The largest hair seal of the Arctic is the bearded seal, reaching 2.5 meters in length. Arctic foxes do not hibernate in the winter. They are found on land. The Arctic is a hostile environment, yet the species on this Arctic animals list are able to live either on the frozen tundra or in the icy waters that surround the North Pole. Beavers keep snug within their lodges and live mostly on stored food. What’s uncommon is its yearly migration, in which it travels from its Arctic breeding grounds to wintering grounds off the coast of Antarctica, some 25,000 miles away! It spans an area of 14,056,000 km2 with 45,390 km of … But for those that make it—the lavish riches of summer await. They are a scavenger and tend to eat animals that are already dead. ... 0 Conservation Status Walruses have been part of the culture of many indigenous Arctic cultures for thousands of years. During the 19th and early 20th century its population was rapidly depleted. To learn more about the animals of Gates of the Arctic explore the following pages. List of animals that live in the Arctic Ocean. Arctic cod is a major species in the Arctic. Unlike many other species of whales, the bowhead whale does not migrate to warmer waters in the winter, but rather stays in Arctic waters all year round. The Arctic is melting faster than at any time in at least the last 1,500 years, according to climate scientists. There are also many different animals that live in the sea water near polar regions. They dive just below the water’s surface to feed on small fish species. Animals of the Arctic Ocean The Arctic Ocean is both the smallest and the shallowest of the worlds five oceans, but it is one of the most important ecosystems, influencing global weather patterns and home to rare and endangered species. Where to find them: all over the Arctic in summer, and down in the Antarctic in the Southern Hemisphere's summer. There is also a wide variety of fish in the polar regions. The elders of the Arctic, these terns can live as long as 30 years. Seals are one of the most mysterious animals, possessing many … Arctic terns have a small round head, red beak, long angular wings and very short legs. Arctic fox. Its coat is white in winter and brown in summer. Found throughout the Arctic and sub-Arctic regions of Asia, Europe, and North America, this seabird is among the most common Arctic animals on this list. They have hunted them for their meat, skin, blubber, tusks and bones. Second on our Arctic animals list is the incredibly cute harp seal, also known as the saddleback seal.Seals are gregarious animals that live in groups and feed on fish and molluscs. They are the food source for other large animals such as the male sperm whale. They're able to do so largely because of their 20-inch layer of blubber, the thickest of any animal on Earth. There are a wide variety of seals living in the Arctic, six different ice-inhabiting types in all. The arctic fox ranges throughout the Arctic. Day Donaldson/Flickr Squids are one animal that live in both Antarctica and the Arctic. These mammals, categorized within the group of pinnipeds, can dive up to 60 meters deep and remain under water for a whopping 15 minutes. There are also seals in the Antarctic. From Arctic tundra animals such as Reindeer and Arctic Foxes to marine mammals like Polar Bears and numerous species of Whales, animals that live in the Arctic are increasingly endangered by the global climate crisis.. As oceans warm and sea ice continues to shrink, these polar animals are seriously struggling to survive. They often travel in packs. Many of the Arctic animals on this list have special adaptations that enable them to … Winter survival for animals of the central Brooks Range means adaptation to scarcity and bitter cold. They also live on sea ice, sometimes traveling hundreds of miles from land.