Common Ash (Fraxinus excelsior) Beeches. Delivery is free. Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. A total of 100 sample trees were felled at the six sites. It contains a chemical called Betulin that gives it the white colour. Help us get 50 million trees in the ground. The young twigs are characteristically hairy, which is where the tree earns its name. Long, brownish-yellow male catkins like lamb’s tails appear in mid-spring; the A non-profit-making company limited by guarantee. Many of the birch trees that we see in the countryside in Britain and Ireland are not true Silver Birches but hybrids between Betula pendula and the Downy Birch Betula pubescens. As I continued to look at the birch tree I found another fully grown larva of the two-spot ladybird that was eating a small downy birch aphid. Note the size difference with the newly-emerged larvae in the two previous photographs. It is a deciduous tree growing to 10 to 20 m (33 to 66 ft) tall (rarely to 27 m), with a slender crown and a trunk up to 70 cm (28 in) (exceptionally 1 m) in diameter, with smooth but dull grey-white bark finely marked with dark horizontal lenticels. Silver birch belongs to the genus Betula and is a member of the birch family (Betulaceae). The female catkins appear in spring with the new shoots. Potted White Stem West Himalayan Birch Trees in Stock. Even small ornamental trees may, over time, reach a … See Trees for Sale for Stock List and Prices on buying your quality homegrown trees!!! The most usual is the downy birch, which like silver birch is a delicate tree with fine branches and small leaves. Downy Birch tree This birch tree is the best choice for planting on wet sites. Autumn leaf identification quiz: can you identify these 10 trees? Both species of birch are widespread in Scotland, with silver birch occurring principally on well-drained, drier soils and downy birch preferring wetter locations. Areas of poor soil are quickly colonised by this tree. Types of mushroom in the UK: common identification guide, Top tips for an eco-friendly and sustainable Christmas, Staying safe in our woods during the pandemic. It will grow in most soil types and is a highly ornamental and graceful tree often called the lady of the woods. Birch wood is tough and heavy, making it suitable for furniture, handles and toys. Betula pubescens is commonly known as downy birch, with other common names including moor birch, white birch, European white birch or hairy birch. Downy birch is a pioneer tree. Registered office: Kempton Way, Grantham, Lincolnshire, NG31 6LL. Male catkins are long and brownish-yellow, whereas female catkins are shorter, smaller and bright green. There are two types of native birch mainly found in Ireland. Cover the seed with only 1-2mm coarse horticultural sand or grit. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless like the silver birch. Alder (Alnus glutinosa) Apples. These may eventually overshadow the downy birch and replace it as the dominant tree. All of the selected stands were determined to be downy birch. It is found on heathland, moorland and mountainsides, as well as on damp soils. Masses of tiny seeds are borne in autumn and dispersed by the wind. Contact Mike - 086 / 2271986 or Peter - 087 / 7724836 for sales and all landscaping enquiries. Downy birch is a deciduous broadleaf tree native to the UK and northern Europe and northern Asia It is also known as moor birch, white birch, common white birch and European white birch Downy birch is found on damper soils than silver birch, and can even tolerate waterlogged or peaty condition Downy birch is monoecious, meaning both male and female flowers (catkins) are found on the same tree. The berries provide food for birds, which help spread the tree. Birch trees are particularly associated with specific fungi, including fly agaric, woolly milk cap, birch milk cap, birch brittlegill, birch knight, chanterelle and the birch polypore (razor strop).Woodpeckers and other hole-nesting birds often nest in the trunk, while the seeds are eaten by siskins, greenfinches and redpolls. Also Whips for hedging all at great value and superb quality. The downy Birch is the mast commonly found one as it tolerated poor soil conditions and also wet soil conditions, The Silver birch needs relatively good drainage. Silver Birch and the Downy Birch. Tough on the inside. Tolerant of a range of temperatures, it grows as far south as Spain and as far north as Lapland. Downy birch is the most commonly seen birch in Northern Ireland. Many people with small gardens only have space for one tree so choosing the right one is important. This makes it possible for other, more demanding trees to move in. Box (Buxus sempervirens) Cherries and Plums. Downy birch is a valuable tree for a whole host of wildlife. Downy Birch leaves and catkins . The Downy birch is a small, spindly tree with thin branches and papery bark. Buy Birch Trees (Betula Jacquemontii) With Next Day Delivery. Mature downy birch trees can reach up to 30m in height. About. That means it is one of the first trees to colonise new (or cleared) land. In times of famine, the inner bark was ground up and used in bread-making. Silver birch (Betula pendula) and the two easily hybridise. Registered in England No. The male catkins are formed in the autumn and will remain on the tree all winter – only opening in April or May. Birch / Betula pendula / Beith gheal: There are two species of birsh in Ireland, silver birch and downy birch. 1982873. The bark is greyish-white (not unlike the silver birch) and has horizontal grooves. The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. In spring, the male catkins (or 'lamb's tails') turn yellow and shed their pollen, which is carried by the wind to the short, green, female catkins that appear on the same tree. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. When planting in small enclosed spaces, it is advisable to plant trees that have a small crown spread. Native trees. Areas of poor soil are quickly colonised by this tree. The female catkins, where the seeds develop, eventually disintegrate in September and October, releasing the seeds. This is how north-western Europe was recolonised by trees following the end of the last ice age 12,000 years ago. It tolerates the cold well and thrives in damp soil, often peaty and acidic. Common name: downy birch, hairy birch, moor birch, white birch, common white birch, European white birch. Crab Apple (Malus sylvestris) Ashes. or Betula verrucosa (Ehrh.», downy birch (Betula pubescens (Ehrh.» and dwarf birch (Betula nana L.). We have single trees and tree packs to meet your needs, from wildlife to woodfuel. Silver birch (Betula pendula) is a deciduous tree growing up to … Dwarf birch disappeared from Ireland and lowland Britain during the transition from the … These may eventually overshadow the downy birch and replace it as the dominant tree. Silver Birch Downy Birch Betula pendula Betula pubescens Beith gael Beith chl mhach Family: Betulaceae Flowering April-May. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. Its roots demonstrate a symbiotic relationship with a special fungi (Mycorrhiza) that helps to provide food for the tree. Order online today for delivery throughout Ireland including Northern Ireland. It tolerates the cold well and thrives in damp soil, often peaty and acidic. For details call 091 776492 On Iceland it is the only tree species in the wild that manages to survive. Downy Birch and Silver Birch are difficult to identify between. Free Delivery Over €75 Distribution in Scotland. It's an A-Z tree guide in your pocket. This makes it possible for other, more demanding trees to move in. Unlike other birch trees, its bark does not peel. Product Description. Mature trees can reach 30m in height, forming a light canopy with elegant, drooping branches. Fast growing native small tree to 20 metres which will tolerate wetter acidic soils better than silver birch. Planted birch appears to be susceptible to birch dieback, which is caused by two fungal pathogens, Marssonina betulae and Anisogramma virgultorum. Leaf stalks are downy, as opposed to hairless on silver birch. Downy birch is the most commonly seen birch in Northern Ireland. Small numbers of … They are also a food plant for the caterpillars of many moths, including the angle-shades, buff tip, pebble hook-tip, and Kentish glory. Downy birch has both male and female flowers (catkins) on the same tree. There are two types of birch in Ireland, downy and silver. Over 70 species found in the UK, from all the native trees to the common non-natives. It is also used as a symbol of love and fertility. This is how north-western Europe was recolonised by trees following th… The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. A small tree, it is tolerant of poor soils (which is where it gets the name mountain ash) and makes a good coloniser. Take part in our Nature's Calendar survey. The fine hairs give the twigs a soft edge, especially when seen with the light behind them. Images © protected Woodland Trust. It can be found from the North- America's, southern Greenland to the northern and western Europa's. European Beech (Fagus sylvatica) Birches. The seeds are dispersed by the wind. Tell us what's happening to the trees around you and help scientists track the effects of climate change on wildlife. 294344) and in Scotland (No. Silver Birch and the Downy Birch. Semperuirens - Common Box is a vigorous, evergreen, bushy, upright shrub or small tree. The springtime flowers are catkins which stay on the tree and contain the mature seed by autumn. Keep in touch with the nature you love without having to leave the house. Download our free Tree ID app for Android and iPhone to identify the UK's native and non-native trees. The bark is white, peeling off in papery patches to reveal pale salmon under-bark. This is a fully grown larva of the two-spot ladybird feeding on a small downy birch aphid. A plethora of wildlife reaps the benefits of downy birch. Ireland; New Zealand; Singapore; Tanzania; United Kingdom; United States; ... = one registered tree = two registered trees = more than two registered trees ... Full size map: Photos. The most usual is the downy birch, which like silver birch is a delicate tree with fine branches and small leaves. © Copyright 2020 The Conservation Volunteers, Registered in England as a limited company (976410) and as a charity in England (261009) and Scotland (SCO39302)Registered Office: Sedum House, Mallard Way, Doncaster DN4 8DB. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are … The edge of the leaf is coarsely toothed. In early Celtic mythology, the birch symbolised renewal and purification. Naturally regenerated birch (that grow from seeds fallen from trees) appears to be less prone to this disease. VAT No. They hang in groups of two to four at the tips of shoots, like lambs' tails; while female catkins are smaller, short, bright green and erect. Bundles of birch twigs were used to drive out the spirits of the old year, and gardeners still use the birch besom, or broom, to 'purify' their gardens. Eventual height is an important factor too. Triangular in shape but more rounded at the base than silver birch leaves. Woodland Trust (Enterprises) Limited, registered in England (No. Look out for: bark which is grey-white, and triangular-shaped leaves.Identified in winter by: bark which is white all year round and twigs that are softly hairy to the touch. Birch … MORE INFO & PRICES Call John Joe on +353 87 2773492 or email us to see how we can help you. As successive generations live, shed leaves and die, a richer soil underneath the trees builds up. The bark of downy birch isn’t as white and papery as silver birch. Its branches are elegant and droop to form a light canopy. Silver birch is a popular garden tree and often hybridises with our other native birch, the downy birch, Betula pubescens, which is more common in Scotland. On a global scale, this tree, with its fuzzy leaf stalks, shoots and twigs, grows further north than any other broadleaf species. SC038885). It produces both male and female catkins on the same tree. Downy birch is tolerant of wet sites, but silver birch needs good drainage. Following analysis of sample tree disc sections, two stands were excluded (because of indistinct annual rings) and the study was restricted to the six remaining stands. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. There are two types of native birch mainly found in Ireland. It is completely hardy and will provide shelter for other species of trees planted nearby. The Silver birch needs relatively good drainage. More... More. Birch is a slight erect framed tree with light stems and relatively small leaves. Native trees such as the Pedunculate Oak, Downy Birch, Common Alder, and Scots Pines will be planted throughout 137 hectares of land and maintained. Betula pubescens; the downy birch is the major tree species of the north- Atlantic. Small-medium sized deciduous trees, to 20m. Downy birch is a fast growing tree and can, therefore, be sown later in the year and still produce good growth in one season. Both have triangular leaves, slender twigs and peeling bark. Appearing from April to May, male catkins are long and yellow-brown in colour. They are tiny nutlets (only 2-3mm across) with two wings, helping them to travel up to one mile from the parent tree. Downy birch is extremely valuable for wildlife because of the large number of insects and mites which are associated with it.