Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. Allowed to grow to its full potential, beech forms a large majestic tree for spacious gardens. SC038885). Another abnormality that sometimes occurs in beech trees is clear ripples in the bark running right up the trunk. This tree also looks good in larger gardens, particularly when planted with the golden leaved form 'Dawyck Gold'. Birds feed off the seeds this tree produces. Registered in England No. The true cause of rippled beech bark is unknown. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? The crown shape of this tree is distinctively upright, forming a … Rich, dark purple foliage in a cascading silhouette defines the Purple Fountain Weeping Beech, creating an eye-catching focal point that sets your landscape apart. Credit: Andrew Roland / Alamy Stock Photo. Get an A-Z guide of trees by downloading our free tree ID app for Android and iOS. It grows to a height of more than 40m. From identification, folklore and history to the pests and diseases that threaten them. Copper beech is a popular horticultural plant, especially when planted as large specimen trees, but it is not loved by all. Copper beech doesn’t occur naturally, but is planted in urban and rural areas across the UK as an ornamental tree for its distinctive purple leaves.It has several habitat requirements, including a humid atmosphere and well-drained soil. But the gene is usually ‘switched off’, so each year the tree produces green leaves. SC038885). Credit: Lorraine Yates / Alamy Stock Photo. Copper beeches appeared as natural mutants of the common beech in various parts of Europe, as early as the 15th century. The gray bark and lacy twigs are beautiful in winter. As a beech tree can live for hundreds of years, it can provide important habitat for deadwood specialists like hole-nesting birds and wood-boring insects. Copper beech is easily distinguished by its purple leaves. The common beech (Fagus sylvatica), is an unusual tree in the UK, as it’s considered native only to the South East of England. There are more detailed answers in the advice section of this site, but here are some concise answers to the questions most usually asked about beech … ORDER HOTLINE: 01782 502741 It prefers fertile, calcified or lightly acidic ground and is often found on the side of hills. It grows to a height of more than 40m. Severe infestations can kill affected trees. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. Moth caterpillars enjoy munching through the leaves, including clay triple-lines and olive crescent. At the grand old age of 244, the avenue has found recent fame after featuring as the Kings Road in the TV series Game of Thrones. A LL TREES TEACH US PATIENCE, but a beech tree is the advanced master of the discipline. Monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers grow on the same tree. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. It features bold foliage, colored purple-red in spring, turning dark burgundy-purple for the summer. Fagus grandifolia, the American beech, grows in the woods around me, but when I came to this place 30ish years ago, I added a European beech (Fagus sylvatica), a copper-leaf one specifically, in the field high above the house.Slow as it may be, it has proven a fine companion in every season since, … The tree still stands near Leeds and was voted the UK Tree of the Year in 2018. The dark purple leaves are a stark contrast to common beech. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. We know copper beeches have existed for centuries, but we still don’t understand why the colour variation happens. The Copper or Purple Beech tree, Fagus sylvatica Purpurea, is a natural variety of Green Beech with copper coloured young leaves that darken to purple-black. Copper beech is a popular horticultural plant. For centuries they were fed to pigs in autumn to fatten them up. Purple Beech Hedge Plant Description. Unique varieties of the beech are the Purple Beech Tree and the Tricolor Beech Trees, These two types of trees are readily identified by their leaves. Beech Trees Beech's are found in North Americia, Asia and Europe. VAT No. Its leaves are oval and fringed with silky, brown hairs. It has stunning dark purple-red foliage in the spring, turning into a dark green-bronze gradually over the year. Looking for a larger beech tree, rather than hedge plant sizes? Nearly 100 years ago, Vic Stead grafted three beech saplings together to form the letter N, for his sweetheart Nellie who he went on to marry. How to grow beech. Images © protected Woodland Trust. The bark is often home to fungi, mosses and lichens. The seeds are eaten by mice, voles, squirrels and birds. American Beech (Fagus grandifolia) This is the only beech species that is an original native to North … Hornbeam (Carpinus betulus). Fagus Sylvatica Purpurea or “Copper Beech” is one of the most striking mature trees in the British Isles, magnificent specimens can be found in many larger town gardens. Beech trees provide important food and homes for lots of species. In a few beech woods in the UK, you may even come across a copper beech growing among green beeches. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. The town of Brookline, Massachusettshas one of the largest, if not the largest, grove of European beech trees in the United States. Images © protected Woodland Trust. The bark is smooth, thin and grey, often with slight horizontal etchings. Woody cups enclose one or two beech nuts, known as beechmast. (Our range of beech plants include Green Beech, Fagus Sylvatica) much sought after as […] Vibrant Purple Foliage in a Natural Weeping Form Why Purple Fountain Weeping Beech Trees? a new sapling germinates that is mostly purple rather than green. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. GB520 6111 04. triangular beech nuts, known as beech masts, in prickly seed cases. It is also very vulnerable to bark stripping by grey squirrels. The Woodland Trust is a charity registered in England and Wales (No. 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. A fastigiate form of the common beech, this tree offers red foliage in the spring that turns a beautiful deep purple in the summer and then brown in the autumn. This is an impressive purple-foliage form of the European Beech. Beech nuts are a useful food for wildlife. But make no mistake this is not a shade tree. Fagus sylvatica 'Dawyck Purple' is a beautiful neatly shaped slender tree that grows to just 10 x 3 metres in 20 years, making it ideal for many gardens, whether as a focal point or for a formal avenue. Dawyck Purple Beech is a dense deciduous tree with a narrowly upright and columnar growth habit. All beech trees seem to have the genetic potential to be purple. We also sell Green & Purple Beech trees in standard sizes. The 'Dawyck Purple' beech tree has a stunning columnar shape and is suitable for a smaller garden due to its upright habit. Purple Beech hedge plants (Fagus sylvatica ‘Purpurea’) is often referred to as Copper Beech. Beech is one of our most popular trees – so much so that it’s often considered the queen of British trees. Where the space is available, 'Rivers Purple' makes an astonishing grand looking feature. The naturally occurring mutation appears spontaneously, without human interference. Deep purple in the spring, turning to a coppery hue in the autumn, oval and fringed with silky brown hairs. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. The Columnar Purple Beech tree is a slender deciduous tree that grows 25 feet tall within 20 years, yet only 6 feet wide. You’ll often find this striking tree planted in landscape-scale gardens as a specimen tree. The bark is often home to a variety of fungi, mosses and lichens, and seeds are eaten by mice, voles, squirrels and birds. The wood burns well and was traditionally used to smoke herring. Delivery is free. Purple Beech (Fagus Sylvatica 'Purpurea') is marked by its attractive coppery-red foliage, and like Green Beech, makes a great hedge, retaining its coppery leaves throughout winter and only loosing them when new leaves develop in spring. Because beech trees live for so long they provide habitats for many deadwood specialists such as hole-nesting birds and wood-boring insects. The variety called ‘Purple Fountain’ was found in the Netherlands, in the 1960s. 1982873. a mature common beech puts out purple leaves, usually restricted to one branch. Deep purple, distinctive, dramatic. 294344) and in Scotland (No. In County Antrim, an avenue of ancient beech trees known as The Dark Hedges is one of the most photographed spots in Northern Ireland. This stunning Beech has deep purple-red leaves, classically Beech in form, that appear in the spring and gradually turn to dark green throughout the summer before giving a show of golden brown foliage in the autumn. Beech leaves are generally ovate with deep veins and wavy edges and they come in a range of colours from coppery green to lime green to dark purple. Beech trees are an important source of food for wildlife including bank vole. This is the colourful purple leaved variety of Beech with rich purple colouration in the Summer months and coppery brown Winter foliage that is retained. This stunning purple leaved Beech tree is tolerant of exposure and will grow in most soils except wet. Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea' (European Beech) is a beautiful, large, deciduous tree with a densely pyramidal to rounded-spreading crown. Purple beech leaves can occur in the natural environment in two ways: a mature common beech puts out purple leaves, usually restricted to one branch a new sapling … In mid-late spring, small, yellow-green flowers are on display. Look out for: the red to purple leaves which mark a clear difference in comparison to common beech.Identified in winter by: its sharply pointed buds, a feature it shares with common beech. There are 10-12 speicies in the Beech Tree Group. Credit: Panther Media GmbH / Alamy Stock Photo, Credit: Nature Photographers Ltd / Alamy Stock Photo. In North America, they are preferred for this purpose over the native F. grandifolia, which despite its tolerance of warmer climates, is slower growing, taking an average of 10 years longer to attain maturity. Purple beech tree (fagus sylvatica purpurea) is a large noble tree with deep purple/russet red leaves and silver-grey bark bearing pink tinged flowers.Best planted as a specimen tree where it has space to flourish. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. Beech woodland makes an important habitat for lots of butterflies too. VAT No. If clipped it doesn't shed its leaves, and provides a year-round, dense screen which is a great habitat for garden birds.Like common beech, copper beech timber can be used for a variety of purposes, including fuel, furniture, cooking utensils, tool handles and sports equipment. It can be either an attractive formal hedge or act as very good windbreak. This deciduous tree has smooth, grey bark and deep purple foliage which turns a coppery-red in autumn before falling. A truly wonderful tree, it should be planted as a specimen tree wherever there is a large space available. Its average texture blends into the landscape, but can be balanced by one or two finer or coarser trees or shrubs for an effective composition. There is little folklore relating to beech. Everything you need to know about British trees. Branching to the ground, its smooth, gray bark is truly stunning in the winter landscape. Registered in England No. Credit: Gordon Hulmes Gardens and Plants / Alamy Stock Photo, Scientific name: Fagus sylvatica f. purpurea. Its foliage of broadly elliptic, lustrous, coppery to deep purple leaves, turns copper-red in the fall. Some beech trees have deep purple leaves instead of green – these are called copper beech. Once wind-pollinated, this cup becomes woody and encloses one or two reddish brown beech nuts (known as beechmast). 2296645), is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Woodland Trust. Purple Beech hedge plants (Fagus sylvatica 'Purpurea'), also known as Copper Beech, are a delightful hedging species boasting glossy foliage in shades of purple and darkest green. In spring, the leaves are an attractive brownish-pink but soon change to their distinctive blackish-purple colour. Credit: Gordon Hulmes Gardens and Plants / Alamy Stock Photo. It is planted in urban and rural areas across the UK. Look out for: Look for oval-shaped leaves with a pointed tip and wavy edges. The colour can vary from dark purple to a more purple tinted dark green. The beech most commonly grown as an ornamental tree is the European beech (Fagus sylvatica), widely cultivated in North America and its native Europe. The carbon-locking qualities of trees and woods are crucial in the fight against climate change. They will grow perfectly well in either sun or partial shade and thrive on almost any well-drained soil. Many varieties are in cultivation, notably the weeping beech F. sylvatica 'Pendula', several varieties of copper or purple beech, the fern-leaved beech F. sylvatica 'Asplenifolia', and the tricolour beech F. sylvatica 'roseomarginata'. Sometimes one rippled beech can be spotted among other beeches that are growing normally. Learn more about the pests and diseases threatening our trees. Purple Beech is a majestic tree worthy of inclusion because of its distinctive red leaves. Credit: iStockPhoto.com / 13Threephotography. It is not quite as big as green beech and grows more slowly, but it is still only suitable for a large garden. Beech FAQ's. The Purple Fountain Beech is a special form of the European Beech (Fagus sylvatica). The 20th century gardener Russell Page said in his book The Education of a Gardener “Nothing destroys the harmony of a garden more than the dark blotch of a copper beech”.It makes a good hedging plant, especially since it can be cut back hard. The tree itself is broadly spreading, reaching 10 x 6 metres in 20 years but can be kept smaller by pruning if desired. Buy Beech Hedging Here Today. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Twigs are slender and grey but not straight – their shape resembles a zig-zag. With its bright purple leaves which hang on through the winter, a hedge row of “Copper Beech” is most desirable.