Example: Malaria occurs regularly in many tropical countries, is said to be endemic. Stimulus diffusion is the spread of an underlying principal even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse. Information found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Time-space_compression, Definition: A system designed to capture, store, manipulate, analyze, manage, and present all types of spatial or geographical data. Information found at: https://www.quora.com/Whats-an-example-of-distance-decay, Definition: The natural arrangement and apportionment of the various forms of animals and plants in the different regions and localities of the earth. Using the amount of miles that separates two places is an example of absolute distance. The number of people per unit of area of arable land which is suitable for agriculture. Environmental Determinism is a belief that the physical environment caused social development. All information found at: http://geography.about.com/od/geographyglossarya/g/ggaccessibility.htm, Definition: An extended town area consisting of the built-up area of a central place and any suburbs linked by continuous urban area. The level of detail and amount of area covered on a map depends on its map scale. In Mexico City, for example, we can start in roughly 200 BCE when the inhabitants of Teotihuacan formed the first major city in the Valley of Mexico. Agricultural Decision Making One of economic geography's primary goals is to explain or make sense of the land-use patterns we see on Earth's surface. Your classes are filled with underclassmen who need you to not only prepare them for their first AP® exam, but to also prepare them for their first college-level course—that is, you must teach students the fundamentals of effectively reading and retaining college-level material. Changing attribute of place refers to the change in the way the landscape appears due to modernization or migration. Sequent occupancy is the idea that successful societies leave their imprint on a place by contributing to its cultural landscape. agglomeration. Due to the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic, AP tests will now be held remotely, and information about how that will work is still evolving. It looks like your browser needs an update. Summer Instructions (2019) Same Information Given at Orientation ... 1501 Taft Houston , TX 77019 713-732-3690 fax: 713-732-3694 Accessibility. As you are reviewing for this unit, focus on the key concepts! Raleigh is located in North Carolina is an example of location. As an AP® Human Geography instructor, you face unique challenges. A centralized pattern is clustered or concentrated at a specific point. Definition: The ability to reach a place with respect to another place. An example of a map is a Robinson map which shows mostly the world if it were flat. Give it a shot! January 20, 2019 / in AP Human Geography / by emmacalderwood Key Takeaways: Cities and Urban Land Use The hierarchy of cities from smallest to largest is hamlet, village, town, city, metropolis, and megalopolis. An example is that 0 degrees longitude is the Prime Meridian. An example of this map is the cancer map on page 19. Information found at: https://quizlet.com/1134773/ap-human-geography-01-geographic-tools-flash-cards/, Definition: On a map or image, the misrepresentation of shape, area, distance, or direction of or between geographic features when compared to their true measurements on the curved surface of the earth. All information found at: http://www.colorado.edu/geography/gcraft/gloss/glossary.html, Definition: Contagious diffusion is the rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population. Information found at: http://lewishistoricalsociety.com/wiki2011/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=10, Definition: Describes the effect of distance on cultural or spatial interactions. For example, the state capital building in Denver, Colorado is located at 39.42.2 north latitude and 104.59.04 west longitude. Information: found at: https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20090518144443AADeZpz, Definition: A disease that occurs regularly in a particular area. For example, the more temperate climate is the lower death rate and higher health conditions. (C1) The response earned 1 point in part D for explaining a criticism … Information found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Scale_(map), Definition: Notion that successful societies leave their cultural imprints on a place each contributing to the cumulative cultural landscape. Information found at: http://lewishistoricalsociety.com/wiki2011/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=10, Definition: An area in which everyone shares in one or more distinctive characteristics. Information found at: http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/siteandsituation.html, Definition: The location of something in relation to surrounding human and physical features. An example would be the weather and climate of a region. A Pattern is the geometric or regular arrangement of something in a study area. The relative location of Kansas City, Missouri is just East of Kansas City, Kansas. A compass direction such as north or south are absolute directions. Information found at: http://support.esri.com/other-resources/gis-dictionary/term/distortion, Definition: A map projection of a world map which shows the entire world at once. Information found at: http://www.geography.learnontheinternet.co.uk/topics/siteandsituation.html, Definition: It estimate the flow of people, material, or information between locations in geographic space. Our list below shows the very best options to choose from. Information found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spatial_analysis, Definition: The spread of an underlying principle, even though a characteristic itself apparently fails to diffuse. development is the ease of accessibility between residential space and jobs within the city. Remote sensing is the acquisition of data about Earth's surface from a satellite orbiting Earth or other long distance methods. Information found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thematic_map, Definition: A special type of map in which the variation in quantity of a factor such as rainfall, population, or crops in a geographic area is indicated; such as a dot map Information found at: https://quizlet.com/1134773/ap-human-geography-01-geographic-tools-flash-cards/, Definition: A map that has been simplified to present a single idea ina diagrammatic way: the base is not normally true to scale. Information found at: https://quizlet.com/1134773/ap-human-geography-01-geographic-tools-flash-cards/, Definition: An internal representation of a portion of Earth’s surface; depicting what an individual knows about a place — containing personal impressions of what is in a place and where a place is located. Europe is the second-smallest continent.The name Europe, or Europa, is believed to be of Greek origin, as it is the name of a princess in Greek mythology. Information found at: https://www.parks.ca.gov/?page_id=22500, Definition: The arts and other manifestations of human intellectual achievement regarded collectively. Information found at: https://myweb.rollins.edu/jsiry/cultheart.html, Definition: The spread of an idea from persons or nodes of authority or power to other persons or place. Example: The “Denver Metro Area” is an agglomeration of Denver and its surrounding suburban towns. Information found at: http://study.com/academy/lesson/environmental-determinism-definition-examples-theory.html, Definition: A widespread occurrence of an infectious disease in a community at a particular time. igloos, A-frames, heated roofs, etc. An example is the land ordinance of 1785 is an example of a square grid pattern. The physical landscape is known as the environment that has not been affected by humans. A mental map is an internal representation of a portion of Earth's surface. An example of diffusion is text messaging. export. Information found at: http://lewishistoricalsociety.com/wiki2011/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=10 Example: Hinduism started in Northern India and spread through the entire Indian subcontinent absorbing other beliefs and practices as it spread. Give a definition, any other information you might need to help you remember, and an example/illustration if it fits. central place theory. Search » All » Geography » AP Human Geography » LP - Chapter 10. Example: Nationalism is a culture complex. AP Human Geography Name_____ Unit I Vocabulary: Geography – Its Nature and Perspectives. AP Human Geography Practice Test. There are different map types used to show and communicate different things. For example, how communities are arranged is an example of spatial. The position of place of a certian item on the surface of the Earth as expresed in degrees, minutes, and seconds of latitude, and longitude is known as absolute location. Dispersed concentration is when objects in an area are relatively far apart. Connectivity is the ability to form relationships among people and objects across the barrier of space. Information found at: https://quizlet.com/1134773/ap-human-geography-01-geographic-tools-flash-cards/, Definition: A thematic map with lines that connect points of equal value. A geographic region is where the same standard time is used is called a time zone. Complete Unit 1 Set- An example of GPS is when yo. An example of a cartogram is on page 46 there is a population cartogram showing people distributed across the Earth. A vernacular region is an area that people believe exists as a part of their cultural identity. To be more specific, text messaging is an example of contagious diffusion. Definition: Represented by those features and patterns reflecting human occupation and use of natural resources. Information found at: https://www.nps.gov/tps/how-to-preserve/briefs/36-cultural-landscapes.htm Example: One of the most dramatic examples of a cultural landscape within State Parks is found at Bodie State Historic Park. By continuing we’ll assume you’re on board with our cookie policy. If you live in a snowy climate the physical conditions limit your possible range of housing styles to those that will keep you warm and deal with snow on the roof in some way, but there's still a variety of possible ways to adapt the house to the snow, i.e. A hearth is a place from which an innovation originates. Density is the frequency with which something occurs in space. edit. A map is a two-dimensional or flat-scale model of Earth's surface or a portion of it. Also, an idea or innovation sparked by an idea that diffused in from another culture. Homes are an excellent source of examples. Information found at: http://lewishistoricalsociety.com/wiki2011/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=10, Definition: The ratio of a distance on the map to the corresponding distance on the ground. urban matrix theory. Information found at: https://apmodels.wikispaces.com/Introduction+To+Geography, Definition: The concept of friction of distance is based on the notion that distance usually requires some amount of effort (energy) and/or money to overcome. Information found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mercator_projection, Definition: A map projection in which a region of the earth is projected onto a plane tangential to the surface, typically at a pole or the equator. Don't know (0) Remaining cards (0) Know (0) retry. An example of a timezone is Eastern standard time. Possibilism is the physical environment may limit some human actions but people have the ability to adjust to their environment. Projection is the scientific method of transferring location on Earth's surface to a flat map. Information found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Distance_decay Example: A good example of distance decay is rent. Diffusion is the process by which a characteristic spreads across space from one place to another over time. Definition: Describes the effect of distance on cultural or spatial interactions. Grid is a pattern which intersects at right angles at uniform intervals to form squares or rectangles. It is based on a plane perpendicular to the Earth’s axis in contact with the North or South Pole. Not surprisingly, economic geographers use economic reasons to explain the location of economic activities. help you review for assessments in your AP Human Geography class by providing links to practice resources and tips on effective study strategies Friction of distance is the measure of restricting effect of distance on spatial interaction. Information found at: Google searched definition Example: African-Americans, Asian-Americans, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and Hispanic and Latino Americans Information found at: https://www.reference.com/world-view/examples-cultural-practices-73e2678d109dae01, Definition: A group of culture traits all interrelated and dominated by one essential trait. Oh no! print. ( Size, Shape, Distance and Direction) An example is how the Mercator projection because the size is distorted to the Poles. Information found at: Google Search Example: The Black Plague, Definition: Idea or innovation spreads outward from the hearth. Instead of just copying definitions, you need to give an example of each term. A formal region is an area within which everyone shares in common one or more distinctive characteristics such as language or economic activity. Rather than forcing women to travel long distances to gather water (mobility), bringing services to or closer to them is a more efficient effort (accessibility). Information found at: Google Search, Definition: An azimuthal projection drawn to show Arctic and Antarctic areas. Find Geography flashcards at Cram.com. Relocation diffusion is the spread of an idea through physical movement of people from one place to another. Prime Meridian is the meridian that passes through the Royal Observatory in Greenwich. Distribution is the arrangement of something across the Earth's surface. An example of this is the improvement of transportation from sailing across the Atlantic in the 1400's to modern day airplanes. New medicines is an example of contagious diffusion because it gets spread though out the United states. AP Exams are regularly updated to align with best practices in college-level learning. All information found at: http://www.dictionary.com/browse/endemic, Definition: The study of how the physical environment predisposes societies and states towards particular development trajectories. Definition: A topological property relating to how geographical features are attached to one another functionally, spatially, or logically. Distance is the amount of space between two things, regions, or land masses. Information found at: http://study.com/academy/lesson/relative-distance-definition-lesson-quiz.html Example: You can find the distance from my state to a different state using a map or a different contemporary tool. Accessibility. A parallel is a circle that is drawn around the globe parallel to the equator. Information found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Global_Positioning_System, Definition: The art and science of making measurements of the earth using sensors on airplanes or satellites. The distance decay effect states that the interaction between two locales declines as the distance between them increases. Information found at: http://www.flashcardmachine.com/ap-human-geographyvocabmaps.html Example: North Hills mall would be an example of a built landscape. An example of a place name is St. Louis and St. Paul which are cities named after people in history. When these perceptions come from the local, ordinary folk, a perceptual region can be called a vernacular region.” Information found at: https://quizlet.com/13503230/human-geography-flash-cards/, Definition: The study of the relationships between political, economic and social factors with environmental issues and changes. Download free-response questions from past exams along with scoring guidelines, sample responses from exam takers, and scoring distributions. Information found at: http://lewishistoricalsociety.com/wiki2011/tiki-read_article.php?articleId=10, Definition: A trait with many hearths that developed independent of each other. Church and Murray 2009 represents an attempt to bridge and integrate the descriptive and prescriptive perspectives. Examples of built landscape are roads and bridges. The gravity model can be used to measure accessibility to services (e.x., access to health care). mergers. Please send comments or suggestions on accessibility to the site editor. Currently, each AP exam will last 45 minutes and include only free-response questions. Browse our diverse flashcard library today and find the right cardsets, only with Cram.com! Concentration is the extent of a feature's spread over space. It is in the surrounding high-desert terrain where we find the physical remains of nearly 100 years of mining extraction and processing and processing activities- mineshafts, road traces, mill sites, tunnels, tailings ponds and artifact scattered. The largest on-line source of flashcards. Example: I prefer to go to the suburban mall because it has much better accessibility than the downtown mall. Information found at: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Robinson_projection, Definition: A cylindrical map projection presented by the Flemish geographer and cartographer Gerardus Mercator in 1569. Unit 2: Population and Migration Patterns and Processes ... AP Human Geography Course and Exam Description These questions are very similar to those found on the AP exams. An example of a vernacular region would be that the American south which has distinct environmental, cultural, and economic preferences. Carnegie Vanguard High School. Kenneth H. Keller is an AP® Human Geography teacher at George Walton Comprehensive High School in Marietta, GA, and has been teaching the course since its inception in 2000. The total number of people divided by the total land area.For example, The Netherlands have a higher density of people than China. Those along the lines of more descriptive intent include Isard 1956, Berry 1967, and Dicken and Lloyd 1990.On the more prescriptive side is Francis, et al. A Cartogram is a map in which some thematic mapping variable is substituted for land area. A thematic map presents information on a specific topic. Mangroves provide unique housing material for people, support fish populations (and fishing), promote ecotourism, and help to lessen the impact of flooding for the coastal communities… but there are also challenges for people living in mangrove ecosystems (salty water, flooding, removal of mangroves, the smell of mangroves, etc.). Space time compression is a term that describes the reduction in time it takes for something to reach another place. An example of this is the point at which customers find it preferable, because of distance, time and expense considerations, to travel to one center rather than the other. accessibility. For example, in the modern world, communication networks are used to connect people without traveling at all. Location is the position of anything on Earth's surface. Homework for AP Human Geography. Start studying AP Human Geography: Unit 1 Vocab w/ Examples. The numbering system to indicate the location of a parallel is called latitude. 0:00 apps. For example, the site of Shanghai is along the south bank of the Yangtze river. With size we are able to compare many things including the different sizes of two nations. An example is Google maps because they are able to scan the Earths surface with a grid that can contain many rows of pixels. Contagious diffusion is the rapid, widespread diffusion of a characteristic throughout the population. The regional position or situation of a place relative to the position of other places. 8%–10% of multiple-choice score. Humanities I is a unique course that combines IH English I and AP Human Geography. Absolute Definition: The total space between two things or places, usually measured in feet, yards, miles or even city blocks. Information found at: https://www.britannica.com/science/polar-projection, Ap Human Geography Unit 1 Vocabulary Test Questions, Ap Human Geography Unit One Test Questions, Ap Human Geography Unit 7 Vocabulary Test Questions, Ap Human Geography Unit 1 Vocabulary Answers, Ap Human Geography Unit 1 Vocab Test Questions, Ap Human Geography: Political Geography Vocabulary Test Questions, Free online plagiarism checker with percentage. AP Human Geography – Vocabulary Lists . A Statistical map is a special type of map in which the variation in quantity of a factor such as rainfall, population, or crops in a geographic area is indicated. Transportation costs over the plain are related only to the distance traveled and the volume shipped. Information found at: https://kb.iu.edu/d/anhs, Definition: A type of map especially designed to show a particular theme connected with a specific geographic area. An area of Earth defined by one or more distinctive characteristic is known as a region. 1992. The reason is that environmental determinism, also known as climatic determinism or geographical determinism, is the belief that a physical environment affects social and cultural development. The International Date Line passes through Kiribati. Network is a chain of communication that connects places. Situation is the location of a place relative to other places.The example of a situation is: Shanghai is situated near the confluence of the Yangtze river and the East Chin Sea. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools.