The effect is most spectacular when backlit by the setting sun. Few trees are more spectacular in winter than birches (Betula). The Heritage River Birch is often chosen for its attractive bark and ability to resist disease. The Royal Frost birch (Betula "Royal Frost") bears reddened leaves that strikingly contrast the peeling white bark and grows pest- and disease-free. Attractive buff-colored peeling bark is a wonderful backdrop for yellow fall color. It is important to prune your birch when it is in full leaf (except for the smallest twigs). Betula albosinensis var. It bears large, dark green leaves, which warm up to bright yellow in fall before they shed for the winter. In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in slender catkins. Award-winning Betula albosinensis 'Red Panda' features a most attractive coppery-pink bark with subtle shades of caramel and honey, and abundant white lenticels (bumpy lines). Some 60 different species of birch exist on the planet, but less than a dozen or so are common to North America. Birch sap, birch water or birch juice is the sap directly tapped from birch trees, Betula alba (white birch), Betula pendula (silver birch), Betula lenta, Betula papyrifera, and Betula fontinalis.. Birch sap may be consumed both fresh and naturally fermented.When fresh, it is a clear and uncoloured liquid, often slightly sweet with a slightly silky texture. Award-winning Betula utilis var. The colourful, peeling bark will add interest to a winter landscape. Perfect for wet soils, 'Little King' can tolerate locations with drier soils. Sep 8, 2015 - This variety of clump Birch tree is famous for its white chalk bark. Plus, it's an elegant source of shade, with unique peeling bark that stands out in your landscape. Betula pendula and Betula papyrifera can be grown in Zone 2. A beautiful, multi-branched tree prized for its highly textural, colorful, peeling bark. Pot-grown plants should establish easily as long as they are well watered after planting. In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in conspicuous catkins, 6 in. Vigorous, this medium-sized deciduous tree has a conical, upright, lightly spreading, bushy habit and is best grown as a specimen in a large lawn, where its glowing peeling bark can be admired in winter. Like water birch, river birch has reddish-brown bark that peels, while white birch's attractions include shining white bark and gracefully drooping branches. jacquemontii 'Grayswood Ghost' features one of the whitest bark of all birches. Common Name. Included in this group of “white-barked birches” are: European White Birch (Betula pendula) - The most commonly used birch native to the mountains of Europe and northern Asia. Explore. Don't know about differences in growth rate. A Whitespire birch "clump" is where there are more than 3 trunks … Older trees develop a chalky white bark that does not peel. Showy yellow fall color. White-barked trees can have their trunks washed with warm water to remove any excessive algae build-up, before the return of winter. An alternate common name is "black" birch, which is reflected in the species name, nigra (Latin for "black"). Not only does it set off fall colors and white bark beautifully, but a stand of them can provide the same shelter from wind and sun as a building. Orchard Tree .. Cottage Grove. Pale salmon and reddish-brown at first, it exfoliates to reveal lighter inner bark. Light Needs. An impressive specimen often grown as a clump of several trunks. $14.99. Exceptionally hardy, it performs best in cool northern climates and does poorly in heat and humid areas. Perfect for wet soils, this birch can tolerate locations with drier soils and is perhaps the most culturally adaptable and heat tolerant of the birches. japonica 'Whitespire' Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh pop-yoo-lih-FOH-lee-uh Description. closed. long (7 cm), with some golden-yellow fall color before they shed for the winter. It can be grown as a single stemmed tree, but also makes a wonderful multi-stemmed specimen. One of the most common birch tree species in the Northeast is river birch (Betula nigra). In winter, it shows off its warm creamy-brown exfoliating bark. In 2007, Elspeth (Jimmo) Tothill died after suffering an allergic reaction linked to silver birch trees near her home. Award-winning Betula 'Fascination' is  a very rewarding birch, which is noted for its attractive gleaming orange copper bark, which peels off to reveal another layer of pink and cream bark. Situate the tree so it receives adequate water. Thanks to the Crimson Frost birch it displays attractive burgundy-red foliage. An exceptional silhouette for night lighting. In spring, tiny yellowish-brown male flowers appear in drooping catkins. Resistant to bronze birch borer and air pollution. long (7 cm). This birch tree is tolerant of most soil conditions and considered to be resistant to bronze birch borer. Tolerant of wet soils, it’s the first weeping birch with resistance to the Bronze birch borer. Bright green leaves turn a yellow fall color. Betula ermanii (Erman's Birch) is a graceful medium-sized birch with peeling creamy bark on the trunk, delicately touched with copper-pink tones, and papery brown bark on the branches. Whitespire Birch is very adaptable preferring moist, well drained, slightly acidic soils. These deer resistant trees have gained popularity due their unique bark and great yellow fall color.. You may notice that some yards have a single tree birch tree while others have clumps or multiple birch trees. Problem with Whitespire Birch tree. Selected over twenty years ago by Dr. Edward R. Hasselkus at the University of Wisconsin, Madison Arboretum. ‘Royal Frost’ is an upright pyramidal birch featuring burgundy-red to purple foliage, showy yellow-orange to red fall color and attractive white bark. Full sun. Betula papyrifera (paper birch, also known as (American) white birch and canoe birch) is a short-lived species of birch native to northern North America.Paper birch is named for the tree's thin white bark, which often peels in paper like layers from the trunk. Perfect for wet soils, 'Heritage' can tolerate locations with drier soils and is extremely resistant to bronze birch borer and leaf spot diseases. The colourful, peeling bark will add interest to a winter landscape. Cheryl Howland × View full size in a new window. My problem is one of the trees I believe went into early Hibernation, it lost all of its leaves, 3 to 4 weeks before the other two trees last fall. In the St. Louis area, it is best sited in a northern or eastern exposure that receives some afternoon shade. Cuts made in late winter and spring, as the leaves are developing, will cause excessive bleeding of sap and weaken the tree. The tree has a medium to slow growth rate. In spring, tiny male and female flowers appear in long catkins. The tree has a medium to slow growth rate. Its relatively fine texture sets it apart from other landscape plants with less refined foliage. Native to the eastern U.S., it is also a bit more heat tolerant than other varieties (with the exception of the river birch) and resistant to the bronze birch borer. One nursery had only red birches and told us white birches do not do well. If you enjoy the multi stem look here is how you can do it yourself. Provides striking winter interest. Gallon(s) Bloom Color Family. Prized for its foliage. Lawn And Garden. Salmon-cream to brownish at first, it exfoliates to reveal a creamy-white inner bark that can almost rival with the European white birches. The whitest bark of all birches belongs to the Himalayan birch, Betula utilis.