The clouds of Saturn are much less colorful than those of Jupiter. A large part of its atmosphere is also composed of water, ammonia and methane. Jupiter has 318 times Earth's mass, and Saturn is 95 times Earth's mass. • It is important to know that Earth is conducive to life because Earth is a terrestrial planet. The probe would enter Saturn's atmosphere at velocity of approximately 27 km/s, which is less than the Galileo Probe's velocity of 47.4 km/s. • Saturn is the sixth planet in our solar system while Earth is the third planet in the solar system. And now, scientists have discovered a molecule Its atmospheric pressure is 60% greater than Earth's, meaning it exerts the kind of pressure you feel at the bottom of a swimming pool, according to NASA. It is true that both Earth and Saturn belong to our solar system, but the earth is in the inner solar system, and the Saturn is in the outer solar system. a) True b) False. Saturn has a smaller magnetic field in comparison to Jupiter’s but still its magnetic field is many times greater than the earth’s magnetic field. When the Cassini-Huygens probe arrived in 2004, it discovered the same storm was still in progress, suggesting an extremely long-lived weather phenomenon. The surface that is seen through telescopes and in spacecraft images is actually a complex of cloud layers decorated by many small-scale features, such as red, brown, and white spots, bands, eddies, and vortices, that vary over a fairly short time. 5. The surface of Saturn is defined by the region where the pressure of the planet reaches one bar, equivalent to the pressure at sea level on Earth. No impactors would survive the immense pressures at the depth of Saturn's core. Mars is about half the size of Earth in diameter. 9000 kPa: Roberge, Aki. As Saturn has a diameter of 74, 898 miles, Saturn is about 9.5 times bigger than the Earth.Though Saturn is so larger than Earth, Saturn takes around 30 years to orbit the Sun. The outer atmospheric layer would dissolve, and the denser interior would sink to the bottom of the tub. Saturn's atmosphere, although similar to Jupiter's, is much less interesting to look at from a distance. An electric current within the metallic hydrogen layer is supposed to give rise to Saturn's planetary magnetic field, which is weaker than the Earth's, but has a magnetic moment 580 times that of Earth due to Saturn's larger size. This shows that Saturn does not possess the conditions wherein life is made possible. Unlike earth, Saturn has beautiful rings round it. Saturn is much bigger than Earth. The Earth spins on its axis from west to east. Saturn is the sixth planet from the sun whereas Jupiter is the fifth planet from the Sun. Cassini-Huygens probe that came to Saturn in 2004 witnessed the same storm still progressing. Saturn is not conducive to life because Saturn is a gas giant made of mostly hydrogen and helium. The rest is traces of other gases. Saturn’s weather system is also unlike anything found on Earth. Jupiter’s equatorial field, at 4.3 gauss, is more than 20 times stronger than Saturn’s. Orbit and Rotation. It's an infinitesimal amount of air when compared to Earth's atmosphere. @media (max-width: 1171px) { .sidead300 { margin-left: -20px; } } At the “one bar” level, or the level of the atmosphere equivalent to the pressure on Earth, Saturn’s temperature is -139 degrees Celsius (-218 degrees Fahrenheit). Now comparing the revolution, Saturn takes more time to go round the Sun. e) Implausible. All rights reserved. This period is known as a year on Earth. These are the differences between Earth and Saturn. It's four times denser than Earth's. Saturn is the sixth planet from the Sun and the second-largest in the Solar System, only behind Jupiter. In addition, observations of the planet have revealed massive storms deeper in the atmosphere, disturbances that occasionally break through into the outer reaches, disturbing the tranquil, layered appearance of the planet. The atmosphere of Saturn is about 96% hydrogen and 4% of helium. This is based on the distance from the Sun. A) They are about the same as average winds on Earth. Related Information. Here are some known atmospheric pressures for planetary bodies: Venus = 9300 Kp Earth = 101 Kp Mars = 0.7-0.9 Kp Jupiter = 20-200 Kp Saturn = 140 Kp Titan = 147 Kp Any insights are this topic would be appreciated. It is said to be very cool and dark in Saturn since its distance from the sun is farther than the earth. Saturn’s atmosphere, on the other hand, is approximately 96 percent hydrogen, with around 4 percent helium and other trace gases. Here on Earth, we have a solid surface at which to measure it, but planets like Saturn and Jupiter have no solid surface - they are gas giants. • It is said that the Earth takes 365 days to orbit the Sun. Saturn is the second-largest planet in the Solar System. This shows that Saturn does not possess the conditions wherein life is made possible. At Saturn’s one-bar “surface” level, the maximum polar field is 0.8 gauss (north) and 0.7 gauss (south), very similar to Earth’s polar surface field, while the equatorial field is 0.2 gauss, compared with 0.3 gauss at Earth’s surface. • However, when it comes to size, Saturn is the second largest plant while Earth is the fifth largest planet in the solar system. c) Implausible. Saturn - Saturn - The atmosphere: Viewed from Earth, Saturn has an overall hazy yellow-brown appearance. Earth is the third planet in the solar system. Saturn's atmosphere originated from the volatiles in impactors that were released via volcanic activity. Earth and Saturn are two planets that show a remarkable difference between them when it comes to their characteristics and nature. The surface that is seen through telescopes and in spacecraft images is actually a complex of cloud layers decorated by many small-scale features, such as red, brown, and white spots, bands, eddies, and vortices, that vary over a fairly short time. Saturn's high rotation would prevent an impactor from reaching its core. Unlike Earth, there is no dry land in Saturn as it is a gaseous planet. The data collected from the Cassini-Huygens mission in 2004 suggests that temperatures might rise to as much as 80 degrees Celsius (176 degrees Fahrenheit) in the lowest reaches of the atmosphere, where pressures are highest. For volume, it would take 6 Mars to fill in Earth. Saturnian Atmosphere Surface Pressure: >>1000 bars Temperature at 1 bar: 134 K (-139 C) Temperature at 0.1 bar: 84 K (-189 C) Density at 1 bar: 0.19 kg/m 3 Wind speeds Up to 400 m/s (<30 degrees latitude) Up to 150 m/s (>30 degrees latitude) Scale height: 59.5 km Mean molecular weight: 2.07 Atmospheric composition (by volume, uncertainty in parentheses) Major: Molecular hydrogen (H 2) - 96.3% (2.4%); … Milton Kazmeyer has worked in the insurance, financial and manufacturing fields and also served as a federal contractor. The colorful bands in its outer atmosphere result from intense straight-line winds that circle the planet, ranging as high as 895 miles per hour (1440 kilometers per hour) at the equator. Mars has a much thinner atmospheric volume compared to Earth. The rest is traces of other gases. Surface pressure is the atmospheric pressure at a point of Earth's surface. Saturn is said to be at a distance of about 1, 433, 000, 000 km from the Sun. The Voyager probes, passing Saturn in 1980 and 1981, photographed an enormous hexagon-shaped storm, larger than the entire planet Earth, at Saturn’s north pole. We have to pick a "surface." The distance to Saturn from the sun keeps these gases, and the temperature of the planet, cold. Any large impactor approaching Saturn would be broken up by tidal forces. "At the base of the atmosphere … the pressure is 90 atm." At Saturn’s one-bar “surface” level, the maximum polar field is 0.8 gauss (north) and 0.7 gauss (south), very similar to Earth’s polar surface field, while the equatorial field is 0.2 gauss, compared with 0.3 gauss at Earth’s surface. Internal Pressures (in Earth Atmospheres) Ratio of Pressure to Earth's Internal Pressure Earth Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto 1 2.52 1.06.92 1.19 0.62 1 6.4 1.13.85 1.42.0038 3 600 000 (50 to 100) 000 000 (5 to 8) 000 000? B) They are slightly faster than average winds on Earth. Saturn’s radius is about nine times that of Earth’s, and all that gas produces high pressure as you descend into the atmosphere. The answer is that the mass of the atmosphere of Venus is very high compared to that of the Earth, by almost a factor of 100. Venus has by far the hottest surface of any planet in the Solar System, with an average temperature of 737 K (464 °C; 867 °F), even though Mercury is closer to the Sun. The atmospheric pressure at the planet's surface is about 92 times the sea level pressure of Earth, or roughly the pressure at 900 m (3,000 ft) underwater on Earth. 4. Earth’s atmosphere consists of approximately 78 percent nitrogen and 21 percent oxygen, with other trace gases making up the difference. D) They are much faster than hurricane winds on Earth. Also, the atmospheric pressure on Saturn is very high. Jupiter’s equatorial field, at 4.3 gauss, is more than 20 times stronger than Saturn’s. e) It is unknown why this is so. The axis of the earth is the imaginary line that passes through the center of the earth from the North Pole to the South Pole. (9 to 11) 000? The Planets After Formation. If you were to venture into this atmosphere, you would find conditions unlike anything found on Earth. Saturn's largest moon, Titan, is the only moon in our solar system that has a thick atmosphere. • While Earth has only one moon, Saturn has 62 moons. However, it is twice as far from Earth as Jupiter, and from Saturn the Sun appears about 10 times smaller than how we see it from Earth. Winds in Saturn's upper atmosphere can reach speeds of 1,800 kilometers (1,118 miles) per hour near its equator. He began his writing career in 2007 and now works full-time as a writer and transcriptionist. The atmosphere has evolved: evidence on the surface suggest that Mars was once much warmer and wetter. Uranus’ atmosphere is mainly composed of helium and hydrogen. Saturn has the second-shortest day in the solar system. Also, the atmospheric pressure on Saturn is very high. It is said that the Earth takes 365 days to orbit the Sun. By comparison, the atmospheric pressure levels common on Earth exist only in the uppermost regions of Saturn’s atmosphere, where clouds of ammonia ice float in the frozen extremes. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. The Saturn’s temperature at the 1 bar reference level is equal to 140°K and the atmosphere pressure approximately equal to Jupiter’s atmospheric pressure. This was in 1980-81 period. The atmospheric composition is also significantly different: primarily carbon dioxide-based, while Earth’s is rich in nitrogen and oxygen. Difference Between Lunar Eclipse and New Moon, Difference Between Coronavirus and Cold Symptoms, Difference Between Coronavirus and Influenza, Difference Between Coronavirus and Covid 19, Difference Between Primary and Secondary Pollutants, Difference Between Partnership and Corporation, Difference Between Tonofibrils and Tonofilaments, Difference Between Isoelectronic and Isosteres, Difference Between Interstitial and Appositional Growth, Difference Between Methylacetylene and Acetylene, Difference Between Nicotinamide and Nicotinamide Riboside. It is this rotation that causes day and night. In contrast, the strongest hurricane-force winds on Earth top out at about 396 kilometers (246 miles) per hour. Saturn’s atmosphere—where NASA’s Cassini spacecraft ended its 13 extraordinary years of exploration of the planet—has a few unusual features.Its winds are among the fastest in the solar system, reaching speeds of 1,118 miles (1,800 kilometers) per hour. • Earth is said to be at a distance of about 149, 597, 891 kilometers from the sun whereas Saturn is said to be at a distance of about 1, 433, 000, 000 km from the Sun. b) False. Compare the Difference Between Similar Terms. If Saturn and its rings were placed between Earth and Moon, they would barely fit. Mars is about half the size of Earth by diameter and has a much thinner atmosphere, with an atmospheric volume less than 1% of Earth’s. Let’s take a look at Saturn compared to Earth. The atmosphere of Saturn is about 96% hydrogen and 4% of helium. When comparing Earth and Saturn, the former is the densest planet of the two. However, if you were to descend toward the dense core of the planet, the increasing atmospheric pressure would increase the temperature. Saturn >>1000: 2: Uranus >>1000: 3: Neptune >>1000: 4: Venus: 92: 5: Earth: 1.014: 6: Jupiter: 0.2 - 2: 7: Mars: 4 - 8.7 x 10-3: 8: Sun: 8.68 x 10-4: 9: Pluto: 3 x 10-6: 10: Mercury: 10 x 10-15: 11: Moon: 3 x 10-15: Source: NASA. On average, an area on Earth receives 90 times the amount of sunlight than the same area would on Saturn. Rotation of the earth is spinning of the earth on its axis. But enhanced-colour images allow us to study the bands across which run parallel to the equator much like Jupiter's, indicating violent winds. These also last longer than those on Earth. 9000 kPa: Encyclopedia of Astronomy and Astrophysics. However, Saturn is not conducive to life because Saturn is a gas giant made of mostly hydrogen and helium. Saturn’s equatorial diameter is 120,536 km, which is about 9.5 times bigger than that of Earth. Saturn’s radius is about nine times that of Earth’s, and all that gas produces high pressure as you descend into the atmosphere. Another difference that can be seen is that Saturn is colder than Earth. Saturn is the second largest planet in our solar system, only s… 1.1 to 1.5? Earth, on the other hand, has the rank of the fifth largest planet in our solar system. • A day on Earth is 24 hours. Further toward the planet's core, however, scientists believe the percentage of helium increases substantially, forming as much as 25 percent of the planet's total makeup. It is said the core pressure on Saturn is more than 1000 times the pressure found on Earth. 21 April 1998. For numerical reasons, atmospheric models such as general circulation models (GCMs) usually predict the nondimensional logarithm of surface pressure. This is a major difference between the earth and Saturn. Both the planets are in the outer solar system. NASA suggest that the pressure at the core of Saturn is more than a 1000 times the pressure on Earth. This adds to Saturn's overall yellow … The Saturn’s temperature at the 1 bar reference level is equal to 140°K and the atmosphere pressure approximately equal to Jupiter’s atmospheric pressure. "The magnetic field freezes the flow," and the planet becomes rigid, says Yohai Kaspi, a planetary scientist at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel, who worked with Iess. At sea level on Earth, we breathe in an atmosphere where each cubic centimeter contains 10,000,000,000,000,000,000 molecules; by comparison the lunar atmosphere has less than 1,000,000 molecules in the same volume. His primary fields of expertise include computers, astronomy, alternative energy sources and the environment. This shows that Saturn is very far away from the Sun as much as Earth is closer to Sun than Saturn. One day on Saturn takes only 10.7 hours (the time it takes for Saturn to rotate or spin around once), and Saturn makes a complete orbit around the Sun (a year in Saturnian time) in about 29.4 Earth years (10,756 Earth … comparison between the Voyager infrared (IRIS), Galileo orbiter near-infrared (NIMS), and ISO/SWS 5-mm spectra of Jupiter (Roos-Serote et al., 1999) (SWS, Short Wavelength Spectrometer) revealed an anoma-Table 1 Composition of the atmospheres of Jupiter and Saturna Mixing ratios relative to H2 Species Jupiter Saturn Major species H2 1.0 1.0 The rotation of the Earth is not as same as the revolution of the earth. California: Academic Press, 1989. It is directly proportional to the mass of air over that point. Saturn is one of the most distinctive planets in the solar system, easily identified by its vivid ring system and colorful atmosphere. This shows that Saturn is very far away from the Sun as much as Earth is closer to Sun than Saturn. Images of Saturn. Surface Pressure. d) Implausible. An Overview of Saturn's Atmosphere The dramatic appearance of Saturn stems mainly from the spectacular rings. NASA suggests that the pressure at the core of Saturn is more than 1000 times as the pressure on Earth. Some of these storms are enormous in size and last much longer than corresponding weather features on Earth. The moon is said to be the nearest neighbor to the Earth in the space. NASA’s observations of the planet suggest that at its core, the pressure is more than 1,000 times that found on Earth, enough to force hydrogen first into its liquid state, and finally into a solid metal at the planet’s core. Comparison of Saturn and the Earth. Saturn has a smaller magnetic field in comparison to Jupiter’s but still its magnetic field is many times greater than the earth’s magnetic field. And that excludes Saturn's diffuse outer E Ring! Revolution of the earth is the movement of the earth around the Sun. Saturn - Saturn - The atmosphere: Viewed from Earth, Saturn has an overall hazy yellow-brown appearance. [/caption] Saturn is the second largest planet in the Solar System (after Jupiter), but you really need a comparison. These super-fast winds, combined with heat rising from within the planet's interior, cause the yellow and gold bands visible in Saturn's atmosphere. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: Saturn Fact Sheet, European Space Agency: Saturn's Atmosphere, NASA: Cassini Images Bizarre Hexagon on Saturn, NASA: NASA Spacecraft Sees Huge Burp at Saturn After Large Storm, European Space Agency: Facts About Saturn, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center: Earth Fact Sheet. Saturn’s surface area is 83 times that of Earth. If you account for total mass, Mars is about 10% of Earth. The distance between Earth and Moon is 384,400 kilometers (238,900 miles) while the diameter of the A Ring outer edge measures 273,550 Kilometers (169,980 miles). Images Courtesy: Earth and Saturn via Wikicommons (Publid Domain), Filed Under: Universe Tagged With: Earth, earth and saturn, gas giant, inner solar system, more about earth, more about saturn, outer solar system, ringed planet, Saturn, saturn and earth, terrestrial planet, Koshal is a graduate in Language Studies with a Master's Degree in Linguistics. The moon also is the natural satellite to the Earth. Orbit and Rotation. 3. Saturn’s distance from the sun greatly affects the planet’s temperature. Earth is said to be at a distance of about 149, 597, 891 kilometers from the Sun. • The atmospheric pressure on Saturn is believed to be unbearablely high. Traces of water are present in the atmosphere, but predominantly as ice. Earth; Mars; Jupiter; Saturn; Uranus; Neptune; Pluto; The Moon; The Atmosphere of Uranus. On the other hand, the two planets have similar surface areas and similar gravitational accelerations at the surface. It is true that both Earth and Saturn belong to our solar system, but the earth is in the inner solar system, and the Saturn is in the outer solar system. As a matter of fact, both Saturn and Jupiter are gas giants made of mainly hydrogen and helium and not a favorable atmosphere for life, unlike Earth. The atmosphere looks much less dramatic. Moreover, Titan has a dense atmosphere whereas Moon does not have an atmosphere. Terms of Use and Privacy Policy: Legal. Together, Jupiter and Saturn hold 92% of the total … Like Jupiter, Saturn is made up mainly of hydrogen and helium gases. On the other hand, Saturn takes around 30 years to orbit the Sun. Earth is the only place in … Saturn's atmosphere originated from the ... Jupiter's Great Red Spot is a low-pressure storm like a hurricane on Earth.