Save. It is unable to retain heat, which is why the dark side of the planet is frigid. Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun and the smallest since Pluto was downgraded to a dwarf planet. However, this ice is located within permanently shadowed craters that do not receive sunlight throughout the year. It Is the Smallest In the Solar System . The planet gets as close as 29 million miles (47 million km) to … While other planets "self-heal" after collisions with comets and asteroids, Mercury does not, which has led to numerous craters on the planet's surface. Its core has domination of 85% in its whole diameter. On Planet Earth, one year is equivalent to 365 days. It only appears at dusk and dawn. Research shows that a 100 km wide asteroid hit mercury 4 billion years ago that created a 1545 km giant crater on it. Nevertheless, researchers do not expect life to exist on the planet due to its unconducive environment. It is found in craters near its poles, where sunlight never reaches. More Interesting Facts about Mercury. Despite its proximity to Earth, Mercury is among the least explored planets due to its proximity to the Sun. As such, it circles the sun faster than all the other planets, which is why Romans named it after their swift-footed messenger God. Ironically, the planet's existence was documented by ancient astronomers before the discovery of Venus and Mars. January 2, 2015 Peter Christoforou Astronomy Lists, Solar System 0. Although there is no conclusive evidence regarding why this occurs, astronomers link it to solar radiation pressure. [1] Mercury cannot be seen by the naked eye when the sky is fully dark. On Mercury, one year consists of 88 days. 10 Interesting Facts About The Planet Mercury. Half of Mercury had never been seen. 2. Mercury can also get as low as -270 degrees at its night. Last but not least one in my list of top 6 interesting facts about mercury is the perihelion precession of mercury. Just to put a scale on how small Mercury is, you could fit more than 24,400 Mercury’s inside one Jupiter, the biggest planet in the solar system. Organic materials, which are the building blocks of life, have also been discovered, but the harsh conditions on Mercury cannot support life as it exists on Earth. The Naming of Mercury If you’ve been following our journey through the solar system, you have likely picked up on a common trend when it comes to naming the planets. Mercury does not have any moons or rings. Until NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft made its first flyby of Mercury in 2008, NASA only had close up pictures of one half of Mercury's surface. Let’s find out some interesting facts about Mercury and its unique features: GIF: The 10 Coldest Cities In The United States. Additionally, Mercury has the greatest orbital eccentricity, ranging from 29 million mi to 43 million mi. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020, Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun and the smallest since, Mercury and Venus are the only two planets in the Solar System, Mercury may be the closest planet to the Sun, but it is, Mercury Has Organic Material and Water Ice, It is challenging to travel between Earth and Mercury not only because the closest distance between the two planets is over 48 million mi, but also due to the immense temperature from the Sun. A year on Mercury is … mission that is expected to reach the orbit of Mercury in December 2025. By Victor Kiprop on November 24 2019 in Environment. Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun. When Mercury was 17, the Bulsara family was forced to flee for England when the Zanzibar Revolution tore the region apart and resulted in the deaths of many people of Arabic and Indian background. Venus has an average temperature of 427 °C, as its dense atmosphere circulates heat evenly throughout the planet. Fact: General facts about Mercury. This is the first of the 10 amazing and interesting facts about Mercury. Share . INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT PLANET MERCURY. Until NASA’s MESSENGER spacecraft arrived there in … The Ultimate List of TV Shows set in Space or on Other Planets, The Planets and Moons of Star Wars to Scale. It's time to learn 10 interesting facts about Mercury that we think you don't know. Mercury is the only metal that is a liquid at standard temperature and pressure. Image Source:- sciencemag. It is the smallest and closest planet to the Sun in the Solar System. Every cubic centimeter incorporates a density of 5.4 grams, with only the world having a higher density. Posted on July 18, 2017 January 5, 2018 by Annie Perdomo. 1. Mercury has been known to humanity since ancient times and although its discovery date is unknown, the first mentions of the planet are believed to be around 3000 BC by the Sumerians. The concentration of sulfur on Mercury is unlike any other planet in the Solar System. 2. Your weight on Mercury would be 38% of your weight on Earth. Mercury’s orbit around the sun is the fastest orbit of all the solar system planets. Surprisingly, given its proximity to the hot Sun, Mercury contains water ice. Even some gas giant moons are larger than it, such as Titan and Ganymede. The elliptical orbit also influences its visibility from Earth, as it can move between clear visibility or not be visible at all. Freddie Mercury Facts 42. The temperature difference on the surface of Mercury reaches 600 K depending on the time of day. But, there was no exact explanation accounting for that shift. Mercury orbits the sun in 88 days, which means 1 … Wow! It is also one of five planets visible by the naked eye, along with Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, and Venus. 2. Being so close to the Sun, the daytime temperature on Mercury is scorching – reaching over 400 °C (752 °F). 10 Interesting Facts About Mercury. Mercury is only the second hottest planet.Despite being further from the Sun, Venus experiences higher temperatures. Mercury revolves around the Sun at 112,000 mph, which is the fastest of all planets. Earlier, Pluto held the record for being the smallest planet in the Solar System. Here are some fast facts plus 10 interesting element facts about mercury. His speed is why Mercury got its name, as it is the fastest planet that orbits the sun. Mercury is the smallest planet. Research shows that the concentration of magnesium, sodium, and calcium in Mercury’s atmosphere fluctuates depending on its distance from the Sun. Mercury has a very high surface tension, so it forms rounded beads of liquid. Compared to Earth, it is 1/3 in diameter and the mass of Mercury is only 5.5 per cent the mass of Earth. For every two orbits of the Sun, Mercury completes three rotations about its axis and up until 1965 it was thought that the same side of Mercury constantly faced the Sun. It is also one of five planets visible by the naked eye, along with Saturn, Jupiter, Mars, and Venus. Mercury may be the closest planet to the Sun, but it is not as hot as Venus. The innermost planet in our solar system, Mercury, is also the smallest planet in the system. It is challenging to travel between Earth and Mercury not only because the closest distance between the two planets is over 48 million mi, but also due to the immense temperature from the Sun. The largest crater is the Caloris Basin, which has a diameter of 963 mi. Print . Mercury is an interesting planet with very peculiar characteristics. 2. … Although the earth is small, Mercury is extremely dense. A year on Mercury takes 88 Earth days. Mercury is a core dominated planet. The smallest of these is Mercury, and it also happens to be the planet in closest orbit to the sun. Mercury has a light atmosphere that allows heat to escape, unlike Venus, which has a dense atmosphere that traps the heat. Mercury is the closest planet to the Sun and the smallest since Pluto was downgraded to a dwarf planet. Over the years, scientists have uncovered some interesting facts about Mercury and they include: 1. Abstract: In our solar system of planets the 5 closets planets to the Sun are made largely of rocky material. This makes Mercury the fastest planet in … 1. As the planet Mercury has never fully been mapped out, and is hard to observe with telescopes, just what facts do we know about the planet? … Only two probes have reached Mercury: NASA's, in 2004. "While a typical vibrato will fluctuate between 5.4 Hz and 6.9 Hz, Mercury… Interesting Facts About Mercury. Facts about Mercury: Mercury may be the closest planet to the sun but it experiences temperature changes that are the most extreme of any planet in the solar system, including dropping to -275 F/-170 C. Mercury is only slightly larger than the Earth’s moon. half-day is equal to one year in Mercury. One of the most interesting facts about the element mercury is that it is even used in sphygmomanometer to measure blood pressure. During the course of its orbit, the planet can get as close as 29 million miles to the Sun, and at its farthest it can be 43 million miles from the Sun. Mercury zips around the sun faster than any other planet. Facts about Mercury. It is a transition metal with atomic number 80 on the periodic table, an atomic weight of 200.59, and the element symbol Hg. However, it also holds the distinction of being the planet that has the ability to travel the fastest around the sun, too. Jamie Ward | 2 mins read | 0 comments. Here’s some cool and fun facts about the planet Mercury. 1: Associated With All Things Fast. Mercury was born Farrokh Bulsara in 1946 to Parsi parents in what is now the city of Zanzibar in Tanzania, back when it was still a British territory. 2. Mercury is the closest planet to our Sun and is the smallest planet in our solar system.