Geographical factors such as climate or topography influence the ability to deliver health services; the cultural and political values of a particular nation can also affect the demand and supply of human resources for health [3]. This is because educational costs and the resources necessary for training are already taken care of by the international medical schools and governments [29]. Also, within Canada there is increasing pressure to consider a more active role for private health care delivery. There is already a trade agreement in place, many of the factors influencing health care are similar (demographics, training, level of economic development, geography, cultural factors) and they are currently each other's largest trading partners. Figure 1 depicts the relationship between health system inputs, budget elements and expenditure categories. GKV designed an organizational framework for health care in Germany and has identified and constructed the roles of payers, providers and hospitals. What is Human Resource Management (HRM)? If health care becomes a part of these new trade agreements, countries will be obliged to treat health care delivery according to the rules of the agreement. The CHA ensures that all Canadian citizens, regardless of their ability to pay, will have access to health care services in Canada. Privacy Human Resource Management in Health Care Sector a Conceptual Study K.Naga Sundari1, Prof. V. Narasimha Rao2 1Research Scholar, Krishna University, Machilipatnam, AP 2Director, PG Studies, ANR College, Gudivada, AP Abstract: Human Resources are considered as an important element in service industry in general and in specific in health care sector. When considering the countries examined in this paper, it is likely that Canada and the United States would initially be the two most likely to move towards a more integrated approach to health care delivery. PubMed  Germany. Human Resources Management in Health Care More and more attention is being concentrated on human resources management (HRM) within many healthcare systems globally. The organizational administrators recognized that a cultural reformation was needed to meet these new challenges. Another issue that arises when examining global health care systems is a country's level of economic development. Some of these strategies include the introduction of financial protection mechanisms, the targeting of specific needs and groups, and re-deployment services [3]. The role of human resource management is that of a partnership between the human resources department and management regardless of the organizational type. allows hospitals to efficiently provide high-quality care to patients. In the United States, health care is treated more as another service that, while it should be accessible, is not considered a right. CAS  "The aim of the CHA is to ensure that all eligible residents of Canada have reasonable access to insured health services on a prepaid basis, without direct charges at the point of service" [6]. et al. 2006, Baltimore, Maryland, [http://www.medicare.gov/publications/pubs/pdf/10050.pdf]. Known as the target for complaints, working in HR is not a highly coveted job nor well respected. For example, British Columbia has shown its commitment to its health care program by implementing an increase in funding of CAD 6.7 million in September 2003, in order to strengthen recruitment, retention and education of nurses province-wide [6]. of Human Resource Management practices in Hospital Industry and its impact on perception of employees which leads to Satisfaction or Dissatisfaction. One of the most pressing human resource issues in healthcare involves recruiting.The Bureau of Labor Statistics “projects the need for an additional 203,700 new RNs each year through 2026 to fill newly created positions and to replace retiring nurses.” In addition, it’s estimated that there will be a total of 1.2 million vacancies for nursing positions by 2022.There are a number of factors contributing … Also, due to the conditions of the labor market compared to the demand in developed countries, governments may make allowances to their strict policies regarding the type of and number of professionals they will allow into their country [29]. Human Resources for Health Terms and Conditions, These include: rapidly escalating health care costs, a large and growing number of Americans without health coverage and an epidemic of substandard care [15]. This function present in any management helps … Manojlovich M, Ketefian S: The effects of organizational culture on nursing professionalism: Implications for health resource planning. A refocus on human resources management in health care and more research are needed to develop new policies. Imagine starting a new job in a hospital and never really knowing... Training healthcare team online. In Germany, the health care situation also has issues due to a surplus of physicians; some of the human resources implications of this issue were addressed. Besides mailing out benefits packets, the human resource does a lot in the healthcare sector. Outsourcing of services has been used to convert fixed labor expenditures into variable costs as a means of improving efficiency. Furthermore, the result of the debate on Canada's one-tier versus two-tier system may have drastic impacts on the management of human resources in health care. The practices, policies and philosophies of human resources professionals are imperative in developing and improving American health care. Though Canada attracts internationally trained medical professionals, those employment vacancies may not always be open. With the new system, both public and private care would offer all services and Canadians would have the option of choosing between the two. Ottawa, ON: Government of Canada, 4: 111-, National Coalition on Health Care: Building a Better Health Care System: Specifications for Reform. For instance, there would likely be an increased role for insurance companies and health maintenance organizations (HMO) as they move towards the managed care model of the United States. Steps were taken to define the values, behaviors and competences that characterized the current culture, and analyze these against the desired culture [19]. Given the significant changes that globalization of health care can introduce, it is important that human resources professionals be involved at the highest level of strategic planning, and not merely be positioned at the more functional, managerial levels. The third group – private physicians – is generally not employed by the government, but rather is self-employed and works in a private practice. 2004, [http://www.euro.who.int/eprise/main/who/progs/chhdeu/system/20050311_1], The Library of Congress: A Country Study: Germany. All Germans, regardless of their coverage, use the same health care facilities. This study suggests that human resource managers should pursue appropriate strategies to enhance the professional competency and organizational commitment of their nursing staff. Human Resource Management Practices in Large Hospitals of Dehradun 559 References [1] VPS Rao, (2005) Human Resource Management-text and cases, Excel Books, Delhi 2nd Edition [2] K Aswathappa (2010) Human Resource Management-text and cases, Tata Mcgraw Hill Education Pvt Ltd, New Delhi 6th edition [3] NJ Niles (2013) Basic Concepts of Health Care Human Resource In addition, many health care services such as most prescriptions and dental work are largely funded by individuals and/or private or employer paid insurance plans. In 2004, Ontario had between 2000 and 4000 IMGs looking for work in medical fields related to their training and background [33]. Valuing people: The vision was to have the hospital considered as a favored employer and to be able to attract and retain the best talent. Journal of Health and Social Behavior. Developing countries are addressing these concerns by establishing health professional training programs similar to those in developed countries [29]. 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importance of human resource management in hospitals

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