The leaves are about 2 to 4 inches long, and at full growth are bright green, rough above, and paler green beneath. This tree is a U.S. native that is widely distributed throughout the east and midwest. The leaf underside has large, netlike veins. Honey is now being used medicinally in New Zealand, and many of us are concerned about the decreasing numbers of honeybees. Those lovely flowers stink – like rotting fish. As Joshua told us, “New-home builders often plant these as they are easy to take root and grow quickly. Individual flowers, regardless of type, are about ¼" across and predominately yellowish green; each flower has 4-5 oblong sepals that … It flowers in May, then produces small berries that turn orangy red to a really dark purple. The Common Hackberry is botanically called Celtis occidentalis. The maximum age attained by hackberry is probably between 150 and 200 … He will undoubtedly ask me first, "Whattya know about the hackberry?". Plant one of these and once it grows tall, hurricane season will be extra nerve-wracking. The beauty of the tree is truly in its bark. Leaves Ovate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Female flowers give way to round, berry-like drupes containing single seeds. Those flowers will eventually give … In the fall, the leaves turn a bland yellow before dropping. That latter urge can be a problem, as Joshua Kornegay of Joshua’s Native Plants warns in an emphatic email. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, tolerates dryness. The tree produces showy, long-lasting clusters of white flowers in May and June. I use ... read more, Our neighbors had peacocks when I was growing up. Male and female flowers borne in the leaf axils in April or May, inconspicuous, greenish-white in color. Thanks to Melody for the thumbnail and the budding branch, Creekwalker for the photo of the green berry, and to Jeff_Beck for the photo of the ripe winter berry. These trees also play host to the Snout butterfly (Libytheana bachmanii) which lays its eggs among the foliage. I remember the tree, and knew it as one that I didn't dare sit under in the fall. He likes to talk about the value in plants, and how they might have benefitted cultures that came before ours, just as I do. Flowers are greenish to yellowish, ¼ inch across, lack petals but have 4 to 6 spreading sepals. Hackberry trees have attractive serrated leaves and they produce light green flowers in the spring. Others choose fruit-producing ones. Quail, pheasants, woodpeckers, and cedar waxwings feed on its fruit. It's nice to have friends like that. The ... read more, Moon Gardens are appreciated after sunset Unlike his cousin, Netleaf Hackberry (Celtis reticulata), Desert Hackberry keeps its leaves all winter, thereby providing a reliable screen throughout the seasons. And I have never seen it listed as a food item on any menu I have read. The male trees produce so much pollen that you and your family will be sneezing and wheezing for days and maybe even weeks come springtime. Hackberry is a moderately large tree (50-70 feet tall) and because of its vase-shape and rounded crown provides excellent shade. It’s an invasive exotic tree that was brought to the States in 1745 from China. In spring, small, stalked, light green flowers mature. The beauty of the tree is truly in its bark. Its main trunk tends to crack and it leaves debris everywhere anytime there’s a storm or hurricane. It has a slender trunk that grows to a height of sixty feet in the middle states, but can be much taller the further south it grows. Aphids have soft pear-shaped bodies with long legs and antennae and may be green, yellow, brown, red, or black depending on the species and the plants they feed on. WE have, (or can get you) almost ANY tree you desire. Also, it is pollinated by bees, and in turn the bees produce honey for those of us who love it. “NEW gardeners often ask me to sell them species that either do NOT grow in the zone/climate, or … ask for something I do not recommend,” says Kornegay, a native Houstonian with more than 25 years in the green industry. It grows quickly and offers shade and a few weeks of beautiful pink flowers. is definitely one of the worst trees for Houston. Pecan has been downgraded for several reasons. I am a retired high school art and humanities teacher. Apart from butterflies, these trees also attract fauna, viz., ring-necked pheasant, quail, wild turke… The Japanese blueberry is definitely one of the worst trees for Houston. “For example, northerners often ask for cherry trees, for the fruit … It doesn’t get COLD enough down here for them to put on fruit!”. In the best conditions in the southern Mississippi Valleyarea, it can grow to 40 metres (130 ft). It’s an invasive exotic tree that was brought to the States in 1745 from China. Each drupe contains one round brown seed surrounded by sweet flesh. The wood was used for boxes and furniture. Native Habitats: So today, we’re looking at the 6 worst trees you can plant here in Houston. But don’t let its looks fool you. Hackberry is not a good choice either if you live in Houston. Low-Maintenance Landscaping Ideas for Houston, Pest Control Checklist for New Houston Homeowners, 16 Deer-Resistant Plants and Trees to Grow in Rochester, 11 Ways to Use Cactus in Your Landscaping, 21 Deer-Resistant Plants and Trees to Grow in Philadelphia. The hackberry tree does not stand a chance with a name like this. Drought-tolerant once established; also tolerates any soil, smog, sun, or shade. Hackberry's foliage arrives at the same time as the small spring flowers, giving your tree a vivacious, lime-green appearance. It grows quickly and offers shade and a few weeks of beautiful pink flowers. Actually, it’s not really a good choice in any urban or suburban area, for several reasons. You should avoid planting this tree in Houston. Celtis occidentalis, commonly called common hackberry, is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 40-60 (less frequently to 100) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. It’s pretty to look at, producing ornamental flowers each spring and dark blue — though inedible — fruit in the winter months. It flowers in May, then produces small berries that turn orangy red to a really dark purple. LawnStarter is a startup making lawn care easy affordable and reliable. Small yard? Your comments are welcome, but please be aware that authors of previously published articles may not be able to promptly respond to new questions or comments. , the common Hackberry is a large tree native to North America. Actually, it’s not really a good choice in any urban or suburban area, for several reasons. It is common in Missouri where it typically occurs statewide in low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes (Steyemark). I had not really noticed that its berries remain on its branches throughout the winter months. Dwarf Hackberry is a deciduous tree that may grow 20 to 30 feet tall. Houstonians have enough problems with allergies these days. It was fun, though, to sit near the tree and to watch the birds and butterflies flit about its branches. Ash. But it is very particular about sunlight, and must live in full sun in order to survive. Small light green singular female and clusters of male flowers appear in spring. This tree is a looker in every season: you get ornamental bark, clusters of little urn-shaped flowers in late winter, decorative edible fruit in summer, and handsome foliage year-round. And second, the hackberry has invasive roots that can thwart the growth of other plants in your yard. The bark is gray and smooth with small warts. Mission | Females are solitary and male flowers are borne in clusters. But it does have incredible value in the great scheme of things. And planting a white mulberry can make matters worse. I was beginning to doubt it had any purpose at all, and thought he must surely be joking me, when I suddenly realized it is one of the best food and shelter plants for wildlife. Consider tree characteristics such as shape, bark pattern, leaves and flower and fruit color. I should have recognized its value from that alone. On maturity, the caterpillars morph into gorgeous orange butterflies with black spots. Do Not Sell My Personal Information] On top of the damage risks, there’s also the issue of the infamous emerald ash borer. First, it’s a weedy tree that insects love to feed on — especially woolly aphids. Its main trunk tends to crack and it leaves debris everywhere anytime there’s a storm or hurricane. The cakes often provided sustenance to weary explorers on their westward treks. Flowers are rich source of nectar which attracts bees, main pollinators of this plant. This morning, I answered the phone, and he said: "Hey, whattya know about hackberry? It has a handsome round-topped head and pendulous branches. "Plant a hackberry and build a birdhouse, and bluebirds return the favor by eating beetles, weevils, sowbugs, caterpillars and other garden and tree pests" (Blouin). Everyone has their own ideas about what kind of trees they want in their yard — and for different reasons. Honeybees are vital to the agricultural production of dozens of different food crops, and their decline virtually guarantees eventual problems with the global food supply. Many people ... read more. the worst Houston trees to plant. Select a tree that will fit your personal taste and landscape needs. Hackberry is also adaptable to pollution and salt, making this plant suitable for urban and suburban yards and streets. Get easy-to-understand, actionable yard tips that will give you the greenest grass on the block. This is a beetle, native to Asia, which is wreaking havoc on ash trees in this country. The forage value is fair for the wildlife and poor for livestock. They are ripe in September and October and remain on the branches during winter. The globular fruit is borne singly on stems 1/2 to 3/4 of an inch long. The leaves of hackberry have a rough texture, like sandpaper. (Editor's Note: This article was originally published on March 24, 2009. Where are all the Butterflies? My friend is a generation older than I am, as a matter of fact he has been a retired physician for very nearly 20 years, and yet he still teaches an occasional class at the medical school in the city where he lives. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. Some want more shade or pretty ornamental, That latter urge can be a problem, as Joshua Kornegay of. In autumn the leaves turn a bright yellow. Brownish to purple drupes form mid-summer. Width: 40 - 50 feet. That was my challenge, he was one up on me, and he was keeping score. Advertise | It produces greenish, inconspicuous flowers arranged in drooping clusters. And second, the hackberry has invasive roots that can thwart the growth of other plants in your yard. Plus, grass doesn’t grow very well under it so expect a big pile of dirt in your yard surrounding this tree. In fact its wood is not worth much, it makes an annoying mess if it stands over a vehicle or on a pathway.