Pongal 2019 is going to be celebrated fromJanuary 15, 2019, that is today, to January 18, 2019. They gather in front garden [‘muttram’] and cook traditional ‘Pongal’ [rice pudding]. The month preceding Pongal is considered to be made up entirely of inauspicious days and the month following Pongal of auspicious days. Ingredients can include rice, coconut and moong bean. The term 'pongal' in Tamil means "to boil", and this festival is celebrated as a thanksgiving ceremony for the year's harvest. Pongal in Tamil generally refers to festivity; more specifically Pongal means "boiling over" or "spill over". [28] Similarly, the 9th-century Shiva bhakti text Tiruvembavai by Manikkavachakar vividly mentions the festival. What is the etymology of the word 'Pongal' and how come a Dish/food item got named for the festival? [9], According to Anthony Good, the dish and the process of its preparation is a part of the symbolism, both conceptually and materially. Happy Pongal 2020. The Tamil festival of ‘Thai Pongal’ is a thanksgiving ceremony. It appears in numerous texts and inscriptions with variant spellings. [16][17] It is observed by the Tamil diaspora worldwide,[18][19] including those in Malaysia,[20][21] Mauritius, South Africa,[22][23] Singapore,[24] United States, United Kingdom, and Canada. Money is often placed into a mixture of treats and is poured over children. Purnima Ka Chand Rango Ki Doli Chand Se Uski Chandni Boli Khushiyo Se Bhari Ho Aapki Jholi Mubarak Ho Aap Ko Pongal wali rangoli Happy Pongal 2020 This day is usually between 12th and 15th of January in Gregorian or Christian calendar. The literal meaning of Pongal is “spilling over”, and it is so-called because of the tradition of boiling rice in a pot until it starts to spill while people show gratitude to nature during the festival. Hence, love and peace have always been the central theme of ‘Thai Pongal’. Also there is a lot of Tamil literature depicting the ‘Pongal’ festival. Learn some amazing facts about this harvest festival, "A Million Shaktis Rising: Pongala, a Women's Festival in Kerala, India", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pongal_(festival)&oldid=991425853, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2019, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Harvest festival. ‘Thai Pongal’ is a festival of freedom, peace, unity and compassion. A senior member of the family conducts the cooking. [35], Other events during Pongal include community sports and games such as cattle race, the Jallikattu. This has been crystallised in last hymn on unity in Rig Veda, Indian Spiritual Text. [9] Villagers cut and consume farm fresh sugarcane during social gatherings. In other words, the festival is celebrated as the symbol of harvest. Hindu scholars believe, rice being symbol of favourable fertility, it is ceremoniously cooked on ‘Thai Pongal’. ‘Pongal’ is a dish made with sweet mixture of rice, moong dal, jaggery and milk. Thai Pongal is a four day celebration which as per the Gregorian schedule is regularly celebrated from January 13 to January 16, yet once in a while it is praised from January 14 to January 17.. The front garden is pre-prepared for this ceremonious cooking. It is mainly observed in Tamil Nadu and lasts for about four days. [29] The cooking is done in sunlight, usually in a porch or courtyard, as the dish is dedicated to the Sun god, Surya. [9][32][33] It is the first day of the Tamil calendar month Tai, and coincides with Makara Sankranthi – a winter harvest festival celebrated throughout India. [5][14] It celebrates the harvest, the cooking transforms the gift of agriculture into nourishment for the gods and the community on a day that Tamil's traditionally believe marks the end of winter solstice and starts the sun god's journey north. Sakarai pongal (sweet) is generally prepared in temples as a prasadam, (an offering made to a deity, as a thanksgiving). Happy Pongal is a four-days-long festival, especially celebrated by the people of Tamil Nadu during the month of January(tamil month Thai). [12] The festival is named after the ceremonial "Pongal", which means "to boil, overflow" and refers to the traditional dish of newly-harvested rice boiled with milk and sugar. [32] On this day people discard old belongings and celebrate new possessions. Every household makes ‘Pongal’ that is shared with all. The rituals including the cooking of milk-rice-jaggery dish, social visits, and the reverence for cattle is observed in Kerala communities. The name of the festival comes from the Tamil word meaning “to boil”; rice is boiled in milk and offered first to the gods, then to the cows, and then to family members. Many families hold reunions on this day. They place a leaf of turmeric plant outside their home, and feed the leftover pongal dish and food from Surya Pongal to the birds, particularly crow. [53], In 2017, Delegate David Bulova introduced joint resolution HJ573 in the Virginia House of Delegates to designate January 14 of each year as Pongal Day.[54]. [6][35][37] Some decorate their cows with manjalthanni (turmeric water) and oil. [6] The pot is typically decorated by tying a turmeric plant or flower garland, and near the cooking stove are placed two or more tall fresh sugarcane stalks. Decorations and social visits are also common in many parts of Karnataka. Day of ‘Thai Pongal’ is devoted to thanksgiving to cattle. Shikakai apply kungumam (kumkum) to their foreheads, paint their horns, and feed them a mixture of venn pongal, jaggery, honey, banana and other fruits. Hence the Temples which are considered as the epicenter of these rituals become absolutely, Sri Kalahasti Rahu Ketu Pooja, Kala Sarpa Dosha Details, Timings, Benefits and Procedure, Do’s And Don’ts at Sri Kalahasteeswara Swamy Temple SriKalahasti, Sevas Details at Srikalahasti Temple, Pooja Price Details, How to Make Rahu Positive, Remedies for Rahu Deva, Rahu Remedies, Kaal Sarpa Dosha Pooja Details in Sri Kalahasti Temple, Mopidevi Lord Subrahmanyeswara Swamy Temple Timings, History, Rahu Ketu Dosha Pooja, Thai Pongal, Festival of the Tamils, Makar Sankranti, About Tamil Pongal Festival, Makar Sankranti, Jallikattu, Kaanum Pongal, About Poki Festival | About Bhogi Festival, 2020 Taurus Vrishabha Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, 2020 Scorpio Vrishchika Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, 2020 Sagittarius Dhanus Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, 2020 Libra Tula Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, 2020 Leo Simha Rashi Horoscope, Astrology, Varanasi Shri Kashi Vishwanath Temple Watch Live TV Online, Stream Live TV Channel, Shaivam Tamil Online FM Radio | Lord Shiva Web Radio, Aastha Kannada TV Live Spiritual Online Streaming, Kaalsarpa Dosha Pooja Remedies | Kalsarpa Yoga. [12][5][13] It is traditionally an occasion for decorating rice-powder based kolam artworks, offering prayers in the home, temples, getting together with family and friends, and exchanging gifts to renew social bonds of solidarity. Temples and communities organize free kitchen prepared by volunteers to all those who gather. Dedicated to the worship of the Sun God, Pongal festivities begin with Bhogi followed by Thai Pongal and Mattu Pongal or Kanu. Other ingredients include coconut and ghee (clarified butter from cow milk). Festive celebrations include decorating cows and their horns, ritual bathing and processions. During the exchange of visits that mark all Hindu festivals, the anticipated greeting, “Has the rice … [6] Temples and cultural centers organize the ritual cooking of Pongal dish, along with fairs (Pongal mela) with handicrafts, crafts, pottery, sarees, ethnic jewelry for sale. Tamil Pongal app completely free app that gives overview of Pongal 2020 festival. Let peace fills among your mind, People greet each other with pongal and are sharing exchanging Pongal.. Today, Jalatekto is also organized in some parts of the state. Enchanting fragrance of spices, aroma of freshly harvested paddy, sweet scent of sugarcane, beautifully garnished ‘Pongal’ - a sweet prepared with rice, Kaleidoscopic rangolis (decorations made in the entrance of houses), and richly adorned cattle mesmerize our senses when we visit any village in Tamil Nadu, during middle of January. பொங்கல் வாழ்த்து கவிதைகள். This compares to the most recent day of the Tamil month Maargazhi to the third day of the Tamil month Thai. In early records, it appears as ponakam, tiruponakam, ponkal and similar terms. [52] It is celebrated in many parts of India, Nepal and Bangladesh. Free food is distributed to everyone on the streets. [25][26][27], Tai (தை, Thai) refers to the name of the tenth month in the Tamil calendar, while Pongal (from pongu) connotes "boiling over" or "overflow." The horns of oxen and buffaloes are painted in villages. Pongal – A Tamil thanksgiving Event. The name means "boiling over" or "spilling over", signifying abundance and prosperity. The actual meaning of the word, ‘Pongal’ means, ‘boiling over’ This festival falls in the month of January every year according to Hindu Calendar. [5], The Pongal festival is mentioned in an inscription in the Viraraghava temple dedicated to Vishnu (Thiruvallur, Chennai). [29] Further, the terms ponakam, ponkal and its prefixed variants have meant either the festive pongal dish by itself as prasadam, or the pongal dish as part of entire thali (now alankara naivedya). Family members pray for a few minutes to thank nature spirit, sun and farmers. [45] The Attukal Pongala has been recognized by the Guinness Book of World Records as the largest gathering of women in the world, featuring an estimated 2.5 million women. For Pongal, homes and streets are decorated with. This festival of Pongal is celebrated for four days in Tamil Nadu. Pongal wishes in Tamil, Pongal wishes images in Tamil. The people assemble and light a bonfire in order to burn the heaps of discards. On Mattu Pongal, cattle are decorated – sometimes with flower garlands or painted horns, they are offered bananas, a special meal and worshipped. [43] They gather and stay in the streets, town people host and help with the supplies, they cook together and offer the Pongala dish to the Hindu temple goddess Bhagavathy (aka Parvati avatar, Durga-Kannaki). These include two kinds of sugar from ‘chakkarai’ [brown cane sugar] or ‘katkandu’ [sugar candy]. [29] Some of the major Hindu temple inscriptions from Chola Dynasty to Vijayanagara Empire periods include detailed recipe which are essentially the same as the pongal recipes of the modern era, but for the variations in seasonings and relative amounts of the ingredients. The culture and traditions of India are mainly influenced by religion and religious festivals. The tradition of Tamil people in this day is to … ‘Thai Pongal’ is celebrated on first day of ‘Thai’ month of Tamil calendar. Mid-January is an important time in the Tamil calendar. Pongal festival lasts for four days. The literal meaning of Pongal is "spilling over" and it had been named so, because of the tradition of boiling rice in a pot until it starts overflowing. When water boils, rice is added in the pot. Happy Pongal to Brother. [12], The cooking is done in a clay pot that is often garlanded with leaves or flowers, sometimes tied with a piece of turmeric root or marked with pattern artwork called kolam. ‘Pongal’ is a dish made with sweet mixture of rice, moong dal, jaggery and milk. Pongal is a. four-day harvest and thanksgiving festival in Tamil Nadu and the name of a dish made from rice. This signals the end of winter and the onset of spring throughout the northern hemisphere. Temples and communities hold processions by parading icons from the sanctum of the temple in wooden chariots, drama-dance performances encouraging social gatherings and renewal of community bonds. Pongal, one of the important Hindu festivals, falls around the same time as Lohri every year, which is around mid-January. 1 The Tamil New Year festival, celebrated by the cooking of new rice. [9][32] In rural settings, the gathered women or neighbors sing "kuruvai trills" (traditional songs) while the pongal dish is cooking. [35], In cities, the day marks the ritual visit to nearby temples and prayers there. Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled in milk and jaggery that is ritually consumed on this day. Initially, the family members ceremoniously add three handfuls of rice followed by other ingredients. [40] Relatives, friends and neighbors visit to greet, while youngsters go out to meet seniors among the relatives and neighborhoods to pay respects and seek blessings, while some elders give the visiting children some pocket change as a gift. These sites hold traditional community sports such as Uri Adithal ("breaking a hanging mud pot while blindfolded"), Pallanguzhi and Kabbadi, as well as group dance and music performances in major cities and towns. – lit. Men traditionally offer prayers to the sun with the namaskaram posture in open, and then proceed to eat their meal. ‘Thai’ is the first month of Tamil calendar. Huggi is derived from the Old Kannada word Puggi meaning "bubbled up, ballooned". [9], According to tradition, the festival marks the end of winter solstice, and the start of the sun's six-month-long journey northwards (the Uttaraayanam) when the sun enters the zodiac Makara (Capricorn). This four days long festival of Tamil Nadu is celebrated for showing gratitude to nature. Family members bathe, wear new clothes. Drawing of Kolam, swinging and cooking are essential traditions of the festival. The Pongal festival, states Ramaswamy, maybe viewed more as a "social festival" since the contemporary celebrations do not necessarily link it to temple rituals. As the dish begins to boil and overflow out of the vessel, one or more participants blow a conch called the sanggu while others shout with joy "Pongalo Pongal"! The boiling over of milk in the clay pot symbolizes material abundance for the household. ‘Thai Pongal’ generally includes customs and celebrations that are expression of jubilation over life’s renewal. Thanksgiving Day: Pongal is one of the biggest festivals for Tamil people across the globe. [30], The festival is observed for three[3] or four[6] days in Tamil Nadu, but one or two days in urban locations particularly in the Tamil diaspora community outside South Asia. [6] Brothers pay special tribute to their married sisters by giving gifts as affirmation of their filial love. Houses are cleaned, painted and decorated to give a festive look. These are called kolams. They bathe the cattle and paint their horns in red, blue, yellow and green. [6][35] They pray for their brothers' well being, in a manner similar to Bhaiya dooj in north India. It is a festival of harvesting for Tamils. Pongal in the state of Tamil Nadu is celebrated during the same time as 'Bhogali Bihu' in the North Eastern State of Assam, Lohri in Punjab, 'Bhogi' in Andhra Pradesh and 'Makar Sankranti' in the rest of the country, including Karnataka, Maharashtra, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and Bengal. [9], In Kerala – a state that shares historic cultural overlap with Tamils through Chera dynasty according to Sangam literature, the festival is called Pongala. [9][41], Kanu Pidi is a tradition observed on Mattu Pongal by women and young girls. It’s a 4-day festival and gives the people a chance to thank the nature. [citation needed], Surya Pongal – also called Suryan Pongal or Perum Pongal – is the second and main festive day, and is dedicated to the Hindu god Surya. "may this rice boil over". Festival is widely known as ‘Tamil Thai Pongal’ or ‘Festival of the Tamils’. On ‘Thai Pongal’, every member of the family gets up early in the morning. [6][15] It is also a major Tamil festival in Sri Lanka. Customs and Celebrations: Festival is celebrated by everyone since it is not significant to any particular religious faith. Thanking the Sun God for agricultural abundance Pongal is the harvest festival of Tamil Nadu falls in the month of Thai. Pongal is a harvest festival which is observed mainly in the state of Tamil Nadu. What is Pongal Meaning & how many days it is Celebrated ? This festival is to encourage social cohesiveness by bringing people together in common function. Others bathe their cattle and prostrate before them with words of thanks for the help with the harvest. It is also celebrated in the countries consisting of Tamil diaspora such as Sri Lanka, Mauritius, South Africa, Malaysia, Singapore etc Pongal falls during mid-January annually and is known for the beginning of Uttarayan. [44], While the Attukal Pongala pilgrimage and festival has roots in the Hindu culture and temple, it attracts participation from women from other religions. ‘They celebrated Pongal by distributing sugarcane pieces and collectively bringing to boil the quintessential made of rice, milk and jaggery.’. For the next six months, the days are longer and warmer. [39] The word kanum (kaanum) in this context means "to visit." [28], According to Andrea Gutiérrez – a scholar of Sanskrit and Tamil traditions, the history of the Pongal dish in festive and religious context can be traced to at least the Chola period. More example sentences. [35][38] The major cultural festivals on Pongal occur near Madurai. Little Mix Usa Tour 2020, Happy Pongal 2014 Sms, Messages, Quotes in Tamil Greetings : Get latest collection of Happy Pongal 2014 wishes in Tamil. This four-day festival of thanksgiving to nature takes its name from the Tamil word meaning "to boil" and is held on the first day of the month of Thai (January -February) when rice and other cereals, sugar-cane, and turmeric (an essential ingredient in Tamil cooking) are harvested. These were a part of the charitable grants received and served by free community kitchens in Tamil and Andhra Pradesh Hindu temples either as festival food or to pilgrims every day. Sakarai means sugar in the Tamil language. This day is usually between 12th and 15th of January in Gregorian or Christian calendar. Andhra Pradesh, Bengal, Bihar, Goa, Karnataka, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 00:31. [42], Of particular note is the largest pilgrimage and annual gathering of Hindu women to the Attukal Bhagavathy Temple near Thiruvanathapuram (Kerala). It is traditionally offered to the gods and goddesses first, followed sometimes by cows, then to friends and family gathered. [7] Portions of the sweet pongal dish (sakkara pongal) are distributed as the prasadam in Hindu temples. [48][49], In Karnataka, the festival days are similar, except the dish is called "Ellu". [36], Tamilians decorate their homes with banana and mango leaves and embellish the entrance space before homes, corridors or doors with decorative floral, festive or geometric patterns drawn using colored rice flour. [12][31] According to Andre Bateille, this tradition is a means to renew social bonds. [6], Kanum Pongal, sometimes called the Kanu Pongal, the fourth day of the festival, marks the end of Pongal festivities for the year. Credited to the Chola king Kulottunga I (1070-1122 CE), the inscription describes a grant of land to the temple for celebrating the annual Pongal festivities. [9][32], Bhogi is also observed on the same day in Andhra Pradesh. Wish u Happy Pongal 2020. In Tamil "pongal" means "bubbling up". Farmers thank Lord Indra, Sun God, earth and cattle for assisting in providing abundant harvest. There are many songs on ‘Thai’ ‘Pongal’. Thai Pongal Meaning and Significance: [5] The blessing of abundance by Goddess Pongal (Uma, Parvati) is symbolically marked by the dish "boiling over". Hence, this practise is most important aspect of ‘Pongal’ festival. Tai (தை, Thai) refers to the name of the tenth month in the Tamil calendar, while Pongal (from pongu) connotes "boiling over" or "overflow." Farmers show their gratitude for invaluable service of cattle. Cattle are offered puja and given ‘Pongal’ in plenty. The day before Pongal the Pongal festival is called “Boghi”, on which all people will wake up before sunrise to burn all their old things in front of the house, which symbolizes the destruction of old things and thoughts, to welcome new happenings in the year. Pongal dish made from rice in milk, with cane or white sugar. Actual Meaning Coming back to the celebration of Pongal, nook and corner of Tamil Nadu owe observing Pongal celebration. Communities organize social events to strengthen mutual bonds. Pongal Festival Whatsapp FB SMS Quotes Images in Tamil Language. [35] According to James Lochtefeld, the Pongal dish is first offered to Surya and Ganesha, and then shared with the gathered friends and family. Joe Rogan Wheatgrass, People are thanking rain, sun and cattle. ‘Thai’ is the first month of Tamil calendar. [12] Sometimes additional ingredients are added to the sweet dish, such as: cardamom, raisins, green gram (split), and cashew nuts. [50], This day coincides with Makara Sankranthi,[51] and Maghi (day after Lohri). The children then separate and collect the money and sweet fruits. Pongal also happens to be the name of a dish consumed during this festive time, which is sweetened rice boiled with lentils. [6] The day is celebrated with family and friends, with the Pongal dish prepared in a traditional earthen pot in an open space in the view of the sun. :: Midrand Hindu Dharma Sabha | Hindu Festivals - Prayer Dates - Religious Calendar - 2015 - 2016 ::", "History of the Tamil Diaspora (V. Sivasupramaniam)", "Newspaper Full Page - The Straits Times, 14 January 1937, Page 5", "Minister Kenney issues statement to mark Thai Pongal", "» Statement by Liberal Party of Canada Leader Justin Trudeau on Thai Pongal", "Community celebrates Thai Pongal harvest festival (From Harrow Times)", "Jewels Set in Stone: Hindu Temple Recipes in Medieval Cōḻa Epigraphy", What is Pongal? [9], The Pongal festival begins on the day called Bhogi Pongal, and it marks the last day of the Tamil month Marghazi. [9][29] Along with the sweet version of the Pongal dish, some prepare other versions such as salty and savoury (venpongal). [3][7] It is dedicated to the sun god,[8] the Surya, and corresponds to Makar Sankranti, the harvest festival under many regional names celebrated throughout India. … [9][32] The deity of the day is Indra – the god of rains, to whom prayers are offered, with thanks and hopes for plentiful rains in the year ahead. Pongal (பொங்கல், /ˈpoʊŋɡʌl/, also spelled Poṅkal), also referred to as Thai Pongal (தைப்பொங்கல், or Tai Pongal), is a multi-day harvest festival of South India, particularly in the Tamil community. [9][10][11] The three days of the Pongal festival are called Bhogi Pongal, Surya Pongal and Maattu Pongal. This type of pongal is prevalent in pongal festivals such as Thai Pongal) in Tamil Nadu, India. [3][4][5][6] It is observed at the start of the month Tai according to Tamil solar calendar,[5] and this is typically about January 14. [34] This is symbolism for the shared wish of greater fortunes in the year ahead. Pongal is also the name of a sweetened dish of rice boiled with lentils which is ritually consumed on this day. Malaysian Tamils celebrate Pongal on 15 January 2012.Thai Pongal, as it is called because it marks the beginning of the Tamil month of Thai, is a harvest festival originally celebrated by Tamils in the Indian state of Tamil Nadu and Sri Lanka. The evenings are spent either attending cultural events or visiting relatives and friends. Later on, ‘Pongal’ is shared with neighbours, friends and relatives. The day marks the start of the Uttarayana, when the sun enters the 10th house of the zodiac Makara (Capricorn). In the ceremony called Bhogi Pallu, fruits of the harvest such as regi pallu and sugar cane are collected along with flowers of the season. Pongal Meaning & Significance Bhogi Pongal The first day of pongal is also known as Bhogi and is celebrated on the last day of the month of Margazhi. In some communities, women take their "cooking pots to the town center, or the main square, or near a temple of their choice or simply in front of their own home" and cook together as a social event, states Gutiérrez. [47], {{}} [29], The festival's most significant practice is the preparation of the traditional "pongal" dish. [46] The celebrations include dance (Kathakali) and musical performances by boys and girls, as well as major processions featuring the temple goddess.