The writing of the Axum people allowed them to communicate with each other and allowed them to read and write. Axum dates back to the 1st century AD and saw its heyday in the 4th-7th centuries. At the same time, they extended their authority into southern Arabia. The empire originated in Indian Subcontinent’s eastern side from kingdom of Magadha. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Axum owed its strength to the red sea. Corrections? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Christianity Embraced Approx. Axum was a temperate world located in the Axum system. Decline of Aksum. Axum is well-known for the many gigantic carved obelisks that were created during the pre-Christian era and also the extensive royal underground necropolis. 2.) The kingdom flourished primarily through marine trade having been located along the Red Sea. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Production of coins dates back to around 270 AD under the rule of King Endubis. After a second golden age in the early 6th century, the empire began to decline, eventually ceasing its production of coins in the early 7th century. For here we are presenting the interesting facts about The Roman Empire and making you familiar with it. When the Arabs started invading Axum in the 7th and 8th centuries, sources from Mediterranean trade closed down. In 334 A.D. king Ezana made Christianity the official religion. It is one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in Africa. The decline of the Axum Empire is often said to be caused by the Arabian invasions and end of trade with Persians and Arabs. Northwest of Axum in modern day Sudan, the Christian states of Maqurra and Alwa lasted until the 13th century before becoming Islamic. Ok, that was a bad joke. Omissions? Axum was the centre of imperial power for the mighty Aksumite Empire. Interesting Gupta Empire Facts: 1-5. Aksum, powerful kingdom in northern Ethiopia during the early Christian era. Axum Empire thought to be founded by Semitic-speaking Sabaeans who crossed Red Sea from South Arabia (modern Yemen) Coins Introduced Approx. When Emperor Romulus was deposed in 476 AD and replaced by Odoacer, the first King of Italy, many historians believe the Empire was over. Axum. Tall granite obelisks, 126 inches all, stand (or lie broken) The empire was thriving by 300 BC, by 300 AD it rivalled the empires of Rome, Persia and China in importance. Stelae of Axum, Ethiopia, "Obelisks" The kingdom of Axum lasted from the first to the eighth centuries AD. Updates? , No Comment. Axum was the first African empire outside of those under Rome to have produced their own coins. The people from the Kingdom of Axum also used the natural environment as a means for food and tools. The city of Axum (sometimes called Axumis) is located at an altitude of over 2,000 metres (6800 ft) in the north of the Ethiopian highlands (in the modern province of Tigray), close to the River Tekeze, a tributary of the Nile. Aksum (also spelled Axum or Aksoum) is the name of a powerful urban Iron Age Kingdom in Ethiopia that flourished between the first century BC and the 7th/8th centuries AD. Aksum, or Axum, was a powerful trading empire that flourished in northeastern Africa hundreds of years ago. Contemporary reports describe a magnificent city, socially and culturally highly advanced, flourishing on international trade. At its apogee (3rdâ6th century ce), Aksum became the greatest market of northeastern Africa; its merchants traded as far as Alexandria and beyond the Nile River. Aksum became a major player on the commercial route between the Roman Empire and Ancient India . Most Axumite monuments were thin and tall. 1 History 2 Appearances 3 Sources 4 Notes and references Axum was colonized by Human settlers who arrived in a sleeper ship from Coruscant sometime after 27,500 BBY. Positioned at the crossroads of three continents, Africa, Arabia and the Mediterranean. Axum’s political rulers used its newly found power, gained from trading, to build a centralized state that tightly controlled its people. Despite common belief to the contrary, Aksum did not originate from one of the Semitic Sabaean kingdoms of southern Arabia but instead developed as a local power. The Kingdom of Aksum (also known as the Kingdom of Axum, or the Aksumite Empire) was an ancient kingdom located in present-day Eritrea and the Tigray Region of Ethiopia. Despite common belief to the contrary, Aksum did not originate from one of the Semitic Sabaean kingdoms of southern Arabia but instead developed as a local power. axum empire facts All Images Videos Maps News Shop | My saves 308,000 Results Any time Is this answer helpful? Aksum, also spelled Axum, powerful kingdom in northern Ethiopia during the early Christian era. , cherran , cherran, No Comment, June 25, 2016 King Ezana’s Stele that is about 70 feet high still stands and is made of solid stone dating back to about 300 AD. Although this continent is full of natural resources and diverse wildlife, how much do you really know about Africa? Myrrh and frankincense which were exported to Rome were extracted from the resin of certain trees that grew in abundance in the mountainous regions of Axum, now part of south-western Arabia. The Aksumite Empire at its height extended across most of present-day Eritrea, northern Ethiopia, western Yemen, southern Saudi Arabia, and Sudan. It is the destination of many pilgrims from all over the Empire and beyond. By the third century A.D. Axum had established its own currency. It remains a city in northern Ethiopia . , cherran, 2 Comments, The Difference Between Bolsheviks And Soviets, The Difference Between Creationism and Intelligent Design. 270 A.D. Axum began minting bronze, gold and silver coins. Spanning over 400 years, historians continue to research and discover new things about the British Empire.And today more than ever, people are recognising, questioning and understanding the full story behind this important part of world history. Axum? The kingdom is said to have minted their own currency and had their own language, called Ge’ez. Before conversion to Christianity, the people of Axum followed a polytheistic religion meaning that they worshipped many Gods, each of whom represented different powers of the natural world. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Aksum-ancient-kingdom-Africa, kingdom of Aksum - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum; also known as the Aksumite Empire) was a trading nation in the area of northern Ethiopia and Eritrea that existed from approximately 100 to 940 CE. Facts about Axum. Aksum continued to dominate the Red Sea coast until the end of the 9th century, exercising its influence from the shores of the Gulf of Aden to Zeila on the northern coast of Somaliland (modern Somalia and Djibouti). I barely know 'im! From the early 4th century B.C.E until the 10th century C.E, the Kingdom of Axum was one of the greatest powers on earth. 91. 1.Gupta Empire started somewhere in 320 CE (Common Era which is the same AD) and collapsed in 550 CE. Axumite rulers styled themselves as King of kings, king of Aksum, Himyar, Raydan, Saba, Salhen, Tsiyamo, Beja and of Kush. The stone buildings in Aksum were built without the use of mortar. The ruler of the Axum people is mostly described as ‘King of Kings’. It was centered in the city of Axum and grew from the proto-Aksumite Iron Age period around the 4th century BC. In the latter part of the 6th century, however, the Persians invaded South Arabia and brought Aksumite influence there to a close. Interesting Facts about the Kingdom of Aksum. Â It was a Christian empire and remained in power up to the 7th century when Islam rulers rose to power in the adjacent regions of the kingdom. It had two moons. , cherran In addition to this place of pilgrimage, the main attraction is what was the main city of the Axum empire. Axum was the predecessor kingdom of modern Ethiopia and was located in the northern part of the country. Later the Mediterranean trade of Aksum was ended by the encroachment of the Arabs in the 7th and 8th centuries. The Kingdom of Aksum (or Axum; also known as the Aksumite Empire) was a trading nation in the area of northern Ethiopia and Eritrea that existed from approximately 100 to 940 CE. Chandragupta Maurya was the founder of the empire. But if you don’t know much about it, worry not. The polity was centered in the city of Axum and grew from the proto-Aksumite Iron Ageperiod around the 4th … It grew from the proto-Aksumite Iron Age period around the 4th century BCE to achieve prominence by the 1st century CE, and was a major agent in the commercial route between the Roman Empire and Ancient India. Axum continues to be a centre of Ethiopian Christianity even in the present day. It became important by the 1st century AD. Interesting Maurya Empire Facts: 1-15. 2. It lies at an elevation of about 7,000 feet (2,100 metres), just west of Adwa. This does suggest that there could have possibly been junior kings that could have been ruling other parts of the empire which eventually would be taken over. Ruled by the Mauryan Dynasty from 322 BCE to 185 BCE, the Maurya Empire thrived and grew to power during the Iron Age. Un… Axum, sometimes spelt as Aksum refers to the capital city of an ancient and powerful kingdom that existed during the early Christian era in northern Ethiopia and is also one of the first major empires that were Christian converts after their ruler converted to Christianity in around 356A.D. During the 2nd and 3rd century, Aksum was a growing trade empire after which an Aksumite invasion took place in the 4th century. Image: Wikipedia. Modern day descendants of the inhabitants of Axum belong to tribes such as Tigrayans and Gurage. 1.) Let’s find out more in our British Empire facts… British Empire facts. The Start. Axum is also home to many religious shrines, and hundreds of religious festivals every year. Because it was a long and slow process, the concrete causes of the decline of the Aksumite kingdoms are inconspicuous. There are few remnants left today, though the name of the modern-day city of Aksum (Axum), Ethiopia serves as a reminder of a kingdom that was once connected to early Christianity, the Queen of Sheba, famous obelisks, and ancient India. The Empire of Aksum is notable for a number of achievements, such as its own alphabet, the Ge'ez alphabet (which evolved from Epigraphic South Arabian during the late pre-Aksumite and proto-Aksumite period), which was modified to include vowels, becoming an abugida. However, some historians also believe that deteriorating environmental conditions were also to account for the decline of the civilisation. 1. It is a fairly small city with a population of just over 50,000 people. Aksum also was the name of the kingdom’s capital. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Their language too has been found to be closely related to the Ge’ez language of the Axums. 1. Axum, sometimes spelt as Aksum refers to the capital city of an ancient and powerful kingdom that existed during the early Christian era in northern Ethiopia and is also one of the first major empires that were Christian converts after their ruler converted to Christianity in around 356A.D. The date of the Fall of the Roman Empire is hard to pinpoint. Although the Queen of Sheba lived centuries before the kingdom of Aksum, its kings of the Solomonic Dynasty traced their routes to the famous queen and King Solomon of Israel . They controlled trade and goods coming from different parts of the world including Rome, India, Egypt and Persia. Like the Egyptians, Axumites also built elaborate tombs for the wealthy ruling classes. , Joan, 1 Comment, August 28, 2016 June 30, 2016 , Emily H, No Comment, June 30, 2016 Gradually, Aksumite power shifted internally to the Agau (Agaw, or Agew) people, whose princes shaped a new Christian line in the Zagwe dynasty of the 12thâ13th century. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. When the ruler and people of Axum converted to Christianity, they got religiously as well as politically linked with Byzantine and also extended their control over parts of Arabia. September 20, 2016 Axum, an empire situated in East Africa along the Red Sea, dominated the trade routes of the region. The city of Axum still exists in northern Ethiopia. , cherran In the 6th century an Aksumite king reduced the Yemen to a state of vassalage. Ruled by the Aksumites, it existed from approximately 80 BC to AD 825. The empire collapsed with the rise of Islam, as Muslim merchants closed off the Axum Empire trading routes across the Red Sea. Furthermore, in the early times of the empire, around 1700 years ago, giant Obelisks to mark emperor's (and nobles') tombstones (underground grave chambers) were constructed, the most famous of which is the Obelisk of Axum. The state established its hegemony ove… By the 12 and 13th century, Axumite power shifted to Agew people and a new Christian dynastic line was created known as the Zagwe dynasty. They were able to capture animals and use their meat as food. 2.The empire was founded by Maharaja Sri Gupta but little did he know that he started an era that would be considered as ‘Golden Age of India’. Aksum was a major trade center with exports of ivory, agricultural resources and gold being traded throughout the Red Sea trade network and onward to the Roman Empire … As well, the skins of the animals were also useable for clothing. Ethiopian legends state that Axum, the capital city of the empire, was the home of the Queen of Sheba . , No Comment, June 25, 2016 The Kingdom of Aksum (Ge'ez: መንግስተ አክሱም), also known as the Kingdom of Axum or the Aksumite Empire, was an ancient kingdom centered in Northern Ethiopia, in the Tigray region as well as what is now Eritrea. አክሱም - Amharic : Ancient capital of the Abyssinian Empire since the 2 century A.D. Axum lies in the province of Tigrea near the base of the Adwa Mountains, at an elevation of 2130 meters. is was the most powerful nation between the Roman empire and Persia and it was the first state to formerly adopt Christianity around 325 AD. Centred on the ancient city of Axum/Aksum, the nation grew from the proto-Aksumite Iron Age period around 400 BCE to its height around the 1 st century CE.. At this time, the empire extended across most of present-day Somalia, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Sudan, Eritrea, Yemem and even Saudi Arabia. The Aksumite rulers facilitated trade by minting their own Aksumite currency. At its apogee (3rd–6th century ce), Aksum became the Here are some fascinating facts about the Axum Empire. Here are 10 things you didn’t know about the ancient Kingdom of Aksum. The Aksumite Empire began in the first century AD in what is now Ethiopia and is believed to be the home of the Queen of Sheba.