Although it’s tempting to sit at your desk and grade papers, that’s also an invitation to your students to get distracted. Learning how to be proactive involves working on yourself. copy to clipboard . Everything from how the room is organized to how much time you spend teaching procedures affects the flow of your rehearsals for the entire school year. As they walked down the hallway, he pointed out other boys—all white—who were also wearing sagging pants. Two of the most popular strategies in this regard are proactive and reactive management. June 29, 2015 By ed. “Instead of a top-down list of rules that a teacher gives a class, these are words that we generated together. 6. Establishing positive relationships with all students in the class 3. Preventative strategies are proactive and encourage students to be on-task, motivated to learn and prosocial. Establish, maintain, and restore relationships: Building relationships with students through strategies like greeting them at the door is a good start. 8. Reactive Classroom Management Practices. It’s also necessary to maintain them over the course of the school year, and to repair them when conflicts arise. Teach, monitor, and reinforce expectations and rules 3. Positive greetings at the door to precorrect and establish a positive climate 4. What other strategies would you add to the list above? This article provides teachers with simple ideas to proactively manage behavior and the classroom in general rather than having to react after a problem occurs. In the 1950s, psychologists Jacob Kounin and Paul Gump discovered a curious side effect of discipline: If a student was being disruptive and the teacher responded with strict disciplinary measures, the student might stop—but other students would start exhibiting the same misbehavior. Proactive teachers realize that there will be unexpected events throughout the day, but she has a plan for addressing the surprises. Set clear expectations: Instead of just displaying rules for behavior, have a discussion with your students about why those rules matter. Communicating competently w/ students 5. If you’re teaching a beginner-level lesson on laundry, ask your students where they wash their clothes. Be active: Move around the room, check in … There are very few reasons to panic throughout the day if you have created a contingency plan. When students feel safe, heard, and respected, they’re more likely to respect one another and respect you, as the teacher. 5 Pro-active, positive behavior management strategies for every classroom. 2. Give behavior-specific praise: It may seem counterintuitive, but acknowledging positive behavior and ignoring low-level disruptions can be more effective than punishing or disciplining students. Bobby Shaddox, a seventh-grade social studies teacher in Portland, Maine, works with his students to create a list of norms—words such as inclusive, focused, and considerate—to build a sense of community. Along with this, you can encourage, and even build into the lesson plans the space for, students to ask questions. 5 to 1 ratio of positiveto negative interactions (Magic ratio) 2. The idea scares me, and it took a few years of teaching to realize that it doesn’t have to, especially when working with adult learners. Proactive behavior management involves anticipating classroom situations that might lead to behavior issues and planning ahead to prevent potential problems. A proactive classroom management approach involves preventing potential issues from arising in the first place. Elementary school teacher, mom, wife, and blogger! Use reminders and cues: “Novelty—such as the sound of a wind chime or rain stick—captures young students’ attention” writes Todd Finley, a former English teacher and current professor of English education, who suggests using these techniques to quiet a noisy class. The reason why I paired these two concepts together is because students likely won’t feel comfortable asking questions until you’ve built a base layer of respect. Positive greetingsat the door to precorrect and establish a positive climate 4. If you have certain expectations about your students’ cellphone use, participation, etc, share those expectations at the beginning of the year. Teachers should take every possible proactive measure using the following steps: Here are eight classroom strategies that teachers have shared with Edutopia, all backed by research. Silence is okay. Active learning involves actively engaging students with the subject through case studies, role-plays, discussions, problem-solving, and other modern techniques. Instead of focusing on specific students, offer praise for the behavior you want to reinforce. Hi there, everyone! Teachers should take every possible proactive measure using the following steps: A com-mon conception of classroom management is that it is synonymous with discipline and behavior control. For example, if you can anticipate a disruption—such as students getting out of their seats if they finish an assignment early—give a short reminder of what they should do instead. In this assignment you will demonstrate your understanding of the weekly learning objectives: Compare positive proactive classroom behavior strategies and Identify strategies for managing student behavior.. Additionally, completion of this assignment represents an introduction to Course Learning Outcome 3 and MASE Program Learning Outcomes 1 and 2. It’s kind of like a pulse check to see where they are,” she says. Organizing a productive classroom 2. Changing up the landscape of your classroom is a lot easier than you may think, and making the most simple changes can yield long-term results. For ninth-grade teacher Emily Polak, flexible seating is part of effective classroom management. I am so honored and excited to be writing a guest post for Minds in Bloom today! Positive greetings at the door to pre-correct and establish a positive climate 4. The purpose of this investigation is to investigate the effects of proactive classroom management techniques using an induction tool for new teachers. Remember it’s not the size of the problem that hinders your performance. Explicit expectations are essential to effective proactive behavior management. Classroom management is often looked at as crisis response, but using proactive strategies to create a learning environment you’re proud of can be a strategy for crisis prevention. 5. Know all of your rules and procedures to the tiniest detail, and if a child stretches those rules even a tiny bit, call them on it. The way that your classroom is arranged can make a big difference in your classroom engagement. A proactive approach is to first have very clear classroom rules and guidelines that you regularly revisit. or. Order, limit setting, and structure are essential in a classroom setting. 20 Proactive Classroom Management Strategies for Teachers. Reminders and cues are helpful ways to encourage students to follow instructions without being overtly controlling or forceful. From annoying distractions to class clowns, get ideas on how to manage the most difficult behavior challenges you face with your students. Is it you, the teacher? Proactive classroom management is based on organizing the classroom in ways that create a positive physical and emotional environment. Proactive classroom management strategies focus on implementing strategies emphasizing how students should behave in the classroom, the expectations in the classroom, and how to make the classroom as structured and predictable as possible to avoid disruptive behaviors. What is one classroom rule you couldn’t teach without? Her students decide where to sit—but if they can’t get their work done, they get moved back to a desk. Order, limit setting, and structure are essential in a classroom setting. A 2016 study found that while negative attention—reprimands like “Stop chitchatting!”—may temporarily stop misbehavior, students eventually became more likely to engage in disruptive behavior. Nobody likes to be asked a question they don’t know the answer to, rather ask them questions to engage them in the general classroom discussion. Students entering the classroom should be greeted by teachers who have prepared themselves, their classrooms, and even the work in anticipation for a productive day’s learning. Classroom/behavior management is one of the Who does most of the talking? Trust and respect can make a huge difference in your classroom, especially when it comes to classroom management. “The stronger the relationship and the better we understand our students, the more knowledge and goodwill we have to draw on when the going gets tough,” writes Marieke van Woerkom, a restorative practices coach at the Morningside Center for Teaching Social Responsibility in New York. The five strategies discussed in this article serves as a good foundation. 1. Organizing a productive classroom 2. … 8 proactive classroom management strategies Instead of handling disruptions after they’ve happened, it can be more effective to set up conditions in which they are less likely to occur. Here are eight classroom strategies that teachers have shared with Edutopia, all backed by research. Learn how to improve behavior in your classroom today with these 16 management techniques and strategies. Transitions are managed well 6. I always find it ironic that many educators are unwilling to educate themselves. 17 proactive classroom management strategies provides a comprehensive and comprehensive pathway for students to see progress after the end of each module. 16 Proactive Classroom Management Strategies 1. Classroom management strategies like these will not work unless you help struggling students feel some success. Proactive Measures for Behavior Management. If it’s just one of those days, have a backup … Positive greetings at the door to pre-correct and establish a positive climate 4. Proactive teachers establish routines, lessons, and disciplinary strategies that teach students self-control. Proactive Classroom Management Learn those invisible moves that help teachers head off challenging student behaviors. Strategies for establishing, maintaining, and restoring relationships—such as regular check-ins, and focusing on solutions instead of problems—can reduce disruptions by up to 75 percent. 115-135, viewed 9 November 2020, doi: 10.4135/9781483366647.n6. Managing disruptive behavior is critical to creating an effective learning environment for your students. Every teacher must develop their own unique classroom management plan. Be proactive and not reactive. If you’re going to ask your students what musical instrument they’d like to learn how to play and why, you can either wait for students to begin answering or give them time to write down an answer before sharing. He knows if A happens, he will do B. 5 Pro-active, positive behavior management strategies for every classroom 1) Have a routine in place for EVERYTHING and practice procedures, not punishment. 4. Transitions are managed well 6. If you’re not sure what rules to set, make it a classroom discussion. Module 1: Five Techniques for Proactive Classroom Management In the years pursuing my undergraduate degree, I attended classes regarding classroom management. Be active: Move around the room, check in on student progress, and ask questions. Most of what happens in a classroom must be closely controlled by a caring, trustworthy adult. Proactive teachers establish routines, lessons, and disciplinary strategies that teach students self-control. Have strategies set up to avoid total meltdowns. A com-mon conception of classroom management is that it is synonymous with discipline and behavior control. There is no better time to establish a cooperative, well-managed classroom than the first week of school. A welcoming space can reduce anxiety and boost academic performance. After all, they’ll probably pick seats next to their friends and spend more time chatting. Finding your own classroom management strategy can be a process, but I hope that these ideas and methods can help you to begin making changes to make your classroom a safe and healthy learning environment. In researching proactive techniques for classroom management, it appears that setting and having clear expectations for the students goes hand in hand with having a classroom behavior management system. 5 Pro-active, positive behavior management strategies for every classroom Have a routine in place for EVERYTHING and practice procedures, not punishment. Help your students come to their own conclusions about the way that the English language works. Proactive Classroom Strategies. 16 Proactive Classroom Management Strategies 1. I hope that you can use the activities and strategies above to create a more effective learning environment that you’ll be excited to teach in and your students will be excited to learn in. Photo Credit: Priscilla Du Preez via Unsplash. Classroom rules/expectations and procedures are visible and known by every student 5. Classroom management with adult learners is way different than classroom management with Kindergartners, and I think it’s an aspect of teaching that needs to be talked about more! Reactive classroom management is defined as responding to unexpected events in the classroom (behavioral or otherwise) by drawing on predetermined principles with the goal of returning the classroom to the positive learning environment. Proactive Classroom Management: The Beginning of the Year. 1. If the punch cards are out on display, they simply become another form of a clip chart. How do you manage student behavior? They’ve worked in Mongolia, Pennsylvania, and Alabama. 7. A 2017 study found that a teacher’s nonverbal cues—such as smiling and making eye contact—can “reduce physical and/or psychological distance” with their students, boosting students’ positive feelings toward the teacher and the course material while improving behavior. Remember it’s not the size of the problem that hinders your performance. Establishing positive relationships with all students in the class 3. The 16 Proactive Classroom Management Skills to Support Academic Engagement Diana Browning Wright/Clayton R. Cook 1. Management strategies can be a useful tool in resolving both, classroom and organizational problems. 20 Proactive Classroom Management Strategies for Teachers. T he phrase proactive classroom management may at first seem like a contradiction in terms. © 2020 Everyday ESL | All Rights Reserved                     Terms & Conditions          Privacy & Comment Policy          Cookie Policy, 6 Proactive Classroom Management Strategies You Need to Use in Your Adult Classroom, ← The 3 Noun and Pronoun Games You Should Be Using In Your Grammar Lessons, Planning for Assessment: The Adult ESL Teacher's Guide to Creating an Amazing Assessment Plan →. Involve your students at every step that you can. Your administrator will appreciate your dedication to be a highly effective manager and will … Strategic establishment of positive relationships with all students in the class (teacher intentionally reaches out to each and every student 31 Jul. But that doesn’t mean choice is always bad. 8 PROACTIVE CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT STRATEGIES. Come up with a few ideas, strategies, and an action plan. Basic Proactive Classroom Management Strategies. As students take more responsibility for their learning and behavior, teachers spend less time correcting misbe-havior. Active learning strategy is very important for everyone to improve the level of learning among students and increase their motivation towards learning. Stress to your students that you’ll never penalize them for not knowing an answer. Give on-going, honest feedback to all students; Circulate throughout the classroom and maintain proximity with all students; Be consistent and fair; Make students aware of changes in routine(s); Do not change classroom rules—maintain consistency with all students; Know your students’ strengths and weak … Assuming that your students know a certain language concept, your classroom rules, or really any bit of information can make a heap of classroom troubles down the line. It’s also helpful to avoid using the word don’t, suggests Alyssa Nucaro, a sixth-grade English teacher in Memphis. expect. This strategy can literally transform your classroom, especially if you struggle to get students to speak up in class. Teachers can embed proactive research-based strategies within their lesson plans to reduce behavior problems and improve achievement for all students, including students with disabilities. Classroom environment and behavior management really takes a hit when the teacher is not on his or her A-game. Although it’s tempting to sit at your desk and grade papers, that’s also an invitation to your students to get distracted. Actively supervise: “Presence is crucial to maintaining classroom management and to effective delivery of instruction, and it’s a skill we can develop with effort,” explains Sol Henik, a high school teacher in Pleasant Hill, California. Recent research confirms what Kounin and Gump discovered decades ago. Decades later, classroom management is still a thorny issue for teachers. Even in quizzes and tests, the score is simply a tool to help you continue teaching and help them continue learning. 3. The same is true of your classroom. Smiling and being nice 3. Proactive Management Definition. “Are you gonna get him, too, or is it just me?” he asked. As students take more responsibility for their learning and behavior, teachers spend less time correcting misbe-havior. New teachers—and experienced ones too—can find ideas here on how to stop disruptive behavior before it begins. Establishing positive relationships with all students in the class 3. What about reading? Classroom management is often one of the most challeng-ing aspects of teaching, particularly for those new to the field. Let us now understand the difference between proactive vs. reactive management. Case Study: Visiting Teachers from China China Context Teacher-centered classroom Reactive discipline, may vary in different situations Teachers are honored and respected, and not to be challenged Large class sizes and uniform curriculum U.S. Chances are, you’re thinking about unruly students, confrontation, and authority. Most of what happens in a classroom must be closely controlled by a caring, trustworthy adult. Proactive Classroom Management Learn those invisible moves that help teachers head off challenging student behaviors. We know that even strategies that work don't work all the time, and sometimes it feels like nothing works at all. Proactive classroom management strategies focus on implementing strategies emphasizing how students should behave in the classroom, the expectations in the classroom, and how to make the classroom as structured and predictable as possible to avoid disruptive behaviors. Often, students misbehave because they are uncertain about what is expected of them. Proactive Classroom Management: Proactive classroom management (PCM) is about classroom organization and teacher behavior that are likely to prevent the occurrence of problem behavior. Proactive Classroom Management These two approaches are widely used in businesses as well as normal day to day lives of people. Smoothly-run classrooms can give the impression that a teacher isn't actively doing much behavior management, but that's often because they're employing low-visibility proactive management moves that keep students focused on learning. Learning a second language is hard, which is why your students need more time to think than native speakers. Take note of what you spend time on in the classroom. Classroom behavioral expectations are posted, taught, reviewed and known by every student 2. In his teaching on classroom management, education guru Harry Wong emphasizes the importance of teacher preparation as the best means for preventing problems before they arise. I’ve listed a few different strategies and ideas that have worked for me in creating an engaged and student-focused classroom. You’ve probably heard that by tracking your time, you can figure out what your priorities are. Smoothly-run classrooms can give the impression that a teacher isn't actively doing much behavior management, but that's often because they're employing low-visibility proactive management moves that keep students focused on learning. Here are eight classroom strategies that teachers have shared with Edutopia, all backed by research. If you’d like to lessen the “awkward silence,” give your students time to think before they answer out loud or play some soft, calming, quiet music. These classes were filled with wonderful information, strategies, and techniques on setting up a classroom community. Kounin and Gump called this the “ripple effect,” and it demonstrated that efforts to control a classroom can backfire. The key difference between proactive and reactive strategies is that the proactive strategy is avoiding the situation by foreseeing, whereas reactive strategy is responding after an incident has occurred.. It makes an ass out of you and me.” And they’re not wrong. “Discipline issues have significantly decreased. Actively supervise: “Presence is crucial to maintaining classroom management and to effective delivery of instruction, and it’s a skill we can develop with effort,” explains Sol Henik, a high school teacher in Pleasant Hill, California. Let him or her know that there is a student in your classroom that you are having some difficulty managing. If you struggled with classroom management last year, read some books on classroom management. If you have to make or answer a phone call, step out into the hallway. These are words that we believe in.”. I would argue that the best tool to use when trying to create more engaged students and a more collaborative classroom is increased student talking time. One of the biggest contributors to distracted students and wandering minds is engagement. It feels weird, but it’s okay. Guided Discovery is an incredible tool when looking for ways to teach in a more student-focused way. However, it was all very theoretical. Beginning Teachers Induction Emphasizing Proactive Classroom Management Strategies Vicki Gaddy Lynn University Follow this and additional works at: https://spiral.lynn.edu/etds Part of the Educational Leadership Commons Recommended Citation Gaddy, Vicki, "Beginning Teachers Induction Emphasizing Proactive Classroom Management Strategies" (2020). Hot17 Proactive Classroom Management Strategies1. Managing disruptive behavior is critical to creating an effective learning environment for your students. My name is Marine Freibrun. A lot of students don’t speak for two reasons. He uses proactive approaches and techniques rather than reactive and problem-based responses to classroom management. I’m not a big fan of hard and fast rules, but you definitely need to set up some procedures for certain situations. Another important aspect of this management tip is privacy. It’s the size of you. Proactive classroom management is based on organizing the classroom in ways that create a positive physical and emotional environment. PCM Strategies (Proactive Classroom Management Strategies): Refers to an approach to classroom management that simultaneously promotes high levels of academic engagement while also preventing off-task and disruptive behavior. Not only is this strategy more engaging, but your students are more likely to remember what past progressive verbs are when they’ve worked through the language and come to the conclusion on their own. Don’t single out certain students—it’s the behavior you should be focused on, not the student. Be consistent in applying rules: Early in Kelly Wickham Hurst’s career as an administrator in a public high school, she was asked to discipline a black student for violating the school dress code by wearing sagging jeans. Effective classroom management requires both preventative strategies and responsive strategies Preventative strategies. Teach students what to do if they are feeling frustrated. Ask your students what distracts them, what you and they should do when those distractions come up, and how they can respect their peers’ learning experience. Student engagement and proactive management of a classroom are critical ingredients for effective instruction and learning to take place. “It helps us own the behavior in the classroom,” Shaddox says. How often do your students speak and who do they speak to? My students seem to feel more relaxed and more motivated in a setting that honors their choices,” Polak says. At least that’s what comes to my mind, and as a non-confrontation person, I hate it. Shepherd, T & Linn, D 2015, 'Basic classroom management strategies', in Behavior and classroom management in the multicultural classroom: proactive, active, and reactive strategies, SAGE Publications, Inc, Thousand Oaks, CA, pp. 7. Here are eight classroom strategies that teachers have shared with Edutopia, all backed by research. Instead of simply telling your students what a past progressive noun is, show them a few examples. Characteristics of classroom rules such as wording and means of presentation are included, and the intended nature and function of rules is discussed. For example, tell students, “Excellent work getting to your seats quickly.”. Let us now understand the difference between proactive vs. reactive management. This is why we provide the books compilations in this website. If you’re going to be late to class, take a seat near the door, if possible. Nearly half of new teachers report that they feel “not at all prepared” or “only somewhat prepared” to handle disruptive students, in part because the average teacher training program devotes just eight hours to the topic, according to a 2014 report from the National Council on Teacher Quality. A well-managed classroom is one … 16 Proactive Classroom Management Strategies 1. He knows if A happens, he will do B. Transitions are managed well 6. Giving students a sense of ownership in the room, paired with clear expectations for behavior, can have surprisingly positive effects. Having a strategic plan based on the type of behavior is key. Students are more likely to listen to instructions that include clear reasons. Traffic stands still, babysitters have questions, and you can’t plan for everything. Proactive Classroom Management In this assignment you will demonstrate your understanding of the weekly learning objectives: Compare positive proactive classroom behavior strategies and Identify strategies for managing student behavior.. Additionally, completion of this assignment represents an introduction to Course Learning Outcome 3 and MASE Program Learning Outcomes 1 and 2. Likewise, if you notice your students are distracted, asking a question can be a great method for getting them back on track.