In Andhra Pradesh Makar Sankranti is known as Pedda Pandaga (Bhogi Panduga in Telugu language) which is the most admired festivals of this state. In the daytime people visit their neighbours and together enjoy khichdi with ghee and chaas and give it in charity at temples. While Makar Sankranti is celebrated in West India, and Pongal is celebrated down South, people in North India celebrate the festival as Lohri. The withdrawing winter entails a change in food habits and intake of nourishing and rich food. Andhra Pradesh: Makar Sankranti is a four-day festival. People also decorate cows and bulls colorfully with beautiful costumes. from this day onwards the sun becomes 'Uttarayan' or it starts moving to the north. Since the meal is heavy, lunch is generally skipped on the day and the time is, instead, spent on socializing and participating in kite flying festivals. It is a wonderful occasion to meet family and friends. The feeling that ‘I am nothing’ dissolves the ego & brings humility. Makara Sankranti is celebrated in Kerala, the 40 days anushthana by the devotees of Ayyappa ends on this day in Sabarimala where the Makara Jyothi is visible followed by the Makaravilakkuwith a big festival in Kerala. Celebrations Of Makar Sankranti Holidays 2021 In India. They exchange ellu-bella (sesame seeds and jaggery) sweets, fried groundnuts, pieces of coconut, sugarcane, banana, haldi and kumkum in plates and wish each other. Therefore, this festival holds traditional cultural significance. At some places new clothes are worn on this day. This day marks the beginning of summer. In Maharashtra on Makara Sankranti (मकर संक्रान्ति) day people exchange multicoloured halwa (sugar granules coated in sugar syrup) and til-gul laadoo (sweetmeats made from sesame seeds and jaggery). According to the Hindu Scriptures, on this day a deity named Sankranti killed the demon Sankrasur. 14 January is Uttarayan and 15 January is Vasi-Uttarayan (Stale Uttarayan). These are further decorated with flowers, and cow dung (particularly in villages). It is traditional to eat "kheer", rice cooked in milk and sugarcane juice. appalu (a sweet made of jaggery and rice flour) are prepared on this special day. Immunity boosting Yoga to fight cough and cold. As good will and to maintain good relation people exchange til-gul. One of the holiest days in the Hindu Lunar calendar falls on 14th or 15th January every year. Only the one meant for the family is eaten. Gulachi poli/puran poli (गुळाची पोळी / पुरण पोळी) (flat bread stuffed with soft/shredded jaggery mixed with toasted, ground til [white sesame seeds]) and some gram flour, which has been toasted to golden in pure ghee, are offered for lunch. Importance. In fact, Sankranti is almost synonymous with the kite flying festival here. Kites for Uttarayan are made of special light-weight paper and bamboo and are mostly rhombus shaped with central spine and a single bow. It is celebrated differently across the Indian subcontinent. These are twelve days in a year when the Sun moves from one constellation to another. Explanation: In Gujarat, Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Uttarayan which is a major festival and lasts for two days. The festival is known as Kicheri in Uttar Pradesh and involves ritual bathing. On this day, girls will wear new clothes to visit their dear ones with a plate containing white sesame seeds mixed with fried groundnuts, dried coconut, candy molds, and jaggery. Celebrated all over India, the Makar Mela in Odisha is a major celebration on Makar Sankranti. Let’s explore the traditions of five states across India: Makar Sankranti is celebrated over three days in Maharashtra. Cows are decorated for the occasion and taken on a procession. Punjab: The eve before Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Lohri. It is the Assam festivity of Sankranthi, with devouring going on for seven days. People will celebrate makar Sankranti on Thursday, January 14, 2021. Since such a rich khichdi is generally made on this festival, the festival is often colloquially referred to as "Khichdi". Makar Sankranti is known as Sankrant in Goa. More Customs. There are variations of this festival across India and around Asia. Ellu Bella, Ellu Unde, bananas, sugarcane, red berries, haldi and kumkum and small gift items useful in everyday lives are often exchanged among women in Karnataka. This festival is celebrated in honor of the Sun God or Surya to pay tribute for the grace of its energy that has enabled life and food on earth. The string often contains abrasives to cut down other people's kites. The freshly harvested paddy and the date palm syrup in the form of Khejurer Gur and Patali is used in the preparation of a variety of traditional Bengali sweets made with rice flour, coconut, milk and 'khejurer gur' (date palm jaggery) and known as 'Pitha' . Makar Sankranti is one such festival which is observed in one way or other in almost all over our country. It is also traditional to consume khichdi and jaggery. on Wednesday. Early in the morning children wear these necklaces and sing "Kale Kauva" to attract crows and other birds and offer them portions of these necklaces, as a token of welcome for all the migratory birds, who are now coming back after their winter sojourn in the plains. A day before the festival begins, people clean their houses and make sure that everything is immaculate. Makar Sankranti is celebrated in Rajasthan with a lot of fervor and excitement. Families and friends gather on terraces and roofs and fly kites together. People replace the old stuff with the new, forget the ancient enmity, pray to God, and offer food to their ancestors. The festival holds traditional cultural significance for the people of the state. It’s an important festival of the Hindus and celebrated almost everywhere in the country in myriad cultural forms and different names. Makar sankranti is one of the biggest festival celebrated in Maharashtra. Makar Sankranti, a festival associated with nature and Sun God, was celebrated in various parts of the state. Makar Sankranti is a harvest festival that is celebrated every year on 14 th January, in the month of Magha, as per the Hindu calendar. Capricorn constellation or zodiac. Churma of ghee, halwa and kheer are cooked specially on this day. This festival is called as 'Uttarayan' in Gujarat. On Makara Sankranti people give Khichadi (a mixture of pulses and rice) in charity, take ceremonial dips in holy rivers, participate in the Uttarayani fairs and celebrate the festival of Ghughutia or Kale Kauva. The day is celebrated with special Rajasthani delicacies and sweets such as pheeni (either with sweet milk or sugar syrup dipped), til-paati, gajak, kheer, ghevar, pakodi, puwa, and til-laddoo. While this is the time for harvest festivals of all the different states, true to India’s diverse traditions, each one has its own customs and practices. Newly-wed women offer five clay pots filled with newly-harvested food grains to the temple deity. The message it gives us is, 'Maintain purity inside.' From Makar Sankranti, Sun starts moving towards the North direction which is also known as Uttarayana. Hence this day marks the start of the month of Magha. Day 3: Kinkrant – This is the day Devi defeated a demon called Kinkarasur. Makar Sankranti is also known as Maghi or Makara Sankranti. We are minuscule. Equally fascinating is the mind and body. In the Himalayan regions of Darjeeling, the festival is as known as Magey Sakrati. On this day, people celebrate by lighting a bonfire in the evening. What makes the festival stand apart from the other Indian Hindu Festivals is the fact that the date of Makar Sankranti is fixed. The festival falls on the day which marks the shift of the sun into ever-lengthening days. The plate contains shaped sugar candy moulds with a piece of sugarcane. It is said that from this day, which signals a change of season, the migratory birds start returning to the hills. Celebrations in Goa closely resemble to that in Maharashtra. For more information on India, you can follow the founders of Bharath Gyan on Twitter @bharathgyan, We’d love to hear from you. It is astronomically important for devotees who worship the sun god at the great Konark temple with fervour and enthusiasm as the sun starts its annual swing northwards.According to various Indian calendars, the Sun's movement changes and the days from this day onwards become lengthier and warmer and so the Sun-God is worshiped on this day as a great benefactor. So stay small and sweet and you will truly become big. Girls of the community lovingly decorate and feed them. Besides the usual rituals, people of Orissa, especially Western Orissa, reaffirm the strength of the bond of friendship with their best friends during this occasion. Like other places in India, the references to sweets, til (sesame seeds) and gud (jaggery) are found in the songs sung on this day. However, one can ponder on the fact that even though we celebrate farming and farmers on this day, how many of them are women farmers? Over two million people gather at their respective sacred places for this holy bathing such as Allahabad and Varanasi in Uttar Pradesh and Haridwar in Uttarakhand. As in other parts of country, people take baths in rivers and ponds and feast upon seasonal delicacies as a celebration of good harvest. While the festival is called Makar Sankranti in West India including the states Gujarat, Maharashtra and Rajasthan, it also known and celebrated by other popular names throughout the country. Hindus light lamps with sesame oil as this is supposed to give prosperity and drive away all sins. The day after Makar Sankranti the first day in the month Magh from Bengali calendar The Goddess Laxmi devi is worshiped. Like all other states, Rajasthan also has a tradition of kite-flying. In the major cities of Ahmedabad, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, and Jamnagar the skies appear filled with thousands upon thousands of kites as people enjoy two full days of Uttarayan on their terraces. There is a saying in Kannada "ellu bella thindu olle maathadi" that translates to 'eat the mixture of sesame seeds and jaggery and speak only good.' In West Bengal, Sankranti, also known as Poush Sankranti named after the Bengali month in which it falls, is celebrated as a harvest festival Poush Parbon (It falls on 14 January on the Western calendar.) Here are two of the most popular kite festivals to visit in the state. It is called Baharlaxmi Puja as the idol is worshiped in an open place. Kite flying is traditionally observed as a part of this festival.On this occasion the sky in Jaipur and Hadoti regions is filled with kites, and youngsters engage in contests trying to cut each other's strings. They then sit down and eat the sumptuous food that is specially prepared for the occasion. In some parts of Karnataka, a newly married woman is required to give away bananas for five years to married women (muthaidhe/sumangali) from the first year of her marriage and increase the number of bananas in multiples of five. In Punjab, Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Maghi. When people cut any kites they yell words like "kaypo chhe", "e lapet", "phirki vet phirki" and "lapet lapet" in Gujarati. Jaggery is a symbol of spreading sweetness. In Bihar and Jharkhand, the festival is celebrated on 14–15 January. In north Karnataka, kite flying with community members is a tradition. The underlying thought in the exchange of til-gul is to forget the past ill-feelings and hostilities and resolve to speak sweetly and remain friends. Makar Sankranti which is also known as the festival of kites is finally here must to everyone’s excitement. Though it is considered a Punjabi festival, Lohri celebrated widely in the states of Himachal Pradesh and Haryana too. Makar Sankranti is celebrated as Suggi in Karnataka and is a harvest festival for farmers. People wear new clothes, thank the Sun God for the year’s harvest, and prepare sumptuous feasts on this occasion. Learn more>>. You can unsubscribe at any time. Young people erect makeshift huts, known as meji, from bamboo, leaves and thatch, in which they eat the food prepared for the feast, and then burn the huts the next morning.The celebrations also feature traditional Assamese games such as tekeli bhonga (pot-breaking) and buffalo fighting. December and January are the coldest months of the year in the Punjab. If they cannot go in river then they bathe at home. Food items: Multi-colored halwa, pooran poli (flat bread stuffed with jaggery and gram flour in it, served with pure ghee), and til-gul laddoo (sesame seed and jaggery balls) are the special delicacies prepared on this festival day. It is celebrated with pomp in southern parts of India as Sankranti in Karnataka (Pongal in Tamil Nadu), and in Punjab as Maghi. The delicacies include chura, gur (jaggery), sweets made of til (sesame seeds) such as tilgul, tilwa, maska, etc., curd, milk and seasonal vegetables. The end of winter. You can also read Gurudev Sri Sri Ravi Shankar’s message on the significance of Lohri, Pongal, and Makar Sankranti. Culturally, people dance their famous "bhangra". This ritual is called "Ellu Birodhu." So, even if there are differences, the festival is a good time to forgive, forget, and move on. In Gujarat, from December through to Makara Sankranti, people start enjoying Uttarayan. Madhya Pradesh: Makar Sankranti is celebrated by exchanging programs and sweets. Tamil Nadu also celebrates Pongal  at the same time and Punjab also celebrates Lohri at the same time. It is called "Sidha". The event takes place each year on the day that the sun enters the zodiac sign of Capricorn or Makar. Sankranti, celebrated as Lohri in Punjab, Haryana and Himachal Pradesh, marks the end of sowing season and the onset of harvesting winter crops. The first Sankranti experienced by a married woman is of significance as she is invited by her parents and brothers to their houses with her husband for a big feast. Saaji is the Pahari word for Sakranti, start of the new month. Day 1: Bhogi – Maharashtrians pray to the Sun God on this day; they also fly colorful kites together. Happy Makar Sankranti Celebration in Assam Magh Bihu called Bhogali Bihu is a collect festival celebrated in Assam, India, which denotes the finish of gathering season in the long stretch of Maagha (January– February). It also means the journey of the northern sun, known as Uttarayan. Makar means Capricorn and Sankranti is transition. Women go to haweli to sing folk songs and give gifts. [caption id="attachment_1335385" align="alignnone" ]. Uttarayan, as Makara Sankranti is called in Gujarati, is a major festival in the state of Gujarat[15] which lasts for two days. In Odisha, there is a unique celebration of friendship on Makar … Makar Sankranti is an Indian festival celebrated by several states of India around mid January. In Shimla District of Himachal Pradesh, Makara Sankranti is known as Magha Saaji. The festival is celebrated for four days. Specially, the women of this region observe a ritual in which they give any type of object (related to household, make-up or food) to 13 married women. Makar Sankranti is celebrated over four days in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana.