These medium sized evergreen trees provide outstanding shelter for many birds and mammals during the winter and make for excellent color in the landscape during otherwise drab months. Spacing The trees should be spaced about 10 feet apart when planted in a single row. Other common names: eastern redcedar, red juniper, savin, aromatic cedar, pencil cedar. It is highly adapted to a wide range of sites and has the highest survival rate of any conifer planted in Nebraska. Plant trees that come from your native area if possible for best survival. The wood of red cedar is very durable, and was used for lance shafts, bows, and other items. It is moderately tolerant of alkaline soils. It tends to bronze in winter in northern climates. The female plants have a large number of berries that many kinds of birds eat. The uses in deer hunting and habitat management are many. It is highly recommended for a single row windbreak. eastern red-cedar. Red pine (Pinus resinosa): 80 feet tall by 40 feet wide, medium growth rate, upright form, full sun; the state tree of Minnesota.Also called Norway pine. FORUMS. Juniperus virginiana, commonly called Eastern red cedar, is native to Missouri where it typically occurs on limestone bluffs and glades, wood margins, fields, pastures and fence rows throughout the state except for the southeastern lowlands (Steyermark). The White pine tree is a recommended windbreak tree with its fast growth and adaptability, except we have found a problem as shown below, in Iowa. Spacing- Single row 12 ft apart, Double row 14 ft apart between rows and plants, multiple rows 20 ft between rows and plants. It has silvery-blue green evergreen foliage that grows scale-like, just like the red cedar trees. View the full image; View the full image. Excellent plant for dry sandy areas where other species would not survive. Dwarf or compact forms of this juniper are used as ornamentals. They also prefer moist soil, though they can tolerate dry conditions and most soil types. [3] For best results plant on inside or outside of windbreaks to give maximum wind and sun exposure. Canaerti Juniper or Juniperus virginiana ‘Canaertii’ (grows to 35'): This is an Eastern red cedar cultiva with dark green leaves and pyramidal form. "Protecting your family, home, animals,  farm or business from the wind". Space white cedar trees 12 to 18 inches apart. HOME. Do not over water redcedar but do water seedlings until established, then leave the tree alone. Classic Victorian Western Red Cedar Picket Fence. If the roots are bare, and not already in a dirt or soil bulb, you’ll need … *Apple and hawthorn trees should not be planted near red cedar trees due to disease problems (cedar-apple rust). Likes an airy site and should not be planted in the middle but on the outside of windbreaks for longest life. Red Cedar Trees Are Fast Growing Evergreens. the red cedar has been officially listed as a reagent in the U.S. Pharmacopoeia since 1916 (ibid.). It is a broadly conical, sometimes columnar, dense, evergreen conifer with horizontal branching that typically grows to 30-65’ tall. To make a tight and fast-growing cedar hedge, I start with seedlings around six inches tall. On wet years it can be worse and on dry years seems to disappear. Should not be planted in low areas or in high moisture areas along water areas to reduce this problem. Planting: Eastern Red Cedar Trees are full sun lovers that require at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily.They also prefer moist soil, though they can tolerate dry conditions and most soil types. Allow a minimum of 10 to 12 feet between trees when planting as specimens. It is native to most of the US from Canada to Florida and Texas. Traditionally Eastern Red Cedar (parent plant of the Brodie Juniper) have not has as much popularity in smaller landscapes due to their mature width of 25’. When properly finished, our Classic Victorian Western Red Cedar Picket Fence will last for decades, even in harsh environments. Plant the seeds by gently pushing the seeds ¼ inch into the soil. Likes an airy, sunny site. It is highly recommended for a single row windbreak. The bark exfoliates off … Best suited for a somewhat spacious landscape, red cedars can be used singly or planted in rows to form a privacy screen or tall hedge. The female trees have blue-purple berries that the birds enjoy. Will grow in the poorest of soils and does not prefer the better or moist soils. It has a medium growth rate of 12-24” per year with sticky foliage that is a dull green from spring to fall, and in the winter can be green or turn brown or purple. Plant trees that come from your native area if possible for best survival. This destroyed the livelihood of millions of farmers, with the dry soil literally blowing away. 1. Mature Height and Spread: Red Cedar may grow up to 50 ft. high and have an 8-20 ft. spread. We plant three staggered rows about 10 to 12 feet apart, with seedlings about 6 feet apart in the rows. Interested in growing eastern red cedars? Osage Orange or Maclura pomifera (grows to 40'): Use this dense and compact thorny habit only for tall hedges where other plants won’t survive. Eastern red cedar juniper is a good choice for a plant screen. Management techniques used to control eastern red-cedar and technical guidance options available to resource managers are reviewed. It is highly recommended for a single row windbreak. They are 1/16" in length and lay opposite or in whorls of 3. Color: Green Shades Height: 15-20 Feet Spread: 6-7 Feet Zone: 3-8 What is my zone? The foliage may turn brown-green in winter. Early explorers took note of the tree. Fragrant, the scale-like foliage emerges silver-blue and fades slightly to blue-green as the summer progresses. Traditionally Eastern Red Cedar (parent plant of the Brodie Juniper) have not has as much popularity in smaller landscapes due to their mature width of 25’. Placement and Spacing. Run a string between two or more stakes along the line where you intend to plant the cedar hedge. Fragrant, the scale-like foliage emerges silver-blue and fades slightly to blue-green as the summer progresses. It can live a very long life with some specimens in Iowa are over 500 years old on rocky high spots. Spacing--single row -16 ft apart, Double row -20ft between rows and plants, Multiple rows -22ft or more between trees and rows. Cedar boughs were used for bedding. The Red Cedar is a recommended windbreak tree but consider all the conditions above when selecting this tree. 1. At home in the outdoors, it has a natural resistance to moisture, decay and insect damage. Moderate to fast growing, red cedar can reach a mature height of 25 to 45 feet tall and spread 20 to 30 feet wide. Excellent plant for dry sandy areas where other species would not survive. It can live a very long life with some specimens in Iowa are over 500 years old on rocky high spots. The Brodie Eastern Red Cedar (often referred to as Brodie Juniper) is one of the most popular cultivars of Juniperus virginiana because of its narrow pyramidal growth habit. Plant in a zigzag pattern for a more natural look. Osage Orange or Maclura pomifera (grows to 40'): Use this dense and compact thorny habit only for tall hedges where other plants won’t survive. Among the best of the shrubby, spreading junipers, award-winning Juniperus virginiana 'Grey Owl' (Eastern Red Cedar) is a compact, wide-spreading evergreen conifer with arching main branches covered with soft dusty silver-gray scale-like foliage. Juniperus virginiana, commonly called Eastern red cedar, is native to Missouri where it typically occurs on limestone bluffs and glades, wood margins, fields, pastures and fence rows throughout the state except for the southeastern lowlands (Steyermark). The fruit is a blue berry and is ornamental when produced in quantity. It's useful for windbreaks or screens. Dig a hole twice as wide but just as deep as the root ball. The Red Cedar is not really a Cedar but is actually a juniper. Will grow in the poorest of soils and does not prefer the better or moist soils. Deer will usually not eat this species, have seen some damage by rabbits in a very bad winter. A 2ft-potted tree can be over 8 ft tall in 5 years in well-drained soil, low moisture, and weed and grass control at the base of the tree. This technique guarantees progeny with genetic characteristics identical to the parent plant. ARTICLES. As previously mentioned, it is an alternative host for cedar-apple rust, a fungal disease that causes serious leaf and fruit spot damage on apple trees. It is purported to be resistant to phomopsis juniper blight (cedar apple rust) and have exceptional cold hardiness. Eastern Red Cedar [can grow almost anywhere, dense growth, can be trimmed aggressively] White Cedar [can be planted closely and trimmed aggressively into a tall hedge] ... Evergreen Windbreaks: Proper Spacing. Tannenbaum Mugo pine (Pinus mugo var. Spacing- Single row 10 ft apart, Double row 14 ft apart between rows and plants, multiple rows 20 ft between rows and plants. With age, Brodie retains its narrow form, topping out at about 8' wide. Red cedar develops a brownish tint in winter and is sometimes used in windbreaks. Among the best of the shrubby, spreading junipers, award-winning Juniperus virginiana 'Grey Owl' (Eastern Red Cedar) is a compact, wide-spreading evergreen conifer with arching main branches covered with soft dusty silver-gray scale-like foliage. WRCLA Western Red Cedar decking is available in a selection of thicknesses, widths and lengths as shown in the table below. ... spacing trees between 4 and 10 feet apart, depending on how quickly you need it to fill in. The Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus Virginiana) is a member of the Cypress Famiily. It is highly recommended for a single row windbreak. Other common names: eastern redcedar, red juniper, savin, aromatic cedar, pencil cedar. Taylor juniper, Juniperus virginiana 'Taylor', is a tall, narrow variety of eastern red cedar. Arthur Barlowe and Phillip Amadus were quoted as saying the trees were "the tallest and reddest cedars in the world" when they arrived at Roanoke Island in 1564. Plant in a zigzag pattern for a more natural look. 1. © 2016 Kelly Tree Farm LLC - ll rights reserved. The largest tree in North Dakota is 51 feet tall with a canopy spread of 30 feet. Brodie Eastern Red Cedar. Home | Evergreen Trees | Seedlings | Windbreak Trees | Eastern Red Cedar. Spacing the Trees. The Eastern red cedar has dark blue-green, scale-like, shiny, glandular foliage in a 4 rank arrangement. When Iowa was first settled this is what the pioneers used for windbreaks and in a few places they are still growing. Bird lovers will want to have their camera and binoculars out, because, in the winter, small blue berries appear, attracting birds in droves. Eastern Red Cedar is valued for its thick deep green foliage that makes them an ideal choice for use as a privacy screen and shelter for small wildlife. Stainless steel (Type 304 or 316), aluminum, or hot-dipped zinc-coated steel nails and stainless steel staples have proven to give good service. Taylor juniper, Juniperus virginiana 'Taylor', is a tall, narrow variety of eastern red cedar. Eastern red cedar is a common coniferous species found in every State east of the 100th meridian. It normally grows 30 or more ft tall with some specimens reaching over 80 ft and 30 ft wide. Planting: Plant your Brodie Eastern Red Cedar in full to partial sun (4 to 8 hours of sunlight) and well-drained soil. Keep bare root seedlings moist. There is no need to amend the soil. The windbreak may close in faster if they are spaced at 8 feet by 8 feet, but this will encourage increased shading … This species will tolerate hot, dry weather better than any evergreen here in Iowa. Apple-Cedar Rust Gall on Eastern Redcedar Tree The eastern redcedar should be planted a minimum of 500’ away from apple trees. Spacing- Single row 10 ft apart, Double row 14 ft apart between rows and plants, multiple rows 20 ft between rows and plants. Spacing: 36-48 in. An old cultivar, Juniperus virginiana 'Glauca' (Silver Eastern Red Cedar) is a densely columnar to narrowly pyramidal evergreen conifer forming a splendid exclamation point in the landscape. After 10 years of growth, a mature plant will measure 20 feet (6 m) or more in height with a base width of 3 feet (1 m), an average annual growth rate of 2 feet (60 cm). Spacing- Single row 10 ft apart, Double row 14 ft apart between rows and plants, multiple rows 20 ft between rows and plants. Juniperus virginiana 'Taylor' is a tall, narrow, columnar form of eastern red-cedar with emerald-green foliage. Soil/climate: Red cedar are tolerant of a wide variety of soils: acidic, alkaline, loamy, moist, sandy, rich, clay, silty loam, and well drained. Q. Browse pictures and read growth / cultivation information about Red Cedar Juniper, Eastern Red Cedar (Juniperus virginiana) 'Brodie' supplied by member gardeners in the PlantFiles database at Dave'... PLANTFILES. It has silvery-blue green evergreen foliage that grows scale-like, just like the red cedar trees. The female trees have blue-purple berries that the birds enjoy. Eastern Red Cedar is valued for its thick deep green foliage that makes them an ideal choice for use as a privacy screen and shelter for small wildlife. It grows up to 15-20 feet tall and only 5 feet wide. The red cedar also carries a fungus (a gooey glob of orange tentacles on its branches) that causes a leaf and fruit spot on apple trees, so if you want to grow some apple trees also consider this problem. Red Cedar Trees Are Fast Growing Evergreens. [2] X Research source If you are growing a cedar hedge, the outermost branches of the bottom foliage should be roughly an inch apart when the trees are planted. Plants are either male or female. Brodie Eastern Red Cedar. The female plants have a large number of berries that many kinds of birds eat. Wind and ice storms sometimes damage its small root system and weak wood. Wind and ice storms sometimes damage its small root system and weak wood. The Red Cedar is a recommended windbreak tree but consider all the conditions above when selecting this tree. It has a medium growth rate of 12-24” per year with sticky foliage that is a dull green and in the winter can turn brown or purple. Deer will usually not eat this species, have seen some damage by rabbits in a very bad winter. If eastern red cedar or arborvitae is used, the spacing may be reduced to 4 to 8 feet. The feathery texture and dark green color make Brodie Eastern Redcedar perfect for screens, narrow hedges, or as a specimen. Red Cedar seeds will have a higher and more successful germination rate in these areas because the soil will remain moist and cool. Color: Green Shades Height: 15-20 Feet Spread: 6-7 Feet Zone: 3-8 What is my zone? It may survive in very shallow, tight dry soils, but growth is slow. View the full image. Juniperus virginiana, known as red cedar, eastern redcedar, Virginian juniper, eastern juniper, red juniper, pencil cedar, and aromatic cedar, is a species of juniper native to eastern North America from southeastern Canada to the Gulf of Mexico and east of the Great Plains. Its deep roots and small leaf surface make it very drought resistant. The typical form is that of a broad spreading, upright growing evergreen capable of reaching 50 feet tall, with a height to spread ration of 2:1. The Brodie Eastern Red Cedar (often referred to as Brodie Juniper) is one of the most popular cultivars of Juniperus virginiana because of its narrow pyramidal growth habit. Planting: Eastern Red Cedar Trees are full sun lovers that require at least 6 to 8 hours of sunlight daily. The mats were The White pine tree is a recommended windbreak tree with its fast growth and adaptability, except we have found a problem as shown below, in Iowa. The following article contains information about caring for an eastern red cedar tree and oth… It is highly recommended for a single row windbreak. This helps get all the trees in a straight line. The Red Cedar is a recommended windbreak tree but consider all the conditions above when selecting this tree. Plant spacing requirements depend on species and desired density. Spacing The trees should be spaced about 10 feet apart when planted in a single row. Spacing- Single row 12 ft apart, Double row 14 ft apart between rows and plants, multiple rows 20 ft between rows and plants. Red cedar can be aggressive and needs to be managed. Maximum spans for decking shown in the table are based on a continuous beam with two equal spans and a concentrated load of 220-lb at the center of one span. The Red Cedar is not really a Cedar but is actually a juniper. Eastern redcedar are propagated by seed germination. Red cedar can be aggressive and needs to be managed. Mature Height and Spread: Red Cedar may grow up to 50 ft. high and have an 8-20 ft. spread. When planting western red cedar trees and other columnar cedar hedge trees, space the plants 18 to 24 inches apart. The tree is noted for its pyramid shape, its fibrous and shedding brown to grayish bark and its green to blue-green long, needle-like leaves. When planted in more than a … Dig a hole that is twice as big around as your shipped container and just as deep. It will grow in hardiness zones from 2-9 with the shape being variable from columnar to pyramidal, in the north it tends to be the latter. This species will tolerate hot, dry weather better than any evergreen here in Iowa. It will grow in hardiness zones from 2-9 with the shape being variable from columnar to pyramidal, in the north it tends to be the latter. It seems the higher the soil PH the better this plant likes it and will “grow in the middle of a gravel road” and be happy. An old cultivar, Juniperus virginiana 'Glauca' (Silver Eastern Red Cedar) is a densely columnar to narrowly pyramidal evergreen conifer forming a splendid exclamation point in the landscape. It grows up to 15-20 feet tall and only 5 feet wide. Materials: Only corrosion resistant nails or staples shall be used in applying Eastern White Cedar shingles, hip and ridge units and starters. The red cedar (sometimes called Florida Red Cedar) is the ultimate in an outdoor Christmas tree, and though its form is pyramidal it can grow wider as it matures. On wet years it can be worse and on dry years seems to disappear. Uses: The eastern redcedar has a fibrous root system that is useful for erosion control. This destroyed the livelihood of millions of farmers, with the dry soil literally blowing away. Courtesy Neil Sperry. It normally grows 30 or more ft tall with some specimens reaching over 80 ft and 30 ft wide. But the aforementioned cultivars are propagated by rooted cutting. In the open its branches extend to the ground giving excellent protection. The plant has done well so far. Eastern Red Cedar is an alternate host for Cedar-apple rust, a fungus that forms bright orange to brown balls on branches and can cause some crop damage to apple trees. Eastern Red-cedar (Juniperus virginiana) General Description A small tree with a short trunk and irregular, pyramidal crown native to the eastern United States. Incense Cedar— Libocedrus decurrens Western Red Cedar— Thuja plicata Port Orford Cedar—Chamaecyparis lawsoniana Alaskan Cedar— Chamaecyparis nootkatensis Western Woods Species Groups Standard Species Combinations You can tell how rugged Eastern Red Cedar is by this – in the 1930s there was a farming disaster on the Prairies – the Dustbowl. The Menomini wove mats of cedar bark. Eastern redcedar can be planted in full sun or partial shade. It is a medium-sized evergreen that can grow to be 66-feet tall. Courtesy Neil Sperry. In the open its branches extend to the ground giving excellent protection. Eastern redcedar is recommended for planting throughout the state and grows best in well-drained soils that are at least 24 inches deep. Eastern red cedar juniper is a good choice for a plant screen.