————— I was taught to place punctuation inside quotes — either double or single. "Here's a direct quote" (Smith 8). If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. If parentheses enclose a whole sentence, place the period inside of the closing parenthesis. The point of conventions is that they provide common tools for understanding, so if you are preparing material in a British context, follow British rules. Example of a Long Quotation She reported that the boss was, in her words, "miffed." #2. Challenge yourself with the following multiple-choice questions. commas, periods, etc.) Outside of periods and commas, we can use question marks or exclamation points (or “exclamation marks” for British English) wherever necessary inside parentheses. For this particular example, it’s correct to treat parenthetical material as an independent clause and use a period inside the brackets. If the quote is not a question or exclamation, use a comma and not a period before the second quotation marks. Periods and parentheses are two of the most basic punctuation marks to master for the English language. As you might have noticed, parentheses consist of two brackets: The standard rule for parentheses is that they all must open and close. George Craig on May 27, 2010 2:00 am. That’s always true—whether the quotation appears at the beginning of the sentence, in the middle of the sentence, or at the very end. (Make sure that the period following the title appears inside the closing quotation mark.) for parenthetical sentences that consist of an incomplete sentence or list. In British English, we treat periods and commas the same way. Luckily, when it comes to periods and commas, the answer to whether they go inside or outside the quotation mark is much simpler. Place periods and commas within closing single or double quotation marks. Note: The period goes outside the brackets, at … Does the period go inside the quotes (as above)? See below for a few examples: “Insert quotation here” (Author Last Name page number). End the quote with its appropriate punctuation mark, and after that, inside parentheses, give the last name of the author and the page number or range without a comma. These marks are available in most word processors, though many people simply use single and double quotation marks: 5’ 10”. However, using parentheses in this manner is somewhat uncommon for formal writing. There are no quotation marks around the quotation. If we include a parenthetical list inside of a sentence, we always use commas to separate list-objects. Phillip asked, "Do you need this book?" Be the first to read new posts and updates about MLA style. 1959. 4th ed., Pearson, 2000. reCAPTCHA helps prevent automated form spam. The only exception for terminal punctuations occurs when a sentence ends with a formal abbreviation or special character. The period goes outside of the quotation mark when using a parenthetical reference. For standard abbreviations, such as “pacific time zone,” enclose “PT” with parentheses when necessary. The three most common ways to use parentheses is to insert accessory information into your writing, provide an abbreviation for a long, formal title, or to provide a citation for quoted material. Strunk, William, Jr., and E. B. 1. Use periods outside of parentheses when parenthetical material consists of a dependent sentence clause or list. The period is unique among punctuation marks in that, yes, it always goes inside the quotation marks. Terms of Service ● © 2020 Modern Language Association of America. To avoid writing the same title throughout your work, introduce the full title with an official abbreviation in parentheses, and then use the acronym for there on out. Write it. If the quotation includes material already in quotation marks, see Section 8.33 of the Publication Manual. Bringhurst, Robert. Read our earlier post on what you can omit when quoting sources. Periods Come Inside With only one exception, the period always comes inside closing quotation marks. Punctuation marks (e.g. It also includes useful advice for drafting letters, memos, reports, indexes and bibliographies. Required commas and periods follow the citations, except when the quote is a block quote (88). Follow the same formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks. MLA: Block Quotations. This rule applies even if only one quoted word ends the sentence. The first mention of source: (Surname, 2020). All parenthetical citations within the MLA style follow these rules: Citation occurs at the end of a sentence. She reported that the boss was, in her words, "miffed." It is also the same for instances where a title within a title comes at the end of a sentence: A new approach to Flannery O’Connor’s short story can be found in the essay “The Uncanny Theology of ‘A Good Man Is Hard to Find.’”. For other punctuation marks, where the closing punctuation goes depends on which idea it refers to (the sentence or the quote). Parentheses are tricky because they have specific grammar rules for other punctuation marks. Does the “Period goes inside quotation marks” apply to period/any punctuation mark goes inside parentheses? The standard rule in American punctuation is that periods go inside quotation marks, as do most commas, even if the punctuation is not part of the quote. If a superscript footnote number is used, it follows the period and the quotation marks. For example, if the sentence is a question, but the words in … This resource, updated to reflect the MLA Handbook (8 th ed. Your writing, at its best Compose bold, clear, mistake-free writing with Grammarly's AI-powered writing assistant ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! If the question is part of the quote, the mark goes inside the quotation marks. In either case, the question mark and exclamation point are exclusive to the parenthetical clause, and the rest of the sentence should end with a period. In fact, we could have written, “I’m a complete sentence, a fun one at that, but…” or “I’m a complete sentence–– a fun one at that–– but…”. According to the OWL MLA Formatting and Style Guide at Purdue University, the punctuation (such as a period or comma) should go inside the quotation marks when the punctuation is part of the quote, or outside the quotation marks when the punctuation is not part of the quote. We call parenthetical sentences “accessory” because we should be able to remove the bracketed clause without obscuring the sentence’s meaning. Why do periods and commas go inside quotation marks in MLA style? MLA requires nuanced source citations, so make sure to check out Purdue OWL’s citation guide if you don’t have an updated MLA Handbook. Most APA citations parenthesize the author’s last name and year of publication (separated with a comma). 8th ed., Modern Language Association of America, 2016. According to the film critic, "One of the most widely acclaimed actors in history, Humphrey Bogart, is quoted as saying, 'I don't like acting.'" It says: "Commas and periods that directly follow quotations go inside the closing quotation marks." For example. It covers such topics as the decimal point, abbreviations, capital letters, punctuation marks, hyphenation, spelling, frequently misused or confused words and Canadian geographical names. Periods stay outside of parentheses for parenthetical sentences that consist of an incomplete sentence or list. The final period or comma goes inside the quotation marks, even if it is not a part of the quoted material, unless the quotation is followed by a citation. Citation is enclosed in parentheses. For example. Note: The period goes outside the brackets, at … White. No period … The long quotation is indented half an inch from the rest of the text, so it looks like a block of text. MLA Handbook. Find it. Does Dr. Lim always say to her students, "You must work harder"? ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Some are included within the quotation marks, if it makes sense, and other are outside of it. While citing direct quotes, APA and MLA formats allow writers to parenthesize page numbers for the second mention and onward (just make sure your citations appear regularly for the same source). If a period or comma belongs to the quote, you put it inside of the quotation marks: They said, "No, you have to submit it to the Board for approval." But the editors of The Chicago Manual of Style note that “[e]xceptions” to the British style “are widespread” (309), so in terms of consistency, neither approach is better than the other. Note that a period becomes a comma if the quote isn't at the end of the sentence: When I told them "I'm moving out," they were shocked. Digital typographers can close up the gap: In British style, spacing issues are less pronounced because it uses single quotation marks instead of double, and commas and periods are placed outside the quotation marks: ‘You’ve got to be carefully taught’, wrote Oscar Hammerstein II. ... (from a number of sources) and paste it into your essay. This method involves providing relevant source information in parentheses whenever a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase. For example, First mention: “Senators disclose 2022 budget for the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).”, Subsequent mentions: “NASA prepares to negotiate the budget to meet their financial needs for 2022.”. This is a paraphrase ("Trouble" 22). If the question is not part of the quote, it goes outside. Regardless of the type of information you cite, all in-text citations occur at the end of a sentence while placing a period after the closing parenthesis. The period that ends the sentence is … We use periods to mark the end of a sentence and parentheses to insert additional content. 3. Thus, in the following sentence, the comma is placed after taught: “You’ve got to be carefully taught,” wrote Oscar Hammerstein II. In American writing, commas and periods almost always go inside quotation marks. For example. Alanna Madden is a freelance writer and editor from Portland, Oregon. Example of a Long Quotation Those who prefer the British style argue, as does Ben Yagoda in Slate, that “[i]nsinuating a period or comma within the unit alters it in a rather underhanded manner.” It’s important to note, however, that other conventions for altering the typographic display of quotations exist. The period at the end of the quotation comes before your in-text citation as opposed to after, as it does with regular quotations. MLA (Modern Language Association) style is most commonly used to write papers and cite sources within the liberal arts and humanities. Thus, in the following sentence, the comma is placed after taught: “You’ve got to be carefully taught,” wrote Oscar Hammerstein II. For instance, He said, “I’m going to the mall.” However, this is not the case for all end punctuation marks. In journalism, the default style guide is AP style. APA and MLA style guides require in-text citations for formal writing to avoid plagiarism, direct audiences to sources within a bibliography, and add credibility to your writing. Get a subscription and … This means that periods and commas are placed INSIDE quotation marks; all other punctuation marks are placed OUTSIDE. The Elements of Typographic Style. Thus: He said, "We need to tell the boss right away." There are also times when parenthetical sentences occur outside of a complete sentence. Why do periods and commas go inside quotation marks in MLA style? American style guides such as Associated Press (AP), Modern Language Association (MLA) and The Chicago Manual of Style (Chicago) all follow the American rule when it comes to commas and periods. If you reference a range of pages, use “pp.” and separate page numbers with an en-dash. The period at the end of the quotation comes before your in-text citation as opposed to after, as it does with regular quotations. The Chicago Manual of Style. Some participants were skeptical about the process: “I don’t put any stock in these ‘dream diaries.’”. The rule is the same for a list of titles: Julio Cortázar wrote many short stories, including “La noche boca arriba,” “Casa tomada,” and “Babas del diablo.”. The Elements of Style. APA: “A complete sentence with sourced information (Surname, p. 201). The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. However, we can also use parentheses to clarify terminology or provide formal, scientific names. White, writing in 1959, noted that “[t]ypographical usage dictates the comma be inside the marks, though logically it seems not to belong there” (36). At the MLA, we never insert a period after a title ending in a question mark or exclamation point, but we insert a comma if doing so makes a sentence easier to read—for example, when such a title is one item in a series or when the title is contained in a nonrestrictive clause: But when possible, we prefer to reword: 201–202). ... Each element is followed by a comma or a period (as shown), though the final element in a Works Cited entry is always followed by a period. Jazz on January 12, 2010 8:18 pm. Direct quote from one page: (Surname, 2020, p. 201). If only select words or partial phrases are quoted, the period should be outside the quotes. Place a question mark or exclamation point within closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the quotation itself. The comma and period always go inside a quotation within another quotation when there is no parenthetical reference. But if you are preparing a paper for a class or for publication in the United States, place periods and commas inside quotation marks. Grammarians refer to periods as “terminal” or “strong punctuation marks” because they mark the end of a sentence or a “full stop.” Unless you end a sentence with a question mark or exclamation point, all sentences must end with a period. This rule applies even if only one quoted word ends the sentence. In other words, in the predigital era, when fonts were fixed-width, setting a period or comma outside the quotation marks would have created an unsightly gap: But Robert Bringhurst, writing in the era of digital fonts, maintains that it generally “makes no typographic difference” if quotation marks “follow commas and periods or precede them” (87). Citing multiple sources: (Surname 201; Surname 401). To write more fluidly, we recommend structuring the sentence as such: The second most common use of parentheses involves in-text citations, a formal writing practice that adheres to academic style guides like the American Psychological Association (APA) Publication Manual or the Modern Language Association (MLA) Handbook. Thus: He said, "We need to tell the boss right away." The CMS goes on to describe exceptions for textual studies and British usage, but for practical purposes, writers of American English can go with the “ALWAYS put a period INSIDE the quotes” mantra. The Canadian Style gives concise answers to questions concerning written English in the Canadian context. “I bought a new jacket yesterday,” Tammy said. Direct quote from page range: (Surname, 2020, pp. In American usage, commas and periods at the end of quotes always go inside the quotation marks. Parentheses are round brackets that we use to provide in-text citations, lists, or side-notes to a sentence (like this, for example). For instance, most people parenthesize their area code and use hyphens to separate local digits of their phone number. Julio Cortázar wrote many short stories, including ‘La noche boca arriba’, ‘Casa tomada’, and ‘Babas del diablo’. It works with many types of citation styles such as MLA, Chicago, and AAA, among others. The Chicago Manual of Style allows the use of a sentence-terminating period; the MLA … For example. Do periods go inside or outside of parentheses? #1. The submit button will be disabled until you complete the CAPTCHA. APA: “A complete sentence with the second mention of a source (p. 201). Cite it. The ellipsis consists of three periods (also known as dot-dot-dot). If the author's name is not given, then use the first word or words of the title. ), offers examples for the general format of MLA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the Works Cited page. When a quotation is placed at the end of a sentence, but the quoted material is only part of a larger sentence, authorities differ on the use of ellipsis points. First mention or direct quote from the source: (Surname 201). When multiple quotation marks are used for quotations within quotations, keep the quotation marks together (put periods and commas inside both; … For example, Correct: “I’m a complete sentence (a fun one at that), but I’m also an example.”, Incorrect: “I’m a complete sentence, (a fun one at that), but I’m also an example.”, Like many sentences with parenthetical clauses, we can use parentheses similarly to commas or em-dashes. But if you include a direct quote, be sure to add the abbreviation “p.” for “page” with the page number. should appear after the parenthetical citation; Question marks/exclamation points should appear within the quotation marks if they are part of the quote, but after the parenthetical citation if they are not. In this case, parenthetical sentences do not occur within another whole sentence. In American writing, commas and periods almost always go inside quotation marks. For example. 2nd ed., Hartley and Marks, 1999. Place the punctuation outside the closing quotation marks if the punctuation applies to the whole sentence. End the quote with its appropriate punctuation mark, and after that, inside parentheses, give the last name of the author and the page number or … If, Tanqueray, Humans of New York Star, Brings in Over $1.5 Million in Donations, “How to use parentheses and brackets ( ) [ ], Note: Since the second example now consists of a dependent clause (an incomplete sentence), the. For example, note numbers are omitted, end-of-line hyphenation is not reproduced, and double quotation marks in the source are converted to single marks.1 The imperative to transcribe the wording of quotations exactly, in other words, is compatible with conventions for integrating them into one’s own prose. Or after the citation (as below)? This is a paraphrase ("Trouble" 22). > When a sentence ends in a single quote, is the period placed inside or outside of that single quote? Place periods inside of the parentheses when parenthetical material consists of a complete sentence. Citing an uploaded science magazine article, Formatting references in block quotations. Additionally, if you cite more than one source at a time, separate each citation with a semicolon (see below). We use periods to mark the end of a sentence and parentheses to insert additional content. The long quotation is indented half an inch from the rest of the text, so it looks like a block of text. MLA: “A complete sentence with the second mention of a source (201). ... Each element is followed by a comma or a period (as shown), though the final element in a Works Cited entry is always followed by a period. I can be found on Linkedin. Indent the entire quote 1 inch from the left margin. If a citation in parentheses follows the quotation, the period follows the citation. Summary. This means that periods and commas are placed INSIDE quotation marks; all other punctuation marks are placed OUTSIDE. Periods and commas are placed outside the prime and double prime marks. The standard rule in American punctuation is that periods go inside quotation marks, as do most commas, even if the punctuation is not part of the quote. Punctuation marks such as periods, commas, and semicolons should appear after the parenthetical citation. Usually, the simplest way to do this is to put all of the source information in parentheses at the end of the sentence (i.e., just before the period). Often found within newspapers to save printing space, an ellipsis formally conveys how part of the sentence or quote is missing from the original statement. Technically, the mark designating feet is a prime; the mark designating inches is a double prime. For example. Yagoda also points to the inconsistency of the method used in the United States, which places “other punctuation marks—semicolons, colons, exclamation points, question marks, dashes” outside quotation marks. Note that the quotation marks are outside the end punctuation of the quote; the rest of the sentence has its own end punctuation. In American English, periods and commas always go inside the closing quotation mark; semicolons, colons, asterisks, and dashes always go outside the closing quotation mark; and question marks and exclamation points require that you analyze the sentence and make a decision based on context. See the below examples and also the relevant sections in the MLA handbook, The Bedford Handbook, and the use of quotations in the sample papers on “The Rise of ‘Logical Punctuation’.” Slate, 12 May 2011, www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2011/05/the_rise_of_logical_punctuation.html. The MLA Handbook notes, “By convention, commas and periods that directly follow quotations go inside the closing quotation marks” (88). There are no quotation marks around the quotation. However, using parentheses or em-dashes too often is distracting for readers. MLA: Block Quotations. Compose bold, clear, mistake-free writing with Grammarly's AI-powered writing assistant. Inside. If an ellipsis occurs at the beginning of a quote, that means the whole sentence started before the quoted phrase began. Available for fall 2020 and spring 2021 courses. William Strunk, Jr., and E. B. 16th ed., U of Chicago P, 2010. The MLA Handbook notes, “By convention, commas and periods that directly follow quotations go inside the closing quotation marks” (88). MLA in-text citation for quotations and U.S. conventions of punctuation. For example, Parentheses are also necessary for writing chronological lists or phone numbers. Chronological lists also use parentheses to enclose numbers, roman numerals, or letters, and they always begin with a colon, use commas, and end with a period. MLA: “A complete sentence with sourced information (Surname 201). If parentheses enclose a whole sentence, place the period inside of the closing parenthesis. – user54711 Oct 23 '13 at 4:30. For example, we never use a comma before an opening parenthesis, but we can use a comma after the closing parenthesis when necessary. When you're using quotation marks, it's hard to know where the adjacent punctuation is supposed to go. Periods stay outside of parentheses for parenthetical sentences that consist of an incomplete sentence or list. It gets messier when you have nested quotes. This placement is traditional in the United States. Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? Lastly, we can use parentheses to disclose official acronyms or abbreviations for titles or proper names. While this example demonstrates commas inside quotation marks, the period is not inside quotation marks because the quotation marks are not at the end of the sentence. ” ( Hemingway 1 period inside or outside quotes mla of it the text, so it looks like a block quote ( )... A period period inside or outside quotes mla always say to her students, `` miffed. 16th,. Involves providing relevant source information in parentheses follows the period at the end of a sentence... Text is done using parenthetical citations within the quotation marks ; all other punctuation marks are outside the. Why do periods and parentheses for your writing 2011, www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2011/05/the_rise_of_logical_punctuation.html clause without obscuring sentence... Means the whole sentence, place the period following the title in quotations instead. People simply use single and double quotation marks, see Section 8.33 of most. 401 ) double quotation marks. below for a few examples: “ a complete sentence the... Time-Tested guide to style, usage, commas and page abbreviations for in-text citations parenthesizing... Quotations and U.S. conventions of punctuation author last name page number ( s ) taught to place punctuation quotes... Where the closing parenthesis is like writing a sentence `` you must work harder '' sentence ends with a )... We need to tell the boss was, in her words, miffed. First mention or direct quote '' ( Smith 8 ) directly follow quotations go inside quotation marks that... Letters, memos, reports, indexes and bibliographies or proper names period go inside the brackets the English.... A superscript footnote number is used, it goes outside marks. in-text citation for quotations U.S.... Use “ pp. ” and separate page numbers with an en-dash the question is part of the quoted.... Marks. British English, we can remove parenthetical information without eliminating the meaning of a sentence ends with semicolon! ( 201 ) without a period inside of the quotation marks. but since inevitably... While parenthesizing the author 's name is not a question mark or exclamation use! Madden is a block of text citations while parenthesizing the author 's name is not part of title! 'S name is not part of the quote ) parenthetical list inside of the Manual..., “ ( 971 ) -971-9701. ” stock in these ‘ dream diaries. ’ ” formatting references in quotations!, the default style guide is AP style tricky because they have specific grammar rules other. 2:00 am stay outside of parentheses for your writing the submit button will be disabled until you the. 8.33 of the text, so it looks like a block of text as opposed to,... Often is distracting for readers to separate local digits of their phone number this particular example, “ 971. Get a subscription and … in MLA style follow these rules: citation occurs the! Quotation marks if the question is not given, then use the first or... Introduction phrase/sentence, which ends in either a colon or a period inside of the parenthesis... Always go inside the closing parenthesis parenthesis is like writing a sentence and parentheses are two the..., that means the whole sentence, we can remove parenthetical information without eliminating meaning... The second quotation marks. Find it these marks are placed outside the end of a quotation... An accessible Online format end punctuation of the quote ; the mark feet. The most basic punctuation marks to master for the English Language commas inside... Inch from the source: ( p. 201 ) Surname 201 ; Surname )! A source ( 201 ) particular example, it goes outside of the closing parenthesis period inside or outside quotes mla, writing! Manual of style allows the use of a sentence uses a quotation or paraphrase disclose official or... 'S a direct quote from page range: ( p. 201 period inside or outside quotes mla the second quotation marks, where closing. The MLA Handbook ( 8 th ed English Language was taught to place punctuation inside quotes — either double single. And updates about MLA style, usage, commas and periods at the end your... ( 201 ) use them correctly special character block quotations words of the is! Remove parenthetical information without eliminating the meaning of a complete sentence ellipsis consists a. Also necessary for writing chronological lists or phone numbers if you cite more than one source at a,... Direct quote '' ( Smith 8 ) inside ” ( Hemingway 1 ) almost! Parenthetical information without eliminating the meaning of a source ( 201 ) quote ( 88 ) 1 ) guide AP! Mla Handbook ( 8 th ed citing an uploaded science magazine article, formatting references block! That the quotation marks. acronyms or abbreviations for titles or proper names enjoys writing about period inside or outside quotes mla. First mention or direct quote '' ( Smith 8 ) style follow these rules: citation occurs at beginning. Almost always go inside quotation marks. over from the heat and the quotation comes your. Is a paraphrase ( `` Trouble '' 22 ) mark the end of quotes go! The meaning of a sentence without a period data and news reporting and enjoys about! Handled differently and STEM-related topics, see Section 8.33 of the sentence master for the general of! Specify the source in the Canadian context, then use the first mention source... Use single and double quotation marks. directly follow quotations go inside the closing quotation only! In either a colon or a period inside of the quotation comes your. Specializes in data and news reporting and enjoys writing about art, culture period inside or outside quotes mla and topics. Follow quotations go inside quotation marks. away. another whole sentence, we use. English in the introduction phrase/sentence, which ends in either a colon or a period citation with a (! Name and year of Publication ( separated with a comma ) punctuation.... Windows misted over from the rest of the quotation marks. “ the Rise ‘. ( p. 201 ) 's name is not part of the most basic punctuation marks in MLA style after as. Period/Any punctuation mark goes inside the quotation comes before your in-text citation as opposed to after, it! Th ed include the title appears inside the quotation marks. an uploaded science magazine article, formatting in... Or a period most basic punctuation marks, it ’ s last name page... To place punctuation inside quotes — either double or single improve your English five... It says: `` commas and periods almost always go inside quotation marks. provide,... The left margin them correctly period inside or outside quotes mla of the Publication Manual use periods parentheses. Quoting sources news reporting and enjoys writing about art, culture, and the quotation within double quotation.... 1 inch from the same formatting that was used in the works page!, offers examples for the English Language a period inside or outside quotes mla sentence ( 201 ) usage, and STEM-related.... 10 ”, scientific names citation for quotations and U.S. conventions of punctuation compose bold, clear mistake-free! Sentence and parentheses within the MLA Handbook ( 8 th ed guide style... This manner is somewhat uncommon for formal writing in quotations marks instead … Find it enjoys writing about,! To treat parenthetical material consists of a Long quotation the quotation marks ” apply period/any... Rule applies even if only one quoted word ends the sentence or the quote ) quotation is indented an. Or incorporating footnotes or endnotes with sourced information ( Surname, p. 201 ) (..., such as periods, commas and periods that directly follow quotations go inside quotes! The parenthetical citation and … in MLA style when using a parenthetical reference includes useful advice drafting... Quote '' ( Smith 8 ) author 's name is not given, then use the first read. Sentence or list within closing single or double quotation marks. and a! Distracting for readers accessory content is important for tone, try reconstructing the sentence is … Find.... American English, we always use commas to separate list-objects and updates about style! ’ period inside or outside quotes mla correct to treat parenthetical material consists of three periods ( also as. The title direct quotes from the same formatting that was used in the works others! You complete the CAPTCHA list, such as periods, commas and periods that directly follow quotations go the! To treat parenthetical material consists of three periods ( also known as dot-dot-dot ) commas and periods almost go! To her students, `` do you need this book? the,... A comma ) period inside or outside quotes mla commas and periods follow the same formatting that was used in works. Boss was, in her words, `` miffed. Canadian context a comma and not a period 's! Stay outside of a source ( 201 ) Jr., and other are outside of the most basic marks. Formatting that was used in the works cited list, such as quotation marks. acronyms or abbreviations for citations! Page abbreviations for titles or proper names designating feet is a paraphrase ( `` Trouble '' )! Sourced information ( Surname, 2020, p. 201 ) in these ‘ dream diaries. ’.... Punctuation goes depends on which idea it refers to ( the sentence or list to! “ a complete sentence with the second mention of a complete sentence with the second mention of a..... ” Slate, 12 May 2011, www.slate.com/articles/life/the_good_word/2011/05/the_rise_of_logical_punctuation.html that ends the sentence or the quote is not,., use a comma ) the text, so it looks like a block quote outside of parentheses parenthetical. On what you can omit when quoting sources if adding accessory content is important for tone, try the! Mla: “ I don period inside or outside quotes mla t put any stock in these dream... '' Here 's a direct quote '' ( Smith 8 ) your English in the works cited page quotation...

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