Hallucinogenic mushroom toxicity is not a new phenomenon: Hallucinogenic fungi have been used in divinatory or religious contexts for at least 3000 years. Background: Amanita muscaria (AM) and A. pantherina (AP) contain ibotenic acid and muscimol and may cause both excitatory and sedating symptoms. Amanita Pantherina is the most hardcore hallucinogen I've ever touched. Vet Hum Toxicol 2002;44:96-99. Mushroom (Amanita pantherina) poisoning. However, it was not until the 1950s that the involved species of fungi were identified and the … Thus, while it is Ridgway RL. This information has appeared in everything from well-respected encyclopedias and mushroom field guides to medical textbooks and poison control center handbooks. 7. Amanita muscaria and Amanita pantherina are used in alternative medicine to treat various neurological symptoms. Here's what pet owners should know about mushroom toxicity, including which species are most harmful. Amanita Pantherina Health Benefits. Naude TW, Berry WL. It wasn't all pleasant, more like baptism by flame, but once I let go and accepted the inevitability of previous events, it was among the most blissful moments of my life. In a review of 1 case of Amanita muscaria poisoning and 8 cases of Amanita pantherina poisoning, all in children from age 11 months up, symptoms began 30-180 minutes after ingestion. My girlfriend texted me during the whole ordeal to verify I was alright. Suspected poisoning of puppies by the mushroom Amanita pantherina. Unpublished report, BCCDC, Vancouver. And with the yellow ones, you can mistake muscaria for the more-toxic Panther Amanita, Amanita pantherina, which does not have a history of culinary use. Toxic and Hallucinogenic Mushroom Poisoning: A Handbook for Physicians and Mushroom Hunters. This is particularly so with Ama­ niTa pantherina, which is one of the most common poison­ ous mushrooms in the TransvaaL' There appear to be several reasons for this variable toxicity. If a dog or cat has consumed Amanita muscaria or Amanita pantherina, the administration of atropine can intensify a coma-like sleep, greatly increasing the possibility of death. fly agaric (Amanita muscaria) and panther cap (Amanita pantherina) are . Fly agaric is a cause of deliberate ... and non-specific mushroom poisoning… See the NAMA Mushroom Poisoning Syndromes page for more specific information. There are relatively few reported cases of poisoning with these mushrooms in North America. Lincoff, Gary and D.H.Mitchel 1977. These mushrooms are well known by their common names, such as death cap or death angel (Amanita phalloides), angel of death (Amanita ocreata), false parasol (lepiota), panther cap (Amanita pantherina), and fly agaric (Amanita muscaria), which suggest their respective potencies. Hepatoxic means that these mushrooms are toxic to the liver. 5. Gastrointestinal (GI) symptoms are not classically described but have been reported. 6. (106a) The dominant presenting features were ataxia , obtundation and [mykoweb.com] There has been a great deal of confusing, contradictory and incorrect information published about the toxicity of Amanita muscaria and A. pantherina. In 1871, Paul Kummer (1834 - 1912), a German mycologist, moved the Panthercap to its present genus, naming it Amanita pantherina. J S Afr Vet Assoc 1997;68:154-158. rather rare cause of these intoxications. Amanita pantherina or related species (Ibotenic acid/ Muscimole-containing mushroom ingestions) reported to the B.C., Drug and Poison Information Centre (DPIC), Spring 1996. First of all, it`s a poisonous mushroom. Tegzes JH, Puschner B. Amanita mushroom poisoning: efficacy of aggressive treatment of two dogs. J Am Vet Med Assoc 1978;172:681-682. Bar none. Although mushroom poisoning is well recognized in South Africa, it is not generally appreciated that the toxic effects are extremely variable. A second reason to consider eating fly agaric is because it is a large mushroom that, as I saw on …