Nació en Poitiers, Francia. (An abridged version was translated into English and published in 1965 as Madness and Civilization: A History of Insanity in the Age of Reason.) His best-known works included Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (1975) and The History of Sexuality, a multivolume history of Western sexuality. Michel Foucault (Poitiers, 15 oktober 1926 - Parijs, 25 juni 1984) was een Frans filosoof, bekend vanwege zijn politiek activisme in de jaren 70 en 80 en zijn analyses in de politieke filosofie via begrippen als disciplinemaatschappij, biopolitiek en biomacht. Biografía de Michel Foucault Desde las más encumbradas cimas de la filosofía occidental para todo el mundo, Michel Foucault construyó una trayectoria de enorme potencia en la que estableció conceptos novedosos y planteó una mirada crítica hacia el mundo del control y la supervisión. Michel Foucault (October 15, 1926 – June 25, 1984) was a French philosopher and historian. Padeció de depresión aguda a causa de su homosexualidad, intentando suicidarse en … Michel Foucault (pronúncia francesa:IPA: [miʃɛl fuko]); Poitiers, 15 de outubro de 1926 — Paris, 25 de junho de 1984) foi um filósofo, historiador das ideias, teórico social, filólogo, crítico literário e professor da cátedra História dos Sistemas do Pensamento, no célebre Collège de France, de 1970 até 1984 (ano da sua morte). He was a prime example of a peculiarly French cultural phenomenon, that of the "celebrity intellectual". The Order of Things) in 1966 did Foucault begin to attract wide notice as one of the most original and controversial thinkers of his day. Foucault’s work inspired sociologists in subfields including sociology of knowledge; gender, sexuality and queer theory; critical theory;  deviance and crime; and the sociology of education. This, along with his next two books, The Birth of the Clinic and The Order of Things showcase his historiographical method known as “archaeology,” which he also used in his later books, The Archaeology of Knowledge, Discipline and Punish and The History of Sexuality. Tuvo dos hermanos Francine y Denys. Born on October 15, 1926 in Poitiers, France, Michel Foucault was a famous activist of the structuralist and post structuralist movements. Althusser, steeped in the Marxist intellectual and political traditions, convinced his student to join the French Communist Party, but Foucault's experience of homophobia and incidences of anti-semitism within it turned him off. His father, Paul-André Foucault, was a well-known surgeon in France and so was his maternal grandfather. Foucault continued to travel widely, and as his reputation grew he spent extended periods in Brazil, Japan, Italy, Canada, and the United States. Foucault defended his doctoral dissertation at the ENS in 1961. Thus, he argued, those who control institutions and their discourses wield power in society, because they shape the trajectories and outcomes of people's lives. |Michel Foucault (1926–1984) was a French sociologist and philosopher focusing on the discipline of poststructuralism. Michel Foucault Paul-Michel Foucault, född 15 oktober 1926 i Poitiers, död 25 juni 1984 i Paris, var en fransk filosof och idéhistoriker, med särskild inriktning på psykologi och sociologi. Sein Werk hat einen großen Einfluss auf zahlreiche geistes-, kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen weltweit. Michel Foucault began to attract wide notice as one of the most original and controversial thinkers of his day with the appearance of The Order of Things in 1966. Michel Foucault, in full Paul-Michel Foucault, (born October 15, 1926, Poitiers, France—died June 25, 1984, Paris), French philosopher and historian, one of the most influential and controversial scholars of the post-World War II period. Michel Paul Foucault nasceu em Poitiers, França, no dia 15 de outubro de 1926. Michel Foucault nació en Poitiers el 15 de octubre de 1926 y falleció París, 25 de junio de 1984, fue filósofo, psicólogo, teórico social y historiador de las ideas. Biografía de Michel Foucault. He recounted later in life a troubled relationship with his father, who bullied him for being “delinquent.” In 1948 he attempted suicide for the first time and was placed in a psychiatric hospital for a period. Borsò, V. Bio-poetics and the dynamic multiplicity of bios: How literature challenges the politics, economics and sciences of life (2020) Numanities - Arts and Humanities in Progress, 12, pp. Paul-Michel Foucault was born to an upper-middle-class family in Poitiers, France in 1926. Michel Foucault was a homosexual and indulged in sado-masochistic sexual activities with countless men. Both also seem to have shaped his intellectual development and focus on the discursive framing of deviance, sexuality, and madness. Drawing on the work of Durkheim and Margaret Mead, in addition to all of those listed above, he argued that madness was a social construct that originated in medical institutions, that it was distinct from true mental illness, and a tool of social control and power. Em 1954 publicou “Doença Mental e Psicologia”. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). / m i ʃ ɛ l f u k o /, ur. Foucault died of a septicemia typical of AIDS in 1984, the fourth volume of his history of sexuality still incomplete. In 1969 he published L’Archéologie du savoir (The Archaeology of Knowledge). Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! El 12 de abril de 1970, la asambl… There he studied psychology and philosophy, embraced and then abandoned communism, and established a reputation as a sedulous, brilliant, and eccentric student. Associate Professor of Anthropology, Rice University, Houston, Texas. Después, basó su teoría en la interpretación global de la enfermedad mental, desde dos puntos de vista novedosos hasta el momento: el cultural y el social. He … During this time Foucault also read widely outside of psychology into shared interests with his long-term partner, Daniel Defert, which included works by Nietzsche, Marquis de Sade, Dostoyevsky, Kafka, and Genet. (Poitiers, Francia, 1926-París, 1984) Filósofo francés. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Michel Foucault (1926-1984) fue un filósofo francés que ejerció una gran influencia sobre los intelectuales contemporáneos. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-33738-4_2 Abstract This article questions the assumptions of Darwinian “biopoetics,” as well as the premises of Foucauldian biopolitics. Paul-Michel Foucault nacque a Poitiers, nel dipartimento di Vienne (nella Nuova Aquitania), il 15 ottobre del 1926, secondogenito dei tre figli di una famiglia della borghesia francese. There he studied psychology and philosophy, embraced and then abandoned communism, and established a reputation as a sedulous, brilliant, and eccentric student. He becameacademically established during the 1960s, holding a series ofpositions at French universities, before his election in 1969 to theultra-prestigious Collège de France, where he was Professor ofthe History of Systems of Thought until his death. Michel Foucault (15 de octubre de 1926 – 25 de junio de 1984) filósofo, historiador de las ideas, psicólogo y teórico social. Michel Foucault (1926-1984) was a French social theorist, philosopher, historian, and public intellectual who was politically and intellectually active until his death. Nacido un 15 de octubre de 1926 en la localidad de Poitiers, Francia y bajo el nombre de Paul-Michel Foucault, este prestigioso pensador francés se crió en un ambiente formal en el que los estudios y el conocimiento eran considerados algo esencial, puesto que el padre de Foucault, era un reconocido cirujano francés. Paul Michel Foucault nació el 15 de octubre del año 1926. Foucault was born in Poitiers, France, on October 15, 1926. He resisted what he regarded as the provincialism of his upbringing and his native country, and his career was marked by frequent sojourns abroad. Michel Foucault fue uno de los más destacados filósofos de los últimos tiempos, considerado un luchador de los derechos humanos y de la igualdad, ya sea por raza o condición. He is remembered for his method of using historical research to illuminate changes in discourse over time, and the evolving relationships between discourse, knowledge, institutions, and power. The first volume of his work The History of Sexuality became canonical for gay and lesbian studies and queer theory. Foucault studied with Jean Hyppolite, an existentialist expert on Hegel and Marx who firmly believed that philosophy should be developed through a study of history; and, with Louis Althusser, whose structuralist theory left a strong mark on sociology and was greatly influential to Foucault. Han var även verksam som politisk aktivist. Biopower thus names the way in which biopolitics is put to work in society, and inv… Michel Foucault nació el 15 de octubre de 1926 en Poitiers, Francia. He chose to watch his reputation grow from a distance—at the University of Tunis in Tunisia (1966–68)—and was still in Tunis when student riots erupted in Paris in the spring of 1968. Circulated under the title Folie et déraison: histoire de la folie à l’âge classique (“Madness and Unreason: A History of Madness in the Classical Age”), it won critical praise but a limited audience. Michel Foucault foi filósofo, professor, psicólogo e escritor francês. Durante su vida, dedicó sus aspectos profesionales a diversas áreas como la filosofía, sociología, historia y psicología. The son and grandson of a physician, Michel Foucault was born to a solidly bourgeois family. add Michel Foucault to 'my astro' Biography French philosopher and educator, a teacher at Clermant-Ferrand and in Paris and appointed to a chair in the History of Systems of … Era conocido por su oposición al sistema carcelario tradicional. Omissions? After graduating in 1952, Foucault began a career marked by constant movement, both professional and intellectual. For the next several years he taught university courses in psychology while studying the works of Pavlov, Piaget, Jaspers, and Freud; and, he studied relationships between doctors and patients at Hôpital Sainte-Anne, where he had been a patient after his 1948 suicide attempt. Between 1971 and 1984 Foucault wrote several works, including Surveiller et punir: naissance de la prison (1975; Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison), a monograph on the emergence of the modern prison; three volumes of a history of Western sexuality; and numerous essays. He was very popular with his students, and his lectures given after his induction into the Collège de France were considered highlights of intellectual life in Paris, and always packed. Tras un historial académico repleto de altibajos, Foucault consiguió ingresar en la célebre École Normande Supérieu… Foucault studied institutions such as psychiatric wards, hospitals, schools, and prisons, to figure out how they affected the people living in them. Paul Michel Foucault (wym. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? He completed his studies at the ENS in 1951 and then began a doctorate in the philosophy of psychology. Family tradition prescribed naming him after his father, Paul Foucault (1893–1959), but his mother insisted on the addition of Michel; referred to as Paul at school, he expressed a preference for "Michel" throughout his life. His most well-known works include Discipline and Punish, The History of Sexuality, and The Archaeology of Knowledge. He thus considered knowledge and power inseparable, and denoted them as one concept, "knowledge/power.". Adicionalmente, fue catedrático de historia de los sistemas de pensamiento filosófico en el College de France. Michel Foucault (French: [miʃɛl fuko]; born Paul-Michel Foucault) (15 October 1926 – 25 Juin 1984) wis a French filosofer, historian o ideas, social theorist, filologist an leeterary creetic. It seems to me this might be a good biography of Foucault for French philosophers who like to read in English. Este puesto fue ocupado anteriormente por Jean Hyp… Michel Foucault. References This page wis last eeditit on 16 September 2020, at 05:29. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten Denker des 20. Updates? 25 czerwca 1984 w Paryżu) – francuski filozof, historyk i socjolog. Following his first university post, he worked as a cultural diplomat at universities in Sweden and Poland while completing his doctoral thesis. Both of these experiences seem tied to his homosexuality, as his psychiatrist believed his suicide attempt was motivated by his marginalized status in society. The appointment gave Foucault the opportunity to conduct intensive research. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Jahrhunderts und ist u. a. Begründer der macht- und wissenstheoretischen Diskursanalyse. As astudent he was brilliant but psychologically tormented. Foucault also rejected the class-centric focus of Marx’s theory, and never identified as a Marxist. 17-32. From the 1970s on,Foucault was very active politically. In short, biopolitics can be understood as a political rationality which takes the administration of life and populations as its subject: ‘to ensure, sustain, and multiply life, to put this life in order’.9Note 2 above, 138. Michel Foucault (pronunciación francesa: [miˈʃɛl fuË¡ko]), nacido como Paul-Michel Foucault (Poitiers, Francia, 15 de octubre de 1926-París, 25 de junio de 1984), fue un filósofo, sociólogo, historiador y psicólogo francés. Hijo de Paul Foucault, eminente cirujano y profesor de anatomía, y de Anne Malapert, hija de un cirujano. Dr. Nicki Lisa Cole is a sociologist. Após vários anos como diplomata cultural no exterior, ele retornou à França, e a partir de 1960, passou a lecionar na Universidade de Clemont-Ferrand. Not until the appearance of Les Mots et les choses (“Words and Things”; Eng. Oktober 1926 in Poitiers; gestorben 25. He became particularly attached to Berkeley, California, and the San Francisco Bay area and was a visiting lecturer at the University of California at Berkeley for several years. In 1970, after a brief tenure as director of the philosophy department at the University of Paris, Vincennes, he was awarded a chair in the history of systems of thought at the Collège de France, France’s most prestigious postsecondary institution. W latach 1970–1984 zasiadał w Collège de France na specjalnie stworzonej dla niego katedrze „Historia systemów myślenia”. She has taught and researched at institutions including the University of California-Santa Barbara, Pomona College, and University of York. Paul-Michel Foucault was born on 15 October 1926 in the city of Poitiers, west-central France, as the second of three children in a prosperous, socially-conservative, upper-middle-class family. He was extremely fond of classical music and was particularly fond of Johann Sebastian Bach and Mozart. Michel Foucault. 15 października 1926 w Poitiers, zm. Michel Foucault, in full Paul-Michel Foucault, (born October 15, 1926, Poitiers, France—died June 25, 1984, Paris), French philosopher and historian, one of the most influential and controversial scholars of the post-World War II period. Foi aluno da Sorbonne, onde se formou em filosofia e psicologia. Let us begin with a brief definition of biopolitics and biopower, before situating these concepts within the broader context of Foucault’s oeuvre. Foucault räknas som en av 1900-talets mera inflytelserika tänkare. His father was a surgeon, and his mother, the daughter of a surgeon. Introduction to the Sociology of Knowledge, Biography of Patricia Hill Collins, Esteemed Sociologist, Anthony Giddens: Biography of British Sociologist, 11 Black Scholars and Intellectuals Who Influenced Sociology, 15 Major Sociological Studies and Publications, Definition of Systemic Racism in Sociology, Ph.D., Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara, M.A., Sociology, University of California, Santa Barbara. His other early monographs, written while he taught at the University of Clermont-Ferrand in France (1960–66), had much the same fate. Foucault completed his thesis, titled “Madness and Insanity: History of Madness in the Classical Age,” in 1961. A distinguished but sometimes erratic student, Foucault gained entry at the age of 20 to the École Normale Supérieure (ENS) in Paris in 1946. trans. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription.