The Black Birch tree's parts are used for a variety of products. In younger trees the bark is characteristic of most birches, with smooth bark and distinct horizontal lenticels. Interestingly, the wood was used to make pianos, when they were a necessary feature of every respectable home's parlor. Medicinal Uses: This tree is used as a treatment for infections, rheumatism, various stomach conditions, fever, severe diarrhea, neuralgia, skin conditions such as boils, gonorrhea, lung ailments and gout. Rating Content; Positive: On Nov 30, 2013, Rickwebb from Downingtown, PA wrote: Sweet Birch, also called Cherry or Black Birch, grows native in the cool, mature woods, often near Eastern Hemlock, of southeast Pennsylvania and the rest of the Appalachian Region where the soil is … The flower on the Sweet birch has 3" to 4" male catkins. 11 Amazing Health Benefits of Birch Essential Oil. The leaves of the Sweet Birch are 2.5" to 6", broad, ovate with cordate base, single-toothed margins, alternate and simple. Sweet birch (Betula lenta), also commonly referred to as black birch or cherry birch, was at one time the only source of oil of wintergreen. N.C. The Medicinal Herb Info site was created to help educate visitors about the often forgotten wisdom of the old ways of treating illnesses. But there is a good reason.Birches, black birch among them, had several medicinal uses for native… form a strategic partnership called N.C. Birch is a tree. Used in warm infusion wherever a stimulating diaphoretic is required; also in diarrhoea, dysentery, cholera infantum, etc. Sweet Birches are best grown in moist, acidic, sandy, or rocky, well-drained loams in full sun to part shade and are often found in woodlands, preferring north-facing slopes and moist soils. Betulaceae. Brew tea to purify the blood, eliminate kidney stones, and expel worms. Cherokee Indians used the inner bark to make a green tea infusion as a sedative to calm nerves. Betula lenta uses Medicinal Use: In every form, birch makes an excellent tonic and detoxifier, mainly working on the urinary system to remove waste products, … “ Birch” means : “ a tree whose bark is used for writing on”. Foliage is a reliable golden yellow and among the best of the birches. Western medicine has also found uses for wintergreen oil. The tree is also known as the Giving Tree , for its sap, leaves, bark, shoots, twigs and buds, all the parts can be put to use for medicinal purposes. North American birch is extracted from the fragrant inner bark and twigs of the tree. Birch Essential Oil benefits includes acting as a detoxifier, improving blood circulation, fighting infection, maintaining oral health, relieving migraine and headaches, supporting respiratory health and fighting bacterias. Action, Medical Uses, and Dosage. It is most commonly used to treat joint pain or arthritis in the form of a salve or lotion. Betula lenta L. Show All Show Tabs sweet birch General Information; Symbol: BELE Group: Dicot Family: Betulaceae Duration: Perennial: Growth Habit: Tree: Native Status: CAN N L48 N: Characteristics: Data Source and Documentation: About our new maps. The birch cambium is cut into strips and boiled to create these edible Birch Noodles. Birch tar oil, distilled from the wood and bark of Betula pendula Roth is used for eczema, psoriasis, and other skin diseases. The leaves can be chewed or used in an infusion in the treatment of dysentery. Specifically, it is mainly used in conditions such as: In each and every form, the herb acts as an excellent tonic and a detoxifier. Proceedings XII World Forestry Congress, Quebec City, Canada. The leading ingredient in wintergreen oil, methyl salicylate, is actually found in large quantities (30%) in Ben Gay, a modern topical ointment. Scientific Name: Betula lenta. Our organically crafted Birch Essential Oil, also known as Sweet Birch Oil, is steam distilled from the bark of the Betula lenta trees native to the eastern North America. It is from this connection that the alternative name Mahogany Birch was created. 2003. Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. The Black Birch tree's parts are used for a variety of products. A tea made from the twigs is used in the treatment of fevers. The birch cambium is cut into strips and boiled to create these edible Birch Noodles. It has a good use today. This Omeka collection is hosted by The Center for Teaching and Learning at the University of Vermont. Meyer-Hoffert U, Brasch J. Allergic contact dermatitis caused by betulin-containing triterpene extract from the outer bark of birch (Betula alba). It is also found on rocky soils; however, it is sensitive to compacted soil. Several species belonging to the genus Betula are widely used in traditional medicine. Neil I. Lamson. Therapeutic birch essential oil ( Betula lenta) can be sourced from the U.S.A or Canada in an indigenous, wild-crafted state. Many of today's drugs and medicines were originally derived from natural ingredients, combinations of plants and other items found in nature. Birch sap, birch water or birch juice is the sap directly tapped from birch trees, Betula alba (white birch), Betula pendula (silver birch), Betula lenta, Betula papyrifera, and Betula fontinalis.. Birch sap may be consumed both fresh and naturally fermented.When fresh, it is a clear and uncoloured liquid, often slightly sweet with a slightly silky texture. It needs little pruning, but if necessary, you can prune during the dormant season. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, bladder infections, neuralgia etc. Leaves turn a golden-yellow color in the fall. Oil from bark used for anti-inflammatory and analgesic properties to treat rheumatism, gout, and bladder infection. It is used as a treatment for ailment such as infections, rheumatism, stomach conditions, fever, severe diarrhea, neuralgia, skin conditions such as boils, gonorrhea, lung ailments and gout. Betula lentaGaultheria procumbens It may seem strange to consider together two such different plants as the black or sweet birch, a towering tree growing to 60 feet, and the inconspicuous trailing wintergreen, or teaberry, often only two inches tall! The leading ingredient in wintergreen oil, methyl salicylate, is actually found in large quantities (30%) in Ben Gay, a modern topical ointment. Also commonly referred to as Black Birch or Cherry Birch, this versatile-minty essential oil has a captivating medicinal yet refreshing wintergreen aroma that's very invigorating. Its seeds are eaten by birds. Throughout history, people have used parts of the Black Birch medicinally in a variety of ways. The odor of oil in cedar can be used as aromatic ingredient in soap liniment, and the oil itself can be used as cleaner, sterilizer.Industries today extract oil from boughs and leaves through steam distillation. The tree sap is used as a tonic for skin, muscle and joint issues. View abstract. The resin also serves many medicinal purposes. Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. The essential oil, distilled from the bark, has been used for gout, inflammation, muscle and joint aches, and pain. You may see Mourning Cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) which has one flight from June-July, Dreamy Duskywing (Erynnis icelus) with one brood April-July and rarely a second in the south, and Eastern Tiger Swallowtail (Papilo glaucus) which has three flights from February-November in the south and two flights May-September in the north. It grows primarily on the mountains of the western part of the state. highly deer resistant; Fire in the landscape. The bark of young trees is smooth, breaking into small chip-like plates as it ages. Betula lenta L. Sweet Birch. Native to eastern North America, it is commonly found in forests of both low and high elevation as far south as the mountains of Georgia, but, except for a few cool spots, it is rare in the Piedmont of North Carolina. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. Interestingly, the wood was used to make pianos, when they were a necessary feature of every respectable home's parlor. Keep the tree consistently moist and consider using soaker hoses and bark mulches to keep the root zones cool and moist. To learn more about five common medicinal trees and shrubs, visit Juliet’s article here. Other benefits includes supporting kidney health, regulating hormone levels, promoting healthy scalp and acting as a … (Betula pendula Roth) Used externally, birch has soothing, antiseptic, healing, hair-tonifying and antiperspirant properties. Do not prune in winter or spring when the sap is running because it will bleed. The tree is also used to create a wine colored dye. Extraction Method: Steam distillation from the bark of the birch tree Aroma: Pine, Camphoraceous, Sweet Origin: Canada. Diseases, Insects, and Other Plant Problems: Birches can become stressed by summer heat and humidity. The hard, close grained lumber is used for furniture and interior trims. Betula platyphylla and Betula pendula have specifically been found to be potentially useful in the treatment of degenerative joint disease. During summer, 1 to 1.5-inch oblong, erect cones ripen and break apart, exposing the 2 very small, winged nutlets. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce only a quart of the oil. Crushed twigs smell like wintergreen. Characteristics and habitat. In fact, it has been used to treat everything from cancers to warts. The following trees are among my favorite woodland medicinals: Black birch (Betula lenta, Betulaceae) Black walnut (Juglans nigra, Juglandaceae) Hawthorn (Crataegus spp., Rosaceae) Mulberry (Morus spp., Moraceae) Pine (Pinus spp., Pinaceae) Deep shade (Less than 2 hours to no direct sunlight), Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4b, 4a, 5b, 5a, 6b, 6a, 7a, 7b, 8b, 8a. Birch oil is the real source of ‘oil of wintergreen’ essential oil, used in chewing gum, breath mints and many quality medicinal products. ... (Betula lenta) bark, and a touch of cloves (Syzygium aromaticum) and add it to sparkly water to make a homemade root beer soda. Betulaceae -- Birch family. Betula lenta. Sap has been used for syrup and brewed into beer; however, oil from the bark can be toxic. In decoction or syrup it forms an excellent tonic to restore the … Heights of 50 feet (15 m) to 80 feet (24 m) are more typical. It is a bitter - astringent tonic herb. Birch essential oil is extracted through both the White Birch and the Silver Birch. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. Betula lenta / Black Birch quantity Add to cart SKU: N/A Category: Latin Name A - D Tags: all native plants , deer resistant , edible , medicinal , moisture - average/mesic , moisture - dry , part sun to part shade , shade garden , sun , tea , tree In the past, the people of the Appalachians cut large numbers of this tree to produce wintergreen oil. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. It is valued for its wood, which when exposed to air darkens to resemble mahogany, as well as being a source of wintergreen oil. It has a dark brown to greyish black color. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. —Gently stimulant, diaphoretic, and astringent. In fact, it has been used to treat everything from cancers to warts. Marles RJ, Clavelle C, Monteleone L, Tays N, Burns D. Aboriginal plant use in Canada's northwest boreal forest. There is convincing evidence in experimental animal models in support of their anti-carcinogenic effects. The inner bark gives off a wintergreen scent. Birches are considered a "pioneer" species and, thus, tends to grow quickly when young. Birch Essential Oil Uses and Benefits 1. Dark, shiny, tight bark with horizontal lenticels. The twigs are also used for brooms and thatchings. Aphids, canker, leaf miner and birch skeletonizer may occur. This plant is used in the production of wintergreen oil. Betula alleghaniensis: bark yellow to silver, exfoliating, and leaf blades coarsely and often irregularly serrate with fewer than 6 teeth per cm (vs. B. lenta, with bark brown, not exfoliating, and leaf blades finely and regularly serrate with usually more than 6 teeth per cm). Betula lenta is a medium-sized deciduous tree reaching 30 m (98 ft) tall, exceptionally to 35 metres (115 ft) with a trunk up to 60 cm (2.0 ft) diameter. The best foliage color occurs in full sun. ← Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch, Natural and Cultural History of the Black Birch. Betula pendula, B. pubescens, B. lenta Birch has a multitude of historical uses but is less familiar for its undoubted medicinal properties. Betula lenta pulp is used in various products such as box boards, book and newsprint, and corrugated paper. Brew tea to purify the blood, eliminate kidney stones, and expel worms. The leaves can be chewed or used in an infusion in the treatment of dysentery[257]. Holy basil is highly aromatic and antimicrobial; its leaves and flowers are used as a medicinal tea for colds, coughs, asthma, bronchitis, sinusitis, headaches, arthritis, diabetes, stress, and anxiety. This makes it an excellent ally in the treatment and cure of many skin abnormalities. Contact Dermatitis. Due to these qualities, the wood has been used in the past as a mahogany substitute. In the past, the people of the Appalachians cut large numbers of this tree to produce wintergreen oil. Native Americans traditionally used the inner bark and resin to help wounds, sore throats, coughs, and to treat infectious diarrhea. Sweet Birch essential oil has a history of use for sore and fatigued muscles. The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp. The oil, called 'oil of wintergreen', used to be produced commercially, but it is now manufactured synthetically[222]. A tea made from the twigs is used in the treatment of fevers[222]. With disinfectant, stimulant, antidepressant, detoxifying and astringent properties, the oil is commonly used for natural medicinal purposes. Blouin G. Medicinal use of forest trees and shrubs by indigenous people of northeastern North America. 100 saplings and young trees were needed to produce only a quart of the oil. Russians have used birch leaves in steam baths since recorded history. Betula lenta, known by the common names of black birch, sweet birch, or cherry birch, is a native birch species present throughout much of eastern North America. Bark tea used for fevers, stomachache, and lung ailments. It is the aroma of wintergreen emanating from crushed leaves and broken twigs to which this birch owes its common name, sweet. The oil, called "oil of wintergreen", used to be produced commercially, but it is now manufactured synthetically. Due to these qualities, the wood has been used in the past as a mahogany substitute. The Cherokee chewed the Black Birch leaves to treat diarrhea, the Delaware used the bark to create an elixir to purge the body, and the Iroquois used it to treat sore muscles. Betula lenta, or Sweet Birch, is a deciduous, pyramidal shaped tree, maturing into a more rounded shape that may grow 60 to 70 feet tall. Its wood is hard, heavy, and close-grained. The branches of a young Black Birch tree (Lewis-Slammon, 2014). Vancouver: UBC Press; 2000. It is used in the treatment of rheumatism, bladder infections, neuralgia etc[222]. Historically, B. lenta was harvested to produce wintergreen oil (methyl salicylate) that was distilled from it. Today wintergreen oil is produced chemically using wood alcohol and salicylate It is from this connection that the alternative name Mahogany Birch was created. It is a larval host plant for the Mourning Cloak and Dreamy Duskywing butterflies. Its w. ood is hard, heavy, and close-grained. Watch for leaf spot problems. It is most commonly used to treat joint pain or arthritis in the form of a salve or lotion. 2013;68(6):382-3. Used in cosmetic shampoos (List and Horhammer, 1969–1979), and in the sugar industry for flavoring and in perfumery. One of the oddest products that comes from Black Birch trees are the “noodles”. The wood is most often used for lumber, veneer, furniture, cabinets, wooden work, boxes, handles, and paper pulp. Native Americans use cedar for medicinal uses much more completely than us. The wintergreen produced from this plant is identical to wintergreen produced by the wintergreen plant. Uses (Ethnobotany): This plant is used in the production of wintergreen oil. Prevents Bacterial Infections Birch essential oil contains salicylic acid and methyl salicylate, two compounds that are known […] This plants' seed is a nutlet. Many moths also use as a host plant. The Sweet Birch has small green flowers that are tinged with red and mature in early spring.