The appearance will vary by species, with some having spines and warts while others are smooth. 0000006244 00000 n Moderate growth with spreading canopy. 0000003666 00000 n In spring fragrant cream colored blooms emerge making a stunning display. 0000015316 00000 n The smooth, leathery capsules begin to split to … New foliage is a bright lime green maturing to a bright deep green. The fresh fruit of California buckeye, Aesculus californica was separated into husk, seed coat and endosperm. It is said to be toxic to non-native bees. After removal of the poisonous compound esculin, extracts can be made from the leaves and fruits of the buckeye or horse chestnut. This little tree, usually no taller than 25 feet, grows in California’s coastal ranges and on western slopes. Found in: Landscape as cultivated woody shrub. 0000008936 00000 n H��T�r�0��+p�HIԒq3��N�m���z�$9��+�%��fگ/@-��L56 . %PDF-1.4 %���� Noteworthy Characteristics. Tolerates Serpentine Soil. )��-��ʾ:�T���l� 澵ím��S��%c$�KU�3�NjM�QohL~��wDv��Z@�(�r�w��q@��e�ھV_V�� W�Z7�1~}�k ��ϫc3O+�! 0000055708 00000 n Annual Precipitation: 5.8" - 109.8", Summer Precipitation: 0.17" - 2.49", Coldest Month: 28.2" - 56.6", Hottest Month: 49.8" - 78.5", Humidity: 0.08" - 29.30", Elevation: 4" - 10807", Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, PRISM Climate Group, Oregon State University. e�%Ӫ�/��]�J�*�F������z�n+�:��x��=�Ŵ�� /9��+I6 -#Q���!��U�[�n���� !��Mg�m��W�`�^fo���@B�������4��� ��C���>�H. The fragrant blossoms of this handsome tree are found in impressive spires of dense white flower clusters. The Ohlone Peoples: Botanical, Animal and Mineral Resources. Emerging pale apple green, the leaves mature to lustrous dark green leaves. 0000004032 00000 n The only Aesculus variety native to the West, A. californica is widely distributed in California, growing along the central coast and in the lower elevations of the Sierra Nevada and Cascade Range. 0000003240 00000 n NUTS. 0000055969 00000 n The only buckeye native to California is Aesculus californica, or California buckeye. 0000025961 00000 n It is a large shrub or small tree growing to 4-12 meters tall, with gray bark often coated with lichens or mosses. 0000005284 00000 n California buckeye (Aesculus californica): The buckeye fruit required more leaching than acorn, but was used as a food by Ohlone Peoples (Bocek 1984:252).Without proper leaching this large nut-like fruit is toxic, containing aesculin, a coumarin glycoside (Fuller and McClintock 1986:178). %%EOF Distinctive Characteristics: The California Buckeye is identifiable by its beautiful 6–10-inch-long erect clusters of pinkish-white flowers in Spring, distinctive palmately compounded, deciduous leaves with 5 to 7 leaflets, and large, poisonous seeds known as buckeye nuts, that are shiny outside of their husk. This article was most recently revised and updated by … 0000009069 00000 n Don’t eat them unless you know specific leaching techniques because they’re poisonous. 0000008033 00000 n leaf. Aesculus californica, commonly called California buckeye, is a large, deciduous shrub or small tree that is native to the foothills and valleys of the coastal ranges, Tehachapi, and Sierra Nevada Mountains of California in the western United States at elevations below 4,200’ where it is typically found on dry slopes, canyons and along waterways. Ecology: California buckeye is found in moist semi-shaded canyon bottoms, borders of streams and dry south facing slopes. California Buckeye is a California native which can be quite useful in low water use settings. Its range extends to the foothills of the Siskiyou Mountains in the Rogue Valley in Oregon. Important nectar source in the late spring to migrant butterflies. 0000011892 00000 n Buckeye flower. Red buckeye is one of the first plants with red tubular-shaped flowers of the season. Herb: Californian Buckeye Latin name: Aesculus californica Synonyms: Pavia californica Family: Hippocastanaceae (Horse-chestnut Family) Medicinal use of Californian Buckeye: The seed contains saponins and can be used as an expectorant. The palmately compound leaves occur in leaflets of 5 to 7. Although horse chestnut has the word "nut" in its name, the fruit produced is actually a capsule. Plant Distribution. The bark, leaves, stems, fruits, and seeds all contain glycosidal compounds which cause haemolytic action on red blood cells and depress the central nervous system when ingested. Native insects including several butterfly species are attracted to the flowers. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Bees. It can suffer from powdery mildew, rust, and anthracnose. plant habit, summer. IMPORTANCE TO LIVESTOCK AND WILDLIFE : California buckeye is toxic to all classes of livestock and wildlife. The smooth, chestnut-colored nuts drop out of their shells and onto the ground. WOOD PRODUCTS VALUE : California buckeye is occasionally used for lumber and paper pulp []. endstream endobj 187 0 obj<>/Size 155/Type/XRef>>stream <<7101BE16EC2961418AA9E70D68D0B342>]>> xref x�b```a``=���� n� �� @16�,��ۿr����*L��%Q����,�� $E;::@ꁀ��Q@H��XD����� It is a deciduous shrub that is, as its name implies, native to California. 0000063348 00000 n Establishment Adaptation: The California buckeye is one of the first shrubs to leaf out in spring and one of the earliest to As a result of local growing conditions, this tree is specifically well adapted to growth in locations where there is little water or drought is possible. All rights reserved. The nectar and sap of A. californicum is known to kill honey bees that feed on it, so much so that bee keepers recommend moving hives during the flowering period of the California buckeye. For propagating by seed: No treatment; use fresh seeds. fruit is pear-shaped and smooth. 0000063579 00000 n 0000009979 00000 n Aesculus californica: California Buckeye ; California Horsechestnut; Aesculus × … a��g` Ң�/����" ���`[e,!|�L ���V'�d����@���7�ہ Fruit is pear shaped and eventually split to reveal the shiny brown seeds. The fruit is a pear shaped capsule containing a 1 or 2 large smooth brown poisonous seeds. 0000063765 00000 n The fruit is pear-shaped and smooth with a tan coating similar to the peel on a citrus fruit. Habitat. It has many showy flowers (white to pale pink) that are found in erect spikes. Poisonous part: Seeds and tea made from leaves and sprouts. 0000004500 00000 n California buckeye (Aesculus californica) is the unique western buckeye species. (2.5 cm) long; it matures to a purple color with a cap that resembles a golf tee. A small disjunct population is found in the Chino Hills near Chino, California. buds. 0000001962 00000 n Aesculus californica is a deciduous Tree growing to 12 m (39ft) by 10 m (32ft) at a medium rate. 0000002899 00000 n All parts of California buckeye are poisonous to humans if ingested. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 15 m (49 ft), often multi-stemmed high. 0 Site: Full sun to partial shade. ;��6]��4�["ylNS��oŸX��.��4nyd�8�����p��`7��S���B^8�t����k[������f����#��Iȁ�A]J�l����z�̾� In fact, California buckeye trees are quite unique due to their summer loss of foliage. Now’s the time to experience their transition into summer dormancy, and their oddball appearance amongst all the fully-foliaged neighbors. Responds to intense heat, wind or drought stress by dropping leaves. ���n u�ca{�4!����;����`�!�Ф);>2�0�:`��ɐ�p�a#���, Buckeye, California buckeye, California horse chestnut, Shrub california buckeye Aesculus californica, a dicot, is a tree that is native to California and and is endemic (limited) to California. Name derivation: Aesculus – the Latin name for a kind of oak bearing edible acorns but applied by Linnaeus to this genus; californica – of California. California buckeye is a deciduous shrub or tree that has a broad, rounded crown. Deciduous tree growing 20' or taller and spreading 30'-40'. Deciduous tree. endstream endobj 156 0 obj<>/Outlines 15 0 R/Metadata 41 0 R/PieceInfo<>>>/Pages 40 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/OCProperties<>/StructTreeRoot 43 0 R/Type/Catalog/LastModified(D:20060731154356)/PageLabels 38 0 R>> endobj 157 0 obj<>/PageElement<>>>/Name(HeaderFooter)/Type/OCG>> endobj 158 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 159 0 obj<> endobj 160 0 obj<> endobj 161 0 obj<> endobj 162 0 obj<> endobj 163 0 obj<> endobj 164 0 obj[/ICCBased 178 0 R] endobj 165 0 obj<> endobj 166 0 obj<> endobj 167 0 obj<> endobj 168 0 obj<> endobj 169 0 obj<>stream California buckeye grows on dry slopes, in canyons, and … Photo: Nick Turland. Bloom Period Photos from CalPhotos / … Genus Aesculus. endstream endobj 170 0 obj<>stream © California Native Plant Society. developing fruit cluster. California Buckeye or California Horse-chestnut is a species in the Sapindaceae family that is endemic to California, and the only buckeye native to the state. Aesculus californica (California Buckeye) is a deciduous large shrub or small tree with an open somewhat flattened canopy that holds attractive palmately compound leaves with 5 to 7 leaflets. �g�t�joU��kڕ>�a$�1�o�x4�N :��uMAEm�֒R.��tTWU�E�+�@�����Y��O��� At least two other possible buckeye species are known, though their taxonomy is contentious. Under the thin, leathery skin is a bit of green flesh coating a hard, thin-shelled edible pit, in whole resembling a miniature avocado (the trees belong to the same Lauraceae Family). The tree's fruit, the bay nut, is a round to olive-shaped green berry about 1 in. H��U�O�0~�_qo����MB�i �B#. 0000000994 00000 n Observation Search (2395 records) Plant Characteristics. The crushed fruit is applied as a salve on haemorrhoids. A California buckeye, sometimes called a California horse chestnut, is a small tree that produces a toxic nut known as a buckeye. The California buckeye is a plant to enjoy throughout the year, although it may sometimes seem like the tree is unclear on which month it actually is. Other Names: California Horse-chestnut, bahša qh ále (Kashaya Pomo). Each with a pale scar resembling a “buck’s eye.” The fruit is poisonous. 0000000016 00000 n 3, 4, 5, 6, 7*, 8*, 9*, 10, 14*, 15*, 16*, 17*, 18*, 19*, 20*, 21*, 22*, 23*, 24*. By early July, however, the pink flowers are flaking off and the trees, also known as “horse chestnuts,” are readying their fruit. The chemical analyses exhibited differences in each part. low tree habit, winter. Buckeyes can be used for medicinal purposes. Dry slopes, canyons or stream edges, most often in the Coast Ranges or Sierra foothills. These can be … 0000055486 00000 n shrub habit, winter. 155 0 obj <> endobj startxref It is found growing below 4,000 feet throughout California and Southern Oregon. It is hardy to zone (UK) 7 and is not frost tender. 0000001321 00000 n by Susan Labiste . �vOD�O���:�H�~k8��>��u#��Z��h�Rԣe�և�t]����"K`N�r�Y�r(�I�B�Q[�xs~�*qJ�*��a쾝�pǽ�w�8B;�#l{&�7M_]�����iJq `4�G�� 0 \|�� Partial shade to full sun; tolerant of drought but needs regular water for the first few years. Tolerates a variety of soils including clay. This honey glows with a … plant habit, summer deciduous. The leaves are palmately compound and the flowers are white-pink. The California Buckeye tree looks almost unnatural in the fall with it’s bare tree limbs and giant seed pods that resemble deer eyeballs! Butterflies also visit the blooms for nectar. If … Large seeds appear in fall. 0000005361 00000 n While walking among the foothills of Northern California’s Sierra and Coastal mountain ranges in the spring, one might first notice the California Buckeye by its sweet scent. It is often used … x�bbRa`b``Ń3�%E=@� �2 trailer fruit and seeds. 0000004779 00000 n � BU5� Soil PH: 4.0 - 8.0, Hedges, Bank Stabilization, Deer Resistant, Butterfly Gardens. It can grow as much as 10 inches a year, as either a large, multi-trunked shrub (found in Northern climes), or a small tree (30 plus feet high) in the Southern regions. 0000012646 00000 n trunk, bark. The California buckeye (A. californica) is endemic to California and southwestern Oregon and features sweetly scented white-to-pink flowers. By October, red buckeye trees will be covered in clusters of ripe 2- to 3-inch diameter fruit. 0000010965 00000 n True chestnuts are in the genus Castanea, in the Oak family, and have edible fruit Buckeye is in the same genus and family as the ornamental horse chestnut (Aesculus hippocastanum), and their fruit is poisonous Host to the fungus-like microorganism Phytophthora ramorum, which causes Sudden Oak … The large, shiny light-brown seeds are 2-5 cm. In other parts of the country the fruit is called horse chestnuts. Dear Jeanette and Joseph: The tree is a native California buckeye, Aesculus californica. The fall leaves of this deciduous shrub are colorful. 0000007115 00000 n Illustrations: Buckeye Meadow, Oval Ear: A. californica & A. pavia blooming (John Rawlings, 3 May 2003) | Jasper Ridge photo archive. Each seed is 2-3 inches, brown and shiny. Leaping ahead by at least a season, the buckeye is actually finely tuned to California’s versions of a mediterranean climate. Distribution For current distribution, please consult the Plant Profile page for this species on the PLANTS Web site. It is found over a large part of the state. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen in September. start of fruit development and young fruit. Poisoning of livestock generally occurs when animals eat the leaves and sprouts of the buckeye as they generally leaf out before other plants in the spring. 155 34 It can be used as an accent tree by virtue of its very attractive multi-trunk habit, showy fall flowering display, and wintertime silhouette of white trunks against an evergreen … California buckeye trees (Aesculus californica) are native to parts of California and southern Oregon. 0000004536 00000 n The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be moist well-drained soils, intolerant of dryness. 0000005028 00000 n 0000002360 00000 n 0000001498 00000 n Native to California’s Coast Range and Sierra Nevadas typically below 4,000 ft (1,219 m) and is only found in … From California Plant Names. Flowers and Fruit An attractive floral display grace the California buckeye in the spring. 0000001803 00000 n 188 0 obj<>stream The California Buckeye is botanically called Aesculus californica. It has a light-colored flower and dark green foliage. Flowers open in late May. �أ}UܧY�����8&�)(��W�Kv�0;I$(H��4� �g )AI��������)����!�0�'�l����bʕx$U��Q�BzR*�"�/�ڀ���U�m�=�H��Wf�}��Ñ��/���D;F�YiԥШ