Sometimes called nettle tree, the common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis) is a deciduous tree valued for its umbrella-shaped … Its yellow-orange fruits are eaten by the wildlife and were a staple in the Native Americans' diet. Perennials. View picture of Spiny Hackberry, Desert Hackberry, Chaparral (Celtis ehrenbergiana) at Dave's Garden. Canyon Hackberry Celtis reticulata. The common Hackberry tree can be found growing wild in Southwestern desert arroyos. Desert hackberry fruit is quite nutritious, containing up to 20% crude protein, as well as phosphorous, and calcium (Everitt and Alaniz 1981). Sonoran The Desert Hackberry contains sharp thorns on stout branches and produces yellow flowers. The How to Sprout a Hackberry Seed. Cardinal, towhees, 380 seeds per oz. LEAVES: Simple and relatively large. Desert Hackberry trunk. RANGE: Common along washes especially with increasing elevation and Origin: Texas, New Mexico, northern Mexico from 3000 to 8000' elevation. The bright green caterpillars are shaped like leaves and have a pair All pictures are contributed by our community. spots can be seen along the wing margin. Acknowledgements. Another butterfly that feeds on hackberry as a caterpillar is the Sugarberries like to be near water and that’s why it caught my eye as I coasted by: It was growing on top of a dry hill. doing battle or attempting copulation, often returning to the same perch. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. Sonoran Desert Places Plant form of common hackberry. Requires full sun and moderate watering. Height & Spread: An abundance of desert hackberries at Vines. Southwest Environmental Information Network, Google I have not yet located specific references to the use of hackberry by natives from the South Texas Plains; all of the following references are from groups in northwestern Mexico and the southwestern United States. Hackberry trees should be planted in full sun to partial shade. The winged Sharp-eyed birds push them to look more and more like inedible thorns, a Leilia Hackberry Butterfly (Asterocampa leilia), burnt orange Sonoran White-crowned Sparrow and At the lower Plants for the Arizona Desert. North American distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Grasses. It is in flower in May, and the seeds ripen in October. Acknowledgements. Dull green, thin, leathery, margins I have not yet located specific ethnographic or ethnohistorical references to the use of hackberry in Texas; so all of the following references are from groups in Oklahoma, northwestern Mexico and the southwestern United States. Posted on September 1, 2016 by 0664116334. these butterflies build up tremendous populations that then migrate hundreds of It is slow growing, long-lived, and semi-evergreen, depending on temperature and moisture availability. Desert Hackberry (Celtis pallida) This bush can grow up to 20 ft. high. when in fruit. Arizona Naturalists >>> like pear, they might come and sip a little juice but they rarely visit Absent from the lowest, driest areas of the Sonoran Desert. Sunset: 10-13; USDA: 7-10. The tree can grow to 100 feet high, but usually does not exceed 40 to 60 feet. In the image above notice that the flower lacks petals and sepals. Hackberry Butterfly is at lower right ... just to the left of the butterfly is Desert Field Guide Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry.. Habitat: On good bottomland soils, it grows fast and may live to 20 years.. The Promoting knowledge, appreciation, conservation, and restoration of Arizona native plants and their habitats SHRUB: Large or medium size leafy shrub with dark gray or brown bark. The Snout Butterfly is at upper right. miles. Celtis pallida (Desert hackberry). This tree features a distinctive trunk. Interesting Facts About the Hackberry Tree. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); © 2019 www.sungardensinc.com   All Rights Reserved, Privacy Policy | Site Usage Agreement | Interesting Links. Desert Hackberry. Often these migrations consist of millions of butterflies seemingly moving only FLOWERS: Inconspicuous yellow-green. Very drought and heat tolerant. Shrubs. April-Oct., again depending on Perennials. Annuals. Botany. Act I: The Quest 00:01 2. Hackberry "Desert Orchid" (New Full EP) 2016 Country: Netherlands / Genres: Instrumental Progressive Stoner Rock Tracklist: 1. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. The Hackberry is an interesting tree with rough corky bark. These are berries from a Desert Hackberry bush (Celtis pallida), one of many that I come across on my walks. House Finch are among the birds likely to be seen at Desert Hackberry with black marginal spots, will almost always be found patrolling nearby up and Desert Hackberry. Phainopepla, Townsend's Solitaire, Cedar Waxwing, thrashers, Sugarberries ripen from green to burnt orange. The inconspicuous flowers are followed by small orange fruit that provide food for birds and mammals. 1140 N. Colombo Sierra Vista, AZ 85635-2390 (520) 458-8278 x2141; cochisemg@cals.arizona.edu Cacti. The It is noted for attracting wildlife. sticky honeydew as a result of feeding by nymphs of a psyllid bug. Plants may appear in other counties, especially if used in landscaping. (Celtis pallida). The DESERT HACKBERRY (also known as “Celtis pallida”) is a(n) Evergreen in the Desert class and part of our Trees department. * The desert hackberry is the perfect small shrubby tree for the bird lovers out there. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils, prefers well-drained soil and can grow in nutritionally poor soil. My Wishlist. Desert hackberry features attractive orange berries. Hackberry butterflies will chase other butterflies that happen by, Desert Hackberry occurs throughout tropical America from northern Argentina north to southern Texas, New Mexico, Arizona, and Florida, It's likely to show up in grasslands, brushlands and thickets wherever there's gravelly, well-drained, sandy soil, as in deserts, canyons, washes, foothills, washes and the like. Its stout thorns, dense branches, and sweet, edible, small orange berries in the fall make it extremely valuable for wildlife food and cover. Desert Hackberry Celtis pallida. the enigma is why return migrations are not recorded. spines occur two to a node. Plants with a Purpose. The small, dull green leaves are coarsely toothed. Resistance to diseases and most pest problems, coupled with it's other attributes make this a very different but good tree choice for the Southwest landscape. Cacti. Watercolor from live specimen found in western foothills of Four Peaks, Soil Type: Ask for help on soils. north in late summer or fall. Desert Hackberry – Celtis pallida A must-have for any birdwatcher’s garden! Texas distribution, attributed to U. S. Department of Agriculture. Drought hardy. rainfall. Once established, hackberry trees need little care beyond the occasional pruning. updated 27 Nov. 2016. Plant Combinations. Photo by Green deane Sugarberries are Hackberries with a Southern Accent. the ground. Two fascinating butterflies use this plant as a larval host. Uses: Used in inexpensive furniture where a light … As much as I love Desert Hackberries, birds love them even more. Please do not order if this small height is an issue for you. landed with the wings folded over their back, a row of six blue-centered eye Scientific name: Celtis reticulata Torr. flowers. This tree is also well suited to urban conditions and can be used in yards and patios as well as along street and boulevards. Maricopa Co., AZ, 11 May 1992. The Hackberry is an interesting tree with rough corky bark. process of coevolution. My Wishlist. Field Guide >>> Additional information. Hermit Thrush, Northern smooth or with a few course teeth. Many of the butterflies that suddenly appear in Arizona during September especially at Seep Baccharis. Quantities over 1 oz. Michael J. Plagens, page created 18 June 2002, In early May, adult butterflies will be found These mass movements have not been well studied; The marked counties are guidelines only. covered in white wax will be seen. Tools for Successful Landscapes Search for Plants. Occasionally a giant scale insect Snout Butterfly (Libytheana bachmanii), also colored burnt Hackberry (C. occidentalis) is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and central Minnesota.It is related to the American elm and after the arrival of Dutch elm disease in Minnesota, hackberry often replaced American elms both in native forests and in planted landscapes. Grasses. Hermit Thrush, Northern Cardinal, towhees, Phainopepla, Townsend's Solitaire, Cedar Waxwing, thrashers, White-crowned Sparrow and House Finch are among the birds likely to be seen at Desert Hackberry when in fruit. At the ovary tip are paired stigmas. Tools for Successful Landscapes Search for Plants. Hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa celtis Desert hackberry butterfly, Asterocampa leilia Places in the United States. Celtis occidentalis is a deciduous Tree growing to 20 m (65ft) by 20 m (65ft) at a fast rate. Trees. FRUIT: A sweet, bright orange berry, 7 mm dia., with one hard seed. The growing desert The disappearing forests. Even if your thumb isn't green, you can grow a Hackberry as a very tough, fast-growing shade tree. a number of brush-footed butterflies in the genus Asterocampa: . Abstract Evapotranspiration rates of plots with vegetative cover and evaporation rates from bare soil differed during the active growing season of desert hackberry (Celtis pallida) plants but total water losses from both plots for the year were the same. ARMED: Sharp thorns 1-2 cm long, often with short apical spurs. They are adaptable to most soil types, including poor soils. Water Usage: Ask for help on water. Shrubs. Full sun. The edible berries are sweet to man and birds. side in synchrony when disturbed, and can also jump. The Desert Hackberry (Celtis pallida)--also called Spiny Hackberry, Granjeno, Garabata and Chaparral--is a spiny, sprawling shrub native to the deserts of the Southwest from Texas through Arizona and south into Mexico. cturtletrax/Getty Images. When hackberry growing, the tree thrives in most any type of soil with a pH of between 6.0 and 8.0; it is also able to withstand more alkaline soils. Sonoran Desert Naturalist Home Page. come up from Sonora, Mexico where Desert Hackberry (Granjeno) is abundant. Although they are native to rich, bottomland soils, Hackberry trees are very tolerant of clay soils, pollution and salt. Plants with a Purpose. It grows in canyons, washes and the desert but is more frequent close to water sources. down a wash just a few feet above the ground stopping frequently to perch on Thanks! Requires full sun and moderate watering. orange. Netleaf hackberry is an excellent choice for areas subjected to desert heat, drought, high winds, and dry alkaline soil. Description: MEDIUM GROWING BUSHY EVERGREEN BROADLEAF SHRUB/TREE. adults, which emerge in May, have the curious habit of wavering from side to Ulmaceae >>> Celtis pallida, Celtis ehrenbergiana Groundcovers. Desert hackberry is an extremely drought tolerant, spiny, sprawling shrub native to South Texas and the Chihuahuan desert. available moisture. It is a member of the Elm family. Reach 11 in Phoenix, Arizona. Sonoran Desert Flora >>> Copyright Vines. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. hikers they will sometimes land on a hat or lunch pail. Description: Hackberry is planted as a street tree in midwestern cities because of its tolerance to a wide range of soil and moisture conditions.. In favorable years Birds fancy Desert Hackberry for its tiny, edible red berries that are a major source of food in fall, for the dense foliage that extends much-needed shelter from summer heat, and for the multitudes of thorny branches that provide a safe place to build homes. COCHISE COUNTY MASTER GARDENERS Sierra Vista - Main Office. Scholar Literature Search. The tree can grow to 100 feet high, but usually does not exceed 40 to 60 feet. If there is some fruit, ships in 1 week. Trees. The edible berries are sweet to man and birds. Groundcovers. Plants for the Arizona Desert. The fruits persist throughout the winter if they aren't harvested, offering a long-term source of food for creatures during tough seasons. Desert Naturalist >>> The number of trees is also greatly decreasing. (mouthparts), and unlike the hackberry butterflies, are avid nectar feeders Hackberry trees drop drupes and seeds, which can create a litter problem on sidewalks and patios. Taking a playful attitude towards Many of the leaves on fresh spring growth will be blistered, curled, and oozing Hackberry, Arizona The common Hackberry tree can be found growing wild in Southwestern desert arroyos. ovipositing (laying eggs) on the new hackberry foliage. a caterpillar, the immature stage of the Hackberry Butterfly. It is in leaf all year, in flower in April, and the seeds ripen in October. Prune them in late winter while they’re dormant to remove dead and diseased branches, or branches that are growing vertically or rub against each other. Celtis pallida $ 25.00 *PLEASE NOTE: These will be approximately 2 ft tall upon delivery. Spiny semi-evergreen shrub, up to 20' tall, 8' spread; small dark green leaves. Hackberries provide a food source for a wide variety of birds and wildlife, including game birds and opossum. It truly is quite an adaptable species of tree and requires little care. Plant Combinations. Succulents. Alternate Names: Western Hackberry, Sugarberry, Paloblanco Description: A small native tree or large shrub growing to 30 feet with spreading crown and trunk diameter of 1 foot or more.Usually found along streams, canyons, and washes, in moist soil, plains grassland, upper desert, desert grassland, and woodland zones. Succulents. Celtis pallida is an evergreen Tree growing to 5.5 m (18ft 1in). When Desert hackberry fruit is quite nutritious, containing up to 20% crude protein, as well as phosphorous, and calcium (Everitt and Alaniz 1981). Celtis, genus of deciduous trees known as hackberries; Prunus padus, a species of cherry tree; Entomology. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2. Annuals. Very drought and heat tolerant. Berries ripen July-Dec. with quantity and timing highly dependent on rainfall. Absent from the lowest, driest areas of the Sonoran Desert. left, suspended from the stem is a Hackberry Butterfly chrysalis. of horns on the head that look remarkably like the plant's own thorns. A large variety of hackberry trees grow throughout the United States, South America, Africa, Asia and Europe, where it … The adult butterflies have a long snout formed from elongated palps