on this page has … For the Love of Gray Cats! For those who would rather not try to remember everything, there is a color prediction software program available free for download: Feline Genetics Primer and FREE Feline Genetics Software Free program for predicting phenotypes of cats based on known genotypes, and calculating mating predictions. Hints for Determining Color. If the cat retains any spot of another color on the coat, he is no longer considered a solid. There is a gene called Dilute-Modifier in the cat that in the presence of d/d will cause a further washing out of pigment colours.  Locus B (Brown) now gives ‘Carmel’ shades of colours while Locus O (Orange) gives Apricot.  The Dilute-Modifier gene is not as yet cloned or characterized. Below is a table of the coat color genes and DNA tests offered by the Veterinary Genetics Laboratory. The following statements are generally true – but there are exceptions. We have just talked about the genetics of cat colours. The color gene for red is the only color gene attached to the sex of the cat. ): Guide to Pantherinae/Big cats Guide to Felinae/Little cats Guide to Housecat breeds 1 Guide to Housecat breeds 2 Guide to Coat colors and Patterns The white spotting gene causes variable white markings. Summary of series List of alleles for reference. Van (Red Mackeral Tabby Van) Mostly white, color mainly on head and tail. Basic Feline Genetics. While fur color has little to do with eye color, breed certainly may. The cat family (Felidae) exhibits a wide diversity of coat colors and patterns, including melanism in at least 11 species and different color “phases” in several others. Your email address will not be published. White cats eye colours and deafness cat genetics 2 0 colours laboratoire cat genetics 2 0 colours laboratoire cat genetics 2 0 colours laboratoire. The effect of polygenes is cumulative on coat color genetics. The two basic pigments that contribute to coloration are black and yellow pigments.  It is the interplay between the expression of genes for these two basic pigments that give the cat its basic coloration. Cat eyes can come in a variety of colors. Many white cats are born with a spot of color on their heads, and that color will indicate the true color of the cat. Categories Cute cat Images. 2. Classification of these can be confusing sometimes because different registries or associations may name the same phenotype differently.  The White Gloving pattern seen in the Birman breed is caused by a mutation in the Kit gene, and displays recessive genetics. In the UK, solids are known as “self-colored” or “selfs.” Solid white cat. If the cat retains any spot of another color on the coat, he is no longer considered a solid. , 2015 - colour and pattern genetics • there are many genes which heavily... Mutation, such as those genes involved in Agouti and determining a Brown coat color in. 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