Step 2. A key factor that generated a large part of security issues in Windows XP is the over use of administrator accounts. Windows XP does not have UAC and it is an excellent operating system from a usability point of view. 8 Elements of an Information Security Policy. The following list offers some important considerations when developing an information security policy. Operating System Drives. 1. • the security kernel is responsible for enforcing the security mechanisms of the entire OS • the reference monitor (RM) is the part of the security kernel that controls access to objects • the trusted computing base (TCB) is everything in the trusted OS necessary to enforce the security policy TRUSTED OPERATING SYSTEM CONCEPTS Then in the right-hand panel of this window, double-click Require additional authentication at startup to open new window. A mechanism might operate by itself, or with others, to provide a particular service. Protection and security are two of them. A security policy can be as broad as you want it to be from everything related to IT security and the security of related physical assets, but enforceable in its full scope. For instance, a processes may be granted resources using the first come, first serve policy. This policy may be implemented using a queue of requests. This is the reason why it is still so widely used. Purpose Policies are ways to choose which activities to perform. Implements a security policy that specifies who or what may have access to each specific system resource and the type of access that is permitted in each instance Mediates between a user and system resources, such as applications, operating systems, firewalls, routers, files, and databases Mechanisms are the implementations that enforce policies, and often depend to some extent on the hardware on which the operating system runs. Protection Policy Specify whether a user can access a specific file. Network Security Policy. This function is performed by the system administrator Mechanisms 1. Add or delete users 2. Security mechanisms are technical tools and techniques that are used to implement security services. However over the time it had important security problems. Identification is the ability to identify uniquely a user of a system or an application that is running in the system. This part will focus on best practices and methodologies of network security in the form of policies, instead of the actual implementation. Security and Protection: Policies and Mechanisms Security Policy Specify whether a person can become a user of the system. Your operating-system-specific Oracle documentation contains more information about operating system security issues Data Security Policy Data security includes the mechanisms that control the access to and use of the database at the object level. 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security policy and mechanism in operating system

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