DiTomaso. Yet, it’s so much more than that. I first identified this plant in 1979 at The Rine in Co Clare and photographed it in 2007 at Derrynane in Co Kerry If you are satisfied you have correctly identified this plant, please submit your sighting to the National Biodiversity Data Centre [2][3], Five to eleven soft, hairy white flowers are borne on a green, soft-hairy 3–15 centimetres (1.2–5.9 in) stalk that usually lifts them above the leaves. Garden tips: Wild strawberry may be used as a groundcover in open, sandy areas. The Natural Area and behind Kew Palace in the Queen's Garden. Plants are occasionally available from nurseries that specialize in Florida native plants. Habitat. It is native to woodland openings, meadows, prairies, limestone glades and cleared areas including roadsides. Availability: Medium Growing ease: High Moisture req. Virginian strawberry was an important medicinal and food plant for Native Americans. Additionally, its tri-fold leaves can be eaten raw in salads, cooked, or even steeped into a medicinal tea. The wild strawberry is used as an indicator plant for diseases that affect the garden strawberry. [citation needed] In reality, with proper handling of the very small seeds (which can easily be washed away with rough watering), 80% germination rates at 70 °F (21 °C) 1–2 weeks are easily achievable. Delicate meadering strawberry plant with white flowers in late spring and small edible fruit. Wild strawberry (Fragaria virginiana) is a perennial herbaceous wildflower whose fruit is the ancestral foundation of one our most important fruit crops. These tiny wild strawberries have a very widespread habitat, and can be commonly found in the wild. A gramme contains only about 1,500 seeds. The banked seeds of wild strawberries are helping to conserve this near threatened species and could be used to restore meadows in the future. Capable of withstanding outdoor winter temperatures down to -15C. It is an herbaceous perennial plant native to North America. Book a timeslot to Kew Gardens or Wakehurst before you come. They prefer moister soil, but will take drought in stride (although don't expect them to make new runners during dry times). Seed specialists dry, package and store seeds at a sub-zero temperature in our underground vault at the Millennium Seed Bank. Bars for natural enemies are in green, bars for bees are in yellow. Membership, Open today Wild strawberry is a low, ground-hugging herbaceous perennial, rooting from runners. Forms with runners are still found in old gardens. A plant that lives for more than two years. Details F. vesca is a stoloniferous, spreading perennial forming rosettes of 3-palmate leaves, bright green leaves with toothed leaflets. Synonyms Fragaria × ananassa. I don't think it will do well long-term in a traditional lawn. Wild strawberry is a native wildflower that can be used as a ground cover. Care should be taken as the fruits and leaves can have a negative affect on the skin, gastrointestinal system or respiratory system of some individuals. The Woodland Strawberry has been used by humans for millennia as a native food. [8], Its leaves serve as significant food source for a variety of ungulates, such as mule deer and elk, and the fruit are eaten by a variety of mammals and birds that also help to distribute the seeds in their droppings. Wild strawberries are not commercially cultivated due to their small size and low yield, but they are considered to have a superior flavour to the commercial strawberry and are used in patisserie in France and central Europe. The plant bears small strawberries in June that are edible. vesca). Hardy To Zone: 1? The garden strawberry (or simply strawberry; Fragaria × ananassa) is a widely grown hybrid species of the genus Fragaria, collectively known as the strawberries, which are cultivated worldwide for their fruit. Great for the homestead garden! Wild strawberry is used in traditional remedies as a laxative and diuretic. This species is native to the Chicago Region according to Swink and Wilhelm's Plants of the Chicago Region, with updates made according to current research. [8] It is tolerant of a variety of moisture levels (except very wet or dry conditions). 7", "BBC - Gardening: Plant Finder - Alpine strawberry", "Annotated List of Alpine, Wild, and Musk Strawberry Varieties Currently in Cultivation", Annotated List Alpine, Wild, and Musk Strawberry Varieties Currently in Cultivation, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fragaria_vesca&oldid=988307455, Articles containing potentially dated statements from November 2020, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2016, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, short reproductive cycle (14–15 weeks in climate-controlled greenhouses), This page was last edited on 12 November 2020, at 11:10. Its flowers have five rounded white petals and its small, dry fruits are embedded on the outer surface of a fleshy red receptacle. Wild strawberry is a native plant found in much of the US and Canada. It is also grown extensively near the town of Karadeniz Ereğli in Zonguldak province, Turkey. Native Environment: Prairie, Savanna / Woodland. Fragaria virginiana is a native Wild Strawberry with small but delicious edible fruit, and great fall color, too. The wild strawberry is used as an indicator plant for diseases that affect the garden strawberry. Kew Science: Plants of the World Online — Fragaria vesca, Open today It has bright green leaves composed of three leaflets with toothed edges and hairy surfaces. It is a creeping plant, producing new plants along runners (stolons) that extend sideways along the surface of the soil, rooting as they grow. Most of the cultivated varieties have a long flowering period (and have been considered by botanists as belonging to Fragaria vesca var. Wild strawberry was the seventh most attractive early season plant to natural enemies, and more attractive than any other plants blooming in May.