However, Cockburn is pushing a simple extension after the ri level: “kokoro”. As Zen, Soto Zen in particular, explains things, our original ‘state’ is one of pure energy. Like many of you, my eyes rolled and the audible groan emanating from my coffee filled mouth was likely heard across the office upon reading the byte-sized descriptions. Kokoro is about having a fundamental understanding of the basics, returning to “simple”. Ponder that one for a moment. This is the final stage. Instead there were lots of simple concepts, abstract ideas and strange acronyms like CRUSSPIC STMPL. are the modern terms we might assign to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery. Indeed, the Ri level can look like magic at times. Let’s scrape away those decorations for a minute, and get back to the center of agile. by Kiai Echo | Jun 26, 2019 | Kiai Echo Articles. Even Muhammed Ali hated training; no joke. Our teachers and their teachers help show us the way to the top. This is the fourth stage of learning. Shu Ha Ri และ Kokoro. are the modern terms we might assign to the progressive levels or stages of learning from introduction to mastery. Self-actualization is not divinity. On mind, ki, and strength (Kokoro, KI, oyobi kyōdo ni) On mind, ki, and strength (Kokoro, KI, oyobi kyōdo ni) Aug 17th. This level doesn't really fit any of the four levels of competence, so some people have suggested a fifth level - Reflective Competence. Ri-level testers are serious heavyweights - the top few percent of the profession. And yet we cannot stay at the top of the mountain. This is seeing duality. Here are 10 Kokoro quotes from magnificent people that made their Shuhari journey and reached the essence of their field. Real peace is to become Buddha.” – Dainin Katagiri. Dainin Katagiri does explain it as ‘forgetting’ what we have learned. We have all encountered this idea in some form in our professions or more to the point, Danzan Ryu and other martial practice. Around 2000, I was writing about the 3 levels of listening, and someone introduced me to Shu-Ha-Ri. Most of us are like this and there is nothing wrong or right about it. This is the first stage of learning. The initial LinkedIn article and inaccurate Wikipedia entry all attribute Aikido with understanding and quantifying the progression of learning development in humans. Do you know anyone like that? Japanese martial art concept that is used to describe the stages of learning to mastery Maybe it occurred at some point years later….there is no schedule. Instead, I'm interested in how it applies to software testers. We like the concept of shu-ha-ri because it can be used to succinctly explain the levels people go through to achieve mastery of any domain, not just in martial arts. They may break all the rules and conventions they learned at the Shu and Ha levels. But there is a fourth level, which Cockburn calls Kokoro. Back to Kiai Echo March 2019 – February 2020. etc. Professional networking was amazed and new student enrollment went through the dojo roof everywhere. EC4N 4SJ, Switchboard 0800 612 2780 Test Lab 020 8102 9500 email@example.com, The Shu Ha Ri Kokoro Learning Progression, Find out why you should test on real devices. This person has shibumi. Shu: Learn a technique. They do everything by rote and are certain they are doing it the best way (the "one true way"). When you read Part 1 your brain was immediately asking which stage it was in or assigning you a category which made you feel confident. Shu, Ha, Ri leads to the next topic, the heart of Agile, via the Japanese symbol for heart, Kokoro. So far it's all as you might expect, but the next stage really surprised me. Ri-level testers are often terrible at teaching people who are at the Shu level. They see themselves climbing the proverbial mountain. Confidence precedes them or is noticeable. The name comes from Japanese martial arts (particularly Aikido), and Alistair Cockburn introduced it as a way of thinking about learning techniques and methodologies for software development.. He’s been working on a re-working of the basics of Agile, the heart of Agile. In Scrum or Kanban, this would mean that the ceremonies and basic activities are being implemented. We think we’ve seen spiritual truth. We can deepen our practice of Danzan Ryu by learning who we are. It takes time to learn this part of our practice. As 2014 progressed, I found myself saying more and more often: “Agile has become overly decorated. Understanding both versions can help teachers and students alike; and empower the individual in every aspect of life. 68-72 Queen Victoria Street Extensive use is made of document templates, test scripts, checklists and processes - indeed the answer to all problems is to have more test scripts, checklists and processes! And it is new every time. They are at the first of the four levels of competence - Unconsciously Incompetent. I read it every year. Read the little story here… kokoro extends shu ha ri (PDF) Share This Post. Sports medicine studies have shown us there is a point at which beginner athletes start wanting to train more honing skills and becoming more efficient. Several years ago a shiny new phrase swept through the industry in which I work. As a beginner, we start with some technique. 守 – shu 破 – ha 離 – ri 心 – kokoro Kokoro simplifies.png (Aside: I like that the Kanji characters reflect this curve, with the characters getting more complicated from 守 shu to 破 ha to 離 ri, and then getting simple again for 心 kokoro. พอเราเอา Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro กลับไปประกบกับ The 4 Stages of Learning ก็จะได้ว่า Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro จะเกิดขึ้นตั้งแต่ช่วงลำดับขั้นที่ 3 ของ The 4 Stages of Learning เป็นต้นไป Singh: Kokoro is basically a stage where you have mastered the basics of any technique, and is an extension of Shu-Ha-Ri, where the Kokoro stage comes after the Ri stage. Three Teachings of Ken (Shu ,ha ri ) Three Teachings of Ken (Shu ,ha ri ) Aug 17th. If they're using test automation, they're doing much more interesting and valuable things than merely writing checks for all the documented requirements. How does your app and website behave on the newest devices? Aug 17th. With the exception of “Reflect”, This stage is a chance for you to practice. Understand the fundamental building blocks which everything is built upon. Everyone else is writing scripts and collecting metrics so it's got to be the right thing to do? They have learned that tools exist to leverage their knowledge and experience - they decide what test they want to do, then see if there is a tool that can help them do it. Shu Ha Ri (then Kokoro) Shu Ha Ri is a Japanese martial art concept which describes the stages of learning to mastery. They develop their thinking not by moving on to even higher levels of complexity, but by returning to simplicity. Kokoro extends Shu-Ha-Ri with “Heart” In March 2015, I was searching for a way to extend Shu-Ha-Ri with a radical simplification… and found “kokoro”. Sports medicine studies have shown us there is a point at which beginner athletes start wanting to train more honing skills and becoming more efficient. It takes time to learn this part of our practice. They have the knowledge to do most things they need to, but they still need to think hard about the best way to do things and which approach(es) to use. Ri-level testers progress from the third to the fourth of the four levels of competence - Consciously Competent and Unconsciously Competent. Now you understand the basics you know when you can break the rules for the benefit of the context in which you find yourself. Follow the rules.  Writing the phrase as “heart and mind and body” illustrates how we as Westerners create a mental boundary making comprehension difficult. In these first three steps we are working at increasing levels of complexity. : A return to one’s original state. Here is an article explaining Shu Ha Ri, from the early 2000s: Shu Ha Ri (PDF) Then, in 2015, I was looking for the radical simplification of… They are confident, instinctively knowing what to do, but they don't know how they know and they struggle to explain it to other people. We have all encountered this idea in some form in our professions or more to the point, Danzan Ryu and other martial practice. That's why they tend to be great teachers at all levels, whereas Ri-level people typically teach complex stuff that only other Ri-level people can understand. We will revisit this concept in the latter part of this article. The Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro progression. They tend to regard everything they test as a black box and are prone to asking questions such as "how do you test an e-commerce system" or "how do you test an API" because they have not yet learned or developed a generic framework for testing. The answers come easy now. : Perfect practice makes perfect. The turning point may have occurred before your Danzan training. Shōbogenzō: Treasurey o the True Dharma Eye. (Ri confidence should not be confused with elitism and self-promotion.  The article Success Is In the Beginning by Professor Tony Janovich has been a cornerstone for my journey in Danzan Ryu Jujutsu and the other supporting martial practices in which I train. Inevitably the athlete realizes more and more depth to their training. What that is for each of us is often hard to see. That is peace — real peace. They have started to develop their own tools, techniques and methodologies and have learned or developed a generic framework for testing - they are comfortable taking on just about anything, whether it's familiar or completely new to them. We (humans) expect to get something from what we do. At the Ha level, testers have learned a wide range of techniques and are practicing their use. - and produce all kinds of metrics to demonstrate how well they are doing. Shu-Ha-Ri is a way of thinking about how you learn a technique. Shu, Ha, Ri etc. : ‘Break the rules’. I express the heart of agile with the diamond shown in Figure 1. Shorinji Kempo Key Principles. It's also why I completely misunderstood Michael Bolton's RST course in 2009 when I guess I was at the Ha level (and thought I was much higher than that!). At the far end we expect things like advanced dan rank, recognition and positions of influence. Regular practice reinforces habit which in turn facilitates intrinsic motivation. This is reserved for the true masters of the craft - people like James Bach, Michael Bolton, Jerry Weinberg etc. Older people are increasingly important on the web, but too often websites are designed for younger users. Most people get through life just fine by using the common sense of their culture, professions etcetera. And they count everything - test cases, test scripts, bugs, man-days, lines of code etc. Ha is the time to create solid habits as the techniques have been learned. In the Shu-Ha-Ri progression, I hope not to have to expand those four into Shu-level instructions. It can be frightening to forget ourselves and just help people. A ‘Ri’ person or group has spent time with their practice which has given them enough perspective to understand when the rulebook can be altered to fit a situation and yet can achieve the original purpose or produce innovation.  The ‘Buddha body’ is not a ‘god-like’ state by the way. training; no joke. More research, more study, more practice. The quick concepts are: None of these stages or phases describes a Dan or kyu rank. It was the Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro learning progression, which applies to just about all disciplines. In this context we can roughly understand this concept as ‘mind-no-mind’ or something similar. When I was a kid those Kool-Aid commercials were so awesome; so many flavors. The longer we train the worse it gets sometimes. Last night I went to an excellent presentation by Alistair Cockburn called Returning to the Heart of Agile that I have written about in a separate blog. This stage is a chance for you to practice. In aligning with Alistair Cockburn’s Heart of Agile and Shu Ha Ri Kokoro we’re proposed that the 8 elements make up the Ri stage with Kokoro as the elite Agile Coach stage where coaching competencies and behaviours boil down to: Listening with empathy. ON SEN -INITIATIVE. Staying at the top is lonely. The Shu Ha Ri Kokoro Learning Progression Posted by Steve Green on 14 June 2016. So lets start at the beginning with what is Shu-Ha-Ri-Kokoro? You’ll know once you get there. The Five Stages of Learning can be abbreviated for an ‘elevator pitch’ (done it). The fourth stage is rather selfish. I suggest it is a metaphor to remind the mountain climber that no one in the village can see the world in the same way she did from the summit.