Because it’s a reliable self-seeder, you should only have to plant it once. Description/Taste Miner’s lettuce is small in size consisting of slender, trailing vines that have round, disk-like leaves. Don't allow it to flower unless you're saving Miners Lettuce Claytonia Seeds. The pink or white flowers are often in simple racemes. The tender, crisp leaves average 2-15 centimeters in diameter and grow in a rosette pattern, changing shape from lance, heart-shaped, to rounded as the plant matures. In the right location its makes an excellent ground cover in cool soil under trees and usually self-sows freely. Feeding. It is mild tasting, makes a great addition to the salad mix or … The flower stem emerging through the upper leaf gave the plant its species name, Perfoliata. Plenty of foraging books describe the green, but I just couldn’t seem to find it where I lived. It goes to about 20 degrees on cloudy days midwinter, and I wanted something that could keep growing right through the … Not required. Miners Lettuce is one of the loveliest salad mix ingredients you can grow. Leaves, stalks and flowers can be harvested fresh and used in salads or can be boiled and eaten like spinach. It is very attractive and can stand alone in the flower garden as a border plant or bed cover. Miner’s lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata or Montia perfoliata) also known as Indian Lettuce and Winter Purslane is a wild edible plant native to the Western U.S. including here in Utah.It it typically found in moist, shady places in early spring through early summer and possibly in the fall. It is a spot where Miner's lettuce used to grow. Claytonia perfoliata## HOW TO GROW MINERS LETTUCE Frost hardy annual. However, for the best quality leaves, plant in a cool, damp, semi-shade area. Miner's lettuce is occasionally cultivated as a salad plant[1, 46]. Claytonia is also known as winter purslane or miners lettuce, it tastes quite like spinach and is full of vitamin C. It is a tough, cold resistant salad for growing in the open to crop from October until spring. Flowers bloom from February through May. Other wild greens available through summer are nutritious and an excellent addition to many mushroom dishes. How to Harvest Miner’s Lettuce. Either take the whole plant home, less the soil, or carefully pinch the stems to take just the leaf. Miner’s Lettuce Is Easy to Grow In fact, it is so easy to grow that it can rapidly take over a garden without any help. • Sow in spring or autumn when seeds will usually germinate rapidly. “MU06-857 is the first in a series of leafminer resistant varieties being developed in our breeding program, including green leaf, red leaf, romaine, and crisphead lettuces,” says Mou. Once picked, miner’s lettuce leaves will last in a plastic bag in the fridge for 3 to 5 days without too much loss of quality. Cranberry and Blueberry. Create rows 12 inches apart. • It prefers a light, sandy soil with enough organic matter to retain moisture. Miner's lettuce grows best in cool temperatures so you should plant in early February. Water regularly. As the plant blooms, there is small white and pinkish color flower that grows on top of its rounded leaves. They selected the Salinas 88 lettuce variety and a red leaf lettuce as parents for the new green leaf offspring, and put it through seven years of laboratory, greenhouse, and field tests. Yes, tolerates mild frosts. Claytonia refers to 18th century botanist John Clayton. Miner's Lettuce - Claytonia perfoliata Edible plant - novice Other common names: Winter Purslane, Indian Purslane, Spring Beauty Scientific name meaning: Clayton is arrived from the name of a botanists in the 1600s - John Clayton. Miner's Lettuce ( 5 of 5 based on 1 review) This very easily grown annual has succulent, curious stem-wrapping (perfoliate) leaves with a cool, mild flavour excellent for salads all year round. It was a real annomaly for me trying to find it in growing wild in the Midwest. You can start your lettuce seeds in store-bought seed trays or make your own out of an old egg carton, box or newspaper.Fill the seed trays to within 1 ⁄ 2 inch (1.3 cm) of the top with a soilless growing medium. Leaves grow individually on long stems, but should be cut to no more than 5cm (2") in length. It has a mostly round, almost lily pad looking leaf, which can range from 1 to 6 inches across (I’ve seen some huge ones in the central CA coast) and has either a little white or pink flower right in the middle. Requires consistently moist soil, do not let try out during waterings. Of course, it wilts and disappears as soon as the weather warms, and you won’t see it again until next winter. Not required. The other common names of this plant are Indian lettuce, spring beauty, winter purslane, or miner’s lettuce. Although the leaves are sometimes cultivated or collected for salad greens, occasionally it accumulates soluble oxalates, which can be toxic when ingested.. Also, a giant oak that grew here was cut down. If you’d like to grow your lettuce inside your home, check out these tips for growing lettuce indoors. Claytonia perfoliata. Position. This is in my neighborhood. It dries up with the onset of hot spring weather. Miner's lettuce is a small, herbaceous, slightly succulent annual plant. Sun or partial shade preferred. Used as a salad green Miner's Lettuce has a fresh crisp flavour and fleshy succulent textured leaves. How to Identify Miner’s Lettuce. • Miner’s lettuce will grow in sun, light or heavy shade. All parts of this plant are edible and it grows well in the colder months providing a refreshing salad alternative in … If miner’s lettuce doesn’t grow wild where you live, you can order seeds to start your miner’s lettuce crop. The best leaves grow under trees. There are a number of pests that attack lettuce plants. "Per" means "through" and foliata, refers to … It’s such an attractive plant, I’d grow it as an ornamental ground cover, although I’d probably end up eating it all. Miner's Lettuce are one of the greens available in Spring. Yes, tolerates mild frosts. Perfoliata comes from Latin. Lettuce (Miners) Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. It can be eaten as a leaf vegetable. Harvest with scissors, just above the crown of the plants and it will grow back up to three times. Any variety of lettuce is fairly easy to grow; however, most varieties are susceptible to insect pests that attack the lettuce and either kill it off completely or do irreparable damage.Keep reading to learn more about these pests and when lettuce insecticide may be necessary for control. Miner’s lettuce is perfectly fine when in flower — unlike most spring greens — but pick before the flower stalk gets too long. The somewhat fleshy, basal leaves may be opposite or alternate. Frost tolerant. Sun or partial shade preferred. This fleshy annual plant belongs to Western Mountain and coastal regions of North America from southernmost Alaska and central British Columbia south to Central America, but most common in California in the Sacramento and northern San Joaquin valleys. Growing Miner's Lettuce. The plant was eaten in the Californian Gold Rushes to stave off scurvy. Flowers are five petalled which blooms from February through May. Flowers. Common Lettuce Pests. The best part about foraging for Miner’s Lettuce? Claytonia is quite cold hardy. Prepare seed trays. I found miner’s lettuce in a seed catalog years ago when I was first shopping for winter greenhouse greens. As the plant declines with the heat and aridity of summer, the leaves turn reddish. The first growth of Miner’s lettuce has small paddle shaped leaves. Miner’s Lettuce or Indian Lettuce (Montia perfoliata, Claytonia perfoliata) is found in moist banks and slopes throughout the West, often in partial shade. Moisten the medium in preparation for sowing the seeds. (You can plant up to 300 seeds per foot. The minute white flowers are very subtle and attractive to birds. Miner’s lettuce inhabits natural plant communities, agricultural land, and urban areas, with a preference for cool, damp conditions. Light, sandy soil best but will grow in most locations. Category Our attached greenhouse stays pretty warm, but it’s not heated. Place several seeds in each spot, separating them by ½ inch and cover with ¼ inch of soil. Find tips for planting a second crop of lettuce here. Miner’s lettuce is a small, slightly succulent, herbaceous annual plant which is light green and has round and disk like leaves surrounding smooth and tender stem. Miner's lettuce reminds me of tiny lily padsI was delighted to find a specimen of this delicious little weed growing in our yard among the poppies: miner's lettuce (Claytonia perfoliata), but I don't think it will thrive.This plant is native to the West coast of the U.S. (and down into S. This entry was posted in Allotment and tagged alfala, borage, buckwheat, cover crops, green manure, lambs lettuce, legumes, miners lettuce, Phacelia, poached egg plant, sweet clover, white mustard on 11th May 2019 by Steve Jones. Miner’s lettuce is light green in colour, and has round, disk-like leaves, which surround its smooth, tender stem. Miscellaneous Soil. One unusual and interesting leafy green that Stephen grows in his vegie plot is called Claytonia perfoliata or Miner's Lettuce. Light, sandy soil best but will grow in most locations. Frost tolerant. … The Miner's lettuce no longer seems to grow here. Identifying Miner's Lettuce. Check out this video to learn how to plant lettuce. Forms a self supportive colony in nature, without the stems tip over. Small, 5-petalled white flowers form on the stem's terminus. It grows plentifully and is really easy to identify. “The common name of “miner’s lettuce” refers to how the plant was used by California Gold Rush miners, who ate it to prevent scurvy. Companions. The plants are annual (M. perfoliata is an annual) or perennial herbs. A very hardy plant, tolerating temperatures down to at least -15°c. Miscellaneous Soil. Spacing. Position. Most commonly, it is eaten raw in salads, but it is not quite as delicate as actual lettuce that is cultivated. Lettuce (Miners) Growing Guide Crop Rotation Group. In some regions, it’s possible to plant a second crop of lettuce in the fall or even early winter. Plants grow well the dappled shade of trees, producing a better quality crop in such a situation[52, 60, 264]. Miner’s lettuce is one of the best wild greens you’ll ever taste, but, if you don’t have a place to harvest, it can cost you an arm and a leg. A fleshy succulent green that was eaten by miners in California to stave off scurvy. I know because I have a very distinct memory associated with the lettuce I picked on this spot. Ideal for woodland garden, sunny edge, dapple to deep shade. Miner's lettuce has a distinctive growth habit, and an especially easy to spot combination of flower and leaf. Feeding. The youngest leaves, which grow at the base of the plant and are first to emerge in the spring, are shaped like small, rounded spades. There is a new house here and a fence that may have changed the sunlight. Annual rosette forming plant growing to around 30cm high. The stem passes directly through the round leaf and this makes identification easy. The plant is fairly fragile, and it’s easy to accidentally pluck the whole plant up from the ground, particularly if you are in moist areas. )For best results, use a quality potting soil. Although only an annual[208], it usually self-sows when well sited.